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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korea Game Society
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Journal DOI :
Korea Game Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Nov 2008
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Aug 2008
Volume 8, Issue 2 - May 2008
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
The development of Metadata Prototype for Educational Game
Yoon, Sean-Jeang ; Yoon, Tae-Soo ;
Journal of Korea Game Society, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 3~13
We think that it is important to develop the metadata for educational game. Because they are applicable to game contents, separate learning sources and studying components in the game-based LCMS. But markets of eduainment and educational games are newborn field, so systematic development of metadata is not advanced yet. Therefore in this paper, we first established the design process of educational game metadata, and then according to the rule, we suggested this as a prototype. And we defined the extracted data as metadata for educational game through inspection of an expert group. If these metadata prototype are operated by adopting through standardization stage of public institutes, we can provide the convenience of searching, managing and recycling these metadata to learner, instructor and the developing institute. And we can also expect the prevention of overlapping investment.
The Case Study on Game Balancing for Player VS Player Fighting Game
Han, Seung-Woo ; Lee, Jae-Joong ; Park, Jin-Wan ;
Journal of Korea Game Society, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 15~27
Games can be divided into different genres such as action, adventure, role playing, simulation and etc based on the types of the play provided to a player. And each genre has various kinds of balancing system. Fighting games are classified as one of the action genres. They seem to have a simple structure but there is a variety of complex balancing factors. Because there are quite a number of the fighting games that were developed in a relatively short period, it is possible to identify diverse balancing systems in the fighting games from unstable ones in the early stage to the recent ones in a stable condition. The balancing system allows players to use all the contents offered in the game by eliminating the imbalance created among the various components. It helps players maintain their interest during the procedure. Furthermore, it gives the justification, increases the efficiency of controlling, and develops the empathy in the process. Therefore, the balancing system plays a crucial role in the games when it comes to getting an evaluation and building popularity, which can determine its lifespan. In this study, we researched on the possibilities of expanding an application to the other genres by understanding the established balancing model developed from the case study of the fighting games.
Semiotlcal Analysis for the Educational Games
Park, Hyung-Sung ; Park, Su-Hee ;
Journal of Korea Game Society, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 29~39
In this research, the researcher uses semiotic methods in order to analyze the essential aspects of educational games. The basic concepts of semiotics and their relevance to education are explored, as well as how signs are shown in a particular educational game is examined. Several semiotic theories which can assist in analyzing educational game are examined. Roller coaster Tycoon2, an educational game, is analyzed using Peirce's semiology in which education is defined in terms of signs and semiosis. As a result of analyzing Roller Coaster Tycoon2, a educational game, through Peirces semiology, the game was found to contain all the different types of signs. It contains the three types of signs (sign, object, interpretant) as well as firstness, secondness, and thirdness. Especially, the second and third has a major part in Roller Coaster Tycoon2. The sign of the second is assists in logical and creative thinking, the third is assists in creative. It appears often in the game due to the real-time strategy game environment in which problems are solved by planning logical strategies after considering the relationship between several signs.
A Study on the Application of Color as Process of Symbolic Metaphor in the Game Storytelling
Cho, Yoon-Kyung ; Han, Hye-Jeong ; Kim, Kyu-Jung ;
Journal of Korea Game Society, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 41~48
If an association for a color develops and comes to form any kind of common idea, a symbolic meaning is given to the color. It is called' symbolism of color' that color builds up an abstract general idea, an emblem, feeling except things concrete. The color of game is the visual element that one can be immersed in the game, the image which act as important meaning, the attribute of light, and visual perceptional factor. With form, motion, light and shade, the color function importantly as media which express a person and person's circumstance. In game, the color is used symbolically to suggest not only mental change of character but also the situation, mood, attribute and strength of energy. These transmission of meaning express symbolism of the color iconically. So, the color for image express of game take on universality. This study research that focus on how the symbolical meaning of the color is reflected in game.
Generating Face Textures for 3D Avatars from Photos
Kim, Dong-Hee ; Yoon, Jong-Hyun ; Park, Jong-Seung ;
Journal of Korea Game Society, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 49~58
In this paper, we propose a texture generation scheme for 3D avatars from three or more human face photos. First, we manually mark image positions corresponding to vertices of a given UVW map. Then, a face texture is automatically generated from the photo images. The proposed texture generation scheme extremely reduces the amount of manual work compared with the classical methods such as Photoshop-based schemes. The generated textures are photorealistic since the textures fully reflect the naturalness of the original photos. The texture creation scheme can be applied to any kind of mesh structures of 3D models and mesh structures need not be changed to accommodate the given textures. We created face textures from several triplets of photos and mapped them to 3D avatar faces. Experimental results showed that visual realism of avatar faces is much enhanced by the face textures.
A Study of NPR Techniques for Artistic Expressions In Game Graphics
Kim, Jong-Seo ; Kwak, Hoon-Sung ;
Journal of Korea Game Society, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 59~70
A game graphics, one of computer graphics, has grown rapidly and diversified expression techniques through continuous trials and studies. Rendering methods in game graphics are divided into two branches. The one is Protorealistic rendering method expressing realistic images like photos and the other is NPR(Non-Protorealistic rendering) method expressing emotion and artistry of human being. This paper analyzes how NPR techniques are used in game and what features are in their applications. And this paper suggests various effects for game graphics in an artistic viewpoint. So, this study aims at supporting production of more emotional, familiar and artistic games by understanding merits, demerits and applicabilities of recent NPR researches.
Wang Tile Terrain Synthesis and Real-Time Rendering using Parallax Mapping
Jeong, Jae-Won ; Choi, Min-Gyu ;
Journal of Korea Game Society, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 71~77
The geometric structure constructs terrain from height map and non-periodically tiling with Wang tile for the detail description. It will be able to express detail bump using parallax mapping to add decal data together with height data in tile. We solve the problem when the real-time rendering and propose improving of parallax mapping for the terrain.
Motivation-based Hierarchical Behavior Planning
Song, Wei ; Cho, Kyung-Eun ; Um, Ky-Hyun ;
Journal of Korea Game Society, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 79~90
This paper describes a motivation-based hierarchical behavior planning framework to allow autonomous agents to select adaptive actions in simulation game environments. The combined behavior planning system is formed by four levels of specification, which are motivation extraction, goal list generation, action list determination and optimization. Our model increases the complexity of virtual human behavior planning by adding motivation with sudden and cumulative attributes. The motivation selection by probability distribution allows NPC to make multiple decisions in certain situations in order to embody realistic virtual humans. Hierarchical goal tree enhances the effective reactivity. Optimizing for potential actions provides NPC with safe and satisfying actions to adapt to the virtual environment. A restaurant simulation game was used to elucidate the mechanism of the framework.
A Design of AI Middleware for Making Interactive Animation Characters
Lee, Seung-Sub ; Um, Ky-Hyun ; Cho, Kyung-Eun ;
Journal of Korea Game Society, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 91~101
Most designers use professional 3D animation tools such as 3DS MAX to manually create animation. This manual method requires a great deal of time and efforts, and does not allow animation characters to interact with one another. In this paper, we design an AI middleware of form as 3DS MAX plug-in to solve these issues. We present an AI expression structure and internal processing method for this middleware, and the method for creating AI character's structure. It creates AI character's structure by drawing figures and lines for representing AI elements. For experiment, we have produced same animations with the traditional method and our method, and measured the task volume in both methods. This result verifies that the task volume is similar or higher than the traditional method in small-scale tasks, but up to 43% of the task volume is reduced in large-scale tasks. Using the method proposed in this paper, we see that characters in an animation interact each other, and task volume in large-scale tasks are reduced.
An Action Information Management Method for Creating Adaptive NPC
Kim, Na-Ra ; Um, Ky-Hyun ; Cho, Kyung-Eun ;
Journal of Korea Game Society, volume 8, issue 1, 2008, Pages 103~113
Although people have had more opportunities to enjoy various types of game, most of players have felt less satisfaction with the games. This is the reason that since most Non-player Characters (NPCs) are simple and uniform, they have some limitations for competing with a variety of players. Thus, technologies for creating intelligent NPCs that can compete with each player at a similar level are required. In this paper, we present an action information management method for creating adaptive NPCs based on the algorithm for calculating their action efficiency. This algorithm is useful to the adaptation method for saving and controlling player-appropriate action. In our method, adaptive NPCs observe the actions of players and collect the relationship data between status and action. The efficiency value of the action data is calculated and data of similar status are grouped, and finally stored at the action database. The game system of NPC updates the action database and stores diverse actions. Then, NPC selects action with high efficiency value. We have tested our algorithm on an action game. A random test subject performed a one-on-one game against an adaptive NPC in real-time. As a result, the action dispositions of both the subject and NPC are analyzed in a log file to determine whether or not the disposition of the subject is similar to that of the NPC. The statistics of the diverse test results shows that NPCs become adaptive to players with error rate within less than 6%.