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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of computational fluids engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Computational Fluids Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
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ANALYSIS ON STEAM CONDENSING FLOW USING NON-EQUILIBRIUM WET-STEAM MODEL
Kim, C.H. ; Park, J.H. ; Ko, D.G. ; Kim, D.I. ; Kim, Y.S. ; Baek, J.H. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.01
When the steam is used as working fluid in fluid machinery, different from other gases as air, phase transition (steam condensation) can occur and it affects not only the flow fields, but also machine performance & efficiency. Therefore, considering phase transition phenomena in CFD calculation is required to achieve accurate prediction of steam flow and non-equilibrium wet-steam model is needed to simulate realistic steam condensing flow. In this research, non-equilibrium wet-steam model is implemented on in-house code(T-Flow), the flow fields including phase transition phenomena in convergent-divergent nozzle are studied and compared to results of advance researches.
STUDY ON THE THERMAL-FLUID ANALYSIS OF CRYOGENIC CHAMBER FOR COLD CLIMATE TEST OF LARGE WIND TURBINE PARTS
Kim, M.K. ; Kang, Y.H. ; Park, W.G. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 8~14
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.08
More and more, spaces are decreasing which satisfy multiple requirements for wind power plants. However, areas which have excellent wind resources and are free to civil complaints occupy a large space, although they are exposed to the cryogenic environment. This study conducted a thermal-fluid analysis of a cryogenic chamber for testing large wind turbine parts exposed to the cryogenic environment. The position of supply air is placed to the upper area to compare each cooling performance for each location of various outlets in mixing ventilated conditions. The study carried out CFD analysis for the chamber both with and without a test object. For the cases without the test object, the air temperature of the upper supply and down extract type chamber was cooled faster by 5-100% than the others. However, for the cases with the test object, the object temperature of upper supply and center extract on the opposite side type chamber was cooled faster by 33-132% than the others. The cooling performance by the air inside the chamber and the test object did not show the same pattern, which implicates the need to consider the cooling performance by not only the air but also the test object in the large cryogenic chamber design for testing large parts.
NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF THE HYDRAULIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ICE-HARBOR TYPE FISHWAY
Ko, S.H. ; Choi, H.K. ; Lee, H.B. ; Rhee, S.H. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 15~19
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.15
A fishway is a structure on or around artificial and natural barriers, such as dams, locks and waterfalls, to help fishes' natural migration. In this paper, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code, termed SNUFOAM is used to analyze vertical hydraulic characteristic of rollway of fishway. Volume-of-fluid (VOF) method was used to handle free-surface. It is important to determine the factors influencing flow characteristics in fishway because fish use directional information from the flow characteristics to navigate through fishway. Fishway was modeled in 2-D and the influence of the stream velocity, slope, and weir height of fishway was tested. In results, the transition Reynolds number was
OVERSET-GRID SIMULATION TECHNIQUE FOR ANALYSIS OF 2-DOF SHIP MOTIONS IN WAVES
Heo, J.K. ; Ock, Y.B. ; Park, J.C. ; Jeong, S.M. ; Akimoto, H. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 20~26
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.20
This paper introduces a computational method for analysis of the 6-DOF motions of a ship in waves using an overset grid technique which consists of inner and outer domains for representing body motions and numerical wave tank, respectively. High order interpolation scheme is employed to increase numerical accuracy over the interface where physical values, such as velocities and pressure, interact between the inner and outer domains. The numerical schemes and algorithm are addressed in the present paper. An application to motion of KCS container carrier in head waves is presented, and the comparison of responses on heave and pitch motions shows good agreement with those of model tests.
DEVELOPMENT OF A PRECONDITIONED ADJOINT METHOD FOR ALL-SPEED FLOW ANALYSES OF QUASI ONE-DIMENSIONAL EULER EQUATIONS
Lee, H.R. ; Lee, S. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 27~34
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.27
In this study, preconditioned adjoint equations for the quasi one-dimensional Euler equations are developed, and their computational benefit at all speed is assessed numerically. The preconditioned adjoint equations are derived without any assumptions on the preconditioning matrix. The dissipation for Roe type numerical flux is also suggested to scale the dissipation term properly at low Mach numbers as well as at high Mach numbers. The new preconditioned method is validated against analytical solutions. The convergence characteristics over wide range of Mach numbers is evaluated. Finally, several inverse designs for the nozzle are conducted and the applicability of the method is demonstrated.
NUMERICAL STUDY OF A CENTRIFUGAL PUMP PERFORMANCE WITH VARIOUS VOLUTE SHAPE
Lee, J.H. ; Hur, N. ; Yoon, I.S. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 35~40
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.35
Centrifugal pumps consume considerable amounts of energy in various industrial applications. Therefore, improving the efficiency of pumps machine is a crucial challenge in industrial world. This paper presents numerical investigation of flow characteristics in volutes of centrifugal pumps in order to compare the energy consumption. A wide range of volumetric flow rate has been investigated for each case. The standard k-
is adopted as the turbulence model. The impeller rotation is simulated employing the Multi Reference Frames(MRF) method. First, two different conventional design methods, i.e., the constant angular momentum(CAM) and the constant mean velocity (CMV) are studied and compared to a baseline volute model. The CAM volute profile is a logarithmic spiral. The CMV volute profile shape is an Archimedes spiral curve. The modified volute models show lower head value than baseline volute model, but in case of efficiency graph, CAM curve has higher values than others. Finally for this part, CAM curve is selected to be used in the simulation of different cross-section shape. Two different types of cross-section are generated. One is a simple rectangular shape, and the other one is fan shape. In terms of different cross-section shape, simple rectangular geometry generated higher head and efficiency. Overall, simulation results showed that the volute designed using constant angular momentum(CAM) method has higher characteristic performances than one by CMV volute.
DEVELOPMENT OF AUTOMATIC PANEL GENERATION PROGRAM FOR AIRCRAFT SHAPE OPTIMIZATION PROCESS
Gim, G.N. ; Kim, B.S. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 41~46
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.41
This paper describes study results on the development of an automatic program for generating surface-panel grid for the aircraft optimal design. The aerodynamic analysis is combined into a PIDO tool in conjunction with a number of programs in order to integrate processes for the optimal design. Due to design optimization's iterative feature, it may require lots of time and cost. To relieve this problem, cost-reduction of computation time for aerodynamic analysis is pursued by using the Panel-method, and reduction of grid generation time by automating surface panelling.
FLOW PAST A RECTANGULAR CYLINDER
Park, Doohyun ; Yang, Kyung-Soo ; Ahn, Hyungsu ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 47~53
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.47
This study performed numerical simulation to elucidate the characteristics of flow past a rectangular cylinder with various values of the aspect ratio(AR) of the cylinder. We calculated the flow field, force coefficients and Strouhal number of vortex shedding depending on the Reynolds number(Re) and the aspect ratio. The
is preferred for drag reduction, and 0.375
is recommended if suppression of the lift-coefficient fluctuation and the shedding frequency is desirable. Furthermore the criticality of the Hopf bifurcation is also reported for each AR.
A FEASIBILITY STUDY OF A NAVIER-STOKES FLOW SOLVER USING A KINETIC BGK SCHEME IN TRANSITIONAL REGIME
Cho, M.W. ; Yang, T.H. ; Kwon, O.J. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 54~61
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.54
In the present study, a flow solver using a kinetic BGK scheme was developed for the compressible Navier-Stokes equation. The kinetic BGK scheme was used to simulate flow field from the continuum up to the transitional regime, because the kinetic BGK scheme can take into account the statistical properties of the gas particles in a non-equilibrium state. Various numerical simulations were conducted by the present flow solver. The laminar flow around flat plate and the hypersonic flow around hollow cylinder of flare shape in the continuum regime were numerically simulated. The numerical results showed that the flow solver using the kinetic BGK scheme can obtain accurate and robust numerical solutions. Also, the present flow solver was applied to the hypersonic flow problems around circular cylinder in the transitional regime and the results were validated against available numerical results of other researchers. It was found that the kinetic BGK scheme can similarly predict a tendency of the flow variables in the transitional regime.
A STUDY ON THE MINIMUM CROSS-SECTIONAL AREA OF HIGH-SPEED RAILWAY TUNNEL SATISFYING PASSENGER EAR DISCOMFORT CRITERIA
Kwon, H.B. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 62~69
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.62
Pressure change inside cabin as well as in tunnel has been calculated to assess the passenger pressure comfort of high-speed train.
, a CFD program based on axi-symmetric Navier-Stokes equation and Roe's FDS has been used to simulate the pressure change in tunnel during a high-speed train passing through it. To present the relative motion between the train and the tunnel, a modified patched grid scheme based on the structured grid system has been employed. The simulation program has been validated by comparing the simulation results with field measurements. Extensive parametric study has been conducted for various train speed, tunnel cross-sectional area and tunnel length to the pressure change in cabin. KTX-Sancheon(KTX2) high-speed train has been chosen for simulation and the train speed have been varied from 200 km/h to 375 km/h. The tunnel length has been varied from 300 m to 7.5 km and tunnel area from
. Total 504 simulations have been conducted varying the parameters. Based on the database produced from the parametric simulations, minimum tunnel cross-sectional area has been surveyed for various train speeds based on Korean regulation on pressure change in cabin.
FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS OF TEXTILE MACHINE ACCORDING TO NOZZLE SHAPES OF HIGH TEMPERATURE CHAMBER
Park, Sun Myung ; Park, Tae Seon ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 70~78
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.70
Turbulent flow and heat transfer characteristics of textile machine are numerically investigated. To examine the influence of flow structures on the drying performance of fabrics, the nozzle shape of high temperature chamber is changed. For several nozzles, flow and heat transfer characteristics are discussed. The results show that the drying performance is improved by controlling the angle and arrangement of nozzles corresponding to different drying conditions. This feature is strongly related to the enhancement of turbulent fluctuations and secondary flows.
EVALUATION OF LAGRANGIAN AND EULERIAN APPROACHES FOR PREDICTION OF HEMOLYSIS IN BLOOD PUMPS
Hong, S. ; Son, C. ; Kang, S. ; Hur, N. ; Kim, W. ; Kang, S.H. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 79~86
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.79
A blood pump is an important part of a cardiac assist device. Since the shear rate in blood is known to be a primary factor on hemolysis generation, it has been very important to evaluate hemolysis inside blood pumps for understanding performance and reliability of cardiac assist devices. In this study, hemolysis generation inside blood pumps is analyzed using CFD with power-law based models for the blood damage index(BDI), in order to overcome difficulties in measuring hemolysis by experiment. The BDI values in blood pumps can be evaluated using Lagrangian or Eulerian approaches. In this study, several Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches are compared to estimate the efficiency of the numerical methods in a practice sense. It is found that the Eulerian approaches are advantageous in terms of the efficiency and robustness. Two different Eulerian approaches are used to evaluate the BDI values of a few commercial blood pumps. For the conditions of extracorporeal membrane oxygenator(ECMO) and ventricular assist device(VAD), local generation of hemolysis is analyzed using divided regions of blood pumps, in order to investigate the effects of the pump geometry.
EFFECTS OF AN ORIFICE-TYPE FLOW RESTRICTOR ON THE TRANSIENT THERMAL-HYDRAULIC RESPONSE OF THE SECONDARY SIDE OF A PWR STEAM GENERATOR TO A MAIN STEAM LINE BREAK
Jo, J.C. ; Min, B.K. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 87~93
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.87
In this study, a numerical analysis was performed to simulate the thermal-hydraulic response of the secondary side of a steam generator(SG) model equipped with an orifice-type SG outlet flow restrictor to a main steam line break(MSLB) at a pressurized water reactor(PWR) plant. The SG analysis model includes the SG upper steam space and the part of the main steam pipe between the SG outlet and the broken pipe end. By comparing the numerical calculation results for the present SG model to those obtained for a simple SG model having no flow restrictor, the effects of the flow restrictor on the thermal-hydraulic response of SG to the MSLB were investigated.
TURBULENT FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF CHANNEL FLOW USING LARGE EDDY SIMULATION WITH WALL-FUNCTION(FDS CODE)
Jang, Yong-Jun ; Ryu, Ji-Min ; Ko, Han Seo ; Park, Sung-Huk ; Koo, Dong-Hoe ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 20, issue 3, 2015, Pages 94~103
DOI : 10.6112/kscfe.2015.20.3.94
The turbulent flow characteristics in the channel flow are investigated using large eddy simulation(LES) of FDS code, built in NIST(USA), in which the near-wall flow is solved by Werner-Wengle wall function. The periodic flow condition is applied in streamwise direction to get the fully developed turbulent flow and symmetric condition is applied in lateral direction. The height of the channel is H=1m, and the length of the channel is 6H, and the lateral length is H. The total grid is
is kept above 11 to fulfill the near-wall flow requirement. The Smagorinsky model is used to solve the sub-grid scale stress. Smagorinsky constant
is 0.2(default in FDS). Three cases of Reynolds number(10,700, 26,000, 49,000.), based on the channel height, are analyzed. The simulated results are compared with direct numerical simulation(DNS) and particle image velocimetry(PIV) experimental data. The linear low-Re eddy viscosity model of Launder & Sharma and non-linear low-Re eddy viscosity model of Abe-Jang-Leschziner are utilized to compare the results with LES of FDS. Reynolds normal stresses, Reynolds shear stresses, turbulent kinetic energys and mean velocity flows are well compared with DNS and PIV data.