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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of architectural history
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Architectural History
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Dec 1994
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The Collective Types of Architecture in Temple Gowoon
Kim, Bong-Ryol ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 3, issue 2, 1994, Pages 9~28
A collective theory is tried in analysis on the architectural history of Temple Gowoon in Gyongbook Province. For this purpose, firstly, the chronicle of construction was composed based on the critical study of the old documents. Secondly, the drawings of existing facilities were made after the field survey. And lastly, the collective theory was be able to extracted from the relation between chronicle and physical composion of the Temple Gowoon. The whole temple is composed of two territories, northern one and southern, which are divided by the central ravine. Northern territory was enlarged from Gukrakgeon's cluster through Myongboogeon's to Yeonsoogeon's. On the other hand, southern territory was reduced its position and its size from Daewoongeon's cluster, which was one of the main cluster, to Monigeon's, sub one. These processes were the results of the architectural adjustment, that is say, the dogmatic principles adapted in the topographical environments. The collective forms of clusters are different from each other. Gukrakgeon's cluster is composed of four buildings which enclose the empty inner court. Monigeon's is similar to the small temple type, Myongboogeon's selects the straggling form, and Yoensoogeon's has the type of Confucian shrine. The various types of clusters were the physical settings to symbolize the religious heirarchy of their buildigs. In the front of temple area, Gawoonloo, which located on the ravine and has a big volume, integrates straggling clusters.
A STUDY ON THE INTERRELATION OF MAIN AXIS AND OFFICIAL INSTITUTION OF THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT(KAMYOUNG) IN LATE CHOSEON DYNASTY
Choi, Young-Chul ; Park, Eon-Kon ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 3, issue 2, 1994, Pages 29~46
The KAMYOUNG is the supreme local government office in CHOSEON dynasty. This study aims to propose the new methodology on research of local government office's prototype in CHOSEON dynasty. Especially this study is the zoning plan of the KAMYOUNG in the late CHOSEON dynasty, It is meant to present the first trial that pursue to total frame of local government in CHOSEON dynasty through the new methodology. The 18th century is the transitional era when the system of norm was deconstructed. The institution and organization of the supreme lacal government office(KAMYOUNG) was united nationwidely and at the same time its deconstruction was carried out in the 18th century. The domain of the governer has fixed in the 18th century, though the scale of 街e KAMYOUNG was enlarged. These domain expressed a strong symbolization according to hierarchy in exterior appearance of the traditional architecture. With the entire execution of a local government coming soon, the concerns about the localization have been increased rapidly. Under this time situation, as the discussion centered on the creation or change of the local self-governing community, so the concerns regarding the traditional aspects of a local government office have been increasing. Hower, without the recognition of this history, as the research of these existing historical materials has been progressed, so the misunderstanding is still left. Especially, because the government office of CHOSEON is a Confucian nation thinking much of a hierarchy based on Yae - Jae, the hierarchy of this architecture has a deep correlation with the organization of an office. The method of this study is like following: Firstly, prescribed characteristic of KAMYOUNG tough syudys of hierarchy in a local government system, human and material composition. secondly, as the changing progress of KAMYOUNG is compared and analyzed with organization of an office in the center. So characteristics of KAMYOUNG are abstracted. And finally, from this, the interpretation methodology of KAMYOUNG is revealed, with a deep correlation between specific characters of organization and architectural structurals. And also, with these methodologies, the interpretation method of the local government office and normative frame in CHOSEON dynasty are suggested.
A Study on the Ideal Pattern of Family Ritual and the Spatial Use of Yangban Houses - focused on Gwanrye and Honrye -
Kim, Ki-Joo ; Kim, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 3, issue 2, 1994, Pages 47~66
Chosun dynasty had accepted the Confucianism as a means of governing whole society and in its practical aspect
and the ceremonies of family ritual regarded as important. As a result, after mid-Chosun dynasty family ritual was begun to popularized on a national scale, and the socio-culture system which was interrelated with it changed into confucian ones. These fill-scaled change, on the other hand, resulted into the change of spatial use and plan type of yangban houses. In this aspect, this study intends to clarify the influence of family ritual on spatial use of yangban houses through the comparison between ideal pattern and behavioral one of family ritual. And this study made Gwanhonrye except Sangjerye an object because these two ceremonies were peformed in sucession in those day's behavior. The research setting is the Korean traditional society prior to modernization. The collected materials are based on ethnographic information as well as personal documents, public records, field works and the books on family ritual. The methodology for the present study is primarily based on the comparison study between available documents and field work. Especially, as the books on family ritual include some explanatory diagrams of the ideal pattern, these diagrams are compared with another ones made by the author of the behavioral pattern. The major findings are as follows. Firstly, in the aspect of Gwanhonrye's process, the ideal pattern is similar to the behavioral one. But even the essential course of the ideal pattern of Honrye is 'chinyoung', it has never been accepcted in Chosun dynasty on account of 'seoryubuga'. Secondly, even though the names of the performing space of family ritual are different each pattern, the methods of spatial use in processing these two ceremonies are similar. In other words, according to the books on family ritual the major performing spaces of Gwanhonrye are 'chungsa' and 'jungchim', but in practical process of both ceremonies 'sarangchae' and 'anche' are used. Lastly, as family ritual like Gwanrye and Honrye had been practiced at yangban houses after mid-Chosun dynasty as mentioned above, the spatial arrangement had to be changed to a certain extent.
The Elements of Soshaewon from the View of 'Pictorial Map of Soshaewon' and 'Forty-eight Poems'
Cheon, Deuk-Youm ; Han, Seung-Hoon ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 3, issue 2, 1994, Pages 67~90
Soshaewon(瀟灑園) is the historical relic No. 34, and located in the upper part of Kwangju-dam in Damyang. It is a Byulseo-garden(別墅庭園), a retreated garden near residence, that is constructed by Yang San-Bo(梁山甫, 1503-1557) in 1530's. That is to say, Soshaewon is a space of life that is situated near the village called Changam-chon(蒼岩村), and a place to study, lecture and importune among literary men. Therefore, we can see that it is of great significance in the architectural, landscape architectural, and literary aspects. This paper is based on the 'Pictorial Map of Soshaewon(瀟灑園圖, 1775)' and 'Forty- eight Poems(四十八詠)' composed by Kim In-Who(金麟厚) in 1548. The 'Pictorial Map of Soshaewon' which describes a vestige of Soshaewon makes it easy to understand the composition of space, by offering the important clues to the prototype of Soshaewon. Moreover, 'Forty-eight Poems' are very valuable references from which we can consider an ideal and internal meaning of Soshaewon. In this paper, the central objective is to observe the consitituents of architectural space of Soshaewon; architectural, stone-built, water-spacial, landscape architectural, external- garden and behavioral elements. The research on Soshaewon is to be processed gradually in the future, but this paper is limited only to the areas presented in the 'Pictorial Map of Soshaewon' and 'Forty-eight Poems.'
A Study On the Process of the Urban Form in Wonsan Concession
Yang, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 3, issue 2, 1994, Pages 91~110
This paper is one of Korean towns in the period of Korean-Modern, which play an important role in shaping the present cities of Korea. In the concrete, this study deals with the urban form of the Japanese Concession at Womsan where is the second Open Port in Korea. By the way, both of the Open Port and the Concession were the town that not exist before the period of Korean-Modern, and the town that symbolize the historical characters of the period of Korean-Modern. On this study, it is intended to analyze the situations of establishment, the process of the urban form, and the meanings of Concession, from 1880 to 1910, the period when had been kept up the nature of the Concession mainly. The Japanese Concession at Wonsan was urged it's establishment by Japan Government that is conscious of the purpose of foreign trade and military importance. But, it was slow in progress of developing town because of the distance from the capital 'Han Yang', today we called it Seoul, and lack of the background towns. However, after both the wars of 1895 and 1904, Japanese residents were incresed and urban aspects were advanced. The urban form of Japanese Concession was devided two territories by the natural circumstances, so that was made a difference on the period of the development. And finally, it had double axis on the form of district. Furthermore, by increasing of residence, it was occured that new Japanese resident arwa was occupied and expanded illegally between the road which is toward the existing Korean village 'Womsan-Jin(元山津)'. This indeed is the illegal extension of the Japanese Concession at Wonsan. Conclusively, Concession fumed out the primary factor that Korean towns are altered with the heterogeneous ones in the period of Korean-Modern.
DISTINTION OF SPACE USE AND ORGANIZATION OF TRADITIONAL HOUSES IN KOREA AND JAPAN(1) -SPATIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WARRIOR HOUSES IN EDO PERIOD-
Park, Sun-Hee ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 3, issue 2, 1994, Pages 111~124
The major characteristics of warrior houses in Edo period were as follows: (1)The disposition, size, and facilities of warrior houses was to be settled strictly according to the social position. (2)The spatial characteristics of warrior houses has conceptual o-rganization of dual structure, such as entertainment/daily life, high/low, outside/inside.
Geometric Style and Two-Dimensional Transformation : Alois Riegl's Theory of Visual Perception and Vienna Art Nouveau Architecture
Yim, Seock-Jae ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 3, issue 2, 1994, Pages 125~141
Alois Riegl's aesthetic theory of visual perception provided one of important conceptual backgrounds for Vienna Art Nouveau architecture. Riegls theory of visual perception consists of geometric style and two-dimensional transformation. Riegl's theory of geometric style is based on the modern aesthetic theory of abstraction, which says that the artistic perfection can be obtained not from a direct imitation of natural objects, but from an abstract transformation of them. Riegl's theory of two-dimensional transformation, on the other hand, aims at obtaining artistic perfection by disintegrating volumetric conditions of natural things into planes and combining the planes thus obtained into another new world of art. These two theories of Alois Rigl's provided an important aesthetical background for the design strategy of 'abstract ornamentaion of two-dimension' in Vienna Art Nouveau architecture. This paper is to review the basic concept of Alois Rigl's theory of geometric style and two-dimensional transformation.
A study on the modern architectural design competition of Europe and America
Choi, Young-Bae ; Lim, Young-Bai ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 3, issue 2, 1994, Pages 142~156
This paper aims to study on the periodical competition, the program, the jury organization, the reward, and copyright applied to the buildings which were constructed with architectural design competition performed in European and American region between 19c and 20c. The results of this study are as follows; 1. Befor 1900 Period, the type of buildings added to the competition program; between 1900 period and 1950 period, the works of strong nationality and rich local color were preferred; After 1950 period, the design drawings of high symbol and function were chosen 2. There are three types of design competitions: the open design competition, the invited and limited design competition, and the idea design competition. The open design competition has been most often made. 3. The juries were, most of all, composed of professional architects over 30 percent. 4. The program was written about building scale and appointments, described what form drawings, brief notes and air perspective wood have to be submitted. For instance, the use of colour was not permitted in the drawings, as this might possibly mislead the jurors. 5. The reward was given to the winners; the copyright was given to the first prize winner. 6. The standard of entry's qualification was mostly architect 7, Entry term was from a minimum month to a maximum year after annoncement of competition, it was approximetly 63% between 4 months and 8 months. I am convinced that architect gets freedom of pure creation and joy of society service through competition, architect justifies his profession and keep his useful and creative effort to society constantly, as long as the competition exists.