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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of computational fluids engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Computational Fluids Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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NUMERICAL STUDY ON THE CLOCKING EFFECT IN A 1.5 STAGE AXIAL TURBINE
Park, Jong-Il ; Choi, Min-Suk ; Baek, Je-Hyun ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 1~8
Clocking effects of a stator on the performance and internal flow in an UTRC 1.5 stage axial turbine are investigated using a three-dimensional unsteady flow simulation. Six relative positions of two rows of stator are investigated by positioning the second stator being clocked in a step of 1/6 pitch. The relative efficiency benefit of about 1% is obtained depending on the clocking positions. However, internal flows have some different characteristics from that in the previous study at the best and worst efficiency positions, since the first stator wake is mixed out with the rotor wake before arriving at the leading edge of the second stator. Instead of the first stator wake, it is found that the wake interaction of the first stator and rotor has a important role on a relative efficiency variation at each clocking position. The time-averaged local efficiency along the span at the maximum efficiency is more uniform than that at the minimum efficiency. That is, the spanwise efficiency distribution at the minimum efficiency has larger values in mid-span but smaller values near the hub and casing in comparison to those at the maximum efficiency. Moreover, the difference between maximum and minimum instantaneous efficiencies during one period is found to be smaller at the maximum efficiency than at the minimum efficiency.
TRANSIENT FLOW SIMULATION OF A MIXER WITH FREE SURFACE
Ahn, Ick-Jin ; Song, Ae-Kyung ; Hur, Nahm-Keon ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 9~13
In the present study, a numerical analysis of transient mixer flow is performed considering free surface formation. The flow patterns and free surface shape in a mixers formed by flat paddle and pitched paddle impellers are predicted. In a flat paddle mixer, two flow circulation regions are formed due to strong radial flow, whereas one large circulation is formed in a pitched paddle mixer due to axial downward flow. These differences affect the free surface evolution and shape. It is seen from the results that a flat paddle mixer gives deeper free surface at center region than a pitched paddle mixer. The free surface of 8-blades-flat-paddle mixer is also simulated to compare with the available experimental and simulation results. The present computational results agree reasonably well with the experimental data.
A STUDY ON AN INTERFACE CAPTURING METHOD APPLICABLE TO UNSTRUCTURED MESHES FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FREE SURFACE FLOW
Myong, H.K. ; Kim, J.E. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 14~19
A conservative finite-volume method for computing 3-D flow with an unstructured cell-centered method has been extended to free surface flows or two-fluid systems with topologically complex interfaces. It is accomplished by implementing the high resolution method(CICSAM) by Ubbink(1997) for the accurate capturing of fluid interfaces on unstructured meshes, which is based on the finite-volume technique and is fully conservative. The calculated results with the present method are compared to show the ease and accuracy with available numerical and experimental results reported in the literature.
A NUMERICAL STUDY OF THE VENTILATION AND FIRE SIMULATION IN A ROAD TUNNEL
Park, Jong-Tack ; Won, Chan-Shik ; Hur, Nahm-Keon ; Cha, Cheol-Hyun ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 20~25
In the present study, flow characteristics inside a road tunnel are simulated for the ventilation flows due to jet fan system and flows induces by the traffic. Traffic ventilation is numerically simulated by multiple reference frame. From the results of steady state simulation of tunnel ventilation, it is found that the proper ventilation is achieved by the designed jet fan system along with ventilating flow induced by the traffic. A transient simulation is also performed for the case of vehicle fire in the tunnel reversing the direction of rotation of some fans. The results suggest that the heat and smoke can be controlled by the proper changing of fan operation mode. The present results can be used to design proper ventilation system and effective smoke control system as well.
A NUMERICAL STUDY ON THE FIRE EMERGENCY IN THE UNDERGROUND STATION WITH TRACKWAY EXHAUST SYSTEM (TES)
Park, Jong-Tack ; Won, Chan-Shik ; Hur, Nahm-Keon ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 26~31
In the present study, a numerical simulation of the subway carriage fire is performed to determine the more effective operation of Trackway Exhaust System(TES) in underground stations. The four types of possible TES operation (OSUS, OSUE, OEUS and OEUE) is simulated and compared their removal capability of smoke and hot temperature for the carriage fire of 2MW. From the results, the distribution of temperature and smoke concentration is more dependent on the operation of fans located at upper side of the platform than those at lower side. It is also found from the results that for more efficient smoke control, the fans at upper side of the platform should be operated as an exhaust system. Whereas the fans at lower side can be operated as a supply system to aid upper exhaust fans.
PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF LARGE EDDY SIMULATION FOR TURBULENT FLOW BEHIND A BLUFF-BODY
Kong, Min-Suk ; Hwang, Cheal-Hong ; Lee, Chang-Eon ; Kim, Se-Won ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 32~38
The objective of this study is to evaluate the prediction accuracy of development large eddy simulation(LES) program for turbulent flow behind a bluff-body. The LES solver was implemented on parallel computer consisting 16 processors. To verify the capability of LES code, the results were compared with those of Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes(RANS) using standard
model as well as experimental data. The results showed that the LES and RANS qualitatively well predicted the experimental results, such as mean axial, radial velocities and turbulent kinetic energy. In the quantitative analysis, however, the LES showed a better prediction performance than RANS. Specially, the LES well described characteristics of the recirculation zones, such as air stagnation point and jet stagnation point. Finally, the unsteady phenomena on the Bluff-body, such as the transition of recirculation region and vorticity, was examined with LES methodology.
MULTIDIMENSIONAL INTERPOLATIONS FOR THE HIGH ORDER SCHEMES IN ADAPTIVE GRIDS
Chang, S.M. ; Morris, P.J. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 39~47
In this paper, the authors developed a multidimensional interpolation method inside a finite volume cell in the computation of high-order accurate numerical flux such as the fifth order WEND (weighted essentially non-oscillatory) scheme. This numerical method starts from a simple Taylor series expansion in a proper spatial order of accuracy, and the WEND filter is used for the reconstruction of sharp nonlinear waves like shocks in the compressible flow. Two kinds of interpolations are developed: one is for the cell-averaged values of conservative variables divided in one mother cell (Type 1), and the other is for the vertex values in the individual cells (Type 2). The result of the present study can be directly used to the cell refinement as well as the convective flux between finer and coarser cells in the Cartesian adaptive grid system (Type 1) and to the post-processing as well as the viscous flux in the Navier-Stokes equations on any types of structured and unstructured grids (Type 2).
AERODYNAMIC ANALYSIS ON LEADING-EDGE SWEEPBACK ANGLES OF FLYING-WING CONFIGURATIONS
Lee, J.M. ; Chang, J.W. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 48~55
A computational study was carried out in order to investigate aerodynamic characteristics on leading edge sweepback angles of Flying-Wing configurations. The viscous-compressible Navire-Stokes equation and Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model of the commercial CFD code were adopted for this computation analysis. This investigation examined aerodynamic characteristics of three different types of leading edge sweepback angles:
. The freestream Mach number was M=0.80 and the angle of attack ranged from
. The results show that the increases in sweepback angle of the Flying-Wing configuration creates more efficient aerodynamic performance.
APPLICATION OF CFD TECHNIQUE TO PERFORMANCE PREDICTION OF SPRAY CHARACTERISTICS OF WATER-MIST FIRE SUPPRESSION NOZZLES
Chung, H.T. ; Lee, C.H. ; Cho, B.I. ; Han, Y.S. ; Ock, Y.W. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 56~61
Numerical simulation has been performed to investigate the characteristics of the mist flow through the fire suppression nozzles. The commercial CFD software, FLUENT with the proper modeling was applied for analyzing both the internal and external flow of the spray nozzles. Computations were made for the full cone nozzle in the operation range of the low pressure and high flow-rate. To validate the present computational procedure, numerical results are compared with measurements in terms of K-factor, SMD, axial spray velocity and spray angles. Numerical results suggested that the present numerical model can be used as an adequate tool for a design purpose of mist-spray nozzles.
NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF THREE DIMENSIONAL SUPERSONIC CAVITY FLOW FOR THE VARIATION OF CAVITY SPANWISE RATIO
Woo, C.H. ; Kim, J.S. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 62~66
High-speed flight vehicle have various cavities. The supersonic cavity flow is complicated due to vortices, flow separation, reattachment, shock waves and expansion waves. The general cavity flow phenomena includes the formation and dissipation of vortices, which induce oscillation and noise. The oscillation and noise greatly affect flow control, chemical reaction, and heat transfer processes. The supersonic cavity flow with high Reynolds number is characterized by the pressure oscillation due to turbulent shear layer, cavity geometry, and resonance phenomenon based on external flow conditions. The resonance phenomena can damage the structures around the cavity and negatively affect aerodynamic performance and stability. In the present study, we performed numerical analysis of cavities by applying the unsteady, compressible three dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes(RANS) equations with the
turbulence model. The cavity model used for numerical calculation had a depth(D) of 15mm cavity aspect ratio (L/D) of 3, width to spanwise ratio(W/D) of 1.0 to 5.0. Based on the PSD(Power Spectral Density) and CSD(Cross Spectral Density) analysis of the pressure variation, the dominant frequency was analyzed and compared with the results of Rossiter's Eq.
NUMERICAL ANALYSIS ON THE MIXING OF A PASSIVE SCALAR IN THE TURBULENT FLOW OF A SMALL COMBUSTOR BY USING LARGE EDDY SIMULATION
Choi, H.S. ; Park, T.S. ; Suzuki, K. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 67~74
The characteristics of turbulent flow and mixing in a small can type combustor are investigated by means of Large Eddy Simulation (LES). Attention is paid for a combustor having a baffle plate with oxidant injection and fuel injection holes and study is made for three cases of different baffle plate configurations. From the result, it is confirmed that mixing is promoted by interaction between the jets during their developing process and large vortical flows generated in the vicinity of the combustor wall or fuel jet front. This particular flow feature is effective to accelerate the slow mixing between fuel and oxidant suffering from low Reynolds number condition in such a small combustor. In particular, the vortical flow region ahead of fuel jet plays an important role for rapid mixing. Discussion is made for the time and space averaged turbulent flow and scalar quantities which show peculiar characteristics corresponding to different vortical flow structures for each baffle plate shapes.
NAVIER-STOKES SIMULATION OF A MICRO-VISCOUS PUMP
Kang, D.J. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 75~80
Navier-Stokes simulation of the flow in a micro viscous pump is carried out. The micro viscous pump consists of a rotating circular rotor placed in a two dimensional channel. All simulation is carried out by using a finite volume approach, at the Reynolds number of 0.5, to study the performance of the micro viscous pump. Length of channel of the pump is varied to simulate the effects of the pumping load. Numerical solutions show that the net flow of the pump is realized by two counter rotating vortices formed on both sides of the rotor. The volume flow rate of the pump is decreased as length of the channel is increased, while the static pressure difference across the rotor is increased. The static pressure difference across the rotor is observed to be inversely proportional to the volume flow rate as inertia effects are negligibly small. The efficiency of the pump is found to reach a maximum when two counter rotating vortices on both sides of the rotor becomes to merge forming an outer enveloping vortex.
TURBULENT FLOW SIMULATION ON THE GROUND EFFECT ABOUT A 2-DIMENSIONAL AIRFOIL
Kim, Y.S. ; Lee, J.E. ; Shin, M.S. ; Kang, K.J. ; Kwon, J.H. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 81~89
Two dimensional turbulent flow simulations on the low Mach number - high Reynolds number flow about the NACA 4412 airfoil are carried out as the airfoil approaches a ground. It has turned out that angle of attack between 2 and 8 degrees is recommended for the airfoil to utilize the benefit of ground effect. For the large angle of attack, the increment of lift due to the ground effect is faded away and negative aerodynamic effect such as destabilizing aspect in static longitudinal stability occurs and the separation point moves to forward as the airfoil approaches a ground.
NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF FULLY NONLINEAR WAVE MOTIONS IN A DIGITAL WAVE TANK
Park, J.C. ; Kim, K.S. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 90~100
A digital wave tank (DWT) simulation technique has been developed by authors to investigate the interactions of fully nonlinear waves with 3D marine structures. A finite-difference/volume method and a modified marker-and-cell (MAC) algorithm have been used, which are based on the Navier-Stokes (NS) and continuity equations. The fully nonlinear kinematic free-surface condition is implemented by the marker-density function (MDF) technique or the Level-Set (LS) technique developed for one or two fluid layers. In this paper, some applications for various engineering problems with free-surface are introduced and discussed. It includes numerical simulation of marine environments by simulation equipments, fully nonlinear wave motions around offshore structures, nonlinear ship waves, ship motions in waves and marine flow simulation with free-surface. From the presented simulations, it seems that the developed DWT simulation technique can handle various engineering problems with free-surface and reliably predict hydrodynamic features due to the fully-nonlinear wave motions interacting with such marine structures.
A NUMERICAL STUDY ON FLOW AND STIRRING CHARACTERISTICS IN A MICROCHANNEL WITH PERIODIC ARRAY OF CROSS BAFFLES
Heo, S.G. ; Kang, S.M. ; Suh, Y.K. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 11, issue 4, 2006, Pages 101~106
In the microfluidic devices the most important thing is mixing efficiency ol various fluids. In this study a newly designed miler is proposed to enhance the mixing effect with the purpose to apply it to microchannel mixing in a short future. This design is composed of a channel with cross baffles periodically arranged on the both bottom and top surfaces ol the channel. To obtain the yow patterns, the numerical computation was performed by using a commercial code, ANSYS CFX 10.0. To evaluate the mixing performance, we computed Lyapunov exponent and obtained Poincare sections. it was shown that our design provides the excellent mixing effect.