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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of architectural history
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Architectural History
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1995
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A Study on the Architectural Planning and Compositional Elements of the 'Won-dang', Buddhist Temples at Capital Areas in 19th Century
Kim, Bong-Yyol ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 4, issue 2, 1995, Pages 9~24
Near the Capital Seoul in 19th century, a special architectural form was created by the Buddhist monks who were related with Royal families. Their temples, so called 'won-dang', were constructed as supplicating places for their patrons' happiness and heavenly bliss. Among buildings of a Won-dang temple, 'Great Hall', which was accepted as a new building type, was the most important, the earliest constructed, and the biggest one. This boiling type contained the complex functions of small chaples, living rooms of monks, kitchen and dining, and pilotied pavillions. This Great Hall was located at the front of Won-dang temples, the main worship halls were at the behind. The type of Won-dang was needed for the high female who were its powerful patrons, and was oliginated from the small Buddhist temples in rural areas. And the type was able to be domiciled itself at the Capital areas because of the existing architectural fondness of the regional architects and the patrons in high class.
A Comparative Studies on the Korean Brick Pagoda
Cheon, Deuk-Youm ; Kim, Eun-Yang ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 4, issue 2, 1995, Pages 25~44
Bricks are the earliest man-made building materials. Small-size bar bricks were found in use in the Warring States Period(戰國時代) in China. During the Qin(秦) and the Han(漢) Dynasties, brick constructions were built on a larger scale, but most of them were tombs. In case of Korea, bricks were found in use in the Three Kingdoms Period, but also most of them were tombs. Starting from the Unified Silla Period(統一新羅時代), brick gradually became a universal practice to built Buddhist Pagodas with bar bricks. Brick pagodas emergence marked a stage where technological progress made it possible for man to built high-rise brick work, and their dvelopment further perfected masonry technique and enabled building technology to attain new heights. Though from the very start brick pagodas existed side by side with stone pagodas, at the enitial stage they were overshadowed by their wooden counterparts and stone counterparts, because masonry thechiques were then still rather primitive, while woodwork and stonework had already reached a fairly advaced stage. The pagodas in ancient Korea were closely related to the Chinese stupa, which consisted of three parts, namely, the base, the body and the spire. The fact was, soon after the stupas were introduced into Korea, the Korean stupas began to develop features of their own. Korean brick pagodas were made up of a single-storeyed square base, multi-storeyed square body with a small gate, and a steel post with several layers of lotus flower superimposed one on the other.
A Study on the Section of 'Housing Regulations' in The Chronicles of the Three States
Lee, Sang-Hae ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 4, issue 2, 1995, Pages 45~64
This study examines the Section of 'Housing Regulations' in The Chronicles of the Three States (
屋舍條) to verify the residential architecture during the period of the Unified Silla Dynasty. Through the study, the basic architectural terms in the Section of 'Housing Regulations', such as the size of the building, glazing roof tile, animal-shaped ornamental piece on roof ridge, eave purlin, wooden bracket arms, roof decoration, decorative paintings, stone steps, wall structure, blind screen, folding screen, bedstead, and gate are analyzed, interpreted and defined, and, in addition, the forms and styles of the residential architecture during the period of the Unified Silla Dynasty are basically reconstructed.
A study on the provision of the setting new context for the evaluation of the urban and architectural environment in Korea
Lee, Dong-Heun ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 4, issue 2, 1995, Pages 65~78
The reasons why the urban and architectural environment in Korea has become distorted in spite of many cases of experience in developement for last 30years, are deeply rooted in rather having disregarded or omitting the importance of the evaluation than the shortness of the skill or techniques. So now it requires strongly setting new context to improve the recent urban architectural evironment by arranging the confused problems and finding the hidden ones before the real and practical evaluation. The new context proposed in this paper is composed of three contents, that are economics, function, and culture.
World, Sign and Architecture: An Attempt to differentiate Creative Architecture from Conceptual Architecture
Lee, Dong-Eon ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 4, issue 2, 1995, Pages 79~85
The main aim of the paper is to reveal what is the sign in art and architecture and what is difference between technology and art. By keeping in mind the suggestions of Heidegger's four different worlds, we become able to discern or elaborate on four different contexts of signs and modes in which the sign can work. World (1) is not conceptualized by selected relations of some of things' aspects with one another; rather, it is constructed by our sensory impressions. The sign of World (1) simply points to other objects occurring in the situation. World (2) emerges as an ontological term, and signifies, in terms of relations that are now brought systematically forth, the Being of those entities of World (1) which we naively perceive or take for granted. The sign of World (2) signifies a constructed world. World (3) is understood as the 'wherein' or environment of beings whose total activity is proven to be inseparable from their circumstances. The sign of World (3) is to recover the perspicuous silence of World (3). The World (4) is the ontological-existential understanding of worldhood. The sign of World (4) is to reveal the conspicuous silence of World (4). Finally, the paper suggests that art including architecture cannot be the sign of World (1), (2) but the one of World (3).
A Study on the Symbolic Notions of Haein Buddhist Monastery from the Context of Feng-shui
Lee, Sang-Hae ;
Journal of architectural history, volume 4, issue 2, 1995, Pages 86~101
This study examines the Symbolic notions of Haein Buddhist Monastery based on the context of Feng-shui. Through the study, it is verified that the geographical features surrounding the Haein Buddhist Monastery are imbued with the basic layout of the monastery and the constitutional elements of the Haein Buddhist Monastery are structured and formed with the architecture and landscape of the monastery. Thus, the study maintains that the siting and the arrangement of the Haein Buddhist Monastery reflect the context of Feng-shui.