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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Science International
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 21, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 21, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 21, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 21, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
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Flux of Dissolved Organic and Inorganic Constituents in Forested Headwater Streams
Choi, Byoung-Koo ; Mangum, Clay N. ; Hatten, Jeffery A. ; Dewey, Janet C. ; Ouyang, Ying ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1171~1179
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1171
Headwaters initiate material export to downstream environments. A nested headwater study examined the flux of dissolved constituents and water from a perennial stream and four ephemeral/intermittent streams in the Upper Gulf Coastal Plain of Mississippi. Water was collected during storm and baseflow conditions. Multiple linear regression was used to model constituent concentration and calculate flux. Event was the major source of water discharged from the ephemeral and intermittent streams however, baseflow was the major source for water discharged by the perennial stream during events. The perennial stream had an area weighted average yields of 10.1, 0.01, 1.03, 0.65 kg/ha/yr of DON (dissolved organic nitrogen),
, respectively while large variabilities existed between the ephemeral and intermittent streams. These findings highlight the importance of headwaters in protecting the low order drainage basins as a key to water quality within perennial streams.
Disinfection Properties and Variation in the Ozone Concentration in Seawater Generated Using a Low-Temperature Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Reactor
Lee, Young Sik ; Kim, Yoonbin ; Kim, Kwang Seog ; Han, Hyung-Gyun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1181~1186
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1181
We studied the ozone concentrations generated by low-temperature dielectric barrier discharge plasma reactor after adding air and phytoplankton to control the ozone concentrations in seawater. We also examined the numbers of bacteria and Vibrio spp. after treatment using the plasma reactor. As the airflow rate was increased, more ozone was removed. Although marked variation in the ozone decrease was observed with and without airflow, the rate of ozone removal did not increase proportionately with the airflow rates. The ozone concentration decreased with increasing organic matter and time. The amount of organic matter seems to be an important factor decreasing the dissolved ozone concentration in liquid. The ozone concentration was 0.07, 0.32, 1.28, and 2.3 mg/L when operating the plasma reactor for 30, 60, 180, and 300 s, respectively; i.e., the ozone concentration increased with the reactor operating time. The initial numbers of bacteria and Vibrio spp. were 800 and 480 CFU/mL, respectively. After operating the plasma reactor at a flow rate of 6 L/min for 30 s, no bacteria or Vibrio spp. were detected. The disinfection effect of this plasma reactor seems to be superior to that of a conventional ozone generator.
A Study on Bioremediation of Fish Farm Sediment Using CaO
by Enhancement of Indigenous Microbial Activity
Cho, Daechul ; Bae, Hwan-Jin ; Kwon, Sung-Hyun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1187~1193
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1187
The aim of this research is to enhance the bottom environment of Geoje fish farm that has been severely contaminated. Treatment of microbial agent and/or calcium oxide significantly changed that environment: in ignition loss, either treatment (25% or 21%) showed better than mixed treatment (13.2%). In COD, the oxygen releasing agent or mixed treatment reduced the index by more than 20%. In T-P and T-N, the effects of
on them were overwhelming (50% or more) meanwhile that of the microbial agent on them was less than 20%. Also,
influenced on the microbial flora: Desulfobvibrio thermophilus, a sulfate reducing bacterium decreased in number, considering the increase of pH and rise of redox potential. In contrast, Pseudomonas sp., Pseudoalteromonas sp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa were remarkably dominant over other species with mixed treatment as a PCA analysis confirmed it.
Comparison of Adsorption and Desorption Characteristics of Acetone Vapor and Toluene Vapor on Activated Carbons According to Pore Structure
Lee, Song-Woo ; Na, Young-Soo ; An, Chang-Doeuk ; Lee, Min-Gyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1195~1202
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1195
The purpose of this work is to study the adsorption and desorption characteristics of acetone vapor and toluene vapor from adsorption tower in the VOCs recovery device. The six kinds of activated carbon with different pore structures were used and the adsorption and desorption characteristics were compared according to pore structure, desorption temperature, and adsorption method, respectively. Adsorption capacity of acetone vapor and toluene vapor by batch method was higher than that by dynamic method. Especially, activated carbon with medium-sized or large pores had more difference in adsorption capacity according to adsorption methods as a result of gradually condensation of vapors on relatively mesopore and large pores. Activated carbons with relatively large pores and relatively small saturated adsorption capacity had excellent desorption ability.
Comparison of NPS Reduction at Yongsan Area Considering Spatio-Temporal Chnages in CN
Choi, Jae-Wan ; Lee, Sung-Joon ; Ryu, Ji-Chul ; Shin, Dong-Seok ; Lim, Kyoung-Jae ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1203~1212
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1203
Yongsan ward is located at central place connecting south and north ecology axis of seoul. Various environment-friendly Yongsan development could pose positive effects on NPS(non pollutant source) pollutant reductions and water quality improvement at Han-rive because BOD, T-N, and T-P NPS discharges took 90% of total pollutant from this area. In this study, direct runoff and NPS pollutant loads were evaluated before and after development using spatio-tamporal change in CN(curve number) and EMC(event mean concentration) data. It was found that direct runoff value is
, and BOD, T-N and T-P loads are 104,456 kg/year, 111,483 kg/year and 7,500 kg/year under pre-development condition, respectively. Annual runoff, BOD, T-N and T-P reducing rate were 12.9%, 33.3%, 35.6% and 40.7% under integrated post-development condition, respectively. Based on the results obtained in this study, environment-friendly urban development could be achieved at Yongsan area.
Studies of the Cordyceps militaris Extract Administration on the Metabolic Enzyme Activities in Hypercholesterolemia
Kim, Han-Soo ; Kim, Min-A ; Jang, Seong-Ho ; Kang, Jin-Soon ; Lee, Won-Ki ; Ryu, Jae-Young ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1213~1219
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1213
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the feeding Cordyceps militaris extract on the improvement of the free fatty acid, lipid peroxide, creatinine and enzyme (creatine phosphokinase; CPK, lactate dehydrogenase; LDH, alkaline phosphatase; ALP, lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase; LCAT) activities in the sera of dietary hypercholesterolemic rats (SD strain, male) fed the experimental diets for 5 weeks. Concentrations of free fatty acid, lipid peroxide and CPK, LDH, ALP activities in sera were fairly reduced in the Cordyceps militaris extract administration group (CHE) than in the hypercholesterolemic diet group (CHD). However, no significance was found in the effect of an creatinine concentration among the groups. The LCAT activity in serum was increased in the Cordyceps militaris extract administration (CHE) than in the hypercholesterolemic diet group (CHD). From these results, Cordyceps militaris extracts were effective on the improvement of the lipid components and metabolic enzyme activities in sera of dietary hypercholesterolemic rats.
Correlation Analysis Between Terpene and Meteorological Factors at Artificial Coniferous Forest of Mt. Moodeung
Lee, Dae-Haeng ; Kim, Min-Hee ; Seo, Hee-Jeong ; Min, Gyung-Woo ; Kim, Seung-Ho ; Seo, Kwang-Yeob ; Jeong, Won-Sam ; Kang, Young-Ju ; An, Ki-Wan ; Paik, Ge-Jin ; Moon, Yong-Woon ; Kim, Eun-Sun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1221~1234
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1221
There are many factors to influence the amount of terpene at the forest. However, it is poorly understood whether the amount is altered by meteorological factors. In order to study correlation analysis between terpene amount and meteorological(i.e., temperature, humidity, wind speed, solar radiation) and environmental factors(i.e., oxygen, carbonb dioxide) at the artificial coniferous forest of Chamaecyparis obtusa (site 1) and Cryptomeria japonica (site 2) nearby the
reservoir at Mt. Moodeung, the research was executed during April to November in 2011. Forest density at site 1 was 1,692 trees/ha, being occupied with 87.2% of Chamaecyparis obtusa, higher than 925 trees/ha at site 2. Carbon dioxide at site 1 was in the range of 385~410 ppm in June, similar to at Anmyundo(395 ppm in 2010). Solar radiation has positive correlation with ambient temperature and inversely negative with relative humidity. Main species of terpene released were
-limonene and camphor at two sites and terpene was more effluent at spring and summer than at fall. The large amount of terpene was emitted in the afternoon than in the morning under the influence of the wind speed and the topographical property. The terpene amount has positive correlation with relative humidity and oxygen, and negative with wind speed and soil temperature. Because correlations of
-pinene and other terpene materials showed statistically significant within p=0.01.
-pinene could be suggested as the basic material in explaining the amount of other terpene materials.
Evaluation of Flow-Pollutant Load Delivery Ratio Equations on Main Subwatersheds within Juam Lake
Jung, Jae-Woon ; Lim, Byung-Jin ; Choi, Dong-Ho ; Choi, Yu-Jin ; Lee, Kyoung-Sook ; Kim, Young-Joo ; Kim, Kap-Soon ; Chang, Nam-Ik ; Yoon, Kwang-Sik ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1235~1244
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1235
The objective of this study is to evaluate Flow-Pollutant load delivery ratio equations developed from rural watershed on main subwatersheds within Juam Lake. Two regression equations for BOD and three equations for T-P were evaluated on Bosung cheon, Dongbok cheon, Songgwang cheon, Naenam cheon, and Sinpyeon cheon. The results show that estimation of BOD delivery ratio using flow-delivery equation is reliable when relative composition of discharge load of pollutant sources of a watershed is similar to those of watershed where the equation developed. On the other hand, application of regression equation for T-P was feasible when the landuse pattern and relative composition of discharge load of pollutant sources of a watershed is similar to those of watershed where the equation developed.
The Effect of Branches on Kumho River's Water Quality
Yang, Duk Seok ; Bae, Hun-Kyun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1245~1253
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1245
In this study, how branches of Kumho River affect to the water quality on Kumho River was investigated. Water samples from six sampling points at Kumho River and three at each branch were taken from Dec. 2009 to Dec. 2011. As results, Namcheon affected BOD and T-P concentrations on Kumho River while Sincheon did only T-P concentrations. However, the water quality of Kumho River was improved because of Sincheon in terms of BOD and COD concentrations. This was the results from management of Sincheon wastewater treatment facility and Jisan wastewater treatment facility which might be the best example for managing wastewater treatment facilities. Dalsecheon would not affect the water quality of Kumho River although it had bad conditions of water quality because of lack of its water quantity comparing to Kumho River's.
The Effects of Initial pH on VFAs Production of Mesophilic and Thermophilic Acidogenic Fermentation for Food Waste Recycling Wastewater
Byun, Im-Gyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1255~1263
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1255
Batch cultivations were performed to evaluate the influences of the initial pH condition on mesophilic and thermophilic acidogenic fermentation with food waste recycling wastewater. In both conditions of mesophilic and thermophilic fermentation, TVFAs production rates were maximized at the initial pH 7 condition as 0.15 and 0.23 g TVFAs/L hr, respectively. And pH was also maintained stably between 6 and 7 during 72hr acidogenic cultivation at both conditions. However, predominant VFA components were different according to reaction temperature conditions. In mesophilic condition, propionic acid which has low conversion efficiency to methane was accumulated up to 1,348 mg/L while acetic and butyric acid were predominant in thermophilic condition. Therefore, thermophilic acidogenic fermentation was superior for the effective VFAs production than mesophilic condition. From the DGGE analysis, the band patterns were different according to the initial pH conditions but the correlations of the each band were increased in similar pH conditions. These results mean that microbial communities were certainly affected by the initial pH condition. Consequently, the adjustment of the initial pH to neutral region and thermophilic operation are needed to enhance acidogenic fermentation of food waste recycling wastewater.
Polyphenol Contents of Rumex crispus Root Extract with Hot Water and its Antioxidative Effect
Yun, Young-Sim ; Jeong, Kap-Seop ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1265~1274
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1265
This study was conducted to investigate the extraction characteristics including total polyphenol compound content (TPC) and the antioxidative effect of Rumex crispus root extract on commercial corn oil. Extraction yield was increased with extraction temperature but decreased with extraction ratio. No significant differences in aromatics content were found among the extracts prepared with various extraction conditions; extraction ratio, extraction temperature, extraction pH and composition of extractant. Total flavonoid content of the extract was increased with extraction temperature and extraction pH, and highest value of it was found when extractant composition of ethanol in water was 75%. Total polyphenol compound content (TPC) of the extract with 10 fold extraction ratio showed the highest value, but no significant difference in TPC was found with extraction temperature. Reducing power and DPPH (
-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging ability (RSA) of the extract in spectrophotometric absorbance were decreased with extraction ratio but increased with extraction temperature and showed 63.1%~98.4% and 67.6%~86.7% of those of ascorbic acid in reducing power and DPPH RSA, respectively. The antioxidative effects of the extract on corn oil were 84.8~93.0% of that of commercial butylated hydroxytoluene, the antioxidant index value was highest when the ethanol composition to water in extractant was equal ratio.
Seasonal Variations of Fisheries Resources Composition in the Coastal Ecosystem of the Yongil Bay, Korea
Lee, Jae Bong ; Shin, Young Jae ; Lee, Soo Jeong ; Lee, Jong Hee ; Choi, Young Min ; Lee, Dong Woo ; Kim, Sang Woo ; Yang, Jae Hyeong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1275~1286
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1275
Coastal marine ecosystem plays important role of spawning and nursery grounds for fisheries resources. Yongil Bay is one of major coastal marine ecosystems, which is located in the southwestern East Sea of Korea. Species composition and abundance of marine organism in the Yongil Bay were investigated by season from March to November 2009. Gill net and pot fisheries were used for survey of pelagic and demersal species composition, and collected 106 species, 67 families, and 7 taxa of fisheries resources from the coastal ecosystem. Species were included 2 species in Ascidiacea, 2 species in Bivalvia, 6 in Cephalopoda, 22 in Crustacea, 5 in Echinodermata, 12 in Gastropoda, and 57 in Pisces. Diversity indices (Shannon index, H') showed seasonal variation with low value of 2.11 in winter, and high value of 2.63 in autumn. Main dominant species were Asterias amurensis, Pleuronectes yokohamae, Siphonalia spadicea fuscolineata, Trachurus japonicas, Sillago japonica, Conger myriaster, Volutharpa ampullaceal, Engraulis japonicus, Asterina pectinifera, and Portunus (Portunus) sanguinolentus that were occupied over 71.5% of total individuals, and 52.9% of wet weight. Seasonal variations of fisheries resources composition were discussed on correlationships with those of environmental factors in the coastal ecosystem of the Yongil Bay in Korea. Those results from this study will provide scientific data and information to develop the ecosystem-based coastal fisheries assessment and management system in Korea.
Abnormal Change in Gyeongpo Beach Shoreline in June 2012
Lee, Chung Il ; Jung, Hae Kun ; Han, Moon Hee ; Lee, Jun-Hyung ; Kim, Kyung-Ryul ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 21, issue 10, 2012, Pages 1287~1295
DOI : 10.5322/JES.2012.21.10.1287
Abnormal change in Gyeongpo beach shoreline in June of 2012 was illustrated using DGPS (Differential Global Positioning System, resolution < 0.6m) observation and drift experiment. Abrupt change in the shoreline was occurred in the latter part of June, 2012, this change was compared with that in June from 2009 to 2011. In the northern part of the beach, sand accumulated and it made beach extension and movement of the shoreline towards sea compared with that in June from 2009 to 2011. While on the other, in the southern part, the beach was eroded and it formed a steep slope around the southernmost of the beach. The shoreline in the southern part of the beach was shifted more towards land than that in the past. Change in the position of shoreline was higher in the northernmost and southernmost of the beach compared with those in the other parts. Drift in the southern part of the beach moved faster along the beach than that in the northern part of it.