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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Science International
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
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Protective Effect of Nitric Oxide against Oxidative Stress under UV-B Radiation in Maize Leaves
Kim, Tae-Yun ; Jo, Myung-Hwan ; Hong, Jung-Hee ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1323~1334
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1323
The effect of nitric oxide (NO) on antioxidant system and protective mechanism against oxidative stress under UV-B radiation was investigated in leaves of maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings during 3 days growth period. UV-B irradiation caused a decrease of leaf biomass including leaf length, width and weight during growth. Application of NO donor, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), significantly alleviated UV-B stress induced growth suppression. NO donor permitted the survival of more green leaf tissue preventing chlorophyll content reduction and of higher quantum yield for photosystem II than in non-treated controls under UV-B stress, suggesting that NO has protective effect on chloroplast membrane in maize leaves. Flavonoids and anthocyanin, UV-B absorbing compounds, were significantly accumulated in the maize leaves upon UV-B exposure. Moreover, the increase of these compounds was intensified in the NO treated seedlings. UV-B treatment resulted in lipid peroxidation and induced accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (
) in maize leaves, while NO donor prevented UV-B induced increase in the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and
. These results demonstrate that NO serves as antioxidant agent able to scavenge
to protect plant cells from oxidative damage. The activities of two antioxidant enzymes that scavenge reactive oxygen species, catalase (CAT) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) in maize leaves in the presence of NO donor under UV-B stress were higher than those under UV-B stress alone. Application of 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4, 4, 5, 5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3- oxide (PTIO), a specific NO scavenger, to the maize leaves arrested NO donor mediated protective effect on leaf growth, photosynthetic pigment and free radical scavenging activity. However, PTIO had little effect on maize leaves under UV-B stress compared with that of UV-B stress alone.
-nitro-L-arginine (LNNA), an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), significantly increased
and MDA accumulation and decreased antioxidant enzyme activities in maize leaves under UV-B stress. This demonstrates that NOS inhibitor LNNA has opposite effects on oxidative resistance. From these results it is suggested that NO might act as a signal in activating active oxygen scavenging system that protects plants from oxidative stress induced by UV-B radiation and thus confer UV-B tolerance.
Detection of Pesticide Thiram in Plant Leafs Using Voltammetric at Nanotube Electrode
Lee, Chang-Hyun ; Ly, Suw-Young ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1335~1341
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1335
Voltammetric diagnostics of pesticide thiram was studied in plant leafs in vivo fluid with DNA immobilized on a carbon nanotube electrode (DCE). Sensor properties of carbon nanotube (CE) and DNA immobilized nanotube were compared. DCE was more effective than CE in target detecting. The parameters such as pH strength, stripping accumulation, amplitude, and increment potential were examined to find the optimum condition for detection of pesticide thiram in a sesame leaf. The optimized conditions were as follows 550 Hz frequency, 0.15 V amplitude, 0.005 V increment potential, -1.2 V initial potential, 4.78 pH, 500 sec accumulation time. Under optimum condition, the detection limit of thiram was attained at 0.01ng/L.
Characteristics of Persistent of Hexachlorocyclohexane(HCH) in Ambient Air-Soil-Water-Sediment for a Emerging Persistent Organic Pollutants(POPs)
Hwang, Sung-Min ; Lee, Seok-Hyung ; Park, No-Jin ; Ok, Gon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1343~1354
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1343
The purpose of the study was to analyze the persistence of HCH in atmosphere, soil, sediment and water of the western and southern regions of Korea. The samples from the western region were collected from Anmyeon Island, and the samples from the southern region were collected from Kimhae and Busan. The concentration of HCH isomers in atmosphere showed the pattern of
-HCH. The regions with high HCH concentration in the atmosphere are the regions that have been highly exposed to HCH used in the past, and the areas that have been influenced by the long range transport. The HCH that persists in the soil, water and sediment evaporates into the atmosphere, showing the characteristics of Air-Surface exchange. When the regional concentration distributions are compared, the concentration of HCH was higher in the atmosphere of a plain and the cities near the plain, than the urban areas. In this study, the ratio of
-HCH was used as an indicator for estimating the source of Technical HCH and Lindane. According to the result, the contribution of Lindane was high in Kimhae plain and Kimhae urban areas. However, in Busan, the contribution of Technical HCH was higher than Lindane. In case of Anmyeon Island, the western region of Korea had high contribution from Tehcnical HCH. In soil and sediment,
-HCH was dominant. In water,
-HCH was dominant among other isomers. Such results are due to
-HCH inLindane. Furthermore, the source of
-HCH in urban areas is assumed to be the use of medicine, medical supplies and other living supplies. Based on the results of this study, the management of HCH, a newly list up emerging POPs, should be strengthened by further research on sources, fate, persistency, accumulation and exposures and etc. to the risk assessments.
Research for Pyrolysis of Metal Caps
Hwang, Jae-young ; Jin, Dal-saem ; Seo, Moo-Lyong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1355~1359
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1355
The application of metal caps has been continuously increased as real life are extended. Metal caps is usually made of aluminum and polyethylene(PE) as packing. Since metal caps contain 75% aluminum on a weight basis, metal caps may be a valuable source when these were properly recovered. The recovery methods of metal caps have mechanical peeling and incineration. However these are either hard to apply in some case or environmentally unacceptable. So in this investigation, recovery method of aluminum from metal caps was investigated using pyrolysis. The result shows that pyrolysis temperature and pyrolysis time was
and 120min. respectively. Also 100% of aluminum was recovered from metal caps. Heat content of recovered oil was high enough to use as a fuel representing 7,425.0, 7,793.1, 7,583.2, 7,726.2(cal/g). Heavy metal contens in the oil were under regulatory limit indicating.
Modeling the Impacts of Increased Urbanization on Local Meteorology in the Greater Seoul Area
Kang, Yoon-Hee ; Kim, Yoo-Keun ; Oh, In-Bo ; Hwang, Mi-Kyoung ; Song, Sang-Keun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1361~1374
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1361
The impact of urbanization on local meteorology (e.g., surface temperature, PBL height, wind speed, etc.) in the Greater Seoul Area (GSA) was quantitatively evaluated based on a numerical modeling approach during a 1-month period of 2001 (9 Sep. through 8 Oct. 2001). The analysis was carried out by two sets of simulation scenarios: (1) with the global land use and topographic data from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in 1990s (i.e., LU-USGS case) and (2) with the land use data from the Environmental Geographic Information System (EGIS) along with the 3 sec elevation data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) in 2000s (i.e., LU-EGIS case). The extension of urban areas in the GSA (especially, the southern parts of Seoul) accounted for 1.8% in the LU-USGS case and 6.2% in the LU-EGIS case. For the simulations, the surface temperature and PBL height due to urbanization in the LU-EGIS case was higher (the differences of up to
and 36 m, respectively) than those in the LU-USGS case, whereas the wind speed (up to 0.3
) in the former was lower than that in the latter at 1500 LST. The increase in surface temperature due to urbanization in the GSA (especially, the southern parts of Seoul) was led to the strong convergence of air masses, causing the early sea breeze and its rapid propagation to inland locations. In addition, the vertical mixing motion in the extended urban areas for the LU-EGIS case was predicted to be stronger than that for the LU-USGS case and vice versa for the original urban areas.
The Verification of Application of Distributed Runoff Model According to Estimation Methods for the Missing Rainfall Data
Choi, Yong-Joon ; Kim, Yeon-Su ; Lee, Gi-Ha ; Kim, Joo-Cheol ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1375~1384
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1375
The purpose of this research is to understand the change of runoff characteristics by estimated spatial rainfall. Therefore, this paper largely composed of two parts. First, we compared the simulated result according to estimation method, ID(Inverse Distance Method, ID2(Inverse Square Distance Method), and Kr(General Covariance Kriging Method), after letting miss rainfall data to the observed data. Second, we reviewed the runoff characteristics of the distributed runoff model according to the estimated spatial rainfall. On the basis of Yuseong water level station, we select the target basin as Gabchun watershed. We assumed 1 point or 2 point of the 6 rainfall gauge stations in watershed were missed. We applied the spatial rainfall distributed by Kr to Hy-GIS GRM, distributed runoff model. When 1 point rainfall data is missed, Kr is superior to others in point rainfall estimation and runoff estimation of Hy-GIS GRM. However, in case rainfall data of 2 points is missed, all of three methods did not give suitable result for them. In conclusion, Kr showed better applicability than other estimated methods if rainfall's data less than 2 points is missed.
The Influence of Oceanic Conditions on the Occurrence of Cochlodinium polykrikoides Blooms in the East Sea
Shim, Jeong-Min ; Hwang, Jae-Dong ; Jeong, Chang-Su ; Lee, Yong-Hwa ; Jeon, Kyeong-Am ; Kwon, Kee-Young ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1385~1395
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1385
Harmful dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides blooms have been frequently occurred in coastal areas of the East Sea since 1995. We compared the oceanic conditions in years 1995, 2001 and 2003 when the C. polykrikoides bloom was strong, and in years 1998 and 2004 when the C. polykrikoides bloom was not appeared. We studied temporal and spatial variation of upwelling and geostrophic currents on the western channel of Korean Strait, an entrance of the East Sea. The period and occurrence area of C. polykrikoides bloom was depended on variation of upwelling in summer. In the distributions of geostrophic current, southward current was dominant near the coast in August, 1998 and 2000. Whereas northward current was dominant near and off the coast in August, 1995 and 2003 which the C. polykrikoides bloom was strong. When compared dominant phytoplankton of the coastal areas in each year, Kuroshio indicator species Proboscia alata and Chaetoceros affine were dominant, respectively, in 2001 and 2003 at every stations. However, the dominant species was variable at each coastal area in 1998 and 2000. In 2003, the abundance of Sagitta elegans which is known as the cold water indicator was low, but the abundance of S. enflata, warm water indicator, was very high in Gangneung compared to Sokcho. It seemed that the distribution of S. elegans is restricted by strong warm water current. In conclusion, it was estimated that the distribution of C. polykrikoides bloom in the coastal area of the East Sea was closely related with the strength of East Korea Warm Current and upwelling.
A Study on Related System of Building Greening in Japan
Yoon, Yong-Han ; Ju, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Won-Tae ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1397~1402
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1397
In recently, building greening to improve the urban environment is a very important areas. Thus, in order to promote the building greening is needed for the arrangement of its related system. In this study, analyzed the related system in Japan and the results obtained are as follows. Related system in Japan are to promote the spread of compulsory and dissemination of guidance. And to promote the spread of dissemination of guidance are to allowed a system to be included in green area of the site required, plans to loan the costs of greening, plans to subsidize the cost of greening, tax reduction and exemption, incentive on floor area ratio, plant supply and other technical guidance system. In conclusion, in order to promote the building greening note the related system of Japan and our related system should be arranged.
Adsorption Characteristics of Activated Carbons According to Impregnation Concentrations and Inlet CO
Lee, Dong-Hwan ; Kam, Sang-Kyu ; Lee, Song-Woo ; Lee, Min-Gyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1403~1407
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1403
The adsorption characteristics of
gas on impregnated activated carbons with MEA (Mono-ethanolamine) and AMP (2-Amino 2-methyl 1-propanol) were studied to improve the adsorption ability of
gas on activated carbon. The equilibrium adsorption capacity of
gas was increased by increment of impregnation concentration up to 40 %, but decreased above 50 %. The adsorption capacity of activated carbon impregnated with AMP was higher than activated carbon impregnated with MEA. The breakthrough was fast according to increment of inlet concentration of
The Effects of Integrated Environmental Experience Program on Environmental Attitude of Elementary Schoolers
Kim, Chan-Ki ; Choi, Sung-Bong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1409~1419
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1409
Recently, Korea's interest in environment protection is increasingly growing, and Korea realizes the seriousness of environmental pollution and national movement to minimize the effect is arising. As part of the movement, the need of environmental education in elementary schools is on the rise. This study aims to develop integrated environmental experience programs allowing students to have experience activities in forests, rivers, and seas that they can approach easily around them and to have environmental education through various plays. In addition, the study purposes to compare general educational education programs in actual education in terms of the effect of the program on students' environment attitudes. This study was conducted to 50 fourth graders in two classes of S elementary school in Busan, and the 25-student comparative group had the normal educational education program that is mostly being performed in actual education while the 25-student treatment group had the survey on environmental attitude after a class using an integrated environmental experience program. The survey content is about environmental attitudes, and it consists of six subjects such as general environment, environmental pollution, energy, water resources, recycling, and animal protection and has 7 or 8 items by each subject which is divided into eight sub-items including sensibility, belief, values, spontaneity, criticism, patience, attention and interest. The findings are as follows. First, the integrated environmental experience program has a more positive effect on environmental attitudes than the general educational program. In particular, it is really effective about the topic of animal protection among students' environmental attitudes. Second, the integrated environmental experience program has a more positive effect on values and interests than the general environmental education program.
Pollution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Seawater and Marine Sediments from Anmyundo Coastal Area after Oil Spill
Lee, Wan-Seok ; Park, Seung-Yoon ; Kim, Pyoung-Joong ; Jeon, Sang-Baeck ; An, Kyoung-Ho ; Choi, Yong-Seok ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1421~1430
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1421
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated in seawater and marine sediment from Anmyundo coastal area after oil spill. The concentrations of total PAHs in surface and bottom of seawater at August were 31.1 to 142.6 ng/L and 5.9 to 50.9 ng/L in August and November, respectively. The concentrations of PAHs in sediment were 21.0 to 102.9 ng/g D.W. and 32.3 to 57.4 ng/g D.W. in August and November, respectively. PAHs concentrations in seawater and sediment in August were higher than those in November about 2.5 and 1.4 times, respectively. Diagnostic ratio (PhA/AnT and FluA/Pyr) were investigated to identify source of PAHs in seawater and sediment. The PAHs in seawater originated from pyrolytic source and those in sediment originated from pyrolytic and petrogenic source. The glass, wood and coal origin was higher than petroleum origin on the combustion origin of PAHs in seawater and sediment. The seawater of Anmyundo costal area recovered from oil spill, but the sediments of that were weakly influenced by oil spill until now. Because this area is developed many fishing grounds, demanded Long Term Environmental Monitoring Program (LTEMP). The concentrations of PAHs on depth of sediments were investigated at station 8 and 10. The concentrations of PAHs were decreased with increasing depth.
Numerical Study on the Impact of Regional Warming on the Meterological Field and Ozone Concentration over the South-Eastern Part of the Korean Peninsula
Jeong, Yeo-Min ; Lee, Hwa-Woon ; Lee, Soon-Hwan ; Choi, Hyun-Jung ; Jeon, Won-Bae ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1431~1445
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1431
In order to clarify the impact of regional warming on the meteorological field and air quality over southeastern part of Korean Peninsula, several numerical experiment were carried out. Numerical models used in this study are WRF for the estimate the meteorological elements and CMAQ for assessment of ozone concentration. According to the global warming impact, initial air temperature were changed and its warming rate reach at 2 degree which was based on the global warming scenarios provided by IPCC. The experiments considering the global warming at initial stage were presented as case T_UP. Air temperature over inland area during night time for case T_UP is higher than that for Base case. During time since the higher temperature over inland area is maintained during daytime more intensified sea breeze should be induced and also decrease the air temperature in vicinity of coast area. In case of T_UP, high level concentrations ozone distribution area was narrowed and their disappearance were faster after 1800LST. As a results, wind and temperature fields due to the global warming at initial stage mainly results in the pattern of ozone concentration and its temporal variation at South-Eastern Part of the Korean Peninsula.
Analysis of Volatile Fatty Acids in Air by Dynamic SPME
Yu, Mee-Seon ; Yang, Sung-Bong ; Ha, Nam-Ki ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 12, 2010, Pages 1447~1454
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.12.1447
In this study, the detection limits of lower fatty acids in air were investigated by using Dynamic SPME(Solid Phase Micro-Extraction), i.e. improved Head Space - SPME method(HS-SPME). This Dynamic SPME, called SPDE(Solid Phase Dynamic Extraction), is the analytical method for volatile compounds in air with the extraction by using a stainless steel needle of which inner surface is coated with adsorption material and following the gas chromatographic analysis by inserting the needle into a injection port of GC and subsequently, desorption of the volatile compounds into a gas-chromatographic column. Extraction was carried out by passing the sample air through the needle with a suction pump which has been used for a detection tube. The result of measurement for the 6 lower fatty acids showed that the detection limits ranged from 0.10 ppm to 0.44 ppm and the linear correlation coefficients were over 0.99. Relative standard deviations obtained from 5 analytical repetition of a ca. 1.6 ppm standard mixture were in the range of 1.87%~2.47%. This method has been shown to be a adequate for the measuring C2~C5 fatty acids in air in the concentrations of over several hundreds ppb.