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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of architectural history
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Architectural History
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Changes in the Species of Woods Used for Korean Ancient and Historic Architectures
Park, Won-Kyu ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 9~28
We investigated the changes in the species of the woods used for Korean ancient and historic architectures, which include prehistoric excavated relics and existing wooden buildings in South Korea. The species data were collected from various sources such as excavation and repair reports, journal papers, and a few unpublished documents. We divided the building Periods as Paleolithic, Neolitic, Bronze Ages, Iron Age/Three Kingdoms, Koryo, Joseon (early, middle, late) and modem periods. In prehistoric periods, hardwoods were major species. Oak (Quercus spp.) woods dominated (94 percent in average); the others (5%) were Juglans mandshurica, Platycarya strobilacea, Castanea crenata, and few softwoods(1%). During Iron Age and Three Kingdom periods, oaks remained as a major species (57%) and others Platycarya strobilacea(21%), Castanea crenata(13%), and Pinus spp. (6%). The oak woods decreased in Koryo period and they occupied only 1.1%. Instead of oaks, pine (Pinus spp., 71%) and Zelkova serrata (22%) dominated in Koryo. In early and middle Joseon periods, pine woods (73%) remain as a major species and the others were oaks (14%) and Zelkova serrata (9%). As late Joseon came, the pine woods occupied more than 88%. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a few boreal species such as larch (Larix spp.) and spruce (Picea spp.), which grow in cold area, were found. We believe they were transported from northern Korea. The existing buildings in Korea are mainly from Joseon period and a few from late Koryo periods. During these periods, pine woods were used for most buildings. For such reason, pine woods were known as 'representative materials for historic buildings'. but earlier times, broad-leaved trees, i.e., oak and Zelkova woods were major materials. The changes in building materials resulted from both climate and human impacts. The dry climate and disturbed forests induce more pines in the mountains. We also compared the wood qualities of the species and found that Zelkova woods were superior ones and deserved more planting for future demands in the repair for historic buildings.
Architectural Vocabulary Study of SeoGwolYeongGeonDoGamUiGwe(西闕營建都監儀軌) (1) - It is an attaching importance to with a timber transcriptions of Korean -
Oh, Chang-Myong ; Son, Hui-Ha ; Cheon, Deuk-Youm ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 29~48
This study is an investigation that explication of the reading method of transcription marking, and explains what it means and where to use transcription marking of architectural vocabulary. focusing on timber class vocabulary from on SeoGwolYeongGeonDoGamUiGwe(
). This study is reviewed sequentially classifying items according to timber class, stone class, iron class architectural vocabulary. This treatise, named 'Architectural Vocabulary Study (1)', is mainly focused on making out a transcription marking of timber class vocabulary on the documents. But, because of the properties of the UiGwe(儀軌), there are some different expressions used for the same vocabulary. Therefore, the different expressions are referenced according to vocabulary used from the 17th century to the 20c century. This study lists timber class architectural vocabulary of transcription marking on SeoGwolYeongGeonDoGamUiGwe(
). This study also explicates and explains the meaning of them. In advance, this study compares them with the vocabulary of national language in the middle ages and modern times. If we could explicate the transcription marking of the documents as it is, we can't only recover plenty of vocabulary related with characteristic architecture in the age of later Chosun Dynasty, but also correct wrongly used vocabulary nowadays. With the results, we can standardize and adjust vocabulary use of Korean traditional architecture. In advance, we can correct errors of spelling and mistaken explanation in the Korean Encyclopedia.
A Study on the Traditional Noble House in the Ha-Dong Area, Kyeong-Nam
Kim, Hwa-Bong ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 49~68
The purpose of this study is analysis of traditional noble houses style of Ha-Dong area in Kyeong-Nam. The sequence of this study is at first finding the list of survey object, and investigating of those houses, after than drawing the site and floor plan, and lately analysis the characters of inner and outer space of them. It required six months. The results of analysis of them are as follows. 1. The noble traditional houses in Ha-Dong are found eight samples which are not noticed in academic society. 2. The constructions of noble housing in late Period of Cho-sun Dynasty are divided in three parts as a general role. Its grade is similar in Ha-Dong. The number of traditional noble house of (old) volunteer class is two cases. The (new) rich-farmer class is four cases. And there are two cases of (long) authority class. 3. The type of site plan is based on Korean south area style which is the style of departed rectangular type. But outdoor spaces are divided in several space by many fence than other area. It is the special item of construction. 4. The special character of indoor space is the use of 'Gong-ru'. It is called similar space used in top of main entrance building of large building. But it is located in various space in Ha-dong. It is included in any space of Sarang-Che, An-Che, Are-Che. The traditional noble houses of Ha-Dong area have special spacial characters. For long time there space was developed based on local identity. And its characters was divided various classes. Thus Ha-Dong area is definite place of useful identified traditional culture.
A Study on the '
' shape of Korean Traditional Houses in Jeonnam Area
Kim, Ji-Min ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 69~82
]' shape of Jeonnam Area has not been well-known so far. This study is about when, how and on what type the '
' shape had settled among many 'ㅡ' shape houses. The Anchae of Jeonnam Area which appeared 17C. contrasts with 'ㅡ' shape. Especially, the head family's house might have been expected to develop with special difference. 'ㅡ' shape had been built much more than the '
' shape around 20C when modernization had been ripen. It was big event that '
' shape, the head family's house, had been pulled down and then 'ㅡ' shape had been newly built. (Ui Seong-ryeol house) The reason why 'ㅡ' shape had been built instead of '
' shape might be that people accepted the change of 'modernization', that is to say, people accepted convenience and opening. The plan of '
' shape consists of Daecheong and Anbang at the center of Momche, and Jageunbang and Jangji at both sides. In the '
' shape, the center of Momche is wide dand light unlike 'ㅡ' shape. Unjoru, Nogudang, Yundoseo house have long wing and have more encircling Anmadang than other houses, which are well known for a house for a man of noble birth.
A Study on the Joint and Splice of wooden Structure at Geunjeongjeon Hall of Gyeongbok Palace in the late Joseon Dynasty
Jung, Yun-Sang ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 83~99
This study examines the joint and splice of wooden structure at Geunjeongjeon Hall of Gyengbok Palace, which was constructed in the late Joseon Dynasty. The scope of the study is on the part of columns, the bracket sets, and the frame structure. This research also deals with the relationship between vortical load and horizontal load. Firstly, the examination of the joint and splice methods between the pillar and penetrating ties is on the joint and splice methods of the outer and corner. Through the investigation, it is verified that the joint methods between pillar and penetrating tie on the outer and corner pillars is the method of Sagal joints(cross joints, 사개맞춤). Joints used between pillar and penetrating tie are dovetailed tenon joints, between columns and Anchogong(안초공), between columns and Choikgong(초익공) are tenon joint(장부맞춤). Secondly, the examination of the joint and splice methods of the bracket set is on that of Salmi and Cheomcha(첨차), and Salmi and Janghyeo(장혀). Joints used between Salmi and Cheomcha, Salmi and Janghyeo are halved joint, and between each Janghyeo are stepped dovetailed splice. It is Cheomcha that is used the Jujang-Cheomcha(주장첨차) on center line. Therefore it is connected with each bracket set, which gets to is the strong system, easy and convenient on the construction of that. Thirdly, the frame structure of wooden architecture in royal palace is consist of purlins and beams, Janghyeo(장혀, timber under purlin), tall columns, king posts, etc. Through the investigation, it is verified that the joint and splice methods between purlins and beams are used with the methods of Sungeoteok joint(숭어턱맞춤). It is verified that the joint and splice methods between beams and high columns are used with methods of mortise and tenon joint(장부맞춤), is highly related with tensile force. To reduce the separation of parts, sangi(산지) and tishoi(띠쇠) are used as a counterproposal, which were generally used for architecture in royal Palaces in the late Joseon Dynasty and continued to be used until these days common wooden architecture.
목조건축의 맞춤과 이음에 대한 소고(3) - 정수사 법당 구조재를 중심으로 -
Jeong, Yeon-Sang ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 109~118
"경량목조" 주택 공급과정 - 일본 목조주택시장 연재 V -
An, Guk-Jin ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 119~130