Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Environmental Science International
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2005
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2005
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2005
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 2005
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2005
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2005
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2005
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2005
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2005
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2005
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2005
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
A Basic Study on Container-type Planting Ground for Perpendicular Greening
Bang Kang-Ja ; Kim Sun-Hae ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 14, issue 8, 2005, Pages 719~722
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2005.14.8.719
This study is to find the effective way to green perpendicular wall spaces as soon as possible and to get basic data for activating the perpendicular greening on high story building through the experiment of container-type planting ground in which lightened artificial soil mixed with rock wool was put. Comparative studies of the sizes of containers and soil were carried out but separate management was not performed. Four plants(Euonymus fortunei var. radicans, Lonicera japonica, Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Parthenocissus tricuspidata) which have the capability to cover and screen perpendicular spaces were used in the experiment. In result, a container must be equipped with over 15cm depth soil mixed with less than
of rock wool.
Comparison of Flocculation Characteristics of Humic Acid by Inorganic and Organic Coagulants: Effects of pH and Ionic Strength
Xu Mei-Lan ; Lee Min-Gyu ; Kam Sang-Kyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 14, issue 8, 2005, Pages 723~737
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2005.14.8.723
The effects of pH (5, 7 and 9) and ionic strength of different salts on the flocculation characteristics of humic acid by inorganic (alum, polyaluminum chloride (PAC) with degree of neutralization, r=(OH/Al) of 1.7) and organic (cationic polyelectrolyte) coagulants, have been examined using a simple continuous optical technique, coupled with measurements of zeta potential. The results are compared mainly by the mechanisms of its destabilization and subsequent removal. The destabilization and subsequent removal of humic acid by PAC and cationic polyelectrolyte occur by a simple charge neutralization, regardless of pH of the solution. However, the mechanism of those by alum is greatly dependent on pH and coagulant dosage, i.e., both mechanisms of charge neutralization at lower dosages and sweep flocculation at higher dosages at pH 5, by sweep flocculation mechanism at pH 7, and little flocculation because of electrostatic repulsion between negatively charged humic acid and aluminum species at pH 9. The ionic strength also affects those greatly, mainly based on the charge of salts, and so is more evident for the salts of highly charged cationic species, such as
However, it is found that the salts have no effect on those at the optimum dosage for alum acting by the mechanism of sweep flocculation at pH 7, regardless of their charge.
Seasonal Changes in Structure and Landscape of Urban Stream Corridor - In the Case of Gongji Stream in Chuncheon-
Jo Hyun-Kil ; Han Gab-Soo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 14, issue 8, 2005, Pages 739~748
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2005.14.8.739
The purpose of this study is to analyze seasonal changes in structure and landscape of Gongji stream corridor in Chuncheon, and to suggest some guidelines to contribute to creating a desirable close-to- nature stream. The study seasonally surveyed floodplain and revetment conditions, channel micro-topography, streamflow level and velocity, and vegetational cover. Flooding, water level, and vegetation were major factors of affecting seasonal changes in streambed structure and stream landscape. Small sand bars and islands were considerably disturbed by flooding and water level change. However, large islands and sand bars in the upper and middle section of the study stream remained or reappeared even after flooding. Flooding also tended to repeat channel sedimentation at the same spot. Controlling water volume of the Euiam Lake, which is adjacent to the study stream, caused higher water level downstream in the dry seasons. The majority of vegetation in sand bars and islands was washed away by the floods. Vehicle passing, crop cultivation, and ball game were other elements which disturbed vegetation in the floodplain. Creating a close-to-nature stream should reflect micro-topographical changes of channel by flooding, prevent improper vehicle entry and human use, and remove concrete material in the revetment and floodplain.
Case study of ozone photochemistry in the Seoul metropolitan area during the summer 2003
Shon Zang-Ho ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 14, issue 8, 2005, Pages 749~760
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2005.14.8.749
This study examines the local ozone photochemistry in the urban air. The photochemical formation and destruction of ozone was modeled using a photochemical box model. For the model prediction of ozone budget, measurements were carried out from an urban monitoring station in Seoul (
), Korea for intensive sampling time period (Jun.
, 2003). Photochemical process is likely to play significant role in higher ozone concentrations during the sampling period. The results of model simulation indicated that photochemical ozone production pathway was the reaction of NO with
while ozone destruction was mainly controlled by a photochemical destruction pathway, a reaction of
The contribution of NMHCs to formation and destruction of ozone in the urban was significant. This was entirely different from remote marine environment. The rates of net photochemical ozone production ranged from 0.1 to 1.3 ppbv
during the study period.
Physico-chemical characterization of individual particles emitted from the air pollution point sources
Park Jeong-Ho ; Suh Jeong-Min ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 14, issue 8, 2005, Pages 761~770
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2005.14.8.761
Scanning electron microscopy / energy dispersive X-ray analyzer(SEM/EDX) has played an important role for evaluation the source of atmospheric particle because it is a powerful tool for characterizing individual particles. The SEM/EDX system provides various physical parameters like optical diameter, as well as chemical information for a particle-by-particle basis. The purpose of the study was to classify individual particle emitted from the point sources based on clustering analysis and physico-chemical analysis by SEM/EDX. The total of 490 individual particle were analyzed at 8 point sources including coal-fired power plant, incinerator, H-C oil boiler, and metal manufacturing industry. The main components were Si and AI in the coal-fired power plant, Cl and Na in the domestic waste Incinerator, S in the H-C oil boiler and S and Fe in the metal manufactory industry, respectively.
The study for Biological nutrient removal of High-strength nitrogen loading rate using B3 pilot plant
Eorn Tae-Kyu ; Han Dong-Yueb ; Kim Boo-Gil ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 14, issue 8, 2005, Pages 771~775
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2005.14.8.771
The purpose of this research was to investigate applicative possibility of field. Pilot-scale experiments were conducted, at outdoor temperature, HRT l0hour, IR(Internal Recycle)
Reactor. External carbon source was varied 80 to 120 mg/L. When External carbon source and Alkalinity were injected to the B3 pilot plant, the removal efficiencies of COD and BOD were not decreased. Nitrification rate were 5.95, 5.40, 4.08
during operation periods and denitrification rate was
When we surveyed the relationship between loading rate of nitrogen and nitrogen removal quantity, this data was 0.949, B3 process will be possible application process of field.
Analysis of Water Quality caused by Improvement of Sewage Treatment Plant in Masan Bay
Oh Hyun-Taik ; Goo Jun-Ho ; Park Sung-Eun ; Choi Yun-Sun ; Jung Rae-Hong ; Choi Woo-Jeung ; Lee Won-Chan ; Park Jong-Soo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 14, issue 8, 2005, Pages 777~783
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2005.14.8.777
For the sustainable management of marine ecosystem in Masan Bay, we have to assess the carrying capacity and standard of target water quality. In this research, we assume that all pollutants loads are treated in Dukdong sewage treatment plant, then we simulate the physical-biological model for prediction water quality for the achievement of standard water quality. In 2001 year, for the achievement of COD 2.5 mg/L, we need to reduce COD
than that of the present value, According to these results, the water quality of sewage treatment plant is required to treat COD 13.5 mg/L, nitrogen 33.3 mg/L, phosphate 6,0 mg/L. If the sewage treatment plant will be expanded much larger in 2011, it will need to be treated in COD 6.6 mg/L, nitrogen 2.5 mg/L, phosphate 5 mg/L for the achievement of water quality standard in COD 2.5 mg/L.
Destruction of Volatile Organic Compounds Using Photocatalyst-Coated Construction Materials
Jo Wan-Kuen ; Chun Hee-Dong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 14, issue 8, 2005, Pages 785~792
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2005.14.8.785
In order to reduce roadside and indoor air pollution for volatile organic compounds VOC), it may be necessary to apply photocatalyst-coated construction materials. This study evaluated the technical feasibility of the application of
photocatalysis for the removal of VOC present in roadside or indoor air. The photocatalytic removal of five target VOC was investigated: benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and o,m,p-xylenes. Variables tested for the current study included ultraviolet(UV) light intensity coating materials, relative humidity (RH), and input concentrations. Prior to performing the parameter tests, adsorption of VOC onto the current experiment was surveyed, and no adsorption was observed. Stronger UV intensity provided higher photocatalytic destruction(PCD) efficiency of the target compounds. For higher humidity, higher PCD efficiency was observed. The PCD efficiency depended on coating material. Contrary to certain previous findings, lower PCD efficiencies were observed for the experimental condition of higher input concentrations. The current findings suggested that the four parameters tested in the present study should be considered for the application of photocatalyst-coated construction materials in cleaning VOC of roadside or indoor air.
Distribution of Microorganisms in Domestic Museum Environments
Lee Sang-Joon ; Lee Jae-Dong ; Cha Mi-Sun ; Lee Na-Eun ; Yoon Soo-Jeong ; Cho Hyun-Hok ; Kwon Young-Suk ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 14, issue 8, 2005, Pages 793~800
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2005.14.8.793
We isolated and identified microorganisms from the aerial environment of domestic museums. The fungi, Penicillium spp., Alternaria spp., and Cladosporium spp. were isolated in many museums. It seems that these fungi are related to biological degradation of textile remains. A total of 14 kinds of bacterial strains were isolated: Acinetobacter spp., Pseudomonas spp., Neisseria spp., Alcaligenes spp., Shigella spp., Klebsiella spp., Corynebacterium spp., Aerococcus spp., Bacillus spp., Micrococcus spp., Citrobacter spp., Erwinia spp., Salmonella spp., and Providencia spp. Acinetobacter spp., Pseudomonas spp., Neisseria spp., and Alcaligenes spp. were the predominate bacteria found in samples with a variety of bacteria. This suggests that there is a relationship between bacteria and the damage of textile remains. In the museum, we isolated Alternaria spp, Geotrichum spp., Penicillium spp. Acinetobacter spp., Pseudomonas spp., Alcaligenes spp. from the entrance, exhibit hall and storage, but they were found in smaller number and species in the exhibit cases and paulownia cases. We concluded that paulownia cases were not influenced by the microorganisms because of quality of care provided by the museum staff. Corynebacterium spp., and Bacillus spp. were not detected at the entrance and exhibit hall but were detected in paulownia cases. It is presumed that those bacteria did not flow in from outside, but resulted from contaminants in paulownia cases. In the distribution of microorganisms associated with textile remains, more fungi were detected than bacteria. Acinetobacter spp., Pseudomonas spp., and Neisseria spp., were isolated from silk items. Penicillium spp. and Cladosporium spp. were isolated in the silk and hump items. Aspergillus spp. and Penicillium spp. were isolated from the cotton items. On the other hands, there were no fungi strains in the wool items. Most of the isolated strains from textile remains were aerial microorganisms from the museum environment. These results suggest that textile remains were apt to contaminated by contact with the air.
The Preparation of Phosphor Screen for Video Phone Tube by Screen Printing Method
Lee Mi-Young ; Lee Jong-Wook ; Kim Young-Bae ; Nam Su-Yong ; Lee Sang-Nam ; Moon Myung-Jun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 14, issue 8, 2005, Pages 801~810
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2005.14.8.801
The phosphor and ITO(Indium Tin Oxide) films for video phone tube (VPT) were simply prepared by the screen printing and thermal transfer methods. The increasing order of thermal firing of acrylic binder for phosphor and ITO was M6003 < M6664 < A/A 1919 < M500l < M670 1 and all mass of binders were perfectly decomposed at lower temperature than
After thermal firing of phosphor paste, the residual of binder on the surface of phosphor could not be found by SEM. Aerosil as thickner provides the thixotropy property for phosphor paste but decrease the brightness of phosphor screen as residual after thermal firing. Since the thixotropy of M5001 binder without aerosil was shown and the storage modulus of phosphor paste by increasing the angular frequency was not nearly changed and the decrease of the storage modulus of phosphor paste by increasing the strain was remarkably shown. It was possible to prepare the phosphor paste which was predominant in the plate separation and the reproduction of pattern after the screen printing. Since the addition of dispersing agent to improve the printing process decreases the electrical conductivity and light transmission of ITa film, it could be found to be necessary the development of binder for phosphor paste that decreases the amount of dispersing agent possibly and does not use the aerosil as additive.