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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Environmental Science International
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 22, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 22, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 22, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 22, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 22, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 22, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
The Research on Herb and Its Allocation Form in Landscape
Zhang, Li-Qin ; Piao, Yong-Ji ; Shen, Ning ; Cho, Tae-Dong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 131~138
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.131
In order to provide a scientific foundation for herb application in landscape, the photographs were taken from the herb landscape in urban green space and sightseeing garden. The questionnaire-based survey was also applied to analyze the cognitive situation of herb. Most investigators love herb, but have a low level of herb; Interviewees' consideration of herb function lie in ornamental, healthcare and medical treatment; The bulk of the visitors think herb landscape is insufficient; Investigators' preferences for herb application forms are landscape edging and combining with stone. We also probe into the optimum allocation form combining herb with landscape elements. When we combine herb with landscape water or landscape architecture, artistic conception and reasonable plant allocation should be considered; When we combine herb with landscape path or garden ornament, reasonable plant disposition and appearance and practical collocation should be thought over; When we combine herb with flower-border, richly colored landscape and reasonable plant allocation should be deliberated on.
Evaluation of CO
Storage and Uptake by Forest Landscapes in the Middle Region of Korea
Jo, Hyun-Kil ; Ahn, Tae-Won ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 139~149
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.139
Anthropogenic increases in greenhouse gas concentrations, primarily through radiative forcing from carbon dioxide, continue to challenge earth's climate. This study quantified
storage and uptake by dominant forest types and age classes in the middle region of Korea. In addition, the role of forest landscapes in reducing atmospheric
emissions based on energy consumption was evaluated. Mean
storage and uptake per unit area by woody plants for three forest types and four age classes were estimated applying regression equations derived to quantify
storage and uptake per tree; and computations per soil unit area were also performed. Total
storage and uptake by forest landscapes were estimated by extrapolating
storage and uptake per unit area. Results indicated mean
storage per unit area by woody plants and soils was higher in older age classes for the same forest types, and higher in broadleaved than coniferous forests for the same age classes, with the exception of age class II (11-20 years).
storage by broadleaved forests of age class V (41-50 years) averaged 662.0 t/ha (US$331.0 hundred/ha), highest for all forest types and age classes evaluated. Overall, an increased mean
uptake per unit area by woody plants was evident for older age classes for the same forest types. However, decreased
uptake by broadleaved forests at age class V was observed, compared to classes III and IV with an average of 27.9 t/ha/yr (US$14.0 hundred/ha/yr). Total
storage by woody plants and soils in the study area was equivalent to 3.4 times the annual
emissions, and woody plants annually offset the
emissions by 17.7%. The important roles of plants and soils were associated with 39.1% of total forest area in South Korea, and
emissions comprised 62.2% of the total population. Therefore, development of forest lands may change
sinks into sources. Forest landscape management strategies were explored to maintain or improve forest roles in reducing atmospheric
Comparison of Exposure Estimation Methods on Air Pollution of Residents of Industrial Complexes
Jung, Soon-Won ; Cho, Yong-Sung ; Yang, Won-Ho ; Yu, Seung Do ; Son, Bu-Soon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 151~161
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.151
The assessment of personal exposure is a critical component in population-based epidemiologic studies of air pollution. This study was conducted to apply and compare the four exposure estimation methods of individual-level to air pollution concentration in a cohort including 2,283 subjects in Gwangyang, Korea. Individual-level exposure of air pollution were estimated using multiple approaches, including average across all monitors, nearest monitor, and spatial interpolation by inverse distance weighting and kriging. The mean concentrations of
by four exposure estimation methods were slightly different but not significantly different from each other. Cross-validation showed that kriging was more accurate than other exposure estimation methods because kriging has probably predicted individual exposure levels equivalent to residential locations after estimating the parameters of a model according to the spatial surface of air pollution concentration. These data support that spatial interpolation methods may provide better estimates than selecting the value from the nearest monitor and averaging across values from all monitors by reflecting spatial attributes of air pollution on personal level.
Aggregate Risk Assessment on Xylene and Ethylbenzene
Seo, Jung-Kwan ; Kim, Taksoo ; Kim, Pilje ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 163~171
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.163
The aggregate risk assessment on xylene and ethylbenzene was carried out according to the guidance established newly in 2010 with the purpose of providing information for risk management. In human exposure assessment, the results indicated that lower ages were exposed more and that, in the interior space at home, the highest level of human exposure occurred via inhalation. At outdoor spaces, exposures via inhalation and drinking were less than 1%. In human health risk characterization, xylene showed HI(Hazard Index) < 1 in all ages. When reasonable maximum exposure(RME) was applied, HI for young children was 0.64. The HI of ethylbenzene was also below 1(0.02~0.04) in all ages, indicating no potential risk. From this study, it is considered that xylene need to be continous monitoring with interest because this substance may be more sensitive on young age group. In additon, to reduce the uncertainty of the risk assessment, the korean exposure factors on young age group such as infant, children had to be established as soon as possible.
Numerical Experiment on the Variation of Atmospheric Circulation due to Wild Fire
Lee, Hwa-Woon ; Tak, Sung-Hoon ; Lee, Soon-Hwan ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 173~185
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.173
In order to clarify the impact of wildfire and its thermal forcing on atmospheric wind and temperature patterns, several numerical experiments were carried out using three dimensional atmospheric dynamic model WRF with wildfire parametrization module SFIRE. Since wind can accelerate fire spread speed, the moving speed of fireline is faster than its initial values, and the fireline tends to move the northeast, because of the wind direction and absolute vorticity conservation law associated with driving force induced by terrain. In comparison with non-fire case, the hydraulic jump that often occurs over downwind side of mountain became weak due to huge heat flux originated by surface wildfire and wind pattern over downwind side of mountain tends to vary asymmetrically with time passing. Therefore temporal variation of wind pattern should be catched to prevent the risk of widfire.
Characteristic of Matter Allocation of Calystegia soldanella under Water Stress
Park, Yong Mok ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 187~193
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.187
Dry matter allocation characteristics of Calystegia soldanella, grown in pots, was analysed to assess its plasticity in response to water-stressed conditions. As water was withheld leaf water potential between the two watering treatments was similar during the first 6 days, followed by a rapid decrease in water-stressed plants. The minimum leaf water potential was -1.50 MPa on day 15 and the maximum leaf water potential was about -0.5 MPa on day 0 in water-stressed plants. In well-watered plants leaf water potential was maintained almost consistently throughout the experiment. There was no significant difference in plant dry weight between the two watering treatments for 9 days after the start of experiment and that was remarkably increased thereafter, compared with that remained without any increase in water-stressed plants. In dry mass partitioning, however, the water-stressed plants showed a great plasticity, showing that there were 1.81, 1.35 and 0.81 times increase in root, stem and leaf, respectively. Dry mass partitioning in well-watered plants varied from 2% to 5%. The difference of dry mass partitioning between the two watering treatments was reflected in leaf mass per unit area (LMA) and root/shoot (R/S) ratio. LMA in water-stressed plants was lower than that in well-watered plants, while R/S ratio in water-stressed plants was higher in well-watered plants. This means that the water-stressed plants reduced its leaf area and increased dry mass partitioning into root and stem during the progress of soil drying. These results indicate that Calystegia soldanella inhabiting in sand dune cope with water stress with high plasticity which can adjust its dry mass partitioning according to soil water conditions.
Estimation for River Naturality in the Hwang River
Huh, Man-Kyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 195~203
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.195
I investigated the river morphology and river naturality according to the environment of the Hwang River. The numbers of flexions at the upstream regions were more than those of downstream regions. The Hwang River showed very low overall diversity of the flow. Materials of river shore at low channel width were mainly boulders or gravel at the upstream regions, and the middle and downstream were silts and clay. Artificial masonry and natural materials were mixed from materials of river levees. The Hwang River was some of the natural herbaceous vegetation to riparian zones. Land utilities for floodplain were extremely overall farmland were predominant, and partly used by natural vegetation in the forest, a soccer field, some park facilities, residential, and commercial facilities. The water was width sleep / rivers beam ratio of 10 to 20%. Currently estimation for river naturality widely used in rivers were consisted of a narrow wide a variety of items and did not reflect the actual.
Adsorption Efficiency of Coal Based GACs and Evaluation of Economic Efficiency
Choi, Dong-Hoon ; Son, Hee-Jong ; Park, Jin-Sik ; Moon, Choo-Yeun ; Ryu, Dong-Choon ; Jang, Seong-Ho ; Kwon, Ki-Won ; Kim, Han-Soo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 205~213
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.205
This is made of domestic and foreign coal activated carbon of five species, physicochemical adsorption efficient about sterilize products and micro harmful substances and is a result of the economic evaluation. The most well-developed micropores bed volume 123,409 of AC-1 activate carbon appeared to be the best next AC-2, AC-3, AC-4, AC-5 followed by activated carbon was investigated. PFOA and PFOS in the BV 96,000 when evaluating foreign types of adsorption activated carbon adsorption capacity was greater when more than PFOA, PFOS showed that the adsorption well. The economic evaluation of activated carbon usage in chloroform (CUR) was most excellent as a AC-1 4.3 g/day, the next AC-2, AC-3, AC-4, AC-5 there are two types of foreign economic order appears to have appeared, but the current domestic market when applying the price AC-1, AC-3, AC-2, AC-4, AC-5 order was investigated.
Fish Passage Evaluations in the Fishway Constructed on Seungchon Weir
Choi, Ji-Woong ; Park, Chan-Seo ; Lim, Byung Jin ; Park, Jong-Hwan ; An, Kwang-Guk ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 215~223
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.215
The objective of this study was to evaluate fish passage efficiency, based on fish-trap monitoring methodology, in the fishway of Seungchon Weir, which was constructed on the lower region of Yeongsan River in 2011. Seasonal patterns and diel variations of fish movements, fish fauna, and compositions in the fishway were analyzed in relation to the current velocity and location of the trap-setting in the fishway. For the analysis, we conducted seven times surveys in 2012 on the fishway and also conducted intensive monitoring of the fishway as 3 hrs interval for the diel variations of fish fauna and compositions in the fishway. According to the fish-trap monitoring methodology, the total number of fish species was 13 species, which was a 43.3% of the total. Most dominant fish used the fishway was Squalidus chankaensis tsuchigae and the relative abundance of the species used the fishway was 33.5% of the total. The season and time zone (in diel variation) observed most frequently in the fishway were July and 18:00-21:00 PM, respectively. The fish movements and use-rates of fishway varied depending on the locations of trap-setting; Fish biomass and the number of species were statistically (p < 0.05) greater in the most right or left-sided traps than in the mid-traps. Also, fish movements and use-rates of fishway were influenced by current velocity on the fishway; fish in the fishway preferred the low current velocity (mean 0.71 m/sec) than the high current velocity (mean 1.13 m/sec). Further long-term studies should be monitored for the efficiency evaluations of the fishway.
Study on Risk Assesment of Debris Flow using GIS
Chang, In-Soo ; Park, Eun-Young ; Park, Ki-Bum ; Kim, Sungwon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 225~234
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.225
The relationship between debris flow and topographical factors is essential for the reliable estimation of soil loss. The objective of this paper is to estimate stability index and soil loss for assessing landsliding risk caused by debris flow. SIMAP and RUSLE are used to estimate stability index and soil loss, respectively. The landsliding risk area estimated by using SIMAP is found to be different from the large land area estimated by RUSLE. It is found that the spatial distribution of soil cover significantly influences landsliding risk area. Results also indicate that stability index and soil loss, estimated by soil cover factor, improve the assessment of landsliding risk.
The Impacts of High Temperature and Heavy Precipitation Amount on Winter Chinese Cabbage Yields
Cho, Jae-Hwan ; Suh, Jeong-Min ; Jin, Kyung-Ho ; Kang, Jum-Soon ; Hong, Chang-Oh ; Lim, Woo-Taik ; Lee, Sang-Gyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 235~242
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.235
The purpose of this article is analyzing the impacts of climate change on winter chinese cabbage yield in Korea, with employing a panel data regression model. Our results show that there is a negative impacts of high temperature and precipitation amount on winter chinese cabbage yields. Especially high temperature and rainfall in September cause serious damage to winter chinese cabbage yield. According to the reduction schedule on greenhouse gas emission(RCP 4.5 scenario.), winter chinese cabbage yield would be 7.7% lower than it is, for reasons of high temperature and rainfall damages by the end of 21st century.
Oil Absorbencies of Fibers of Biodegradable and Microbial Polymers Prepared by Electrospinning Method
Jang, Ei-Sup ; Lee, Won-Ki ; Park, Chan-Young ; Min, Sung-Kee ; Jang, Seong-Ho ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 243~249
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.243
Fibers of microbial polyesters, poly(3-hydroxy butyrate) (PHB) and poly(3-hydroxy butyrate-co-3-hydroxy valerate) (HB-co-HV) were prepared by electrospinning method. The obtained fibers were evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, and oil absorption. The formation of fibers was strongly dependent on a concentration of solution. At a low concentration, the fibers contained beads which is from aggregation of polymer due to short evaporation time. The fine fibers with
diameter were obtained at 20 wt% concentration. The contact angle measurement showed that the fiber had higher water contact angle than the film due to the lotus-like effect. Oil absorbency showed that the fiber had higher than the film. Specially, the HB-co-HV fiber which was spinned from 20 wt% absorbed 65% oil which is much higher than that of a normal polypropylene-based oil paper.
Analysis and Comparison of Flow Rate Measurements Using Various Discharge Measuring Instrument and ADCP
Ji, Ju-Yeon ; Park, Seung-Yong ; Lee, Gwang-Woo ; Park, Gyeong-Min ; Hwang, Soon-Hong ; Kim, Dong-Ho ; Lee, Young-Joon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 251~257
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.2.251
Discharge data examine the process of hydrologic cycle and used significantly in water resource planning and irrigation and flood control planning. It makes high quality discharge data, they carry out research on standard and method of discharge measurement, and equipment improvement. Now various flow meters are utilized to make discharge data in Korea. However, accuracy of equipment and exprerimental research data from measurement are not enough. ADCP(Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler) have been introduced and utilized for flow measurements since the end of 1980's. ADCP flow method is a formal method for flow measurement can easily applyd to relatively large rivers gradually recognized. This equipment can measure the non-contact three-dimensional velocity and water depth data very quickly and efficiently. Also, spatial and temporal resolution of the data is more accurate than any other flow measurement methods which measure flow rate by velocity - area measurement method. In this paper, the velocity is measured using various flow meter and verified the effectiveness by applying from the ADCP in Geum-river. Various flow meters which are med for discharge measurements are VALEPORT002, FLOW TRACKER, PRICE AA and ADCP. The average of five times flow measurement result by ADCP was
, with a standard deviation of 0.68. The repeat test by ADCP and comparison between ADCP and other flow devices to verify the most import factor, flow measurement accuracy. In the result, repeat test of the ADCP showed similar values, flow values were similar to other velocity device results and the average error is 7.7%.