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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Science International
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 19, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 19, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
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Toxicity on Laboratory Grown Plankton by the Oils Released from the Hebei Spirit Spill with Emphasis on a Dispersant Used in the Aftermath
Choi, Keun-Hyung ; Lim, Sang-Min ; Lee, Sung-Mi ; Park, Gyung-Soo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 389~397
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.389
The in vitro toxicities of three crude oils of the Hebei Spirit were examined on laboratory grown plankton, with a focus on the effects of a dispersant. The specific growth rate of phytoplankton and the mortalities of two zooplankton were measured in response to exposure to various concentrations of water accommodated oil, dispersant or both. The effects of the oils varied among the plankton, but were generally low within the range of the oil concentrations used, with little difference in toxicity among the three oils. Such low toxicity appeared to be associated with weathering of the crude oils. Exposure to the dispersant, however, dramatically increased the mortality of zooplankton, with complete inhibition of phytoplankton growth. No synergistic toxic effect was observed with the crude oil and dispersant combination. A better decision making process could be crafted for future application of dispersant in the event of an oil spill in Korean waters to better protect the marine plankton community from the excessive use of dispersant.
Water Distribution at the East Coast of Korea in 2006
Choi, Yong-Kyu ; Jeong, Hee-Dong ; Kwon, Ki-Young ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 399~406
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.399
Based on the Results of Annual Monitoring Report of Korean Marine Environment in 2006, it was shown that the coastal area of the East Sea around Korean peninsula could be clearly divided into two parts: the area of upwelling and the North Korean Cold Current. In the upwelling area, the chlorophyll-a and nutrients were increased by the influence of the decrease of temperature and the increase of salinity. These mean that the appearance of cold water due to the upwelling causes nutrient rich water and also resulted in the high productivity.
A Study on Physiological Activity and Antioxidative Activity of Maesangi(Capsosiphon fulvescens) Extract
Jeong, Kap-Seop ; Lee, Nahm-Gull ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 407~414
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.407
Physiological activity and antioxidative activity of Maesangi(Capsosiphon fulvescens) extracts with distilled water or 95% ethanol were investigated. For the evaluation of physiological and antioxidative activities, some evaluation assay methods such as measurement of Hunter color value, chlorophyll a/b value, total phenolics, reducing power and thiobarbituric acid(TBA) value of soybean oil were used. Proximate composition and mineral contents of Masaengi were orders of crude protein>crude fiber>moisture>crude ash>crude lipid, and K>Ca>Mg>Na>P>Fe>Zn, respectively. In ethanol extract, the content of total phenolic compounds in Maesangi was determined to half times of that in Dasima(Laminaria). The reducing power of Maesangi-ehtanol extract was about 5 % of vitamin C and was lower than that of Dasima-ethanol extract. The TBA value of Maesangi-ethanol extract on soybean oil oxidation was about 47 % and 68.4 % to control in three and eight days oxidation, respectively. But TBA value difference was not observed significantly with the dosage below 5mL of ethanol extract.
Vegetation Structure and Distributional Characteristics of Abies koreana Forests in Mt. Halla
Song, Kuk-Man ; Kim, Chan-Soo ; Koh, Jung-Goon ; Kang, Chang-Hun ; Kim, Moon-Hong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 415~425
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.415
The purpose of the present study was to analyze the vegetation structure and distributional characteristics of Abies koreana forests in Mt. Halla, and to provide basicdata for an ecological study on Abies koreana in Mt. Halla. The results of the analysis showed that the mean importance percentage(M.I.P,) of Abies koreana in the Youngsil and Bangaeoreum and the Azalea field were 28.3%, 23.6%, and 46.4%, respectively. The ratios of DBH (diameter at breast height) to height were similar in all region, except in the Azalea field, where Abies koreana of various ages, both young and old, were found. The species diversity (H) of the upper and lower layers in the Youngsil and Bangaeoreum and in the Azalea field were 0.625 and 0.810, 0.731 and 0.848, and 0.342 and 0.757, respectively. A total of 52 community were distributed at locations higher than 1,300m above sea level. The proportions of each community in the whole Abies koreana forest were 56.5%(Azalea field), 11.0% (Youngsil trail at 1,550-1,650 m above sea level), and 8.1%(Janggumok and Kundurewat region). The total area of the Abies koreana forest was calculated to be 795.3ha by combining all the areas of each community. An Abies koreana forest with the largest area was found at locations 1,500-1,600 m above sea level, taking up 38.8% of the total Abies koreana forest area. For the slopes of the distributional area of Abies koreana, 46.1%(highest proportion) of the total area was
, and for the azimuth of the distributional area, 17.4%(the highest proportion) of the total area was
. The vegetation structure showed large differences between areas. It was found, however, that the distribution was mostly in the areas with a relatively gentle slope. It is suggested that research be done to forecast the possible changes in the differences in the vegetation structures between different areas caused by climate changes. In addition, there is a need to monitor the Abies koreana and alpine plants in the subalpine zones of Mt. Halla, which are sensitive to climate change, to obtain the basic data that are necessary for the protection and maintenance of the ecosystem.
A Study on Status of Use of Community Park and Level of Satisfaction Based on Types of Its Facilities
Park, Yool-Jin ; Kim, Hwa-Ok ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 427~436
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.427
In this study this author made research and analysis on physical status and characteristics of community parks in Ik-san provinces and also depending on its potential resources such parks were classified into constructed parks and unconstructed parks and status of use of such parks and level of satisfaction were studied. Through this paper this author strived to provide basic data required for forming green track of land for the parks. Required time for visiting community parks either constructed or unconstructed type was within 40 minutes or less. However constructed parks appeared to be more convenient for access in comparison with natural unconstructed parks. Mostly they were used by residents in neighboring community and also residents in the area around it were found as using it frequently. At the time of using community parks either constructed or unconstructed types means of access were mostly by walking or by riding bicycles. Thus considering large number of users of such parks are from neighboring community it appeared that parks with its simplicity and convenience in terms of distance and with rich nature were preferred by users rather than large scale parks at distance. In terms of time frame of use and motivation of visit constructed parks were used mainly for exercise and relaxation in the morning at parks and its facilities whereas un constructed parks were mostly used in the afternoon for for walking and chatting and rest under with time to spare at shadows of its trees. Time spent at parks were composed mostly of rest and walking more frequently than exercise and leisure activity thus it was different from motivation for visiting parks. As for evaluation of use of parks natural elements, unique environment, trees and lawns featured highly in unconstructed parks in comparison with constructed parks. Thus it seemed visitors are more conscious of forest and landscape in a form of unchanged nature. Thus for community parks first consideration should be heightening accessibility in view of primary concern for convenience by users rather than facilities or environmental conditions.
Prediction of the Efficiency of Factors Affecting Pressure Drop in a Pulse Air Jet-type Bag Filter
Suh, Jeong-Min ; Ryu, Jae-Yong ; Lim, Woo-Taik ; Jung, Moon-Sub ; Park, Jeong-Ho ; Shin, Choon-Hwan ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 437~446
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.437
The pressure drop through pulse air jet-type bag filter is one of the most important factors on the operating cost of bagfilter houses. In this study, the pilot-scale pulse air jet-type bag filter with about 6 m2 filtration area was designed and tested for investigating the effects of the four operating conditions on the total pressure drop, using the coke dust collected from a steel mill factory. When the face velocity is higher than 2 m/min, it is not applicable to on-spot due to the increase of power expenses resulting from a high-pressure drop, and thus, 1.5 m/min is considered to be reasonable. The regression analysis results show that the degree of effects of independent parameters is a order of face velocity > concentration > time > pressure. The results of SPSS answer tree analysis also reveal that the operation time affects the pressure drop greatly in case of 1 m/min of face velocity, while the inlet concentration affects the pressure drop in case of face velocity more than 1.5 m/min.
Annual Variation and Gas/Particie Partitioning of PCDD/DFs of Ambient Air at Busan, Korea
Ok, Gon ; Park, No-Jin ; Hwang, Sung-Min ; Lee, Seok-Hyung ; Kim, Jee-Hoon ; Kim, Sung-Yong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 447~457
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.447
This study aims to monitor the variation of concentration of PCDD/DFs between the gaseous phase-particulate phases in the ambient air of urban area in Korea. This monitoring is evaluated by using the Junge-Pankow model and the Koa absorption model with the application of the Octanol-air partition coefficient. In this study, the ambient air samples were analyzed according to each congener group of the PCDD/DFs by HRGC/HRMS, which have been investigated for the past 5 years. In the results, the annual variation in the concentration level of
PCDD/DFs in TSP was increased from
in 1998 to
in 2002, and from 31 fg I-TEQ/
to 94 fg I-TEQ/
I-TEQ. In the case of PUF of gaseous phase sample, their variation was increased from
in 1998 to
in 2002, and in the
I-TEQ from 12 fg I-TEQ/
to 17 fg I-TEQ/
. The relative coefficient between the gas phase concentration of PCDD/DFs and the temperature was a value of 0.744; the contributive rate of the temperature to the gaseous phase concentration was 0.554. According to the results, the pattern of the coefficient of distribution based on log
is similar to the ambient air of the urban areas.
The Vascular Plants in Mt. Munsu(Gyeonggi-do)
Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Nam, Gi-Heum ; Yoon, Chang-Young ; Lee, Byoung-Yoon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 459~481
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.459
This study was carried out to investigate the vascular flora of Mt. Munsu. The vascular plants collected in 13 times(from Mar. to Oct. 2009) were identified as 511 taxa in total, including 113 families, 332 genera, 445 species, 5 subspecies, 46 varieties, 5 forms. Among them, 6 taxa of the Korea Forest Service-designated rare & endangered plants and the Korean endemic plants were identified as 2 taxa. Based on the list of approved for delivering overseas of plants, 6 taxa were recorded in the investigated area. The Ministry of Environment-designated plants, which should be protected by the wildlife protection law, were identified as 2 taxa and 39 taxa of specially designated plants by the Ministry of Environment. The naturalized plants were identified as 53 taxa, and their naturalization ratio and urban index were found to be 10,3%, and 18.5% respectively. There existed many kinds of plants resources having conservational value like Ranunculus trichophyllus var. kadzusensis, Jeffersonia dubia etc, in this area, but there remains a fear of nature destruction's acceleration due to indiscriminate human development and access of a lot of visitors, so it is judged that there should be a management plan, such as a limit on the number of visitors or rest-year-system for restoration of nature.
Variation of Phosphorus and Nitrogen Removal Characteristics According to the Decrease of Influent Phosphorus Concentration in SBR and SBBR
Kim, Dong-Seog ; Park, Young-Seek ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 483~490
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.483
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of influent phosphorus concentration on the nitrogen and phosphorus removal in sequencing batch reactor(SBR) and sequencing batch biofilm reactors(SBBRs) in order to recover the enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) capacity at the sludge of the deterioration of EBPR capacity. In SBBRs, comparing to SBR, the organic removal was occurred actively at the 1 st non-aeration period because of the active phosphorus release at this period. However, the variation of TOC removal according to the decrease of influent phosphorus concentration was not clearly shown both in SBR and SBBRs. In case of SBR losing EBPR capacity, the EBPR capacity was not recovered by the decrease of the influent phosphorus concentration from 7.5 mg/L to 0.9 mg/L. The nitrogen removal increased by the decrease of influent phosphorus concentration both in SBR and SBBRs.
Seasonal Prevalence and Altitudinal Distribution of the Flies in Mt. Hallasan, Jejudo Island, Korea
Jo, Tae-Ho ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 491~507
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.491
This study focuses on the fauna, seasonal prevalence and altitudinal distribution of the flies from March to November, 2008 in Mt. Hallasan, Jejudo Island, Korea. The fauna of flies was 39 species belonging to 5 Families which consist of 12 Calliphoridae, 19 Muscidae, 5 Sarcophagidae, 1 Dryomyzidae 1, Scathophagidae and 1 Anthomyiidae. The total number of flies collected was 21,605 with sex ratio of 57.98% in Mt. Halla. The ratio is higher than that of the residential area and other mountain survey sites. The average number of per trap individuals collected on the trapping day is 267, which is similar with the average of Mts. Jiryong, Juwang, Palgong and Gumo. The five dominant species showed a distinctive seasonal prevalence of 92.6% of the total flies: Chrysomyia pinguis (34.2%), Calliphora lata (25.3%), Hydrotaea dentipes(23.1%), Fannia scalaris (5.1%), and Lucilia caesar (4.9%). The seasonal prevalence of the flies was from the beginning of March to the end of November, and the highest peak time of the whole flies, males and females were different respectively. In the similarity index of the flies collected in different altitude, that of between 1,000 meters and 1,500 meters was the highest among the indices of 500 meters and above 1,000 meters. The index at each altitude was above 80% because of the same area. The diversity index of fly species was between 0.00 and 0.88 through altitudinal traps monthly. The highest index in Trap 1 was 0.88 in October, in Trap 2, 0.82 in July and in Trap 3, 0.63 in July. The diversity above 1,000 meters was most various in July. The five dominant species of C. pinguis, C. lata, H dentipes, F. scalaris, and L. caesar showed distinctive seasonal prevalence, relative abundance and altitudinal distribution respectively.
Characterizations of Airborne Fiber Particle Concentrations in Public Facilities and Schools
Park, Jeong-Ho ; Suh, Jeong-Min ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 509~516
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.509
This study was investigated the characteristics of indoor air concentration of fiber particles in 30 public facilities and 245 schools by PCM (phase contrast microscopy). Also SEM/EDX (scanning electron microscope / energy dispersive using X-ray analysis) was used to obtain physicochemical information of asbestos fiber and to classify asbestos and non-asbestos of fiber particles. The airborne concentrations of fiber particles were
counts/mL in public facilities and
counts/mL in schools by PCM. All the samples were satisfied with the IAQ (indoor air quality) level of 0.01 counts/mL. In classification of 4 type shapes, over 80% of the fiber particles were identified as single fiber type. And this study analysed airborne fiber particles in 4 sites for identifying asbestos of by SEM/EDX. The asbestos fibers in most samples could not be found.
Research Analysis of the Therapeutic Factors in the Contact with Plant.Nature in Horticultural Therapy
Choi, Min-Hee ; Cho(Jo), Tae-Dong ; Suh, Jeung-Keun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 517~525
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.517
Horticultural therapy is a complementary therapy by trained professionals utilizing plant and horticultural activities as media to pursue the positive change of clients, which resulting from stimuli of plant nature, activities, and interaction with other people. Outdoor horticultural activities provide clients with the opportunities of the contact to nature such as fresh air and sunlight as well as plants. But the importance of plant nature to client's health has not been fully acknowledged compared to that of therapist's role and activities in horticultural therapy in Korea. In horticultural therapy it is possible for client to participate on the various levels from passive viewing to active gardening according to the client's ability. Therefore it is necessary for horticultural therapists to consider the therapeutic factors of plant nature to maximize the therapeutic effect of horticultural therapy. The purpose of the research is to clarify the therapeutic factors in the contact of client with plant nature and to emphasize those importance in horticultural therapy. From the review of the experimental researches five therapeutic factors were revealed: Natural light, plant natural view, natural sound, aroma(volatile oils of plants), and plant itself. This paper raises the importance of outdoor activities in horticultural therapy and the necessity for severely handicapped clients to the contact with plant nature, though passively.
Blood Lead Level in Populations Resident in Some Abandoned Mine Area
Song, Sun-Ho ; Eom, Sang-Yong ; Kim, Yong-Dae ; Kim, Heon ; Hong, Jang-Soo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 527~532
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.527
Exposure to lead, particularly at chronic low-dose levels, is still a major public health concern. The present study is aimed to evaluate the blood lead levels in populations resident in some abandoned mine areas of Chungbuk, Korea. Eight hundreds and sixty-six subjects who reside in abandoned mine area located in Chungbuk, Korea, were enrolled this study. We evaluated the blood lead level according to the age, gender, and working history in mines. For statistical analysis, SPSS ver 12.0 was used. The geometric mean blood lead levels was
and nobody showed levels over the guidelines of WHO. Ex-smokers and current-smokers showed significantly higher blood lead levels compared to that of non-smokers. The blood lead levels in individuals with a history of working in a mine was higher than those in individuals without such histories. The populations resident in some Chungbuk abadoned mine area showed low levels of lead in blood. This suggest that lead poisoning might not be induced by abandoned mine in Chungbuk, Korea.