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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of computational fluids engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Computational Fluids Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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Mixed Convection in a Horizontal Annulus with a Rotating Cylinder
Yoo Joo-Sik ; Ha Dae-Hong ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 1~9
Mixed convection in a horizontal annulus is considered, and the effect of a forced flow on the natural convective flow is investigated. The inner cylinder is hotter than the outer cylinder, and the outer cylinder is rotating with constant angular velocity with its axis at the center of the annulus. The unsteady streamfunction-vorticity equation is solved with a finite difference method. For the fluid with Pr=0.7, there appear flows with two eddies, one eddy, or no eddy according the Rayleigh and Reynolds numbers. The rotation of the outer cylinder reduces the heat transfer rate at the wall of the annulus. The oscillatory multicellular flow of a low Prandtl number fluid with Pr=0.01 can be effectively suppressed by the forced flow.
Study of Aerodynamic Design Optimization Using Genetic Algorithm
Kim S. W. ; Kwon J. H. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 10~18
Genetic Algorithm(GA) is applied to aerodynamic shape optimization and demonstrated its merits in global searching ability and the independency of differentiability. However, applications of GA are limited due to slow convergence rate, premature termination, and high computing costs. The present aerodynamic designs such as wing shape optimizations using GA have seldom been applied because of high computing costs. This paper has two objects; improvement of the efficiency of GA and application of GA into aerodynamic shape optimization for 2D and 3D wings. The study indicates that GA can be applied to aerodynamic design and its performance is comparable to traditional design methods.
A Study of Accuracy Improvement of an Analysis of Flow around Arbitrary Bodies by Using an Eulerian-Lagrangian Method
Park I. R. ; Chun H. H. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 19~26
An Eulerian-Lagrangian method, so called immersed boundary method, is used for analysing viscous flow around arbitrary bodies, where governing equations are discretized on a regular grid by using a finite volume method. To improve the accuracy of flow near body boundaries, a second-order accurate interpolation scheme is used and a level-set based grid deformation method is presented to construct the adaptive grids around body boundaries. The present scheme is used to simulate steady flow around a semicircular cylinder mounted on the bottom of flow domain and calculated results are validated by results of a body fitted grid method. Finally, present method is applied to a complex flow around multi body and the usefulness is checked by investigating calculated results.
Numerical Analysis on the Flow Characteristics of Side Jet Thruster
Hong S. K. ; Sung W. J. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 27~31
For rapid and abrupt control of a missile in supersonic flight, side jet on a missile body is found to be a useful device as evidenced by recent missile development at several nations. The magnitude of the side jet and the duration of it decide the level of control of such a missile system. In this paper, the aerodynamic characteristics of the side jet device itself are examined in terms of key parameters such as the side jet nozzle geometry, the chamber pressure and temperature. Specifically attention is paid to the effect of the chamber shape between the straight nozzle and the bent nozzle by 90 degrees on the nozzle flow properties. The thrust magnitudes are compared between the two shapes. Whether the way the nozzle is bent at the joint affects the nozzle performance is also investigated. Effects of the length and the divergence angle of the nozzle on the thrust are also quantified among three different side jet nozzles.
Characteristics of Supersonic Jet Impingement on a Flat Plate
Hong Seung-kyu ; Lee Kwang-Seop ; Park Seung-O ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 32~40
Viscous solutions of supersonic jet impinging on a flat plate normal to the flow are simulated using three-dimensional Navier-Stokes solver. The jet impinging flow structure exhibits such complex nature as shock shell, plate shock and Mach disk depending on the flow parameters. Among others, the dominant parameters are the ratio of the nozzle exit pressure to the ambient pressure and the distance between the nozzle exit plane and the impinging plane. In the present study, the nozzle contour and the pressure ratio are held fixed, while the jet impinging distance is varied to illuminate the characteristics of the jet plume with the distance. As the plate is placed close to the nozzle at 3D high, the computed wall pressure at or near the jet center oscillates with large amplitude with respect to the mean value. Here D is the nozzle exit diameter. The amplitude of wall pressure fluctuations subsides as the distance increases, but the maximum mean pressure level at the plate is achieved when the distance is about 4D high. The frequency of the wall pressure is estimated at 6.0 kHz, 9.3 kHz, and 10.0 kHz as the impinging distance varies from 3D, 4D, to 6D, respectively.
Effects of Rotor-Stator Blade Count Ratio on the Unsteady Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Cascade
Kang D. J. ; Jeon H. J. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 41~50
Effects of rotor-stator blade count ratio on the unsteady aerodynamic characteristics of a cascade was studied by using a Navier-Stokes code. Present Navier-Stokes code is a parallel code and works on a multi-cpu machine. It is based on the SIMPLE algorithm and uses QUICK scheme for convection terms and second order back difference for all temporal derivatives. Computations were carried out for two cases : case 1 is for 3 stator cascade passages subjected to two upstream wakes while case 2 is for 2 stator cascade passages subjected to three upstream wakes. Numerical solutions show that rotor-stator blade count ratio plays a significant role in the unsteady aerodynamic characteristics of the stator cascade. Case 2 shows smaller unsteady fluctuation than case 1, even if they show the same time averaged value. The smaller fluctuation of case 2 is believed due to strong interaction between unsteady vortices. The unsteady lift variation of case 2 is shown to have many high frequency fluctuations as more unsteady vortices travel around the cascade. The unsteady turbulent kinetic energy due to the upstream wake is also shown to decay faster through the cascade passage than in the free stream.
Information Technology and Computational Fluid Dynamics
Cho Kum Won ; Park Hyungwoo ; Lee Sangsan ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 6, issue 3, 2001, Pages 51~56
As IT(Information Technology) has been developing, an application engineering is advanced so quickly. Especially, CFD field that is influenced greatly by Computing Power is an outstanding example. In this paper, it says a research tendency of the KISTI Supercomputing Center that performs the CFD research based on IT. The representative researches are the National Grid Project, TeraCluster Construction and development and a supporting plan for Supercomputer users' parallelization.