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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Environmental Science International
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 12 - Dec 2009
Volume 18, Issue 11 - Nov 2009
Volume 18, Issue 10 - Oct 2009
Volume 18, Issue 9 - Sep 2009
Volume 18, Issue 8 - Aug 2009
Volume 18, Issue 7 - Jul 2009
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Jun 2009
Volume 18, Issue 5 - May 2009
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Apr 2009
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Mar 2009
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of Wind Field around the Air Quality Monitoring Station in the Urban Area by Using the Envi-met Model
Kim, Min-Kyoung ; Lee, Hwa Woon ; Dou, Woo-Gon ; Jung, Woo-Sik ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 941~952
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.941
The urban microscale wind field around the air quality monitoring station was investigated in order to check how a building complex influences it. For this study as the high density areas Jwa-dong and Yeonsan-dong monitoring sites in Busan were chosen. As the direction of inflow which is perpendicular to the building of the monitoring station was expected to cause the considerable variation of the wind field, that direction was selected. The model Envi-met was used as the diagnostic numerical model for this study. It is suitable for this investigation because Envi-met has the microscale resolution. After simulating it, on the leeward side around a building complex the decrease of flow velocity and some of vortexes or circulation area were discovered. In addition, on the edge of the top at the building and at the back of the building the upward flow was developed. If the sampling hole of monitoring site were located in this upward flow, it would be under the influence of upward flow from the near street.
Chemical Dechlorination Process of PCBs in Industrial Transformer Oil: Approach to Practical Use
Ryoo, Keon-Sang ; Byun, Sang-Hyuk ; Choi, Jong-Ha ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 953~959
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.953
A practical and efficient disposal method for chemical dechlorination of PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) in transformer oil was evaluated. The transformer oil containing PCBs was treated by the PEG 600 (polyethylene glycol 600) and potassium hydroxide (KOH) along with different reaction temperatures(25, 50, 100 and
) and times(30, 60, 240 and 480 min). The best disposal efficiency of PCBs in transformer oil was attained under the experimental conditions of PEG 600 (2.5 w/w%)/KOH (2.5 w/w%)/
/4 hrs, showing completely removal of all PCBs containing 3-9 chlorines on two rings of biphenyl. In studying the reaction of PEG/KOH with PCBs, it confirmed that the process led to less chlorinated PCBs through a stepwise process with the successive elimination of chlorines.
A Study of the Establishment of Green Network in Daegu Metropolitan City Using Green Resources
Lee, Dong-Hun ; Heo, Sang-Hyun ; Hong, Kwang-Pyo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 961~970
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.961
This paper has attempted to improve the quality of urban environment in terms of the management of urban green tract and suggest a way of coexistence between human and nature by proposing a plan to establish green network using an urban green zone based on 'linear concept' instead of point and plane concepts. The results have turned out as follows: 1. According to current status of forest functions, forest recreation area has reached 39.6%, satisfying citizens' needs. However, the space for living environment is just about 20% with a lack of a green zone. Therefore, it's been necessary to establish green network using roadside trees and take advantage of them as sustainable living space along with existing green tract. 2. With forest in the suburbs and Geumhogang which is the tributary to the Nakdonggang, Sincheon (stream) flows through the downtown. It connects mountains including Waryongsan from the south to the north around Duryu Park and Dalseong Park. Therefore, the water system that passes through Palgongsan (Mt.) and Biseulsan (Mt.) would make it possible to connect with the parks in the downtown. 3. According to this paper, it appears that it's necessary to establish green network through roof or wall greening by focusing on the existing green tract in the urban parks and suburbs and taking advantage of roadside trees and water system.
Prediction of Water-Quality Enhancement Effects of Gates Operation in the West-Nakdong River Using RMA2/RMA4 Models
Lee, Keum-Chan ; Yoon, Young-Sam ; Lee, Nam-Joo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 971~981
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.971
An objective of this study is as follows: 1) performing sensitivity analysis and parameter estimation of RMA2 and RMA4 models for the West-Nakdong River, 2) drawing up alternatives of gates-operation for water-quality enhancement, and 3) quantitative evaluation of methodology of 'flow-restoration by gates-operation' among 'Comprehensive Plan Improving Water-Quality in the West-Nakdong River(WNR)' with the target water-quality(BOD at Nakbon-N point: below 4.3 mg/L). The parameters for the RMA2 (depth-averaged two-dimensional flow model) and RMA4 (depth-averaged two-dimensional water-quality model) were determined by sensitivity analysis. Result of parameter estimation for RMA2 and RMA4 models is
of the eddy viscosity, 20 of the Peclet number, 0.025 of the Manning coefficient, and
of the diffusion coefficient. We have evaluated the effects of water-quality enhancement of the selected alternatives by numerical simulation technique with the models under the steady-state flow condition and the time-variant transport condition. Because of no-resuspension from river bottom and considering BOD as conservative matter, these simulation results slightly differ from real phenomena. In the case of
of Daejeo-gate inflow, two-dimensional flow pn results result represents that small velocity occurs in the Pyungkang Stream and no flow in the Maekdo River. In the WNR, there occurs the most rapid flow near timhae-bridge. In the WNR, changes of water-quality for the four selected simulation cases(6, 10, 30,
of the Daejeo-gate inflow) were predicted. Since the Daejeo-Gate and the Noksan-Gate can be opened up to 7 days, it would be found that sustainable inflow of
at the Daejeo-gate makes BOD in the WNR to be under the target of water-quality.
Establishment of Rainfall and Contaminants Runoff Modeling System for the Joman River Watershed Using SWMM
Lee, Yong-Chin ; Yoon, Young-Sam ; Lee, Nam-Joo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 983~992
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.983
The purpose of the present study is to analyze pollutant runoff characteristics from non-point sources in Joman River basin. The present study contains analyzed results of rainfall and SS, BOD, COD, TN, TP runoff from Joman River basin. This study contains a sensitivity analysis of parameters that affect the simulation results of rainfall and pollutants runoff. Result of the sensitivity analysis shows that proportion of watershed and impervious areas is the most sensitive to peak discharge and total flowrate for rainfall runoff and that WASHPO is the most sensitive parameter for pollutants runoff. For parameter estimation and verification, flowrate and water quality is measured at the Kangdong Bridge in Haeban stream. A single rainfall event is use to perform parameter estimation and verification. Results of the present study show that total pollutant loads of Joman River basin is 11,600 ton of SS, 452 ton of BOD, 1,084 ton of COD, 515 ton of TN, and 49 ton of TP, respectively. In addition, it is found that contribution ratio of non point source and total source is 89% of SS, 63% of BOD, 61% of COD, 21% of TN, and 32% of TP, respectively.
Physical Properties of Soil Concrete Using Volcaniclastic and the Application to Roadway
Hong, Chong-Hyun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 993~1000
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.993
The development of a new type of soil-cement concrete pavement using volcaniclastic is the main purpose of this study. Various mixture ratios, specimens' penetration resistance, time of setting, slump flow of fleshly mixed concrete, compressive strength and color characteristics of hardened concrete were studied. It was concluded that the optimum weight ratio of cement:volcaniclastic to produce good properties of soil-cement concrete is 1:3 and the use of volcaniclastic as main aggregate can improve the concrete surface color that is warm earth-tone road color. Therefore, commercial development for soil-cement concrete pavement using volcaniclastic is highly promising.
Ichthyofauna and Habitat Type of the Fish in Tamjin River System, Korea
Nam, Dong-Woo ; Cha, Seong-Sig ; Choi, Chung-Gil ; Lee, Jong-Bin ; Lee, Hak-Young ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 1001~1010
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.1001
To investigate the ichthyofauna and habitat type of the fish in Tamjin River system, Korea, fishes were collected with cast net (
) and dip net (
) at eight stations seasonally during five years from 2000 to 2004. 56 species belonging to 18 families were collected and 15 Korean endemic species( 26.8%) were investigated. While Coreoperca kawamebari was occurred at every station, the number of individuals and composition were decreased. Anguilla marmorata was not collected and the exotic species didn't appeared. Dominant species were Zacco platypus(34.2%), Squalidus gracilis majimae (9.4%), Microphysogobio yaluensis(8.1%), Zacco temmincki(6.8%) and Acheilognathus lanceolatus(5.1%). The surveyed stations were clustered into 3 groups: up stream, main stream and estuary. With the cluster analysis using the relative abundance of major fishes at each habitat, fishes were separated into 5 habitat types: U (upstream type), UM (up and main stream type), M (main stream), ME (main stream and estuarine type), and E (estuarine type).
Practical Use of Vegetated Porous Pavement for the Construction of Grass Parking Lot
Han, Seung-Ho ; Kang, Jin-Hyoung ; Choi, Joon-Soo ; Yang, Geun-Mo ; Yoon, Yong-Han ; Ku, Tae-Ik ; Kim, Won-Tae ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 1011~1015
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.1011
The vegetated porous pavement can be installed as an alternative way to replace the traditional pavement, which contributes less to the water circulation system in the urban area. This study aims to an investigation based on the shadow and pressure of the vehicle system, where the turfgrass get grown and the green block get constructed on the grassy parking lot. This study might achieve these conclusions, in the case of use 'green block' makes grass parking lot, plant a kind of 'zenith' and takes sod thickness 40 mm are more efficient for turfgrass growth in the early times. In the case of parking over 8 hours in a day, after 5 weeks turfgrass growth would come into reduce. So over 4 hours parking and after 9 weeks, we need consider to setting up green block in grassy parking lot. The grassy ground would get pressured by the vehicles' load and it would bring into some damage due to the load after 3 weeks. So we should put the grass's growth root point under the designed a top of 'green block' level. When the vehicle amounts and parking density is in a low level, it could be an environmentally friendly product.
Integrated Surface-groundwater Analysis in Jeju Island
Kim, Nam-Won ; Chung, II-Moon ; Yoo, Sang-Yeon ; Lee, Jeong-Woo ; Yang, Sung-Kee ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 1017~1026
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.1017
In Jeju island, the surface runoff characteristics are quite different from those of inland. Most of streams show dried characteristics by means of large portion of recharge which goes to the deep aquifer. For this reason, the accurate estimation of hydrologic components by using watershed model like SWAT is very difficult. On the other hand, the integrated SWAT-MODFLOW model is able to simulate the complex runoff structure including stream-aquifer interaction, spatial-temporal groundwater recharge and so on. The comprehensive results of Pyoseon region in Jeju island show that the amount of groundwater discharge to stream is very small, but it might be added to the discharge into the sea. Statistical analysis shows that SWAT-MODFLOW's results represent better than SWAT's. Also, SWAT-MODFLOW produces a reasonable water budget which shows a quite similar pattern of observed one. This result proves that the integrated SWAT-MODFLOW can be used as a proper tool for hydrologic analysis of entire Jeju island.
Evaluation of SWAT Model for Nutrient Load from Small Watershed in Juam Lake
Jung, Jae-Woon ; Yoon, Kwang-Sik ; Han, Kuk-Heon ; Choi, Woo-Young ; Lee, Jun-Bae ; Choi, Hun-Geun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 1027~1033
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.1027
For the assesment of pollutant loads, a monitoring has been conducted to identify hydrologic conditions and water quality of the Oenam watershed in Juam Lake, and the SWAT model integrated with GIS was applied to the watershed and evaluated for its applicability through calibration and verification using observed data. For the model application, digital maps were constructed for watershed boundary, land-use, soil series, digital elevation, and topographic input data of the Oenam watershed using Arcview. The observed runoff was 832.8 mm while the simulated runoff was 842.8 mm in 2003. The model results showed that the simulated runoff was in a good agreement with the observed data and indicated reasonable applicability of the model. In terms of nutrient load, the simulation results of T-N, T-P showed a similar trend to observed values. The observed T-N load was 10.8 kg/ha and the simulated T-N load was 7.6 kg/ha while the observed T-P load was 0.21 kg/ha and the simulated T-P load was 0.18 kg/ha. In general, SWAT model predicted observed runoff and loads of T-N and T-P after calibration with observed data in acceptable range. Overall, SWAT model was satisfactory in estimation of nutrient pollutant loads of the rural watershed.
Development of Downstream Turbid Water Management System Using SWAT and KoRiv1 Dynamic Water Quality Simulation Model
Noh, Joon-Woo ; Kim, Jeong-Kon ; Lee, Sang-Uk ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 1035~1043
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.1035
High turbid water in the River has been one of the major concerns to the downstream residence. Especially in the Nakdong River basin severe turbid water problem occurred in year 2002 and 2003 due to the typhoon Rusa and Maemi consecutively. The main objective of this study is to develop turbid water management system in reservoir downstream of the Nakdong River combining physically based semi-distributed hydrologic simulation model SWAT with 1-dimensional dynamic water quality simulation model. SWAT model covers the area from the upstream of the Imha and Andong reservoir to the Gumi gage station for the purpose of estimating flow rates and suspended sediment of the tributaries. From year 1999 to 2007 runoff simulation for 8 years
respectively. Through the linkage of models, outputs of SWAT model such as suspended sediment and flow rates of the tributaries can be incorporated into the 1-dimensional dynamic water quality simulation model, KoRiv1 to support joint reservoir operation considering the turbidity released from Imha and Andong reservoir. The applicability of model simulation has been tested for year 2006 and compared with measured data.
Simulation on Runoff of Rivers in Jeju Island Using SWAT Model
Jung, Woo-Yul ; Yang, Sung-Kee ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 1045~1055
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.1045
The discharge within the basin in Jeju Island was calculated by using SWAT model, which a Semi-distributed rainfall-runoff model to the important rivers. The basin of Chunmi river of the eastern region of Jeju Island, as the result of correcting as utilizing direct runoff data of 2 surveys, appeared the similar value to the existing basin average runoff rate as 22% of average direct runoff rate for the applied period. The basin of Oaedo river of the northern region showed
of 0.93, RMSE of 14.92 and ME of 0.70 as the result of correcting as utilizing runoff data in the occurrence of 7 rainfalls. The basin of Ongpo river of the western region showed
of 0.86, RMSE of 0.62 and ME of 0.56 as the result of correcting as utilizing runoff data except for the period of flood in
. Yeonoae river of the southern region showed
of 0.85, RMSE of 0.99 and ME of 0.83 as the result of correcting as utilizing runoff data of 2003. As the result of calculating runoff for the long term about 4 basins of Jeju Island from the above results, SWAT model wholly appears the excellent results about the long-term daily runoff simulation.
A Runoff Simulation Using SWAT Model Depending on Changes to Land Use in Jeju Island
Han, Woong-Ku ; Yang, Sung-Kee ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 18, issue 9, 2009, Pages 1057~1063
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2009.18.9.1057
Since Jeju island has depended a water resource on the underground water because of a poor development of the surface flow, Jeju island is in need of the surface resource development to prevent the future shortage of the underground water due to excessive development and use of it. The study shows that the SWAT model(continuous rainfall-runoff model) is applied to estimate the outflow in the drainage watershed area, where it has been urbanized through the change of the land, such as a tourism development, cultivation, housing, and impervious layer road development. Near Oaedo watershed area in Jeju island, weather and topographical SWAT input data were collected, and compared the outflow change of past and present.