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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of architectural history
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Architectural History
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Epistemological Condition of Modern Architecture in the Matter of Technology - Focused on the contemplation of Heidegger's Existential Phenomenology -
Byun, Tae-Ho ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 7~19
If we compare socio-cultural aspects of the two historical periods known as 'pre-modern' 'modern,' it would seem that the Aristotelian understanding of technology has difficulty explaining techno-cultural phenomenon of modern society. The problems are first that the discourse of scientific technology in the modern period has proceeded without a metaphysical base, and second that nothing in present culture regulates the limitations of scientific technology. The clear distinction between means and ends in the traditional approach is no longer valid in the jumble of interrelationships. Such complexity forces us to acknowledge that means and ends are relative and interchangeable, and that neither has a clear moral superiority over the other. Technology in modern society is no more a neutral means. The products of science do not always exist to serve human ends. In modem architecture and urban design, both its productive and destructive tendencies leave man and his society in an endless confusion of complexity and opposition. These problems of technology still result in unsolved question today. On this point, the discussion another currently prevalent attitude to technology, especially Heideggerian thinking in the below could give a somewhat clearer answer to the problem of modem architecture and technology, although it also comprises limited contemplation in itself.
A Study on Hoojo-dang in Gunja-ri, Yeaan
Seo, Chi-Sang ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 21~34
Hoojo-dang is the Beol-dang of Gwangsan Kim's family in Gunja-ri, Yeaan This study aims to reconstruct the architectural drawings of the building through actual measurement, and by investigating documentary records of Kim's family, to trace and infer when the building was originally constructed. In doing this, it enables to identify and describe the architectural types and characteristics. The results are as follows, 1) Hoojo-dang was established in 1567 by Kim Bu-pil(1516-1577). From the beginning, Hoojo-dang, Byeol-myo(family shrine) and Ju-sa(shrine kitchen) were situated in the separate area from An-chae(main building). Later the Ik-rang(additional transept part) of Hoojo-dang was added to its main body as a room for entertainment. 2) The types of floor plan and windows of Hoojo-dang are similar to those of the lecture halls of Dosan-seowon, Sosu-seowon and Yeaan-hyangyo nearby. The main reason for the similarity of floor plan and window types in those buildings is that the students of the great Korean Confucian, Lee Hwang in 16th, managed and controlled those constructions. 3) The separate area composed of Hoojo-dang, Byeol-myo and Ju-sa was mainly designed for satisfying Confucian ceremonial principles. In addition, there are lifting doors designed for elevating the spatial flexibility.
Study on the Section type of old city wall in Eunyang Eupsung
Han, Sam-Geon ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 35~44
Eunyang Eupsung is located in Ulsan metropolitan city. This study is identified the sectional shape of City wall. According to the result of this study, The outer wall in the sectional shape of City wall was 'Hyupchuk', but the inside wall was 'Naetak'. In other words, The inside wall has sloping shape, which was filled with stones and covered with soil and the lawn grass.
A Study on the Grid Land Subdivision of Ancient Local City in Korea
Lee, Kyung-Chan ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 45~69
This study aims to find out the genetic characteristics of gridded subdivision area which has its origin from ancient local administrative city-Sangju, Jeonju, Namwon, Kwangju, Chungju. The spatial structure, based on the inter-relationship among gridded subdivision area, city wall, and topographic condition, and the morphological characteristics of gridded subdivision area are analyzed. The points of analysis on morphological characteristics of gridded subdivision area consist of the size of unit block, the organization system of unit block, the orientation of subdivision line. As a result of the analysis, three main characteristics are found. Firstly there can be found no same land subdivision rule among study areas. Secondly, the morphological features of study area were the products of cumulative process of different subdivision areas which were developed in different periods. Thirdly, the original regular gridded land subdivision seems to have been carried out in the object of a farm-land cultivation around 7th century. And there was a change of land-use from farm land to urban land-use during the later 7th century and 8th century.
A Study on Dwelling and Building
Khang, Hyuk ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 71~86
Since Modern period which is characterized by the governing of technology and capitalism, the production and aesthetics of building became a main issue of architectural discourse. Morever, Modern architecture tends to be a kind of media in which the visual image of building plays a far more important role than building itself. Institutionalized discipline of Architecture in modern system set aside the dwelling aspect of building and destructed close relationship between dwelling and building. This study analyzes the essential meaning of dwelling with a viewpoint of building and vise virsa in order to have a deep reflection on contemporary architecture and modern crisis of dwelling. For this purpose this study first reviewed linguistic and mythical narratives on the origin of dwelling and building. Secondly, reviewed the thought of Heidegger on dwelling and building and his thinking on authenticity of dwelling. Thirdly, reviewed drastic change of idea and reality of dwelling recent days, especially from settlement to nomad. Lastly reviewed E. Levinas' thinking on bodily dwelling or primordial mode of dwelling before poetic dwelling of Heidegger. With these review we can figure out following things on dwelling and building. Physical building or its visual image can not take the place of dwelling in itself. Dwelling and Building happens simultaneously and understood as an event in life world. Today's alienation of dwelling from building reduced our conception of architecture to a physical setting and mere technique. Building must be a ontological and cultural phenomenon beyond physical building. Nomad in this age of information and globalization may be a new mode of dwelling. But it can not exclude traditional way of dwelling on concrete space, because human being as a physical being can not abandon dwelling place that gives a primordial comfort with and within our body.
A Study on the Symbolic Meaning of Jericho
Nam, Ho-Hyeon ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 87~98
The purpose of this study is to know the characteristics of the ancient city through the basic composition of Jericho city. But there are little documents in the ruins of Jericho, and so there are the limit to understand the basic characteristic of the ancient city. And so this study is going to know the symbolic meaning of the ancient city of the Jericho city, through the transcriptions remains. Producing the concept that Jericho is the old city in the world, this study is significant that utilizing with the basic document of helping to understand the basic composition and characteristic in the ancient city. Also because the bible documents of Jericho is explained the city in the bronze age, this study sets bounds to BC 15C, and to know the symbolic system in Jericho. In the christian transcriptions, it is represented the Jericho city BC 15C. Jericho city here is described the type of the labyrinth is composing of the city in the center and surrounding by the walls. The circular type of the labyrinth city has symbol of the 'protect' having the magic power against the opposite party. Also the walls of labyrinth are the boundary territory of 'abstract conception' to round seven times. The center in the shape of Jericho is 'closing field' against circumferences, and this is different from the labyrinth on the floor in the medieval Cathedral is symbolized 'opening field'
The Grid and Axis in Modern Architecture From Durand to Le Corbusier
Pai, Hyung-Min ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 99~115
Centered on Durand and Le Corbusier, this study analyses the changing status of the grid and axis in modern architecture. In the Renaissance, the taxis grid operated as a contour grid, defining the elements and space of the building as part of closed harmonized world. In his Pre'cis des lec., ons d'architecture, Durand provides the most explicit demonstration of a new modem grid in which its lines function as spatial and structural axes. In principle these axes are coordinates for the placements of a priori elements but in Beaux-Arts practice, as Durand himself acknowledged, they involve a simultaneous process in which the spatial axis sets up the basic parti and the structural axis is developed into the building's poche'. As a coordinate, Durand's grid provides a place for the 'subject' to enter the architectural process. At the same time, it is the object of the subject's gaze, the dense site of the subject's transformative actions. Though Le Corbusier is noted for his frequent attacks on the academic system, his architecture should be seen within the continuity of the classical tradition. He redefines the Beaux-Arts axis as a moving and seeing observer, and continues the discipline of the plan, the essential discipline of the Beaux-Arts system. In his dialectics, an intellectual scheme which extends to his commentators, the intention and will of the subject must come in tune with the objective material form of the building. Like Durand, Le Corbusier's axis provides the medium for the subject to enter. Unlike the Beaux-Arts system, however, Le Corbusier's mobile subject no longer has a holistic view of the building previously provided by the central axis. If there is a parti for Le Corbusier, it consists of the domino grid as a potential, but nonetheless, tangible form. In comparison with the Beaux-Arts structural grid, his gaze no longer lingers on their lines because they no longer constitute a formal process tied to the development of a thick articulated structure. Le Corbusier's grid constitutes a 'loose' form, one that breaks down the hierarchical nature of the Beaux-Arts system.
A Study on the Constructional Intention and Aesthetic Consciousness in the Architecture of Tongdosa Jajang-temple
Lee, Kweon-Yeong ; Seo, Chi-Sang ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 117~128
This paper aims at proposing constructional intention and aesthetic consciousness in the architecture of Jajang-temple, which was originally built by the great monk, Jajang in 7c. The results are as follows : 1) The layout and form of buildings in Jajang-temple were remarkably followed the situations and shapes of natural rocks related to Gumwa legend about the original establishment of the temple. 2) As natural rocks were penetrated into both the inner and outer space of buildings and so artificial skills were more or less restrained, it seems to be short of geometrical regularity, symmetry and formal integrity. 3) However it can be said that these architectural treatments were based on the aesthetic consciousness, so called In-Cha and Jol-Bak, which were conceived by intellectual elites in Chosun dynasty.
King Sejong's role in the repair of the Kyeongbok Palace in the early period of the Joseon Dynasty
Kim, Dong-Uk ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 11, issue 4, 2002, Pages 129~142
The Kyeongbok Palace was completely renewed during the reign of King Sejong, the fourth King of the Joseon Dynasty(1392-1910). The repair was done for the two main purpose; one was to obtain the dignity of the main palace of the dynasty, the other was to make the palace suitable for the performing of the various ritual ceremonies. It was under the reign of King Sejong that every detail of the procedure of the royal ritual ceremony. The procedure of ritual ceremony changed the buildings of the palace. The quarter of Sajeong-jeon, King's office, was changed remarkably from the original form as the building became the beginning and ending point of King's moving during the ritual ceremonies. The site of the palace had ill reputation from the point of geomancy since its establishment. King Sejong ignored the rumor and kept the palace as usual. In his later year's, Sejong had tried to build a detached quarter and a Buddhist shrine in the palace. But he had to give up his plan because of the retainer's strong opposition. The original layout of the Kyeongbok Palace could be remained as the King renounced his controversial personal wish. King Sejong deserves a full credit for the establishment of the Kyeongbok Palace as the main palace of the Joseon Dynasty.