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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Environmental Science International
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Volume 10, Issue S2 - 00 2001
Selecting the target year
Environmental Decision Making of Nakdong River Basin by the Environmental Accounting
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 85~90
The conflicts between environment protection and economic development are becoming increasingly important in environmental decision making of Nakdong River Basin. A science-based evaluation system is now needed to represent both the environmental values and the economic values with a common measure. EMERGY, spelled with an \"m\" evaluates both the work of river and that of human in generating products and services. The monetary cost-benefit analysis and the environmental accounting by EMERGY analysis were applied to determine whether there will have a net benefit in environmental decision making of Nakdong River Basin. Based on the results of the environmental accounting, all alternatives which related to environmental decision making of Nakdong River Basin show that more and more of EMERGY cost becomes needed than the a EMERGY benefit from getting water to drink in the lower basin. From these results, for selecting alternatives to manage water quantity and quality that is sustainable in the environmental use and economic development, environmental accounting concepts must be considered, and the economic structure of Nakdong River Basin should be changed from the present industrial structure to social-economic based on ecological-recycling concept for the sustainable use of Nakdong River.ong River.
Evaluation of Korea\`s Sustainable Development by the System Ecology(II) -Simulating the Future of Korea\`s Natural Environment and Economic Development-
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 91~97
A macroeconomic minimodel was simulated to analyze the effect of global exchange on the Korea\\`s economy. The simulation results illustrate some of the consequences of public policy and some insight into current world problems. All computer simulation runs made under various conditions suggest that the Korea\\`s system in the near future may be strongly influenced by the favorable availability of outside resources, while the national power and assets may be declined by indigenous environmental stock depletion. The borrowed capital allows the temporary money stock to increase and the national assets to grow faster and a little higher, as using up the environmental resources more quickly. Later, when the debt is paid off, the foreign exchange holdings may not go so high. For the environmentally sound and sustainable development, over 75% of total economic production should be invested to the natural resource management. Therefore, the economic structure of Korea should be transferred from the present industrial structure to social-economic structure based on ecological-recycling concept.
Isolation and Characterization of Aerobic Trichloroethylene Cometabolizing Bacterium
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 99~103
Several microorganisms which degrade phenol and trichloroethylene(TCE) were isolated from the activated sludge of a wastewater treatment plant. Among them, one isolate EL-04J showed the highest degradability and was identified as a Pseudomonas species according to morphological, cultural and biochemical properties. The phenol-induced cells of Pseudomonas EL-04J, which were preincubated in the mineral salts medium containing phenol as a sole carbon source, degraded 90% of 25
M TCE within 20h. This strain could also utilize some of methylated phenol derivatives (o-cresol, m-cresol and p-cresol) as the sole source of carbon and energy. Cresol-induced cells of Pseudomonas EL-04J also cometabolized TCE.
Improving Water Quality and Bacterial Characteristics during Water Treatment Process Using Biological Activated Carbons on Downstream of the Nakdong River
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 105~111
Improvement of water quality and Investigation of bacterial characteristics have been conducted in a pilot plant using biological activated carbon (BAC) in water treatment process at the downstream of the Nakdong River. Most of water control parameters were highly improved after passing through BAC. Approximately 54% of dissolved organic carbon was removed in coal-based BAC process. Bacterial biomass and bacterial production appeared
.hr in coal-based BAC, respectively. Predominant bacteria species grown in BAC were identified as Pseudomonas, Flavobacterium, Alcaligenes, Acinetobacter and Aeromonas species. Particularly Pseudomonas vesicularis was dominant in both coal-based and coconut-based BACs, while Pseudomonas cepacia was dominant in wood-based BAC.
A Study on the Removal of Algae by Coagulation and Sedimentation in the Rew Water of the Nakdong River
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 113~117
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of the prechlorination on algal removal by application of a varying amount of different coagulants, such as LAC, PAC, PACS following the process of coagulation and sedimentation of algae in the Nakdong River. The samples used as a source for the raw water of the Nakdong River were collected from the D Water Purification Plant in Taegu city. With the application of the process of prechlorination, the removal rate of the algae was increased from 10~25% for Synedra spp., 20~35% for diatoms and 4~17% for turbidity. Generally, the removal rate of the algae was increased with the increase of the concentration of the coagulants. The PAC and PACS showed 5% higher removal rate for turbidity as compared to the LAS. On the hand, LAS showed 12% higher removal rate for Synedra spp. as compared to the PAC and PACS. The variations in the removal rate of diatoms with the change of coagulant were not significant. In conclusion, the application of LAS, polymeric coagulant and chlorination for at least 20 minutes could be considered as a reliable treatment process for the removal of source water containing a variety of algae.
Application of QUAL2E Model for Water Quality Management in the Keum River(I) -Estimation of Model input Parameter and Autochthonous BOD-
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 119~127
The Keum river is one of the important river in Korea and has a drainage area of 9,873
. The Keum river is deepening pollution state due to development of the lower city and construction of a industrial complex. The water quality of the Keum river come to eutrophication state and belong to III grade of water quality standard. The concentration BOD in river is affected by the organic loading from a tributary and the algae biomass that largely happen to under eutrophication state. In the eutrophic water mass such as the Keum river, the autochthonous BOD was very important part for making a decision of water quality management, because it was accounted for majority of the total BOD. The purpose of this study was to survey the chatacteristics of water quality in summer and to estimate reaction coefficient. Also, we studied to correlationship between chlorophyll a and BOD(COD) for estimation of the autochthonous BOD. The correlationship between chlorophyll a and BOD(COD) were obtained through the culture experiment of phytoplankton in the laboratory. The results of this study may be summarized as follows ; The characteristics of water quality in summer were belong to III~IV grade of water quality standard as BOD and nutritive condition is very high. The BOD, ammonia nitrogen and phosphate loadings in Miho stream which inflowing untreated sewage from Chungju city was occupied with 64.07%, 26.36%, 46.08%, respectively. Maximum nutrient uptake (Vmax) was 0.4400
M/hr as substrate of ammonia nitrogen, 0.1652
M/hr as substrate of phosphate. Maximum specific growth rate (
max) was 1.2525
as substrate of ammonia nitrogen, 1.5177
as substrate of phosphate. The correlation coefficient between chlorophyll a and BOD by the culture experiment were found to be 0.911~0.935 and 0.942~0.947 in the case adding nutrient and no adding nutrient, respectively. The correlation coefficient between chlorophyll a and COD through the culture experiment were found to be 0.918~0.977 and 0.880~0.931 in the case adding nutrient and no adding nutrient, respectively. The autochthonous BOD(COD) was estimated to the relationship between BOD(COD) and chlorophyll a. The regression equation were found to be autochthonous BOD=(0.045~0.073)
a and autochthonous
On the Property of Climatological Environment with Discomfort Index in Korea
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 129~133
The purpose of this study is to examine the property of climatological environment using the daily mean meteorological data measured at the serveral meteorological observatory for 30years(1961~1990). It was found that the distribution of discomfort index tended to mainly depend on the geographical situation in the same season. Major portions of Korea were subjected to continental except for some seaside districts. The discomfort index have a large(small) value in summer(winter) season. And there is a short interval(1 or 2 months) between summer and winter season in Korea.
Study on the Characteristics of Wind Field at Ground Level around Pusan
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 135~142
In order to investigate horizontal wind field in the boundary layer around Pusan area, wind speed and wind direction measured at 14 AWS(Automatic Weather Station), 1997, was used. The wind direction at PRM(Pusan Regional Meterological Office) was showed that southwest and northeast wind dominated for spring and summer, northeast wind for fall and northwest for winter. Anticline flow was showed at \`Gaekumm\` which is located between Mt. Backyang(641m) and Mt. Yumkwang(503m) and affected on wind field at \`Pusanjin\`. The low wind speed and various wind direction was represented at the basin topography, \`Buckgu\`, \`Jeasong\`, \`Ilkwang\` and \`Kijang\`. The annual mean wind speed at 14 sites, 2.5ms(sup)-1, was lower than that measured at PRMO, 3.9ms(sup)-1. The wind direction analysis showed that the case of same direction in compare with that measured at PRMO is about 54% and case of opposite direction is about 12%. Annual and seasonal mean windrose showed wind direction is affected by not only synoptic weather state but also topography.
Relationship between Thermal Low and Long-Range Transport of Air Pollutants
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 143~151
The atmospheric conditions and the transport mechanism of long-range transport of air pollutants from coastal area to inland area were investigated using regular meteorological data and air pollution data obtatined from the southeastern area of Korea. Daytime temperature over the inland area(Taegu) was higher than that over the coastal area(Pusan) and the temperature difference of about 5~6
when the thermal low most fully developed and the sea level pressure over Taegu was lower than that over Pusan by about 4~5hPa at that time. Therefore this low pressure appeared to the thermally induced low. Air mass polluted from the coastal area during the morning period was transported inland area, at first by the sea breeze and by the large scale wind system toward the thermal low generated in the mountainous inland region. This was explained by the fact that the concentration of air pollutants over Taegu increased throughtout the late afternoon.
Biosorption of Heavy-metal Ions by Waste Brown Seaweed and Their Derivatives
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 153~158
The biosorption abilities of different parts of waste brown seaweeds and their derivatives to remove heavy metals (Cd, Zn, Pb, Cu, Fe, Ni, Mn) from waste were evaluated. The two parts of waste brown seaweeds (Undaria pinnatifida) were stems and sporophyls, and the brown seaweed derivatives were alginic fibers, active carbon added alginate(AC-alginate) and dealginate. The abilities of the sporophyls to adsorb the heavy metal ions were higher than those of stems, and those of alginates were slightly higher than those of dealginate in single ion solution. With decreasing the size of biosorbents, the velocity and the amount of adsorption increased. The abilities of alginate to remove the heavy metal ions increased in multi-ion solutions by adding active carbon to alginate. The selectivity of these biosorbents(alginate, AC-alginate) to lead ion was highest and to manganese ion was lowest.
The Oceanic Environmental Property in the Jindong Bay of the Red-Tide Appearance Area
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 159~166
We studied the appearance and proliferation of red tide organisms from March, 1998, to February, 1999, in the Jindong Bay. There were two red tide events during investigation, and we found that the dominant species Ceratium furca in May and Gymnodinium sanguineum in September, 1998. At surface, temperature and salinity showed 18.3~19.7
and 30.6~30.9 psu in May and 25.6~27.
, 28.0~28.5 psu in September, respectively. When the red tide occurred, the water mass stable. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen(DIN) and dissolved inorganic phosphate(DIP) in Jindong Bay showed seasonal variability. In May, the nitrogen was a limited nutrient in which the ratio of DIN versus DIP was less than 16 (Redfield ratio), while in September phosphate. During June to September, 1998, phosphate acted as a limited nutrient due to the increased river run-off from land. In May, chlorophyll-a, dissolved oxygen(DO) and chemical oxygen demand(COD) showed higher than 20
, respectively. In September, they showed in turns 100
Quantifying of the Persistent Periods of the Positive and Negative Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies at the Coastal Areas of the Korean Peninsula
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 167~171
The magnitudes of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies at 13 coastal stations along the Korean peninsula in the summer and winter for the past 29years (1969-1997) are more larger than those in the spring and autumn. The periods of positive SST anomalies (negative SST anomalies) longer than 1
were 75(74.5) months in the eastern coast of Korea, 47.8(51.6) months in the southern coast of Korea and 69.5(69.8) months in the western coast of Korea during the past 348 months (1969-1997). The predominant periods of the low-pass filtered monthly SST anomalies are 3 years or 13 months, even another predominant period is 24 months. The spatial variation of SST anomalies were confined by regional seas of the Korean peninsula, such as the East Sea, the South Sea and the West Sea itself.