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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Science International
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The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 12 - Dec 2011
Volume 20, Issue 11 - Nov 2011
Volume 20, Issue 10 - Oct 2011
Volume 20, Issue 9 - Sep 2011
Volume 20, Issue 8 - Aug 2011
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Jul 2011
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Jun 2011
Volume 20, Issue 5 - May 2011
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Apr 2011
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Mar 2011
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Feb 2011
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Plant Species Community within Upland Wetlands at Mt. Ilgwang
Huh, Man-Kyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 427~434
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.427
This study characterized the full range of vegetation in a upland wetland (marshland) in Korea. Classified community types were used to describe vegetation at the marshland and adjacent areas. The communities contained 44 species of vascular plants and all species were identified into four plant community types. The Rhododendron yedoense f. poukhanense type and Lespedeza cyrtobotrya type had a high representation infacultative upland species (FU) and obligate upland species (OU), respectively. The monocot type was dominant in marshland by Miscanthuns saccharifloruc and contained 14 species. Together the three areas contained four species, with the strongest indicator species being Ranunculus acris var. nipponicus, Rhododendron yedoense f. poukhanense, Hemerocallis fulva, and Miscanthuns sinensis var. purpurascens. Shannon-Weaver index of diversity also varied among the community types (F = 18.9, df = 2), with the types FU having significantly higher value (3.467) than the others (1.125 for type FW and 1.239 for type OU).
The Effects of Herb Aroma Components on the Reduction of Depression - Focused on University Students -
Lee, Min-Hee ; Koh, Jae-Won ; ChoJo, Tae-Dong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 435~442
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.435
In this study, to investigate the effects of herb aroma components, the BDI test was performed with the 124 students of the Youngdong University and the subjects whose score was 16 or higher were selected and allocated to the herb-extracted aroma-treated group and the non-treated group, 27 and 10 students for each group. The BDI and SDS tests were carried out at each stage (before and after the treatment, 10 days later and 30 days later). The result showed that the pre-treatment BDI test result was significantly different from all those of the post-treatment test, and the tests after 10 days and 30 days in the aroma-treated group. In the SDS test, the pre-treatment test result was significantly different from the results of the post-treatment test and the test after 10 days, while it was not significantly different from the result of the test after 30 days. Additionally, to verify whether the change within the group is larger than that by natural recovery or not, ANCOVA was performed with respect to the difference in the pre-treatment test score between the groups depending on whether the treatment was given or not, having the SDS pre-treatment score as the covariate, and the result showed that the post-treatment test scores were significantly different. Thus, it was verified that, if the SDS test score is considered as the depression indicator, the effect of aromatherapy was greater than the change by natural recovery. The difference in the post-treatment test score was analyzed depending on whether the treatment was given or not, having the BDI pre-treatment test score as the control variable, and the result showed that the post-treatment test scores were not significantly different. Based on such a theoretical verification, it is assumed that the nature-friendly treatment method using herb aroma components can be a great help in suppressing depression. Therefore, it is expected that herb aroma components can provide systematic therapeutic effect on the suppression of depression.
The Flora of Mt. Jang in Busan
Lee, Kyung-Rim ; Moon, Sung-Gi ; Lee, Jeong-Hoon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 443~455
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.443
This study was conducted to investigate the flora of Mt. Jang located at Haeundae-Gu in Busan. The survey for the flora was carried out from Oct. 2008 to Sep. 2009. The results were obtained as follows. The flora consists of 5 forms, 22 varieties, 238 species, 198 genera, 91 families, 47 orders, 7 classes, and 3 divisions as total 265 taxa. The typical communities were Osmunda japonica com., Stephanandra incisa com., Gleichenia japonica com., Eurya japonica-Pinus thunbergii com., Styrax japonica-Pinus thunbergii com., and Smilax china com. which were distributed along Forest Bathing Area and Yangun Falls, Miscanthus sinensis for. purpurascens com., Carpinus turczaibovii var. coreana com and Pseudosasa japonica were distributed around the top of mountain. According to the ecological characteristic species, the evergreen plants were observed 15 taxa 14 genera 13 families, the naturalized plants 18 taxa 17 genera 10 families, the specific plants categorized by Ministry of Environment 20 taxa 18 genera 18 families, the endangered plant 1 specie Utricularia yakusimensis, and the cultivated plants were observed 21 taxa 18 genera 14 families.
Effects of Size of Metal Particles on Soil Microbial Community and Buck Wheat
Kim, Sung-Hyun ; Kim, Jung-Eun ; Gwak, Young-Ji ; Kim, Yun-Ji ; Lee, In-Sook ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 457~463
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.457
This study was carried out to compare the toxicity of nano and micrometer particles with Cu and Zn on soil microbial community and metal uptake of buck wheat. In microcosm system, soil was incubated for 14 days after soil aliquots were artificially contaminated with 1,000 mg/kg Cu, Zn nano and micro particles, respectively. After then, buck wheat was planted in incubating soils and non incubating soils. After 14 days, we compared bioaccumulation of metal, and microbial carbon substrate utilization patterns between incubating soils and non-incubating soils. The enrichment factor (EF) values of incubating samples were greater than non-incubating soils. Dehydrogenase activity had been inhibited by Cu and Zn nanoparticles in non-incubating soil, as well as it had been inhibited by Zn micro particles in incubating soils. Results of biolog test, it was not significant different between nano particles and micro particles. It cannot be generalized that nanoparticles of metal are always more toxic to soil microbial activity and diversity than micrometer-sized particles and the toxicity needs to be assessed on a case-by-case basis.
A Study on Urban Environmental Climate Mapping Method for Sustainable Urban Planning in Daegu
Park, Myung-Hee ; Jung, Woo-Sik ; Kim, Hae-Dong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 465~482
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.465
To preserve atmospheric environment of urban areas, it needs to create urban space considering air pollution sources and natural and geographical properties such as wind circulation. According to this study could examine climate and environmental characteristics of Daegu and accordingly suggest a climate map in urban environment and an "advice map" in urban planning. The urban area(area paved with asphalt and concrete) of Daegu has increased by more than five times since 1960. In addition, the analysis of thermal environment through satellite data shows that the surface temperature between a place paved with artificial structures and a farmland shows
difference during the daytime in the summer. Regarding the parks inhibiting the heat island of a city have the small area of trees, and the road paved with concrete is wide so that they hardly serve as the source of heat absorption. As Apsan is located to the south of Daegu and Palgonsan to the north and Daegu has east high west low type, mountain wind from mountains in the south and north passes a city and delivers heat and air pollutions at night. In the west of Daegue, there is the poorest environment and industrial facilities and environmental basic facilities are mostly located, so large residential complexes that are being built around the industrial facilities as if they set up a folding screen and therefore the poor environment is increasingly worse.
Heavy Metal Accumulation in Halophyte Salicornia europaea and Salt Marsh in West-coast of Korea
Song, Uh-Ram ; Hong, Jun-Euy ; An, Ji-Hyun ; Chung, Ji-Sue ; Moon, Jeong-Won ; Lim, Jeong-Hyun ; Lee, Eun-Ju ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 483~491
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.483
Harvesting of marshfire glasswort (Salicornia europaea) by local people has been increased recently since this plant was known for a well-being food. Even though some harvesting sites are facing high risk of environmental pollution, Salicornia europaea is still harvested on a large scale. Therefore, to investigate safety of Salicornia europaea as a food resource, salt marsh environment, potential harvestable biomass, element and heavy metal accumulations in Salicornia europaea has been studied in three salt marshes, west-coast of Korea. Salicornia europaea showed 150 - 230
harvestable biomass. Biomass and nitrogen contents of Salicornia europaea were closely related to soil nitrogen and carbon concentrations. Average Na, Zn, Fe, Cr accumulations in Salicornia europaea were 41479, 18, 297, 1.5 (mg/kg), indicating valuable trace element contents. However, average heavy metal accumulations such as As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Hg accumulations were 1.5, 7.1, 4.2, 1.5, 0.1 (mg/kg), which were even or higher than national standards (0.5, 0.5, 2, 2, 0.1) of salts. These results imply that harvesting and eating of Salicornia europaea in west-coast research sites would be harmful because the contents would be much higher if it is calculated as only considering salts and minerals. Therefore, harvesting of Salicornia europaea from some salt marsh in west-coast of Korea should be done cautiously.
Relationship between Asian Dust and Asthma Disease in Seoul during 2005~2008
Lee, Joong-Woo ; Lee, Ki-Kwang ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 493~500
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.493
This study investigates the relationship between Asian dust and asthma disease in Seoul, using data of Asian dust occurrences and the number of treatments for asthma between 2005 and 2008. The data include the number of treatments for asthma on the basic day paired with the average number of treatments for asthma on the compared days. The compared day is defined by the day of no Asian dust in same month and day of the week as the basic day, when Asian dust occurs. Also, the basic day is expanded to the day after three days from the day of Asian dust. The paired two sample t-test for the number of treatments for asthma on the basic day and the compared days revealed that the Asian dust occurrences are correlated with the asthma disease. The number of treatments for asthma is significantly increased on the one and two days after Asian dust occurs. On the other hand, there's no significant difference in the number of treatments for asthma between the days of Asian dust occurrence and the days of no Asian dust, which implies that people usually try not to go out when Asian dust occurs.
Analysis of Operation Parameters of Pilot-Scale Packed-Absorption System for Airborne Methyl Ethyl Ketone Control
Jo, Wan-Kuen ; Kim, Wang-Tae ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 501~509
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.501
Unlike many laboratory-scale studies on absorption of organic compounds (VOCs), limited pilot-scale studies have been reported. Accordingly, the present study was carried out to examine operation parameters for the effective control of a hydrophilic VOC (methyl ethyl ketone, MEK) by applying a circular pilot-scale packed-absorption system (inside diameter 37 cm
height 167 cm). The absorption efficiencies of MEK were investigated for three major operation parameters: input concentration, water flow rate, and ratio of gas flow-rate to washing water amount (water-to-gas ratio). The experimental set-up comprised of the flow control system, generation system, recirculation system, packed-absorption system, and outlet system. For three MEK input concentrations (300, 350, and 750 ppm), absorption efficiencies approached near 95% and then, decreased gradually as the operation time increased, thereby suggesting a non-steady state condition. Under these conditions, higher absorption efficiencies were shown for lower input concentration conditions, which were consistent with those of laboratory-scale studies. However, a steady state condition occurred for two input concentration conditions (100 and 200 ppm), and the difference in absorption efficiencies between these two conditions were insignificant. As supported by an established gas-liquid absorption theory, a higher water flow rate exhibited a greater absorption efficiency. Moreover, as same with the laboratory-scale studies, the absorption efficiencies increased as water-to-gas ratios increased. Meanwhile, regardless of water flow rates or water-to-gas ratios, as the operation time of the absorption became longer, the pH of water increased, but the elevation extent was not substantial (maximum pH difference, 1.1).
Photocatalytic Decomposition of Methylene Blue over Sm Ion Doped Ti-SBA-15 Catalysts
Jung, Won-Young ; Lee, Seong-Hun ; Hong, Seong-Soo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 511~517
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.511
Ti-SBA-15 catalysts doped with samarium ion were synthesized using conventional hydrothermal method. The physical properties of Sm/Ti-SBA-15 catalysts have been characterized by XRD, FT-IR, DRS and PL. In addition, we have also examined the activity of these materials on the photocatalytic decomposition of methylene blue. The Sm/ Ti-SBA-15 was shown to have the mesoporous structure regardless of Sm ion doping. With doping amount of 1% lanthanide ion, the pore size and pore volume of Sm(Er, Cs)/Ti-SBA-15 decreased and the surface area increased. For the purpose of vibration characteristics on the Ti-SBA-15 and Sm/Ti-SBA-15 photocatalysts, the IR absorption at 960
commonly accepted the characteristic vibration of Ti-O-Si bond. 1% of Sm/Ti-SBA-15 had the highest photocatalytic activity on the decomposition of methylene blue but the catalysts doped with Er ions had lower activity in comparison with pure Ti-SBA-15 catalyst.
Numerical Simulation of Fluorescent Whitening Agents (DAS1) in Tokyo Bay
Kim, Dong-Myung ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 519~525
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.519
A three-dimensional ecological model(EMT-3D) was applied to DAS1 in Tokyo Bay. The simulated results of DAS1 were in good agreement with the observed values. The result of sensitivity analysis showed that photolysis coefficient and extinction coefficient were important factor for dissolved DAS1, and photolysis coefficient, extinction and POC partition coefficient for PAHs in particulate organic matter. Mass balance of DAS1 in Tokyo Bay was calculated by using the simulated results of EMT-3D.
Ecological Characteristics and Distribution of Rhododendron mucronulatum var. mucronulatum, R. dauricum, R. schlippenbachii on Mt. Changbai in China
Kang, Gui-Ok ; Xuan, Youngnan ; Ahn, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 527~540
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.527
The investigation was made about distribution and ecological characteristics of Rhododendron mucronulatum var. mucronulatum, R. dauricum and R. schlippenbachii on Mt. Changbai in China. The Ericaceae plants are known to be highly ornamental and easy to cultivate. The results of investigations are like followings. The plant species diversity was the highest in habitats of R. mucronulatum var. mucronulatum, followed by those of R. schlippenbachii and R. dauricum. R. mucronulatum var. mucronulatum community was found in the northwest exposure areas of 300m in altitude. Corylus heterophylla, Carex humilis var. nana, Atractylodes japonica species also grew in the R. mucronulatum var. mucronulatum community. R. dauricum communities were widely distributed in the west exposure areas of 1226-1860m above sea level. R. schlippenbachii populations were found in areas of under 300m above sea level, which has dry soil. But humidity of air was relatively high in the place. Artemisia japonica, Lespedeza bicolor and Dactylis glomerata were found around the habitats of R. schlippenbachii. Phalanx type of plants were dominant near the habitats of Ericaceae plants as 61%. Further, there appeared higher plant life totalling to 72 taxa comprising 54 species, 16 varieties and 2 forma with 31 families and 59 genuses at the whole survey area. Among these, Compositae plants excellent in resistance to environment was surveyed the most, accounting for 30.0%.
Germination Characteristics and Early Growth of Papaver radicatum var. pseudoradicatum Seeds
Ahn, Young-Hee ; Son, Ja-Eun ; Lee, Sung-Je ; Jin, Ying-Hua ; Choe, Chang-Yong ; Lee, Kyung-Mee ; Kim, Mee-Young ; Lee, Seok-Chang ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 541~549
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.541
This experiment was held to identify the germination feature of Papaver radicatum var. pseudoradicatum which has high economical value. Seeds were collected in the Mt. Changbai in China. To eliminate dormancy of the seeds, chilling treatment were carried out in the
refrigerator. 30 days, 60 days, 90 days, 120 days of chilling treatments were taken. After being Treated, seeds were under 15, 20,
of temperature and light, dark conditions respectively to see the differences in germination. Within many features, germination ratio of seeds and germination period were investigated. Also, features related to early growth were checked through the closer look into acrospire, growth of cotyledon of young plant. Over 30 days of chilling treatment was all effective. Especially, 120 days of chilling treatment was most effective. The seeds germinated well in the light conditions. 120 days of chilling treatment,
, light conditions were found to be most effective conditions as 54.5% of the seeds germinated. The germination period was 4.29 days. 30 days after germinating, length of the aerial part had been 1.90 cm. But after 45 days, the length grew rapidly to 4.58 cm. Fresh weight of scales plant was also increased dramatically after 45 days. Therefore, transporting the plant 45 days after seeding judged to be good.
DNA Analysis of mtDNA COI Gene in the Sharp-toothed Eel (Muraenesox cinereus Forskal) from Yeosu, Jinhae, Jeju, Goseoung, Jangheung and Haenam Populations in Korea Using PCR-aided RFLP
Oh, Taeg-Yun ; Jeong, Sun-Beom ; Cho, Eun-Seob ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 551~554
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2011.20.4.551
The production of the sharp-toothed eel by commercial catch off waters of Korea is annually declined after 1978. This study was carried out to obtain the stock management of the sharp-toothed eel using the PCR-aided RFLP method. The mtDNA COI gene was amplified using species-specific primers and PCR product was observed to 700 bp. Amplified DNA fragments were treated with six kinds of restriction enzymes (BaeHI, EcoRI, PstI, Ksp22, HinfI and HaeIII). The treatment of HaeIII showed a distinct PCR product between Yeosu/Jinhae/Jeju/Goseoung and Jangheung/Haenam populations that were observed from 300 to 400 bp in reference to 100 bp molecular marker. However, DNA fragment within populations had an identical pattern. The phylogenetic homology is 82% between two populations inferred from RFLP PCR product pattern using NTsysPC ver. 2.1. The use of HaeIII plays an important role in discriminating populations. It is thought that adults after over-wintering in the southern part of Jeju migrate to the Yeosu, Jinhae and Goseoung regions to spawn instead of to southwestern waters. Individuals within populations showed a relatively active genetic mixing and migration regardless of geography. However, the genetic ancestor of Jangheung and Haenam populations is appeared to be more adjacent to China or Japan than Jeju.