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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of architectural history
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Architectural History
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
The Usage of Buildings in Tiantong Temple in the Song Era - Through Rules of Purity for the Chan Monastery and Five Mountains Ten Checks Figures -
Seo, A-Ri ; Hong, Dae-Hyung ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 7~20
Ceremony is important to Buddhism as a part of the religious practice. Buddhist ceremony is a kind of discipline and it rules the Chan monastery life. This discipline, called
also forms a part of the practice for enlightenment in the Chan monastery(禪宗). Qinggui is derived from
Baizhang's monastic code(百丈淸規)
which no longer exists.
is considered the oldest surviving Chinese monastic discipline. Its success is partly due to the emphasis in the Chan monastery on the succession of monks to abbot hood. Qinggui has been called the only discipline in Buddhist monastic life in religion. Whether it is also the discipline of the architectural space of the Chan temples is the focus of this thesis. The examination of this assumption may expand the meaning of Qinggui as embodying not only the religious form of discipline but also a fundamental part of the architectural archive. The majority of the buildings in the Chan monastery in Qinggui are related to
Five Mountains Ten Checks figures
. Most of all, it can be clarified that the elements of Qinggui are expressed through the analysis of the activities in each building. This proves that Qinggui has become a stipulation not only for the regulation of the monastery life but also the architectural code of the Chan temples. In conclusion, this study shows how the meaning of ceremony and monastery life in
can be expanded to include the design program of temples. The research proves that there is a basic code in the Chan temples for designing the structure of the monastery space. Similarly,
Five Mountains Ten Checks Figures
was a diagram for examination and analysis as well as a tool for creating drawings of the temples in the Song era.
Ontological Analysis on the Phenomenon of Contemporary Architecture - Focused on the Avant-garde in the End of the 20th Century -
Byun, Gye-Sung ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 21~40
The purpose of this study was to analyze the features of the avant-garde architecture in the end of the 20th Century based on the ontology as a metalanguage. In view of the results so for achieved, it is possible to say that the thought of becoming, topology, rhizome thought and the Deleuze's concepts of the fold and the event as ever-changing and evolving at any given time are found in the avant-garde architecture, and the introduction of ontological thought into architectural design encourage hopes for a more natural and existential quality in architecture. However, the avant-garde architecture in the end of the 20th century disclosed the limitation in the architectural expression of ontological thought due to the lack of fully understand on ontology. In conclusion, the ontological approach in architecture offers a new morphological methodology and a new way of programming considering the existential aspect of space through the bricoleur's means leaving the ontological meaning of architecture itself.
A Study on the Philosophy of Temple Structure with Multi-Buddha's Pavilions based on Buddha's Land Conception - Focusing on the Layout of Bulkooksa, Beobjusa and Buseoksa -
Yang, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 41~55
Temple with Multi-Buddha's Pavilions is a temple consisting of more than 2 Buddha's Pavilions. Individual Buddha's Pavilions tend to form distinguished area, or to keep independent axis from other Buddha's Pavilions. This study is to understand the philosophy of layout of individual Buddha's Pavilions located in the Temple with Multi-Buddha's Pavilions. To investigate a relationship to layout of individual Buddha's Pavilions on the basis of Buddhism doctrine makes us to understand philosophies about temple layout which temple constructors had. Bulkooksa, a temple having several pavilions placed in parallel, integrates diverse philosophies such as Vairocana Buddha-Ksetra from Vairocana Buddha's Pavilion, Sakyamuni Buddha-Ksetra from both Sakyamuni Buddha's Pavilion and two stupa, and Amitayus Buddha-Ksetra (Sukhavati) from Amitayus Buddha-Ksetra Pavilion. Sakyamuni Buddha's Pavilion and Amitayus Buddha's Pavilion are placed east to west in parallel, and Vairocana Buddha's Pavilion is placed behind them. Beobjusa, a temple having several pavilions placed cross axis, combines three axes such as the first, main axis linking Kumkang Gate - Chunwang Gate - Palsang Pavilion - Amitayus Buddha's Pavilion - Sakyamuni Buddha's Pavilion, the second axis linking Palsang Pavilion -Maitreya Pavilion, and the third axis linking Amitayus Buddha's Pavilion - Avalokiteshvara Pavilion. Relationship among each Buddha's land is clearly expressed by means of this cross axis layout of Buddha's Pavilions, reflecting a philosophy of rebirth in Nirvana that Wonhyo and Eusang propagated. Buseoksa, a temple having several pavilions placed the before and the behind, combines three Buddha's lands such as Maitreya Buddha-Ksetra, Amitayus Buddha-Ksetra and Vairocana Buddha-Ksetra, by means of arrangement of Maitreya Pavilion, Anyang Pavilion and Amitayus Buddha's Pavilion at bended axis, and east facing Amitayus Buddha. By investigating the philosophy of Temple layout with Multi-Buddha's Pavilions in this study, Buddha's Land conception, for people, that ancient Korean temples have, is understood.
A Study on How Baekje delivered Stylobate-Constructing Techniques to Silla Counterpart
Cho, Won-Chang ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 57~69
A stylobate, part of the foundation for hardening soil below the floor, has been built with a variety of materials, such as stone, tile and brick, in several kinds of combined constructions of soil, stone, and brick. In particular, Baekje used a tile-piled stylobate that could not be found in Goguryeo and Silla counterparts, thus showing outstanding performance in the construction culture. Archeological excavations up to now evidence the stylobate played a role in building the magnificent structures or enhancing the decorative effects. It can be enough inferred that such features are reflected on dual footing stylobate, framed stylobate and tile-piled stylobate. Baekje had delivered its techniques for constructing stylobate to Silla from about the middle of 6th century. They can be traced down back from the dual stylobate that has been identified in Hwangryong-sa temple lastly built in the old site of Silla, those constructed with broken stones at Najeong, tile-piled stylobate of the mode of vertical-horizontal rows which had been established in Inwang-dong, Gyeongju, the capital of the kingdom, and a framed stylobate at Hall enshrining Buddha (Golden Hall) site of Gameun-sa temple site. Recently, relics of structures, including temple sites, are intermittently being unearthed in the old sites of Baekje and Silla. However, studies linking archeology with architecture can be rarely found up to now. It is, therefore, necessary that the relics should be correctly construed in archeological as well as architectural aspects. We expect that further studies can graft architectural insight into archeological analysis.
A Study on the Spatial Generative Process in Francesco Borromini's Architecture
Kim, Hong-Su ; Jung, In-Ha ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 71~88
This study aims at clarifying the spatial generative process of Borromini's architecture. The close examination of his sketches and the analysis of his major four works such as San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (1634-1667), Sant'Ivo della Sapienza (1642-1660), Santa Maria dei Sette Dolori, Chapel (1643-1646), Collegio di Propaganda Fide, Chapel (1652-1667) show common features in the generation of space as follow. 1) The spatial generative process of Borromini's architecture is dominated by the plan of main space which is formulated from simple geometric elements into complexly folded space by mean of union, addition, copy and warping. 2) Borromini made various kinds of annexed space around the main space to create long and continuous circulation. 3) Borromini's architecture has a tendency to divide interior elevation into two parts, wall part and roof part by thick entablature. Moreover the entablature play important role to copy the figure of the plan of main space three-dimensionally. 4) Borromini tried to create the sense of depth through perspectival distortion and multi-focal space through the ceiling pattern.
A Study on the Analysis of Lime Mortar Composition for the Preservation of Myung Dong Cathedral Church - Focused on the East Brick Wall -
Kim, Jong-Hun ; Kim, Chung-Dong ; Kim, Taik-Nam ; Kim, Tae-Woo ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 89~101
The bricks in Myung Dong Cathedral Church are now deteriorated by the weather such as temperature, humidity, and winds. Thus it is necessary to replace the old bricks to the restored bricks for the load bearing capacity as well as to prevent the penetrations of rains from outside. However the mortar composition is not well defined at this moment and there are literary about the mortar completions. Thus it is necessary to verify the mortar compactions between old bricks and results to bring the restoring the mortar for the replace of new bricks. The particles of mortar was collected from Myung Dong Cathedral Church and particle size was analyzed by the mortar and pestle and mechanicle floater. The X-ray diffraction and XRF of each particles are analyzed. The quartz and feldspar such as albite, kaolinite are observed in large particles(>1mm). However, the clicite was observed at lower than
particles. In XRF analysis, the
are observed at large particles
is observed at small particles
is observed at small particles(
). This is well coincide with XRD results. The optimum volume ratio of lime mortar would be 1: 2 (
Proportion and Vitality -Aesthetic Viewpoints of the Architectures of the East and the West-
Kim, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 103~142
All architectures in the history have certain attitudes of aesthetic expression of their own. Depending on the culture, such aesthetic attitudes are not the same but different. This paper aims to identify the nature of the difference of aesthetic attitude in the architectures of the East and the West. As a way of approach for this purpose, two keywords are employed as representative concept. They are: 'proportion' and 'vitality'. Proportion, of course, represent the attitude of the Western, while, vitality, the Eastern. Although these two words are subjective selection, it is hoped that the nature of aesthetic attitudes could be observed through the windows of these two representative concepts. We all know that the architects and students of architecture of this period, are very much concerned about the aesthetic expression of their design. However, the value judgement of aesthetic quality seems quite confused in modem period. If the nature of aesthetic attitudes of the Eastern and the Western architecture is well understood, such understanding will help much for the direction of architectural aesthetic of future architecture.
A Study on Functions and Characteristics of 'Cha-il(遮日)' through the Analysis of Ritual Events(宮中儀禮行事) in the Joseon Dynasty -Focused on the Congratulatory Events since 19C-
Choi, Ji-Young ; Han, Dong-Soo ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 143~157
This study aims to analyze functions and characteristics of 'Cha-il(遮日)' which was used at ritual events(宮中儀禮行事) in the Joseon dynasty, Joseon dynasty had many ritual events related with O-Rae(五禮). Cha-il was almost used at important ritual events, especially at the congratulatory events. The congratulatory events(宮中宴享) are the representative events were held with many temporary install facilities(假設施設) in a palace. Cha-il was a kind of Korean traditional membrane structures. Cha-il was set up for cutting off interior space from sunlight and rain. In general, Cha-il was Consisted of Cha-il-jang(遮日帳:woven fabric), Cha-il-jook(遮日竹:bamboo column), some ropes, and fixing wares. In the congratulatory events, three types of Cha-il. were set up. Baek-mok-Dae-Cha-il(白木大遮日)was made of cotton cloth. Yu-Dun-Cha-Il(油芚遮日) was made of oiled paper or oiled cotton cloth. Man-Joen-Cha-Il(滿箭遮日) consisted of wooden structure. Baek-mok-Dae-Cha-il(白木大遮日)was set up on the most important area of stage for protecting from sunlight. Yu-Dun-Cha-Il was set up on less important area of stage for protecting from sunlight and rain. Man-Joen-Cha-Il was set up below Baek-mok-Dae-Cha-il for supporting and draining raindrops off. The results of this study were as follows; Functions of Cha-il were to protect ritually space from sunlight and rain, and to extend ritually space, and to reconstruct ritually space. Cha-il was the peculiar temporary install facility which differed from other countries.