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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Science International
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Assay of Dinitrotoluene on a Contaminated Soil Sample with an Anodic Stripping Peak Current
Ly, Suw-Young ; Lee, Chang-Hyun ; Jung, Young-Sam ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 997~1002
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.997
This report presents a voltammetric assay of dinitrotoluene using a DNA immobilized onto a carbon nanotube paste electrode (PE). The cyclic voltammetry (CV) and square wave (SW) stripping voltammetry parameters of the optimized conditions were obtained. An anodic peak current appeared at 0.3 V (versus Ag/AgCl) in a 0.1-M
electrolyte solution. The detection limit was found to be
(S/N = 10), within a deposition time of 100 sec.
Pilot Research on a Heavy Rainfall for the Meteorological Information Application and Disaster Prevention
Park, Jong-Kil ; Jung, Woo-Sik ; Choi, Hyo-Jin ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 1003~1010
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.1003
It is very difficult to forecast accurately a damage from the natural disasters which occurs frequently. If the significant weather event was forecasted one or two days ago, we will be able to minimize a damage from the severe weather event through the suitable prevention activities. It said that 2000's our country's total damages from the meteorological disasters was several trillion won(Park et al, a, b, 2005). Therefore, we analyzed the Korea Meteorological Administration(KMA) and television broadcasting's reports, information contents, and transmission system, an ex post facto valuation about typhoon Nabi which struck the Korean peninsula from September 5 to 7, 2005. Through these investigations, we want to present the basic data to rises the application effect of disaster prevention meteorological information. We think KMA must present many information report to promote a citizen's understanding about the meteorological information and the serious disaster situation. And also we think the KMA and television broadcasting must present an advisable reports, the contents which is suitable to disaster response stages. And we must grasp the problem of disaster prevention meteorological information through an ex post facto examination, improve it effectively.
A Study on Behavior Characteristics of Volatile Organic Compound Caused by Ventilation in a Room
Kim, Jang-Woo ; Chung, Jin-Do ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 1011~1016
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.1011
Recently, volatile organic compound(VOC) has been noted as a main cause of air pollution. VOC, with its toxic and offensive odor, is hazardous to health. Furthermore indoor, underground and hish-rise buildings are preferable living spaces. People spend more than 80% of the day indoor, so indoor air pollution is a matter of importance. In Korea, from 2004, 10 types of indoor pollutants in public facilities have been identified. However, there is no standard for individual VOC, so the regulation has not yet effectively been carried out. In this study, we have studied on the diffusion of Benzene in a room using a numerical analysis for various air-controlled conditions consisted of door, window and ventilation system. This study investigates spatial concentration distribution and time-history of room-averaged benzene concentration for several cases. The results of this study show that when the room is ventilated by a small fan only for 30 minutes, the average concentration of benzene is decreased a very little, thus the impact to human body would be serious compared to the case of natural ventilation by window and door, In the case of natural ventilation by window and door, if the wind speed is higher than 0.5m/s, it takes small than 4 minutes for benzene to spread to the target concentration of
The Evaluation of Water Quality in Coastal Sea of Incheon Using a Multivariate Analysis
Kim, Jong-Gu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 1017~1025
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.1017
This study was conducted to evaluate characteristic of water duality in coastal sea of Incheon using a multivariate analysis. The analysis data in coastal sea of Incheon was aquired by the NFRDI data which was surveyed from March 1997 to November 2003. Eleven water quality parameters were determined on each survey The results were summarized as follow : Water quality in Incheon coastal sea could be explained up to 64.62% by three factors which were included in loading of fresh water and nutrients by the land(36.98%), seasonal variation(16.19%), and internal metabolism (11.24%). The results of time series analysis by factor score, in case of factor 1, station 1 influenced by Han river was shown to high factor score and station 3 located by outer sea was shown to low factor score. In case of factor 2, station 1 was appeared to high variation and station 3 was appeared to low variation. The result of cluster analysis by station was classified into three group that has different water quality characteristics. Especially, station 1 which affected by Han river and station 4 which affected by sewage treatment plant was appeared to considerable water quality characteristics against other station. In yearly cluster analysis, three group was classified and water quality in 2003 years due to high precipitation was different to another year. It could be suggested from these results that it is important to control discharge of fresh water by Han rivet and sewage treatment plant for water quality management of coastal sea of Incheon.
Manufacture of Sterilizing Media with Shell Powder and It's Application to the Filter of Water Clarifier
Shin, Choon-Hwan ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 1027~1034
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.1027
Antimicrobial powder was made by exchanging silver ion on calcined oyster shell. On the purpose of application to water clarifier, bail-type media mixed with antimicrobial powder and
white kaoline were made. The sterilization effect, pore size distribution and zeta potential was tested to indicate the condition for the media of water clarifier. From these tests, it was confirmed that this media have an excellent sterilization power on
germs. As the concentration of the exchanged silver ion increased, the surface charge density of the anions on the surface of the media also increased. The surface pore size decreased with the concentration of silver ion and 20% more white kaoline ratio. Consequently, mixing ratio of white kaoline would appear to indicate the optimun condition as media have sterilization power.
Effects of Loess Application in Coastal Benthic Ecosystem
Park, Chi-Hyun ; Lee, Byoung-Ho ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 1035~1043
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.1035
Large scale of fish kills by red tides has been occurred every year in coastal water fisheries of Korea. To suppress red tide spreading out over the south coastal water of the Korean Peninsula large amount of loess has been applied every year because loess is known to be effective in removing red tide organisms. Effects of loess application in ecosystem of underwater near sea shore were investigated with some physical characteristics of loess. Loess used for the red tide reduction consisted of very fine particles, of which size was mostly less than 0.1 mm. Particles of loess blocked light penetration, which is essential for the underwater ecosystem. Loess also pushed pH down by the hydrolysis activities of aluminium and iron It was found that underwater ecosystems where loess was applied near sea shore were devastated. Sea plants such as sea weeds were gone leaving only their roots. Clams and snails were dead under the loess dust blanket. And fishes were not found at all where loess has been sprayed lot long time. It was found that even if loess has some capacity to reduce red tide temporarily, loess application should be slopped to protect underwater ecosystems.
Development of Environmentally Favorable Porous Concrete and Water Purification Characteristics by the Pavement System
Hong, Chong-Hyun ; Kim, Moon-Hoon ; Yang, Churl-Shin ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 1045~1052
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.1045
Stormwater pollution is a major problem in urban areas. Pollutants like heavy metals and harmful chemicals in the runoff can endanger soil and ground water, when they are not sufficiently removed doting infiltration. Strength and infiltration capacity of porous concrete are the major problems that must be considered if permeable pavement system are demanded to be used in a drive way application. In this study, a series of compacted porous concrete mixtures and the system of pavement ate tested for the physical characteristics like compressive strength, flexural strength, unit weight, porosity, water permeability, and the purification capacity of contaminated water. The test results obtained indicate that the strength and infiltration capacity of porous concrete are strongly related to its matrix proportion and compaction energy and providing adequate filter layers underneath pavement surface course is one of the most important design considerations of permeable pavement system for pollution retention purpose.
Adsorption Characteristics of Heavy Metals for Waste Sludge and Oyster Shell
Jeon, Dae-Young ; Lee, Kyung-Sim ; Shin, Hyun-Moo ; Oh, Kwang-Joong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 1053~1059
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.1053
This study was performed to investigate the possible uses of waste sludge for the removal of heavy metal ions. The adsorption experiments were conducted with wastes such as sewage treatment sludge, water treatment sludge and oyster shell to evaluate their sorption characteristics. Heavy metals selected were cadmium, copper and lead. in the sorption experiments on the sewage treatment sludge, water treatment sludge, oyster shell and soil, sorption occurred in the beginning and it reached equilibrium after 40 minutes on the oyster shell and 4 hour on the sewage treatment sludge and water treatment sludge. Results of Freundlich isotherms indicated that sewage treatment sludge could be properly used as an adsorbent for heavy metals and sorption strength of heavy metals was in the order of Pb > Cu > Cd. In the influence of pH on the adsorbents, sorption rate was more than 80% in pH 4 and most of heavy metals were adsorbed in pH 9. Adsorption rate of Cd decreased with decreasing pH and then adsorption rate of Cu was lower in soil.
Photodegradation of Endosulfan alpha, beta, and sulfate in Aqueous Solution by UV Irradiation Only
Ryoo, Keon-Sang ; Kim, Mi-Hyang ; Lee, Hwa-Sung ; Hwang, Hyun-Gick ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 1061~1067
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.1061
Photodegradation of endosulfan alpha, beta, and sulfate known as the most toxic substance among organochlorine pesticides by UV irradiation was studied at experimental conditions such as different pH aqueous solution and reaction time. The initial concentration of endosulfan alpha, beta, and sulfate in aqueous solution was 500 ppb, respectively. The experiment of photodegradation was conducted in a quartz reactor equipped with a low pressure mercury lamp (100 W, 240 nm). The samples were withdrawn from the photo reactor at intervals of 0, 10 min, 30 min, 1 hr, 2 hr, and 4 hr. Endosulfan sulfate was never hydrolyzed and photodegraded in wide range of pH. At pH 5 and reaction time (240 min), endosulfan alpha was photodegraded up to 67%. Both endosulfan alpha and beta were started to photodegrade at pH 6.5 with the lapse of time, resulting in approximately 99.9% and 87.2% of photodegradation efficiency, respectively. Furthermore, at pH 9, endosulfan alpha and beta was partially hydrolyzed and photodegraded to 99.5% at 120 min of reaction time. During the photolysis, any photo-products of endosulfan alpha, beta, and sulfate were not observed.
A Study on Landscape Sensitivity Analysis Using GIS
Lee, Jong-Sung ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 1069~1075
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.1069
Starting from Jan. 1, 2006, pursuant to Article 28 of the Natural Environment Conversation Act for development acts with natural Landscape as a subject, the Consultation System on the Effects of Natural Landscape has been put into force in order to, in advance, analyze and predict the effects of natural Landscape according to the implementation of various development plans and development projects and also minimize adverse effects by preparing plans to reduce the effects. The consultation on the effects of natural Landscape is based on the objective and scientific approaches of data with Landscape to minimizing the effects of natural Landscape by developments with the preservation, restoration, outlook and harmonization as basic principles, and looking into the review of natural Landscape damage and harmonization of the site to be developed. For more objectively analyzing the visual effects of natural Landscape according to development acts, the purpose of this study is to provide basic materials of continued Landscape management plans in the planning stage of development plans and after the completion of developments by analyzing the sensitivity of Landscape and deriving areas, whose Landscape will be damaged, mainly focusing on the area of visibility using GIS.
Habitat Types of Wintering Season Wildbirds Depending on Land Use, Hanam
Kim, Jeong-Ho ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 15, issue 11, 2006, Pages 1077~1086
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2006.15.11.1077
This study aims at analyzing relationships between land use and habitat types of winter wildbirds to provide basic understanding of ecosystem for preservation and restoration of urban ecosystem in the future. The research area is Hanam City. Researches on land use types showed Hanam City had 79.1% of greenspace and openspace, but intensive urban development has been taking place in greenspace that is adjacent to urban districts. This has brought the problems of lack of greenspace in urban districts and damages to cultivated areas and grassland. A total of 61 and 8,642 populations of winter wildbird species were observed in research areas. Paradoxornis webbiann(16.91), Passer montanus(11.93), Pica pica(6.88) were dominant species. When they were divided according to habitat types, 20 species of interior species, 8 species of interior-edge generalist species, 12 species of edge species and 3 species of urban species were observed. When which land use type was mostly served as wildbirds habitats was examined, urban species(3 species and 290 populations) was a dominant species in urban districts while in greenspace and openspaece, water species(19species and 3,075 populations) including winter migratory birds was. Among greenspace and openspaece, edge species was dominant in forest while urban species was a dominant species in cultivated areas. This shows there is a need to improve diversity of wildbirds through restoration of cultivated areas in the central part of Hanam City.