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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of architectural history
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Architectural History
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Dec 1993
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Jun 1993
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Stone Icehouses in Korea
Sohn, Young-Sik ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 2, issue 2, 1993, Pages 9~25
The storehouse for ice was an installation to use the ice during summer season. Even though it shows various versions of styles according to the different periods and regions, it consistently developed through the history with structural characteristics. In this study, first, the management of the icehouse system through the history is examined; second, seven existing icehouses in Korea are investigated in terms of their size, material, history, structure ; and finally, the structural patterns of the ice houses are examined.
A Study on the Historical Development Pattern of
In Korea, (I) - Review of the Sinjungdonggukyojisungram -
Ahn, Gye-Bog ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 2, issue 2, 1993, Pages 26~36
is a place where a man could commune with nature. Our ancestors, who had very interested in natural landscape, and were named to the typical rock in the nature, which they called 'Dae'. The results of a analyzed the old literature(1530 : early stage of Chosen Danasty) are as follows. 1. The distribution of Dae is differ from provinces. Gangwon-do, Kyongsang-do, Cholla-do had many of the Daes. 2. The characteristics of form were classified into five groups. 1) A type of huge flat rock, which able to sit 5-6 persons(30.2%) 2) A type of mountain peak, which unable to use but seems to use images (27%) 3) A type of cliff(25.4%) 4) A type of fantastic rock (9.5%) 5) A type of stratified rock (6.3%) 3. The behavioral characteristics of the Dae were summarized watching a scenery and strolling (유(遊)), enjoying acenery, and relaxation. 4. The site locations of Dae are various such as, hill top, on cliffs, on the mountain, around river, river side cliff or grand rocks, and so forths.
A Study on the Roo-Jung Architecture from Dong-Mun-Seon in the middle and latter Era of Koryo Dynasty
Lee, Yong-Bum ; Cheon, Deuk-Youm ; Lim, Young-Bai ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 2, issue 2, 1993, Pages 37~49
The Purpose of this study is to look for the total conspectus of Roo-Jong(RJ) Architecture in the middle and latter era of Koryo Dynasty. The method of this study is the review of old literature, the Roo-Jung description of Dong-Mun-Sun, which had compiled in the Ninth year of Seung-Jong (AD 1478) by confucian scholar. The conclusions of this study can be summarized as follows : 1) The main currents of thought having a great influence on the RJ are thought of Mountain God (or Sin Sun, which is dwelling in mountain) or Taoist, thought of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu. They had required the RJ Architecture to pursuit the life of God. In this existence value meaning, the RJ Architecturethe is the semi-sacred & profane space. In the being aspect, RJ is the transcendental architecture. 2) The way of life of in the RJ had strongly turned from the personal space, mainly mind control place, into the friendship-society space, pastime place. 3) The RJ had located after the images that is what should be. The images were formed on the ground of natural landscape elements, communication elements. And these elements were indicated on one's visual, auditorial sensation with oneself. 4) In planning aspect, the scope of visual, Pungsu and history were aided with the factors of climate, topography and geography. Specially in location and fabric planning, they had regarded more important the objects and scope of visual than the climate factor.
Family Ritual and the Plan Change of the Yangban Houses in the 16th Century
Kim, Ki-Joo ; Kim, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 2, issue 2, 1993, Pages 50~65
Most of the studies on Yangban Houses dealt with the existing houses which were constructed, in most part, after the 17th century. Therefore it is important to identify the actual process of change from before the 17th century which is critical in understanding the history of residential architecture of the Chosun Dynasty. This study aims to clarify that the architectural condition after the 17th century is the result of the major change in sound the 16th century, and the prime motivation of that change was initiated by the family ritual which become very important social and idealogical base of the change. To be able to practice the family ritual, the spatial arrangement had to be changed, Man's quarter had to be enlarged, which a stone-floored room was added on one side of the centural wooden floor of the lady's quarter. Also, family shrine was erected on eastern side of the site. Thus, unless the major change in the 16th century, which was caused by the practice of family ritual, is understood, the study of historical background of Yangban houses can never be complete.
Plan and Scale in the Traditional Houses of Honan Province - Based on the Case of Bangchon Village in Janghung County -
Kim, Sung-Woo ; Lee, So-Yeon ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 2, issue 2, 1993, Pages 66~76
The plan of Korean traditional houses are devided by the span-units which is the automatic result of the timber construction. This study aims to analyze the ways plan type change when the number of span changes. One village named Bangchon in Honan Province was selected where we investigated more than 30 houses ranging from 3 span to 6 span. It is identified that there were certain rules which govern the plan change when number of span change. When one span is added onto 3 span houses, wooden floor of one span is added in between the two ondol-rooms. When one span is added onto 4 span houses, kitchen is enlarged. When one span is added onto 5 span houses, wooden floor is enlarged into 2 span, Also the plan of Man's quarter(Sarang-chae) was investigated and compared to Lady's quarter. The research proves that such rules of plan change need to be considered as a basic standard of analysis when traditional houses are to be studied.
A Study on the History of Architectural Relationship in Ancient China and Korea (I) - On the BAEGJE Period -
Lee, Wang-Kee ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 2, issue 2, 1993, Pages 77~88
This study has to do with the architectural exchanges between the ancient Korea and China. There are two parts in this paper. The first part is concerned with bibliographical and archeological studies between two regions. The latter part is to compare and syudy the architectural style of china with the architectural style of BAEGJE in those days. At any rate, this paper is related to the first part of them. The most important purpose of this paper is more clearly to inquiry the BAEGJE Architecture. BAEGJE Architecture is the most insufficient in researches of the era of Three Kingdoms' architecture of Korea until now. Because the architectural Matrrials is also the most insufficient condition in Three Kindoms, in order to inquiry the architectural style of BAEGJE clearly, we will be able to get the clue as inquring the relations of the chinese which they exchanged most frequently. The first part of this paper is
in two methods of the study. One is the biblilographical research and the other is the archeological research. The writer could find that there were many exchage relations in the bibliographocal and archeological fieds, as a result of this study. The writer could confirm that there were nearly coexisting similiar styles of the Architecture.
Semantic Analysis of Indian Original Stupa - A Comparative Study on the Transmission and Style of the Buddhist Pagoda I -
Cheon, Deuk-Youm ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 2, issue 2, 1993, Pages 89~106
Wherever Buddhism has flourished, there were stupas in the form of monuments which have their origin in the tumulm of prehistoric times. After the death of Buddha, his body was cremated following the Indian funeral custom. His ashes, which long reserved for the remains of nobles and holymen, were enshrined under such artificial hills of earth and brick. The Stupa was in origin a simple burial-mound. The form of the burial-mound was a symbolical or magic reconstruction of the imagined shape of the sky, like a dome covering the earth. The domical form of the earliest tumuli may have been concious replicas of the shape of the Vedic hut. There are relationships which may have originally existed between the stupa and West Asiatic monuments. Buddhist Stupa originally cosisted of an almost hemispherical tumulus(anda) and an altar-like structure (harmika) on its top, surmounted by one or several superimposed honorific umbrellas (hti, catta). This hemispherical form is associated with centralisation, lunar worship, mother earth, and Siva. Anda means a symbol of latent creative power, the harmika symbolizes the sanctuary enthroned aboved the world. The honorific umbrella, as an abstract imitation of the shade-giving tree is one of the chief solar symbols and that of enlightenment.
The Conception and Characteristics of Modernity in Korean Modern Architecture
Khang, Hyuk ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 2, issue 2, 1993, Pages 107~118
For attempting to wright a history of Modern Architecture in Korea the first task might be to establish the beginning of the period and to search for the orign of Modernity in Korean Architecture. As a member of the third world Modernism and Modernity in Korean Modern architecture has to be different from that of the West. The main purpose of this study is to define Modernity and to find out the characteristics of Modernism in Korean architecture. Above all this study suggests to note the peculiarity and the differance in the history of Modern architecture within the large frame of modernization. Then maintains that the search for the new cultural identity and rationality instead of lost tradition and convention can be defined as a modernity in Korean architecture.
The Meaning of Modernity and the Role of Tradition in the Modern Movements of Architecture - A Study of Berlage's 'Evolving Historicity'-
Yim, Seock-Jae ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 2, issue 2, 1993, Pages 119~130
Berlage's importance in the history of the Modern Movements of Architecture lies in his effort to combine several sets of contradictory dual aspects of architectural values. Tradition and modernity are one of the contradictory dual aspects. For Berlage, tradtion and modernity were not tow opposing, but reconciliatory concepts. In this sense, Berlage thought that modernity did not mean a total rejection, but a reinterpretion of tradition. Berlage's concern with his contemporaty architectural situstion was how to revive the stagnant repetion of past styles in Historicism and, at same time, how to prevent an extreme rejection of tradition by the Avant-Gardists. Berlage's architectural belief that neither stagnant imitation of past styles nor extreme revolution can be an ideal model for his era, lies in a traditional art theory of 'style evolution' and the interpertation of Nature's lessons for it. This study is to understand Berlage's concept of 'style evolution' and the meaning of tradition and modernity in the early Modern Movements of Architecture.