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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of computational fluids engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Computational Fluids Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
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DESIGNING EXPERIENCE OF AUTOMOTIVE TURBOCHARGER IMPELLER FOR FLANK MILLING
Bang, J.C. ; Shuripa, V.A. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.001
The performance of small-size impellers with ruled surfaces was investigated for flank milling over a wide speed range, using computational fluid dynamics analyses and gas bench tests. An impeller with a ruled surface was designed, manufactured, and tested to evaluate the effects of blade loading, the backsweep angle, and the relative velocity distribution on the compressor performance. The simulations and tests were completed using the same compressor cover with identical inlet and outlet channels to accurately compare the performance of the abovementioned impeller with a commercial impeller containing sculptured blades. Both impellers have the same number of blades, number of splitters, and shroud meridional profiles. The backsweep angles of the blades on the ruled impeller were selected to work with the same pinched diffuser as for a sculptured impeller. The inlet-to-exit relative velocity diffusion ratio and the blade loading were provided to maximize the flow rate and to minimize the surge flow rate. The design flow rate, rpm, were selected same for both impellers. Test results showed that for the compressor stage with a ruled impeller, the efficiency was increased by 0.32% with an extended surge margin without a reduction in the pressure ratio as compared to the impeller with the sculptured design. It was concluded that an increased relative velocity diffusion coupled with a large backsweep angle was an effective way to improve the compressor stage efficiency. Additionally, an appropriate blade loading distribution was important for achieving a wide operating range and higher efficiency.
NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF CAVITATION WITH COMPRESSIBILITY EFFECTS AROUND HEMISPHERICAL HEAD-FORM BODY
Park, S. ; Rhee, S.H. ; Shin, B.R. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 9~16
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.009
Cavitation on an axi-symmetric hemispherical head-form body was studied using an Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations solver based on a cell-centered finite volume method. To consider compressibility effects on the vapor phase and cavity interface, a pressure-based compressible flow CFD code was developed. To validate the developed CFD code, cavitating flow around the hemispherical head-form body was simulated using pressure-based incompressible and compressible CFD codes and validated against existing experimental data in the three-way comparison. The cavity shedding behavior, length of re-entrant jet, drag history, and Strouhal number of the hemispherical head-form body were compared between two CFD codes. The results, in this paper, suggested that the computations of cavitating flow with compressibility effects improve the description of cavity dynamics.
CHANGE OF CHANNEL-FLOW TOPOLOGY BY A STREAMWISE-PERIODIC ARRAY OF ROTATING CIRCULAR CYLINDERS
Jeong, Taekyeong ; Yang, Kyung-Soo ; Lee, Kyongjun ; Kang, Changwoo ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 17~24
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.017
In this study, we consider the characteristics of channel flow in the presence of an infinite streamwise array of equispaced identical rotating circular cylinders. This flow configuration can be regarded as a model representing a micro channel or an internal heat exchanger with cylindrical vortex generators. A numerical parametric study has been carried out by varying Reynolds number based on the bulk mean velocity and the cylinder diameter, and the gap between the cylinders and the channel wall for some selected angular speeds. An immersed boundary method was employed to facilitate implementing the cylinders on a Cartesian grid system. No-slip condition is employed at all solid boundaries including the cylinders, and the flow is assumed to be periodic in the streamwise direction. The presence of the rotating circular cylinders arranged periodically in the streamwise direction causes a significant topological change of the flow, leading to increase of mean friction on the channel walls. More quantitative results as well as qualitative physical explanations are presented to justify the effectiveness of rotating cylinders to modify flow topology, which might be used to enhance heat transfer on the channel walls.
COMPUTATION OF LAMINAR NATURAL CONVECTION OF NANOFLUID USING BUONGIORNO`S NONHOMOGENEOUS MODEL
Choi, S.K. ; Kim, S.O. ; Lee, T.H. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 25~34
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.025
A numerical study of a laminar natural convection of the CuO-water nanofluid in a square cavity using the Buongiorno`s nonhomogeneous model is presented. All the governing equations including the volume fraction equation are discretized on a cell-centered, non-uniform grid employing the finite-volume method with a primitive variable formulation. Calculations are performed over a range of Rayleigh numbers and volume fractions of the nanopartile. From the computed results, it is shown that both the homogeneous and nonhomogeneous models predict the deterioration of the natural convection heat transfer well with an increase of the volume fraction of nanoparticle at the same Rayleigh number, which was observed in the previous experimental studies. It is also shown that the differences in the computed results of the average Nusselt number at the wall between the homogeneous and nonhomogeneous models are very small, and this indicates that the slip mechanism of the Brown diffusion and thermophoresis effects are negligible in the laminar natural convection of the nanofluid. The degradation of the heat transfer with an increase of the volume fraction of the nanoparticle in the natural convection of nanofluid is due to the increase of the viscosity and the decrease of the thermal expansion coefficient and the specific heat. It is clarified in the present study that the previous controversies between the numerical and experimental studies are owing to the different definitions of the Nusselt number.
EFFECTS OF CHANNEL ASPECT RATIO ON FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS OF PRIMARY SURFACE HEAT EXCHANGER FOR ORC
Sung, M.J. ; Ahn, J. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 35~40
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.035
A series of numerical simulation has been carried out to study thermo-hydraulic characteristics of a primary surface type heat exchanger, which is designed for the evaporator and condenser of a geothermal ORC. Working fluid is geothermal water at hot side and R-245fa, which is a refrigerant designed for ORC, at cold side. Aspect ratio of the channel and Reynolds number are considered as design parameters. Nusselt number is presented for the Reynolds number ranging from 50 to 150 and compared to existing correlations. The result shows that higher aspect ratio channel gives better heat transfer performance within the range of investigation.
SELECTION OF THE OPTIMAL POSITION OF THE FLAP FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE
Kang, H.M. ; Park, Y.M. ; Kim, C.W. ; Lee, C.H. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 41~46
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.041
The selection of the optimal position of the flap was performed in order to improve the aerodynamic performance during the take-off and landing processes of aircraft. For this, the existing airfoils of the main wing and flap are selected as the baseline model and the lift coefficients (cl) according to angle of attacks (AOA) were calculated with the change of the position of flap airfoil. The objective function was defined as the consideration of the maximum cl, lift to drag ratio and cl at certain AOA. Then, at 121 experimental points within
domain, two dimensional flow simulations with Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model were performed concerning the AOA from 0 to 15 degree. If the optimal position was located at the domain boundary, the domain moved to the optimal position. These processes were iterated until the position was included in the inside of the domain. From these processes, the flow separation at low AOA was removed and cl increased linearly comparing with that of the baseline model.
NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF TURBULENT FLOW FROM AN ANNULAR JET
Kim, Jungwoo ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 47~52
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.047
In the present study, the turbulent flow from an annular jet is investigated by using large eddy simulation. Particularly, the effect of the ratio of the inner and outer diameters is one of the main interests of this study. The instantaneous fields presented in this paper showed that behind the jet exit the backflow region, as well known in literatures, exists, and its detailed behavior depends on the ratio of the inner and outer diameters (
). The dependence on
is attributed to the different shear layer development according to
. At small
, the development of the outer shear layer is similar to that from the circular jet. However, with increasing
, the interaction between the outer and inner shear layers becomes strong, resulting in fast transition to turbulence.
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF BORON TRANSPORT EQUATION INTO A REACTOR COMPONENT ANLAYSIS CODE
Park, Ik Kyu ; Lee, Seung Wook ; Yoon, Han Young ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.053
The boron transport model has been implemented into the CUPID code to simulate the boron transport phenomena of the PWR. The boron concentration conservation was confirmed through a simulation of a conceptual boron transport problem in which water with a constant inlet boron concentration injected into an inlet of the 2-dimensional vertical flow tube. The step wise boron transport problem showed that the numerical diffusion of the boron concentration can be reduced by the second order convection scheme. In order to assess the adaptability of the developed boron transport model to the realistic situation, the ROCOM test was simulated by using the CUPID implemented with the boron transportation.
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF LASER WELD POOL GEOMETRY USING ENTHALPY METHOD
Lee, T. ; Cheung, H. ; Shin, S. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.061
Laser welding is widely used in the industry for the advantage of small heat affected zone and short weld process time. Conduction limit welding can be used to modify the surface characteristic and it is important to identify the heat affecting area correctly for the improvement of manufacturing accuracy. Since time and length scale associated with laser welding process are extremely small, numerical study can be a useful tool. In this study, two-dimensional axi-symmetric version of energy equation with enthalpy method has been used to analyze the effect of laser input conditions on final shape by the laser welding process. The proposed numerical procedure has been benchmarked with several experimental results and compared well. The modified Marangoni and Peclet number have been introduced using controllable input variables. Simple parametric researches have been performed for high Pr number material. The results show that higher Marangoni number increase fluid mixing, thus generating convex type weld pool. On the other hand, the width of the weld pool is proportional to Peclet number.
COMPUTATIONAL STUDY OF GLASS FIBER DRAWING PROCESS IN A DRAW FURNACE OF OPTICAL FIBER MASS MANUFACTURING SYSTEM
Kim, K. ; Kwak, H.S. ; Kim, D. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 69~73
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.069
Mass manufacturing of optical fiber includes the process of very thin glass fiber drawing by heating and softening the high purity silica preform and applying the draw tension on the softened tip of preform neck-down profile in a draw furnace. In this computational study, this process is numerically modeled with simplified geometry of the draw furnace which is comprised of essential parts such as concentric graphite heater, muffle tube, and insulation surrounding the heater. The iterative computational scheme is employed between one-dimensional model of neck-down profile prediction and two-dimensional axisymmetric thermo-fluid CFD computation of radiative heating and working gas convection. The computational results show the experimentally observed neck-down profile in heated section of preform, while yielding the reasonable values of draw tension and heater wattage. Also, this study analyzes and discusses the effects of heating conditions such as heater length and temperature on several important aspects of glass fiber drawing process.
A COMPUTATIONAL ANALYSIS FOR OUTLET SHAPE DESIGN TO SUPPRESS FLOW RECIRCULATION IN A ROTATING-DISK CVD REACTOR
Park, J.J. ; Kim, K. ; Kwak, H.S. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 74~81
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.074
A numerical design analysis is conducted to search for an optimal shape of outlet in a rotating-disk CVD reactor. The goal is to suppress flow recirculation that has been found in a reactor having a sudden expansion of flow passage outside of the rotating disk. In order to streamline gas flow, the sidewall at which the flow in the Ekman layer is impinged, is tilted. The axisymmetric laminar flow and heat transfer in the reactor are simulated using the incompressible ideal gas model. For the conventional vertical sidewall, the flow recirculation forming in the corner region could be expanded into the interior to distort the upstream flow. The numerical results show that this unfavorable phenomenon inducing back flow could be dramatically suppressed by tilting the sidewall at a certain range of angle. The assessment of deviation in deposition rate based on the characteristic isotherm illustrates that the sidewall tilting may expand the domain of stable plug-like flow regime toward higher pressure. A physical interpretation is attempted to explain the mechanism to suppress flow recirculation.
SUPERSONIC INLET BUZZ CONTROL USING CORRECTED BLEED MODEL
Kwak, E. ; Lee, S. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 18, issue 4, 2013, Pages 82~89
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2013.18.4.082
Database of a bleed model has been corrected and numerical simulations have been performed to control buzz using the corrected bleed model. The existing bleed model, which was developed as a part of a boundary condition model for porous bleed walls, underestimates bleed flow rate because flow accelerations near the bleed regions are ignored. Also, it overpredicts the sonic flow coefficient when the bleed plenum pressure ratio is high. To correct these problems, and to enhance the performance of the bleed model, the database has been corrected using CFD simulations to compensate for the flow acceleration near the bleed region. Futhermore, the database of the bleed model is extended with the second order extrapolation. The corrected bleed model is validated with numerical simulations of a shock-boundary layer interaction problem over a solid wall with a bleed region. Using the corrected bleed model, numerical simulations of supersonic inlet buzz are performed to find the deterrent effects of bleed on buzz. The results reveal that bleed is effective to prevent buzz and to enhance the inlet performance.