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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Science International
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Characteristics of Snowfall Event with Radar Analyses over Honam District and Gwangju Occurred by Cloud Streets over Yellow Sea for 04 Jan. 2003
Shin, Ki-Chang ; Ryu, Chan-Su ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1187~1201
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1187
The formation and development conditions of the cloud streets over the yellow sea by the Cold Surge of Siberian Anticyclone Expansion which produce the heavy snowfall events over the southwestern coast, Honam District of the Korean peninsula, has been investigated through analyses of the three dimensional snow cloud structures by using the CAPPI, RHI, VAD and VVP data of X-band Radar at Muan Weather Observatory and S-band Radar at Jindo Weather Station. The data to be used are obtained from January 04, 2003, when heavy snow storm hits on Gwangju and Honam District. The PPI Radar images show that the cloud bands distribute in perpendicular to the expansion direction of the high pressure and that the radius of cloud cells is about 5~8 km with 20~30 dBz and distance between each cell is about 10 km. And but the vertical Radar images show that the cloud street is a small scale convective type cloud within height of about 3 km where a stable layer exists. From the VVP images, the time period of the high pressure expansion, the moving direction and development stages of the system are delineated. Finally, the vertical distribution of wind direction is fairly constants, while the wind speed sheer increases with altitude to 3 km.
Residues of Heavy Metals and Organochlorine Pesticides in Ginseng at Environment of North Gyeongbuk
Park, Soo-Woon ; Kim, Jung-Ho ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1203~1210
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1203
To obtain the risk assessment of hazardous materials in ginseng, the residues of heavy metals and organochlorine pesticides in samples on the Yeungju and Sangju are surveyed. Cd and Hg in ginseng on Yeungju and Sangju is not detected. 0.21 mg/kg of As, 0.39 mg/kg of Cr, 0.14 mg/kg of Pb, 1.83 mg/kg of Cu, 3.93 mg/kg of Zn and 0.43 mg/kg of Ni in ginseng on Sangju are shown. 0.25 mg/kg of Cr, 0.08 mg/kg of Pb, 1.11 mg/kg of Cu, 8.99 mg/kg of Zn and 1.15 mg/kg of Ni in ginseng on Yeungju are detected. As and Pb in ginseng on Sangju are 7.0% and 2.8% for Korea Food & Drug Administration(KFDA) advisory level, respectively. Pb in ginseng on Yeongju are 1.6% for Korea Food & Drug Administration(KFDA) advisory level. The heavy metals such as AS, Cr, Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, Hg, Ni in soil on Yeongju and Sangju are range of 0-20% for with Korea Food & Drug Administration (KFDA) level. BHC isomer, DDT isomer and endosulfan isomer are not detected in ginseng and soil on Yeongju and Sangju, respectively. Finally, the assessment of hazardous materials of the heavy metals and organochlorine pesticides in ginseng on the Youngju and Sangju are verified the safety the level compare with tolerances level for Korea.
Long Term Runoff Simulation for Water Balance at Daecheong Basin
Lee, Sang-Jin ; Kim, Joo-Cheol ; Noh, Joon-Woo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1211~1217
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1211
For an accurate rainfall-runoff simulation in the river basin, it is important to consider not only evaluation of runoff model but also accurate runoff component. In this study long-term runoffs were simulated by means of watershed runoff model and the amounts of runoff components such as upstream inflow, surface runoff, return flow and dam release were evaluated based on the concept of water budget. SSARR model was applied to Daecheong basin, the upstream region of Geum river basin, and in turn the monthly runoff discharges of main control points in the basin were analyzed. In addition, for the purpose of providing the basic quantified water resources data the conceptual runoff amounts were estimated with water budget analysis and the reliability of the observations and the monthly runoff characteristics were investigated in depth. The yearly runoff ratios were also estimated and compared with the observations. From the results of the main control points, Yongdam, Hotan, Okcheon and Daecheong, the yearly runoff ratios of those points are consistent well with data reported previously.
Sensitivity Analysis of Bed Changes for Different Sediment Transport Formulas Using the HEC-6 Model - The Lower Nakdong River
Jeong, Won-Jun ; Ji, Un ; Yeo, Woon-Kwang ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1219~1227
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1219
In this study, the sensitivity analysis of bed changes due to the various sediment transport equations have been conducted for 80 km reach of the Lower Nakdong River using the HEC-6 which is one dimensional numerical model. The bed elevation changes according to the different sediment transport formulas were compared and analyzed quantitatively. As a result of the numerical simulation, the final bed elevation calculated by Engelund and Hansen(1967), Ackers and White(1973), and Yang(1979) formulas was similar to one another in configuration. The bed change simulated by Engelund and Hansen(1967) were greatest among them, for example, 5.5 m deposition and 2.9 m erosion for 100 years. Also, in the case of Toffaleti (1969) equation, the maximum bed deposition of 8.04 m after 100 years was induced at the 73 km location upstream of the Nakdong River Estuary Barrage. Meyer-Peter-M
ller(1948) and Wilcock(2001) formulas produced the deposition only at the upstream end and there was little bed change in the downstream area. The unreal bed configuration of continuously up and down pattern was simulated by Laursen(1958) transport equation.
Cluster Analysis and Meteor-Statistical Model Test to Develop a Daily Forecasting Model for Jejudo Wind Power Generation
Kim, Hyun-Goo ; Lee, Yung-Seop ; Jang, Moon-Seok ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1229~1235
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1229
Three meteor-statistical forecasting models - the transfer function model, the time-series autoregressive model and the neural networks model - were tested to develop a daily forecasting model for Jejudo, where the need and demand for wind power forecasting has increased. All the meteorological observation sites in Jejudo have been classified into 6 groups using a cluster analysis. Four pairs of observation sites among them, all having strong wind speed correlation within the same meteorological group, were chosen for a model test. In the development of the wind speed forecasting model for Jejudo, it was confirmed that not only the use a wind dataset at the objective site itself, but the introduction of another wind dataset at the nearest site having a strong wind speed correlation within the same group, would enhance the goodness to fit of the forecasting. A transfer function model and a neural network model were also confirmed to offer reliable predictions, with the similar goodness to fit level.
Analysis of the Perception of Extreme Heat Watch Warning and Usefulness of Special Weather Reports ; Focus on the Perception of University Students
Park, Jong-Kil ; Oh, Jin-A ; Jung, Woo-Sik ; Kim, Eun-Byul ; Choi, Su-Jin ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1237~1246
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1237
This paper aims to analyze the perception of university students for the extreme heat watch warning and suggest the usefulness of special weather reports. For this, we have made up a descriptive questionnaires including the perception, mass media, usefulness and satisfaction of special weather report. Using the SPSS 17.0 program, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe test were used to analyze the collected data. The result are as follows; The perception of extreme heat watch warning was some low as 59.1 percentile, we think it needs education and public relations about the extreme heat watch warning. The usefulness of special weather report was 66.6 percentile and of girl students of university that was educated about health care was higher than one of boy students of university, it needs continuous education of these students in order to upgrade satisfaction of special report and mitigate the hazard of extreme heat according to climate change. The main media to get the meteorological information of university undergraduate students were TV and Internet, it needed education and development of new contents. From these findings, suggestions are presented to help improve the extreme heat watch warning.
Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil Using Alkali Catalyst and Immobilized Enzyme 1. Fatty Acid Composition
Shin, Choon-Hwan ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1247~1256
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1247
Since biodiesel as bioenergy is defined as ester compounds formed by esterification of animal/vegetable oils, in this study three vegetable cooking oils (market, waste and refined waste ones) were esterified by reactions of alkali catalyst and immobilized enzyme. The fatty acid composition of the formed ester compounds was analyzed to investigate the feasibility of biodiesel production. By lipolysis (i.e, hydrolysis of Triglyceride (TG)), all three vegetable oils used in this study were found to produce Diglyceride (DG), Monoglyceride (MD) and Fatty acid ethylester (FAEE). However, the amount of produced FAEE (which can be used as an energy source) was in the increasing order of market cooking oil, waste one and refined waste one. With NaOH catalyst, FAEE was produced about 24.92, 17.63 and 11.31 % for the respective oils while adding Lipozyme TL produced FAEE about 43.54, 38.16 and 24.47 %, respectively. This indicates that enzyme catalyst is more effective than alkali one for transesterification. In addition, it was found that the composition of fatty acids produced by hydrolysis of TG was unchanged with alkali and immobilized enzyme reactions. Thus it can be expected that stable conditions remain in the course of mixing with gasoline whose composition is similar to that of the fatty acids.
The Role of Local Circulation for the Improvement on Urban Thermal Environment
Park, Myong-Hee ; Jung, Woo-Sik ; Kim, Hae-Dong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1257~1269
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1257
In this study the AWS was installed in three areas to analyze creation and characteristics of local wind circulation through observation. According to the result, in night time when mountain wind is well developed showed temperature in A area located in Dalbigol valley and B area adjacent with the valley was lower than C area located in the lowland of the center of city by
. The wind speed was also shown two times stronger than C area. In addition, in terms of wind direction, A and B areas showed east wind consistently according to topographic shapes of Dalbigol valley with high altitude and residential sites of lowland with low altitude. Although the C area didn't show big changes in wind direction due to the effects of city structures, east wind is often seen so mountain wind from Dalbigol valley is found to have an effect at least. Through the analysis of temperature, wind speed, and wind direction, nigh time showed relatively cold mountain wind blew following Dalbigol valley, throughout residential sites and to the center of city with lowland. During the daytime, the temperature in the city with lowland and residential sites is constantly higher than A area located in Dalbigol valley, and strong wind speed following Dalbigol valley, and three areas have
of main wind direction, so west valley wind throughout the city with lowland and following Dalbigol is clearly formed.
An Evaluation of Atmospheric Environmental Capacity in Daegu
Park, Myung-Hee ; Choi, Geun-Sik ; Jung, Woo-Sik ; Kim, Hae-Dong ; Lee, Joon-Soo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1271~1281
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1271
This study aims to implement the modeling of selected substances for the evaluation of Atmospheric Environmental Capacity by means of the data of 2006 atmospheric pollution substance emissions. As a result, it turned out that the substance with the concentration higher than Atmospheric Environmental standard concentration was NO2, and 17.6% of the total regions researched turned out to exceed the standard concentration. In addition, set was the targeted amount to be reduced in the areas where the upper limit of emission per unit lattice was exceeded, and the model was adopted accordingly. As a result, it turned out that about 80% of the actual emission should be reduced to meet the 2006 Atmospheric Environmental standard over the Daegu. In reality, it is impossible to reduce 80% of the actual emission. Thus, the same ratio of reduction was applied in all of the Daegu regions, and the modeling was applied. The results are as follows: When 30% was reduced, the level went down to 50 ppb, which is as high as 2006 Atmospheric Environmental standard; when 50% was reduced, the level went down to 30 ppb, which is as high as 2007 Atmospheric Environmental standard.
The Effect of Environmental Education Program Focused the Communication on the Exhibits at the Ecological Museum with Gifted Students
Lee, Yong-Seob ; Kim, Soon-Shik ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1283~1291
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1283
In this study, we developed the environmental education program focused on the communication with the exhibits at the ecological museum applicable to the environmental education for gifted students. For this study, we chose 60 gifted students attending U Institute of Education for the gifted, and classified these students into two groups, then applied newly developed program to the 30 experimental group students, and applied general environmental education program to the 30 comparative group students. Below are the study results: First, the environmental education program focused on the communication with the exhibits at the ecological museum was much effective in increasing environmental sensitivity of gifted students as compared to the general environmental education program. Second, the environmental education program focused on the communication with the exhibits at the ecological museum was much more effective in increasing the willingness to environmental act for gifted students as compared to the general environmental education program Third, the satisfaction of the gifted students about the environmental education program focused on the communication with the exhibits at the ecological museum was higher than the general environmental education program.
Effect of Seafood Amino Acid Fertilizer and Korean Effective Microorganisms on the Fruit Quality of Fuji Apple
Ann, Seoung-Won ; Kim, Young-Chil ; Hwang, In-Su ; Cho, Jeon-Kwon ; Kim, Myoung-Seon ; Lee, Jung-Kwan ; Eum, Won-Yong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1293~1299
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1293
This study was carried out to compare and analyze the effect of Korean effective microorganism(KEM) and seafood amino acid fertilizer(SAF) application on apple on functional substances of fruit. Vitamin C in fruit of control and KEM/SAF treated were 29.3 and, 39.8 mg, respectively. Also active oxygen scavenging ability of those treatments measured with DPPH method were 40.6 and 54.1%, respectively. Vitamin E contents of those treatments were 2.51 and 2.50 mg, respectively. Sitosterol, a phytosterol, contents of those treatments were 4.79 and 5.41 mg, respectively. Proportion of sugars, fructose, glucose, and sucrose in the fruit of control were 36.1, 15.3 and 17.8%, respectively. Those of the fruit of KEM/SAF treated were 45.9, 13.2 and 18.8%, respectively. Malic acid contents of control and KEM/SAF treated fruits were 53.7 and 43.8%, respectively.
Effect of Seafood Amino Acid Fertilizer and Korean Effective Microorganisms on the Leaf Quality of Perilla frutescens var. japonica
Cho, Jeon-Kwon ; Ann, Seoung-Won ; Kim, Young-Chil ; Hwang, In-Su ; Kim, Myoung-Seon ; Lee, Jung-Kwan ; No, Hee-Young ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1301~1305
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1301
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of KEM and SAF appication on contents change of fatty acids and organic acid of perilla(Perilla Frutescens Britton). Contenst of squalene in perilla leaves on control and KEM/SAF treated were 3.39 mg and 4.22 mg, respectively. Therefore the squalene quantity of KEM/SAF treated leaves was 24.2% more than that of control. A total 6 fatty acids in perilla leaves were analyzed in this study. Percentage of the saturated and unsaturated fatty acid in perilla leaves were 20 and 80%, respectively. Contents of phytosterols in perilla leaf such as campesterol and sitosterol were 2.0 and 20.0 mg, respectively. Therefore sitosterol content was 10 fold more than that of campesterol. The KEM/SAF application on perilla leaf was effective on the change of squalene or phytosterol contents. However effect of that was negligible on the change of fatty acid content.
Isolation and Characterization of Feather Keratin-Degrading Bacteria and Plant Growth-Promoting Activity of Feather Hydrolysate
Jeong, Jin-Ha ; Lee, Na-Ri ; Kim, Jeong-Do ; Jeon, Young-Dong ; Park, Ki-Hyun ; Oh, Dong-Joo ; Lee, Chung-Yeol ; Son, Hong-Joo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 10, 2010, Pages 1307~1314
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.10.1307
This study was conducted to isolate and characterize a novel feather-degrading bacterium producing keratinase activity. A strain K9 was isolated from soil at poultry farm and identified as Xanthomonas sp. K9 by phenotypic characters and 16S rRNA gene analysis. The cultural conditions for the keratinase production were 0.3% fructose, 0.1% gelatin, 0.04%
, 0.05% NaCl and 0.01%
with an initial pH 8.0 at
and 200 rpm. In an optimized medium containing 0.1% chicken feather, production yield of keratinase was approximately 8-fold higher than the yield in basal medium. The strain K9 effectively degraded chicken feather meal (67%) and duck feather (54%), whereas human nail and human hair showed relatively low degradation rates (13-22%). Total free amino acid concentration in the cell-free supernatant was about 25.799 mg/l. Feather hydrolysate produced by the strain K9 stimulated growth of red pepper, indicating Xanthomonas sp. K9 could be not only used to increase the nutritional value of chicken feather but also a potential candidate for the development of natural fertilizer applicable to crop plant soil.