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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Science International
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Importance Analysis of Environmentally-Friendly Planning Factors Using Analytic Hierarchy Process
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 897~903
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.897
This study focuses on importance level analysis of environmentally-friendly planning factors using Analytic Hierarchy Process(AMP). This study verify different planning principle makes comparison matrix by a relative comparison value, verified consistency after yield weight to analyze more objective importance for apartment complex estate environmentally-friendly planning factor. In order to decide importance of apartment complex estate environmentally-friendly planning factors multiplying weight of verified planning principle with weight of planning factors. The results are as follows; First, importance of preservation of green tract of lands, Preparation of Biotop, Tree planting of sites, Propriety of development density high except Circulation and practical use of water. Next, valued planning factors constituent appeared to Energy efficient building plan, Rubbish recycling, thermal utilization of solar energy, Artificial tree planting of buildings etc. importantly. Finally, plan constituent that importance is underrated most appeared by Practical use of building materials and equipment, Centralization of energy and resources, Preservation of corridor etc.
Excavation and Restoration of the Sangchon-ri Dinosaurs Track fossils
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 905~910
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.905
The valuable fossils are distributed in Korean peninsula. In consequence of the development of inland, many road constructions and other public works have been carried out. As a matter of course, lots of paleontological materials in Kyongsang basin were destroyed. Fortunately, one of them was rescued and restored in a suitable place by authors. A fine 4×5 m sandstone slab having about 40 dinosaur tracks was brought from Sangchon-ri, Jinju city, and restored at Danghangpo, Goseong County, Gyeongsangnam-do Province. This fossil bearing slab suggests dinosaurs' ecology and paleo-environment during the early Cretaceous Period of Kyongsang basin.
Study on Utilizing Resources in Ecopolis - Evaluation of Energy floors of Sewage for Enhanced energy system of residence -
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 911~919
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.911
When the city water was heated for the optimum use of unused energy, the energy flows and losses were calculated and evaluated to improve the value of heated water systems at dwelling side. To obtain this purpose, it was simulated on heat flows under two conditions like with heat pumps or not and calculated the energy sayings. Furthermore, recycling water system was suggested for enhancing the value of heated water system. From this results, the energy flows without heat pumps showed that it was 3-4 percents of heat losses from pipes, 62 percents of energy savings from hot water uses and 34 percents of unutilized heat. When the heated water system adopt the recycling water system at dwelling side, it was improved 12 percents of total energy sayings.
A Study on the Borrowed Landscape of Arbors and Temples in Jeonbuk Province
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 921~934
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.921
The purpose of this study is to identify the characteristics and differences of borrowed landscape in traditional arbors and temples in Jeonbuk province. And this study is attempted to widespread the width of understanding the traditional landscape borrowing method for contributing in modem reception and creation of landscape architectural culture. For this, 30 traditional arbors and 30 traditional temples in Jeonbuk province were selected. The orientation of the place of view point, distance, vertical and horizontal angle were surveyed for identifying the structure of borrowed landscape. Furthermore main element, auxiliary element and a media of borrowed landscape were surveyed also. Two hypothesis were established for verifying the feasibility and real effectiveness of research results. First, the willingness of borrowed landscape shall be being in establishing traditional arbors and temples. Second, this willingness of borrowed landscape shall be accomplished in arbor space more positively than in temple space. The results of this study are as follows; 1. In temples, the surrounding landscape adapted in Buddhism principles are principally expressed, whereas in arbors, congregating landscape, variety landscape, background landscape for establishing good view point and enframed landscape are induced for making authoritative landscape as various borrowed landscape techniques. 2. The distance to borrowed landscape in temples is involved in far landscape region, whereas that in arbors is in middle and near. In comparative with temples, the arbors shows variety in distance to the borrowed landscape objects. 3. Down view borrowing is used generally in arbors, whereas upper view borrowing is used in temples at the view angle to the borrowed landscape objects. 4. Borrowed landscape objects are more considered factors than view scope in arbors. Main elements for borrowing landscape are very various arbors, but those are simple as mountains and peaks in temples. And natural elements are much more than artificial things in arbors as a media of borrowing landscape in comparative with temples.
Changes of growth and morphology of bacteria by the treatment of Microcystis isolated from the Seo-Nakdong River
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 935~941
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.935
To investigate the interaction of bacteria and Microcystis isolated from a hypertrophic reservoir(Seo-Nakdong River), the response of five bacteria in relation to the different treatment of Microcystis and microcystin production by addition of dominant bacteria Staphylococcus sciuri were examined. Five bacteria (S. sciuri, S. capitis, S. epidermis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aeromonas aimonicida) were identified from the reservoir. In the experiment of bacterial response, two types of bacterial growth pattern were observed. All bacteria showed active growth in heated Microcystis-added media. Especially, three species of bacteria (S. sciuri, S. capitis and P. aeruginosa) among them showed active growth in live Microcystis-added media. In Microcystis response, increase of microcystin production showed when dominant bacteria, S. sciuri was added.
Spatial Variation of the Polar Front in relation to the Tsushima Warm Current in the East Sea
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 943~948
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.943
Variation of the polar front in the East Sea is studied using temperature and dissolved oxygen data obtained from Japan Meteorological Agency from 1972 to 1999. Variation of the polar front in the East Sea has a close relation to the variation of the Tsushima Warm Current (TWC). When the TWC spreads widely in the East Sea, polar front moves northward. The spatial variation of the polar front is greater in the southwestern area of the East Sea and the northern area of Tsugaru Strait where the variation of the TWC's distribution area is greater than those in others of the East Sea. Hence, in the southeastern area of the East Sea, that is, between near Noto peninsula and Tsugaru Strait, the spatial variation of the polar front is not so wide as in the southwestern area because the flow of TWC is stable.
Rainfall-Runoff Analysis of River Basin Using Spatial Data
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 949~955
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.949
The subject basin of the research was the basin of Yeongcheon Dam located in the upper reaches of the Kumho River. The parameters of the model were derived from the results of abstracting topological properties out of rainfall-runoff observation data about heavy rains and Digital Elevation Modeling(DEM) materials. This research aimed at suggesting the applicability of the CELLMOD Model, a distribution-type model, in interpreting runoff based on the topological properties of a river basin, by carrying out runoff interpretation far heavy rains using the model. To examine the applicability of the model, the calculated peaking characteristics in the hydrograph was analyzed in comparison with observed values and interpretation results by the Clark Model. According to the result of analysis using the CELLMOD Model proposed in the present research for interpreting the rainfall-runoff process, the model reduced the physical uncertainty in the rainfall-runoff process, and consequently, generated improved results in forecasting river runoff. Therefore it was concluded that the algorithm is appropriate for interpreting rainfall-runoff in river basins. However, to enhance accuracy in interpreting rainfall-runoff it is necessary to supplement heavy rain patterns in subject basins and to subdivide a basin into minor basins for analysis. In addition, it is necessary to apply the model to basins that have sufficient observation data, and to identify the correlation between model parameters and the basin characteristics(channel characteristics).
A study on Eutrophication control in coastal area of Gunsan
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 957~966
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.957
Gunsan coastal area is one of region increasing pollution problems. To improve water quality, the reduction of these nutrients loads should be indispensible. In this study, the three-dimensional numerical hydrodynamic and ecosystem model were applied to analyze the processes affecting the eutrophication. In field survey, the average concentrations of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and dissolved inorganic phosphorus(DIP) at surface waters were found to be 0.43mg/
respectively, which were exceeding second grade of water quality criteria. In hydrodynamic modelling, the comparison between the simulated and observed tidal ellipses showed fairly good agreement. The ecosystem model was calibrated with the observed data in study area. The simulated results of DIN were fairly good coincided with the observed values within relative error of 32.39%, correlation coefficient(r) of 0.99. In the case of DIP, the simulated results were fairly good coincided with the observed values within relative error of 24.26%, correlation coefficient(r) of 0.82. The simulations of DIN and DIP concentrations using ecosystem model were performed under the conditions of 20∼80% reductions for pollutant loading. At simulation results, concentration of DIN and DIP were reduced to 20∼80% and under 10% in case of the 80% reduction of pollutant loading, respectively.
Volatile Organic Compounds Concentrations and Its Personal Exposure in Indoor and Outdoor Environments in Summer
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 967~976
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.967
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are present in essentially all natural and synthetic materials from petrol to flowers. In this study, indoor and outdoor VOCs concentrations of houses, offices and internet-cafes were measured and compared simultaneously with personal exposures of each 50 participants in Asan and Seoul, respectively. Also, factors that influence personal VOCs exposure were statistically analyzed using questionnaires in relation to house characteristics, time activities, and health effects. All VOCs concentrations were measured by OVM passive samplers (3M) and analyzed with GC/MS. Target pollutants among VOCs were Toluene, o-Xylene, m/p-Xylene, Ethylbenzene, MIBK, n-Octane, Styrene, Trichloroethylene, and 1,2-Dichlorobenzene. Indoor and outdoor VOCs concentrations measured in Seoul were significantly higher than those in Asan except Ethylbenzene. Residential indoor/outdoor (I/O) ratios for all target compounds ranged from 0.94 to 1.51 and I/O ratios of Asan were a little higher than those of Seoul. Relationship between personal VOCs exposure, and indoor and outdoor VOCs concentrations suggested that time-activity pattern could affect the high exposure to air pollutant. Factors that influence indoor VOCs level and personal exposure with regard to house characteristics in houses were building age, inside smoking and house type. In addition insecticide and cosmetics interestingly affected the VOCs personal exposure. Higher exposure to VOCs might be caused to be exciting increase and memory reduction, considering the relationship between measured VOCs concentrations and questionnaire (p<0.05).
An Analysis of the Case related with High PM10 Concentrations Using a Fine Grid Air Dispersion Modeling in Ansan Area
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 977~986
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.977
In this study, the scenario for a numerical modeling of the fine grid scale air dispersion phenomena was proposed and an analysis of the special event which was occurred on September 3, 2002 was performed using by a coarse grid prognostic meteorological model, a fine grid diagnostic meteorological model and a fine grid air dispersion model. Based on the results, we found that the local circulations, like as land-sea breeze, should be seriously considered for evaluating the high PM10 concentration event and for making the reduction policy of the major air pollutant emissions in Ansan area.
On the Meteorological Influence on the Automobile Air Pollution in Daegu
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 987~996
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.987
In this study, we analyzed the relationship between the time-variation trend of air pollution concentration index and the meteorological conditions with CO(carbon monoxide) concentration and meteorological observation data in high-CO episode days. CO is a representative automobile air pollutant. The results are as follows; 1. Most of the high-CO episode days within 30 classes appeared in winter season. 2. Most of them appeared under the surface weather conditions with east-west high-pressure system. The surface winds in this high-pressure area were very light. 3. The high-CO episode days were due to unusual accumulation within urban atmosphere in the morning. 4. The Atmospheric stabilities were more stable, and then the wind-ventilation conditions were worse than yearly mean atmospheric condition in Daegu.
Application of Hybrid SNCR/SCR process for Improved N O
Removals Efficiency of SNCR
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 997~1004
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.997
The objective of this research was to test whether, under controlled laboratory conditions, hybrid SNCR/SCR process improves N
removal efficiency in comparison with the SNCR only. The hybrid process is a combination of a redesigned existing SNCR with a new downstream SCR. N
reduction experiments using a hybrid SNCR/SCR process have been conducted in simple NO/N
gas mixtures. Total gas flow rate was kept constant 4 liter/min throughout the SNCR and SCR reactors, where initial N
concentration was 500 ppm in the presence of 5% or 15%
. Commercial catalysts,
, were used for SCR N
reduction. The residence time and space velocity were around 1.67 seconds and 2,400
in SNCR and SCR reactors, respectively. N
reduction of the hybrid system was always higher than could be achieved by SNCR alone at a given value of N
. Optimization of the hybrid system performance requires maximizing N
removal in the SNCR process. An analysis based on the hybrid system performance in this lab-scale work indicates that a equipment with N
=500 ppm will achieve a total N
removal of about 90 percent with N
5 ppm only if the SNCR N
reduction is at least 60 percent. A hybrid SNCR/SCR process has shown about 26∼37% more N
reduction than a SNCR unit process in which a lower temperature of 85
turned out to be more effective.be more effective.
Surface Modification and Anchoring Titanium Dioxide on Mesoporous Activated Carbons
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 1005~1010
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.1005
For the purpose of surveying any possibility of anchoring titanium dioxide on activated carbons to promote their activities as catalysts and/or adsorbents, two activated carbons were oxidized with ammonium peroxydisulfate and followed by anchoring titanium dioxide. The anchoring of titanium dioxide on the oxidized activated carbons were performed via the adsorption of tetrabutyltitanate, hydrolysis with deionized water, and calcination. The effect of oxidizing and anchoring treatment on the surface element composition, surface area, and pore texture were analyzed by XPS, BET and TPD. The oxidation of activated carbons with ammonium peroxydisulfate introduced carboxyl groups on the surface of activated carbons and these carboxyl groups promoted the anchoring of titanium oxide on the activated carbons. However, the treatments affected the surface area and the porosity of activated carbons.
Adsorption Characteristics of Phosphate, Sulfate, and Copper Ions by Synthesized Goethite
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 1011~1016
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.1011
Adsorption of phosphate, sulfate, and copper ion to goethite was investigated. Goethite was prepared in the alkaline solution. In the single adsorbate systems, the final equilibrium plateau reached within 20 min. The adsorption isotherms of the individual ions could be well described by the Langmuir equation. The maximum adsorption capacities (q
max/) were calculated as 0.483 m㏖/g and 0.239 m㏖/g at pH 3 for phosphate and sulfate ion, and 0.117 m㏖/g at pH 6 for copper ion, respectively, In competitive adsorption system with phosphate and sulfate, phosphate ion was a stronger competitor for adsorption on goethite than sulfate ion, which was consistent with higher affinity of phosphate ion for the surface compared to sulfate ion. The existence of sulfate ion enhanced the adsorption of copper ion but the adsorption of sulfate was inhibited when copper ion was present.
Study on Rapid Removal of Suspended Solid by Modified Magnetite Powder
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 12, issue 9, 2003, Pages 1017~1023
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2003.12.9.1017
The high speed elimination process of suspended solid was investigated to treat the pulp waste water by using surface modified magnetite particle and magnetic power. The effects of the various aluminum salts such as Al(NO
ㆍ13∼14 on the COD, BOD and suspended solid were systematically studied. It has been found that the 2.0 wt% of Al was most effective for the modification of Fe
powder and then best for the treatment of pulp waste water, Optimum quantity of modified magnetite in this study was 12 wt%, and aging time was found to be 12 hours. Comparing with the conventional process, the required time for SS removal was drastically decreased. BOB and COD were also effectively removed when applied to the pulp wastewater.