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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Science International
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 22, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 22, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 22, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 22, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 22, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 22, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Review of Environmental Education in the US National Parks Service according to Social Transition : A Case Study on Two Pacific Northwest National Parks
Myers, Gene ; Park, Chung-In ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 385~396
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.385
National park, as a natural park, has a dual purpose, to promote both protection and enjoyment. The educational activities of the national park can be partly understood as one of the appropriate means to balance its double purposes. This study provides a review of environmental education in the US National Parks according to social transition. Taking historical perspective and case studies, environmental education has played roles in helping the balance between preservation and enjoyment. Since the environmental movement, environmental education goals, particularly understanding the natural processes observable at national parks, has become more a part of the interpretation and education missions of the parks. Also non-governmental and non-profit partners have played important educational-based roles in support of both the National Parks Service and environmental education goals. The two different models also differ in the public's perception of them. Federal employees are resented in some rural areas in the U.S., but the general population automatically attributes authority, friendliness, and national-interestedness to NPS Rangers. This may in turn limit how strongly such staff could serve as strong advocates for the environment. On the other hand, the non-profit may be seen by some as strongly liberally biased and associated with urban wealth. It is also not as universally recognized as the NPS. It can, however, go far to develop new partnerships and undertake public relations. Non-profits vary greatly in quality, also affecting public perception.
Research on the Evaluation of Communication Activities Space in City Park
Lv, Hong ; Cho, Tae-Dong ; Piao, Yong-Ji ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 397~406
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.397
With the methodology of AHP, this paper focuses on communication activities and their constituents in city parks, selecting 11 constituents, natural or artificial, and establishes an evaluation model on the basis of the analysis of the characteristics of tourists' communication activities in order to obtain the weight and order of importance of the constituents of communication activities space. First-grade indicators influence weight and the order of the constituents of communication activities space are: artificial constituents (0.6614) > natural constituents (0.3386). The weight and order of five secondary indicators attached to natural constituents: private space (0.1538) > shade tree (0.0955) > gentle slope mound (0.0474) > beautiful waterscape (0.0270) > sunshine lawn (0.0149); the weight and order of six secondary indicators attached to artificial constituents: field boundary (0.2865) > Leisure chairs (0.1843) > resting areas (0.0795) > appropriate square (0.0533) > tree-lined road (0.0352) > landscape sketch (0.0227).Using modern decision analysis methodology to research the relationship of environment constituent elements has great theoretical and practical significance for the scientific design and construction of suitable environment for human needs.
A Study of a Hydrophobic Surface: Comparing Pure Water and Contaminated Water
Ambrosia, Matthew Stanley ; Lee, Chang-Han ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 407~413
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.407
The flow of sewage has been studied for hundreds of years. Reducing drag in pipes can allow sewer to be removed easily and quickly. Drag reduction is not only a macroscale issue. Physical and chemical properties of the nano-scale can affect flow at the macroscopic scale. In this paper the predictability of hydrophobicity at the nano-scale is studied. Molecular dynamics simulations were used to calculate the range of contact angles of water droplets in equilibrium on a pillared graphite surface. It was found that at a pillar height of two graphite layers there was the largest range of contact angles. It is observed that at this height the droplet begins to transition from the Wenzel state to the Cassie-Baxter state. Surfaces with larger pillar heights have much larger contact angles corresponding to a more hydrophobic surface. Silicon dioxide was also simulated in the water droplet. The contaminant slight decreased the contact angle of the water droplet.
Transfer Functional Modeling Using Soil Moisture Measurements at a Steep Forest Hillslope
Kim, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 415~424
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.415
In this paper, time series of soil moisture were measured for a steep forest hillslope to model and understand distinct hydrological behaviours along two different transects. The transfer function analysis was presented to characterize temporal response patterns of soil moisture for rainfall events. The rainfall is a main driver of soil moisture variation, and its stochastic characteristic was properly treated prior to the transfer function delineation between rainfall and soil moisture measurements. Using field measurements for two transects during the rainy season in 2007 obtained from the Bumrunsa hillslope located in the Sulmachun watershed, a systematic transfer functional modeling was performed to configure the relationships between rainfall and soil moisture responses. The analysis indicated the spatial variation pattern of hillslope hydrological processes, which can be explained by the relative contribution of vertical, lateral and return flows and the impact of transect topography.
Life Cycle Assessment for the Business Activities of Green Company -2. Mass Balance and Environmental Improvement
Shin, Choon-Hwan ; Park, Do-Hyun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 425~433
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.425
A mass balance of process was calculated by using the analysis of basic unit and environmental assessment of all the processes of Busan fashion color industry cooperative that operates a combined heat and power plant and a bio treatment plant. The mass balance for the combined heat and power plant was done, based on boiler and water treatment processes while each unit reactor was used for the bio treatment plant. From the results above, a resource recycle network, a treatment flowchart for food waste water/wastewater treatment and a carbon reduction program were established.
Psychological Relaxation Effects of User Based upon the Types of Rooftop Garden
Kim, Jeong-Ho ; Yang, Ji ; Yoon, Yong-Han ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 435~442
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.435
The purpose of this study, the type of rooftop learn more about the psychological benefits to users has been carried out, and healthy college students were examined in 40 patients. Conduct research to make the rooftop of the type of lawn, trees, ecological garden, wetland biotope, flowering plant in Seoul were divided into six groups. Measurement methods based on the type designation of the Planting and landscape photography by once the participants for each 10 minutes to watch and mood state tests (POMS) and the mean fractionation (SD), based on survey information about the psychological effects were correlated. Mood States test lawn, tree-oriented type, flowering plant stability in type, kindness, openness, and the effect of raising warme there was a tension, anxiety, depression, anger inhibition was effective. In contrast, depression and fatigue are common rooftop greening, respectively. The results in terms of the psychological effects of the type of rooftop garden ecology and wetland biotope than lawn, tree-oriented type, flowering plant types of users with a positive psychological effect seemed to be better.
The Synoptic Meteorological Characteristics of Spring Rainfall in South Korea during 2008~2012
Park, So-Yeon ; Lee, Yong-Gon ; Kim, Jung-Yun ; Ahn, Suk-Hee ; Kim, Baek-Jo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 443~451
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.443
Spring rainfall events were comprehensively analyzed based on the distribution of precipitation amount and the related synoptic weather between 2008~2012. Forty-eight cases are selected among the rain events of the entire country, and each distribution of the 24-hour accumulated precipitation amount is classified into three types: evenly distributed rain(Type 1), more rain in the southern area and south coast region (Type 2), and more rain in the central region (Type 3), respectively. Type 1 constitutes the largest part(35 cases, 72.9%) with mean precipitation amount of 19.4 mm, and the 17 cases of Type 1 are observed in March. Although Type B and C constitutes small parts (11 cases, 22.9% and 2 cases, 4.2%), respectively. The precipitation amount of these types is greater than 34.5 mm and occurred usually in April. The main synoptic weather patterns affecting precipitation distribution are classified into five patterns according to the pathway of low pressures. The most influential pattern is type 4, and this usually occurs in March, April, and May (Low pressures from the north and the ones from the west and south consecutively affect South Korea, 37.5%). The pattern 3(Low pressures from the south affect South Korea, 25%) happens mostly in April, and the average precipitation is usually greater than 30 mm. This value is relatively higher than the values in any other patterns.
Evaluation of Pre-ozone Treatment and Economic Efficiency as Changing Raw Water Quality
Choi, Dong-Hoon ; Park, Jin-Sik ; Moon, Choo-Yeun ; Lee, Jae-Yong ; Ryu, Dong-Choon ; Jang, Seong-Ho ; Kwon, Ki-Won ; Lee, Soo-Ae ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 453~461
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.453
This study, changes in raw water quality is to indicate on the efficiency of ozone treatment of each pollutant as compared to derive the appropriate operating measures. The appropriate selection for injection rate of pre-ozone and did not inject pre-ozone assess changes in the water. When good water quality, you not injected of pre-ozone to evaluate the economic efficiency of electricity and put the most cost-effective ozone concentration were evaluated. Evaluation remove organic matter and chlorophyll-a concentration level in experiments with each factor of the water DOC> 2.5 mg/L, THMFP> 70
, Chl-a> 30
or less constant process, if you do not need to put pre-ozone showed little impact. It also does not put you in pre-ozone appropriate produce enough power rate savings was calculated as approximately 90 million won. Ability to remove organic materials and the ability to produce disinfection byproducts, and cost-effective decisions by considering the concentration of injection if pre-ozone 1 mg/L was investigated by the appropriate concentration of ozone injection.
Regulatory Actions of the Cordyceps Militaris Extract on the NEFA and LCAT Activity in Diabetic Disease Model System
Kim, Han-Soo ; Kim, Min-A ; Jang, Seong-Ho ; Kang, Dong-Soo ; Kang, Jin-Soon ; Lee, Won-Ki ; Lee, Chun-Sik ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 463~469
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.463
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the Cordyceps militaris extract on the improvement of the glucide metabolism in serum of streptozotocin (STZ, 50 mg/kg BW, IP injection)-induced diabetic rats (SD strain, male) fed the experimental diets for 5 weeks. Concentrations of creatinine, lipid peroxide and NEFA in sera were significantly higher in the STZ-induced diabetic group (group DMG) and STZ+Cordyceps militaris extract administration group (group DMS) than those in the control group (group BD). However, the concentrations of creatinine, lipid peroxide and NEFA in sera were reduced in the group DMS than those in the group DMG. The activity of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) in serum was lower in the group DMS than in the group DMG. The activity of LCAT in serum was increased in the group DMS (Cordyceps militaris extract administration) than in the group DMG. The results indicate that Cordyceps militaris extract were effective in the improvement of the glucide metabolism in the sera of STZ-induced diabetic rats.
Measurement of Heavy Metals Using Portable XRF in Children's Playing Goods
Kim, Hyung-Jin ; Baek, Young Man ; Jung, Kyung Hoon ; Hong, Suk Youn ; Heo, Hwa Jin ; Seong, Jin Uk ; Park, Je Chul ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 471~479
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.471
The present study was conducted to judge the applicability of field quality control by children's goods manufacturers by assessing the contents of heavy metals such as Pb and Cd in outdoor play goods for children through measurement using Portable XRF and comparing the results through detailed analyses using ICP. Heavy metal contents of 711 part samples of 505 products were measured using XRF. According to the results, the ratio of products that exceeded the Pb and Cd content standards specified under the Quality Management and Safety Control of Industrial Products Act were 2.4% and 2.6%. Many products certified for self-regulated safety exceeded the standards and thus it was considered that harmful chemical material centered safety management systems would be necessary. Detailed ICP analyses of some products were compared and the results showed deviations of 0.9~80.8% from XRF results. The reasons for this are deviations in the characteristics of measured cross sections and the homogeneity of samples resulting from sample preparation methods, etc. Therefore, it is considered that field quality control will be applicable if measuring methods are efficiently established based on product characteristics and calibration curve preparation methods are established through quality control.
A study on the design of customized coastal weather contents based on the demand survey with coastal industry fields
Kim, Hyunsu ; Kim, Yoo-Keun ; Song, Sang-Keun ; Jeong, Ju-Hee ; Son, Go-Eun ; Kim, Dong-Sik ; Kim, Hyung-Sop ; Kim, Ji-Won ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 481~492
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.481
In this study, the use survey of domestic and international weather information on coastal regions and the demand survey (e.g. general and in-depth surveys) for customer needs with coastal industries were carried out to design customized coastal weather contents. The general demand survey showed that most of the customers working in the coastal industries were interested in a short-term forecast, such as a general weather outlook (approximately 29% of the total respondents) and typhoon information (19%), and they preferred to be given the forecast information from new media such as the internet web-pages (36%) and mobile utilities (23%) rather than old media such as TV (16%) and radio (11%). In addition, only 31% of the total respondents were found to be satisfied with the use of the current coastal weather service. This low percentage might mainly be a result of lack of information accuracy (about 64%) and diversity (28%). From in-depth survey with site visiting, the need of coastal weather contents, such as weather elements, data form, a tool of communication, and forecast interval, differed with the working stages in three coastal industries (e.g. shipbuilding, maritime trade, and passenger transport industries).
Runoff Characteristics of Non-point Pollutants Source in Suwon City
Chi, Hong-Jin ; Lee, Sang-Eun ; Lee, Jae-Dong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 493~505
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.493
This study was to investigate the runoff characteristics of non-point pollutants source at the urban area in Suwon city. The highest T-N and T-P concentration of rainfall runoff observed in agricultural area. In residential area, the highest
and SS concentration of rainfall runoff was investigated. During rainfall events, the peak concentrations of SS and
were observed after 1~2 hours of rainfall in urban area. Whereas, the peak concentrations occurred within 1~2 hours after rainfall and then the highest concentrations of SS and
sharply decreased, showing strong first flush effect in urban area. The EMC results indicated that the highest value of T-N and T-P in agricultural area was observed. While residential area was shown the lowest EMC value as T-N and T-P. Non-point pollutant loads on the land use types in urban area were investigated in the order of residential>industrial>agricultural>highway.
and SS loads on urban watershed were investigated in the order of Suwon>Hwangguji>Seoho>Wonchunri. Whereas, T-N and T-P loads on urban watershed were investigated in the order of Hwangguji>Suwon>Wonchunri>Seho.
Emergy Cost-Benefit Evaluation of the Down Stream of Nakdong River Using Environmental-Ecological Concept
Jung, Hwa-Sook ; Lee, Seog-Mo ; Son, Hyeng-Sik ; Son, Hee-Jong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 507~514
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2013.22.4.507
The Nakdong River being used as drinking water sources for the Busan metropolitan city has the vulnerability of water management due to the fact that industrial areas are located in the upper Nakdong River. This study used emergy analysis method to evaluate ecological-economics of water treatment systems of D water treatment plant (WTP) where located in the downstream of the Nakdong River. The emergy methodology is a system evaluation tool that uses energy as the common currency to compare different resources on a common basis. Emergy yield ratio (EYR) and emergy sustainability index (EmSI) of D WTP were 1.16 and 0.18, respectively. It means not resources and sustainable system but consumer goods and not sustainable system. Ratio of emergy benefit to the purchaser (EBP) shows 2.7 times higher than economic costs. To change the weak water source and situations we need to diversity water intake.