Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Environmental Science International
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 23, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 23, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 23, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 23, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
Flood Discharge to Decision of Parameters in Han Stream Watershed
Jung, Woo-Yul ; Yang, Sung-Kee ; Kim, Dong-Su ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 533~541
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.533
The streams in Jeju Island have very distinctive hydrological and geological properties and there are a lot of limits in applying the general flood estimation method. This study presented parameters dominant in the Hancheon stream of Jeju Island by analyzing the sensitivity of parameters of HEC-HMS model regarding rainfall events in the target basin, and extracted the optimal parameter(Time of Concentration of Clark Unit Hydrograph: Kraven II method, Storage Coefficient: Sabol method) by analyzing and comparing it with the flood runoff data observed in the site and Jeju Island's observation data.
Error Analysis for Electromagnetic Surface Velocity and Discharge Measurement in Rapid Mountain Stream Flow
Kim, Dong-Su ; Yang, Sung-Kee ; Jung, Woo-Yul ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 543~552
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.543
Fixed Electromagnetic Wave Surface Velocimetry (Fixed EWSV) has been started to be used to measure flood discharge in the mountain stream, since it has various advantages such that it works well to continuously measure stream discharge even in the night time as well as very strong weather. On the contrary, the Fixed EWSV only measures single point surface velocity, thus it does not consider varying feature of the transverse velocity profile in the given stream cross-section. In addition, a conventional value of 0.85 was generally used as the ratio for converting the measured surface velocity into the depth-averaged velocity. These aspects could bring in error for accurately measuring the stream discharge. The capacity of the EWSV for capturing rapid flow velocity was also not properly validated. This study aims at conducting error analysis of using the EWSV by: 1) measuring transverse velocity at multiple points along the cross-section to assess an error driven by the single point measurement; 2) figuring out ratio between surface velocity and the depth-averaged velocity based on the concurrent ADCP measurements; 3) validating the capacity of the EWSV for capturing rapid flow velocity. As results, the velocity measured near the center by the fixed EWSV overestimated about 15% of the cross-sectional mean velocity. The converting ratio from the surface velocity to the depth-averaged velocity was 0.8 rather than 0.85 of a conventional ratio. Finally, the EWSV revealed unstable velocity output when the flow velocity was higher than 2 m/s.
Rainfall-Runoff Characteristics in a Jeju Stream considering Antecedent Precipitation
Yang, Sung-Kee ; Kim, Dong-Su ; Jung, Woo-Yul ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 553~560
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.553
The rainfall-runoff characteristics in Jeju Island significantly differ from those in inland, due to highly permeable geologic features driven by volcanic island. Streams are usually sustained in the dry conditions and thereby the rainfall-runoff characteristics changes in terms of initiating stream discharge and its types, depending highly on the antecedent precipitation. Among various the rainfall-runoff characteristics, lag time mainly used for flood warning system in river and direct runoff ratio for determining water budget to estimate groundwater recharge quantity are practically crucial. They are expected to vary accordingly with the given antecedent precipitation. This study assessed the lag time in the measured hydrograph and direct runoff ratio, which are especially in the upstream watershed having the outlet as
Dongsan bridge of Han stream, Jeju, based upon several typhoon events such as Khanun, Bolaven, Tembin, Sanba as well as a specific heavy rainfall event in August 23, 2012. As results, considering that the lag time changed a bit over the rainfall events, the averaged lag time without antecedent precipitation was around 1.5 hour, but it became increased with antecedent precipitation. Though the direct run-off ratio showed similar percentages (i.e., 23%)without antecedent precipitation, it was substantially increased up to around 45% when antecedent precipitation existed. In addition, the direct run-off ration without antecedent precipitation was also very high (43.8%), especially when there was extremely heavy rainfall event in the more than five hundreds return period such as typhoon Sanba.
A Proposal of Baseflow using Discharge Measurement Method in the Streams of Island
Lee, Jun-Ho ; Yang, Sung-Kee ; Jung, Woo-Yul ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 561~569
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.561
The water resources system of Jeju-do Island entirely depends on groundwater. This study is making a precision observation of baseflow, surface water, water shortage that might be vulnerable to climate change and drought in future. The field observation of baseflow discharges in Akgeuncheon stream has regularly been made with ADCP and ADC and Flowmate every two weeks for twenty-two (22) months (July 8, 2011 to April 27, 2013). This paper represent the results of calculating discharge of a number of hydraulic structures (broad-crested weirs) with comparing and has been calculated more accurate discharges with suitability of different observation methods. The average discharge has been observed 0.851
, whereas the average ADC and Flowmate is 0.709
. Meanwhile, stream discharge has been calculated 0.709
through the broad-crested weir equation. The discharge has calculated with the weir equation greatly changed according to even a small change in the water level. However, it showed a similar trend to one of the observed discharge. Although, in past there were generating errors caused by observers' strides, vertical and horizontal flow velocity distribution when the average flow velocity had been measured, non-prismatic flow, turbulent flow and others in ADC. This study comes up with the weir equation is more suitable for the characteristics of Jeju-do could be presented through an observations of baseflow discharge.
Flood Runoff Calculation using Disaster Monitoring CCTV System
Kim, Yong-Seok ; Yang, Sung-Kee ; Yu, Kwonkyu ; Kim, Dong-Su ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 571~584
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.571
The present study aims to apply a surface image velocimetry(SIV) system to video images captured with CCTV and estimate the flood discharge. The CCTV was installed at the Hancheon Bridge of the Han Cheon in Jeju Island for disaster surveillance, and seven flood events occurred in 2012 were used. During the image analyses, input parameters, interrogation areas and searching areas were determined with proper calibration procedures. To check for accuracy and applicability of SIV, the velocities and flood discharges estimated by SIV were compared with the measured ones by an electromagnetic surface velocimeter, Kalisto. The comparison results showed fairly good agreements. The RMSE(Root Mean Square Error) values between two instruments showed a range of 4.13 and 14.2, and the determination coefficients reached 0.75 through 0.85. It means that the SIV could be used as a good alternative method for other traditional velocity measuring instruments in measuring flood discharges.
Calculation of the Flood Runoff of the River with Imaging Equipments
Kang, Bo-Seong ; Yang, Sung-Kee ; Jung, Woo-Yeol ; Kim, Yong-Seok ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 585~594
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.585
This study Analyzed four of seven runoffs which had happened in 2012 in comparison with the runoffs shown in Kalesto data, using the fixed surface image velocimetry (FSIV) installed at Oedo stream, Jeju Island. As a result of identifying a runoff curve graph, it was analyzed that the flood runoffs calculated with two observation devices were almost equivalent. As the differences in peak flows were 10
, the very similar result values were calculated. Even though there were errors in RMSE(Root Mean Square Error) made by two observation devices according to the degree of the peak flow, the values of
by flood event were 0.89, 0.87, 0.86 and 0.82, showing the result values almost close to 1. Therefore, there was a very high correlation in flood runoffs calculated with two observation devices. This research method was considered to be a very suitable method to measure unexpected flood runoffs which could happen in the island area such as Jeju island during bad weather.
Estimation of Probable Precipitation considering Altitude in the Jeju Islands
Ko, Jae-Wook ; Yang, Sung-Kee ; Jung, Woo-Yul ; Yang, Se-Chang ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 595~603
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.595
Jeju Island, a volcanic island, is the region that shows the biggest rainfall and has a big elevation-specific deviation of precipitation, but Jeju Island River Maintenance Plan doesn't reflect the characteristics of Jeju Island as it only calculates probable precipitation from four weather stations with elevation less than 100m. Therefore, this study uses AWS observational data in four Jeju Island weather stations and other regions to calculate location-specific probable precipitation, review the elevation-probable precipitation correlation in southern and northern regions, and create a probable precipitation map for all regions of Jeju Island, in order to produce better outcomes. This study is expected to be the most basic data to establish a safe Jeju island from flood disaster in preparation for the future climate changes and widely used for Jejudo Basin Dimension Planning, River Maintenance Plan, Pre-Disaster Impact Review, etc.
Delay Time Estimation of Recharge in the Hancheon Watershed, Jeju Island
Kim, Nam-Won ; Na, Hanna ; Chung, Il-Moon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 605~613
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.605
In this work, the delay time for groundwater recharge was estimated by comparing simulated recharges by means of SWAT(Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model and WTF(Water Table Fluctuation) method. The delay time for groundwater recharge means that the time when the water from rainfall travelled through vadose zone just after getting out of soil zone bottom. As measuring this delay time is almost impossible, we used to compare the estimated values from modeling(SWAT) and analytic method(WTF). The test site is Hancheon watershed which has 8 groundwater measurement stations. The results show that the altitude has a linear relationship with the estimated delay time values. To validate these results, we conducted corelation analysis between transformed groundwater levels and observed ones. The results showed that computed groundwater levels have good corelation(
=0.97, 0.87, respectively). The estimated delay time would be used for the groundwater behaviour characteristics in vadose zone. As recharge rates vary according to the height, the delay time is thought to be an import variable for the proper groundwater recharge estimation.
A Study on the Characteristics of Parameters in Groundwater Table Fluctuation Model
Kim, Nam-Won ; Kim, Youn-Jung ; Chung, Il-Moon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 615~623
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.615
The groundwater level varies according to the characteristics and composite materials of aquifer. In this study, specific yield and reaction factor which are the major two hydrogeological parameters in the WTF(Water Table Fluctuation) method were estimated and analyzed spatial characteristics. 8 groundwater level stations which have enough measuring period and high correlation with rainfall in the Hancheon watershed were used. The results showed that specific yield was randomly distributed and reaction factor showed inverse trend with altitude. If the enough data were collected, reaction factor according to altitude in ungauged points could be estimated by using these parameter characteristics.
Analyzing Spatio-Temporal Variation of Groundwater Recharge in Jeju Island by using a Convolution Method
Shin, Kyung-Hee ; Koo, Min-Ho ; Chung, Il-Moon ; Kim, Nam-Won ; Kim, Gi-Pyo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 625~635
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.625
Temporal variation of groundwater levels in Jeju Island reveals time-delaying and dispersive process of recharge, mainly caused by the hydrogeological feature that thickness of the unsaturated zone is highly variable. Most groundwater flow models have limitations on delineating temporal variation of recharge, although it is a major component of the groundwater flow system. A new mathematical model was developed to generate time series of recharge from precipitation data. The model uses a convolution technique to simulate the time-delaying and dispersive process of recharge. The vertical velocity and the dispersivity are two parameters determining the time series of recharge for a given thickness of the unsaturated zone. The model determines two parameters by correlating the generated recharge time series with measured groundwater levels. The model was applied to observation wells of Jeju Island, and revealed distinctive variations of recharge depending on location of wells. The suggested model demonstrated capability of the convolution method in dealing with recharge undergoing the time-delaying and dispersive process. Therefore, it can be used in many groundwater flow models for generating a time series of recharge.
Evaluation of Drought Effect on Groundwater System using Groundwater Level Data in Jeju Island
Song, Sung-Ho ; Lee, Byung-Sun ; Choi, Kwang-Jun ; Kim, Jin-Sung ; Kim, Gi-Pyo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 637~647
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.637
Quantitative assessment of groundwater level change under extreme event is important since groundwater system is directly affected by drought. Substantially, groundwater level fluctuation reveals to be delayed from several hours to few months after raining according to the aquifer characteristics. Groundwater system in Jeju Island would be also affected by drought and almost all regions were suffered from a severe drought during summer season (July to September) in 2013. To estimate the effect of precipitation to groundwater system, monthly mean groundwater levels in 2013 compared to those in the past from 48 monitoring wells belong to be largely affected by rainfall(Dr) over Jeju Island were analyzed. Mean groundwater levels during summer season recorded 100 mm lowered of precipitation compared to the past 30 years became decreased to range from 2.63 m to 5.42 m in southern region compared to the past and continued to December. These decreasing trends are also found in western(from -1.21 m to -4.06 m), eastern(-0.91 m to -3.24 m), and northern region(from 0.58 m to -4.02 m), respectively. Moreover, the response of groundwater level from drought turned out to be -3.80 m in August after delaying about one month. Therefore, severe drought in 2013 played an important role on groundwater system in Jeju Island and the effect of drought for groundwater level fluctuation was higher in southern region than other ones according to the regional difference of precipitation decrease.
Prediction of Regional Drought considering Aspect and Elevation in Jeju Island under Future Climate Change
Park, Jong-Chul ; Choi, Kwang-Jun ; Song, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 649~660
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.649
Spatial and temporal patterns of precipitation and temperature occur with regard to aspect and elevation of Mt. Halla in Jeju Island. Therefore, there is a need to predict regional drought associate with them to mitigate of impacts of drought. In this study, regional drought is predicted based on Palmer drought severity index (PDSI) and standardized precipitation index (SPI) using future (2015~2044) climate change scenario RCP (representative concentration pathways) 4.5 classified as 24 regions according to aspect and elevation. The results show that number and duration of drought will be decrease in Jeju Island. However, severity of severe drought will be increase in western and northern aspect with under 200 meters above mean sea level. These findings provide primary information for developing the proactive strategies to mitigate impacts of drought by future climate change in Jeju Island.
Estimation of Hydraulic Characteristics and Prediction of Groundwater Level in the Eastern Coastal Aquifer of Jeju Island
Jo, Si-Beom ; Jeon, Byung-Chil ; Park, Eun-Gyu ; Choi, Kwang-Jun ; Song, Sung-Ho ; Kim, Gi-Pyo ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 661~672
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.661
Due to tidal force, it is very difficult to estimate the hydraulic parameters of high permeable aquifer near coastal area in Jeju Island. Therefore, to eliminate the impact of tidal force from groundwater level and estimate the hydraulic properties, tidal response technique has been mainly studied. In this study we have extracted 38 tidal constituents from groundwater level and harmonic constants including frequency, amplitude, and phase of each constituent using T_TIDE subroutine which is used to estimate oceanic tidal constituents, and then we have estimated hydraulic diffusivity associated with amplitude attenuation factor(that is the ratio of groundwater level amplitude to sea level amplitude for each tidal constituent) and phase lag(that is phase difference between groundwater level and sea level for each constituent). Also using harmonic constants for each constituent, we made the sinusoidal wave and then we constructed the synthesized wave which linearly combined sinusoidal wave. Finally, we could get residuals(net groundwater level) which was excluded most of tidal influences by eliminating synthesized wave from raw groundwater level. As a result of comparing statistics for synthesized level and net groundwater level, we found that the statistics for net groundwater level was more insignificant than those of synthesized wave. Moreover, in case of coastal aquifer which the impact of tidal force is even more than those of other environmental factors such as rainfall and groundwater yield, it is possible to predict groundwater level using synthesized wave and regression analysis of residuals.
Characteristics of Fine Particle and Metallic Elements at School Classroom in Summertime
Jeon, Byung-Il ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 673~679
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.673
This study aims to investigate the indoor air quality by analyzing
concentration and metallic elements collected from high school(classroom, science room, assembly room).
concentration of a classroom, a science room, and an assembly hall during the research period was 87.7
, respectively. Si of
had highest concentration with 15,427
followed by Na which had 7,205
, and the order was Si>Na>Ca>Mg>Fe>K in the classroom.
concentration of a classroom and a science room was each 104.8
during the semester and
concentration of a classroom and an assembly hall was each 80.9
during the summer vacation. Based on
and metallic concentration at a classroom on day of week, the concentration of Friday was highest with 112.0
, and that of Monday was lowest with 65.3
Effect of Dye-Degrading Microbes' Augmentation on Microbial Ecosystem of the Fluidizing Media and Color Treatment in a Pilot Plant
Kim, Jung-Tae ; Lee, Geon ; Park, Do-Hyeon ; Kang, Kyeong-Hwan ; Kim, Joong-Kyun ; Lee, Sang-Joon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 681~695
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.681
In a pilot-scale dyeing wastewater treatment using two-type fluidizing media, each thickness of biofilm was 15 and 30
, respectively. The numbers of protozoa inhabited in small-size (PEMT A) and big-size (PEMT B) media were
cells/ml, respectively, and dominant species were Entosiphon sulcatus var sulcatus in PEMT A and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in PEMT B, respectively. Flask experiments using the two media revealed that the percentages of color removal were 25.8% in PEMT A and 27.1% in PEMT B after 72-h cultivation, indicating the necessity of bioaugmentation. Experiments for bioaugmentation effect on color removal were carried out in the pilot-scale treatment for 75 d by three-step operation under the control of wastewater loading rate and microbial input rate. Dye degradation occurred mainly in the second reaction tank, and the attachment of augmented dye-degrading microorganisms to media took at least 35 d. Final value of chromaticity in effluent was 227, meeting the required standard. Therefore bioaugmentation onto media was good for color treatment. In summary, thickness of biofilm formed on the media depended upon the size of media, resulting in different ecosystem inside the media. Hence, this affected microbial community and color treatment further. Accordingly, the reduction of operation cost is expected by efficient color-treatment process using bioaugmented media.
Estimation and Variation of an Exposed Population of a Vulnerable Group to High Ozone Episodes
Kang, Jae-Eun ; Bang, Jin-Hee ; Oh, In-Bo ; Kim, Yoo-Keun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 697~705
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.697
The exposed population of a vulnerable group to high ozone episodes (exceeding 60 ppb/8h) was estimated in Busan metropolitan city from 2000 to 2010. The frequency of high ozone days at monitoring sites and the number of the population aged over 65 were used to calculate the accumulated (total, seasonal, and yearly) number of the exposed older population (EOP) to high ozone episodes during the study period based on administrative areas, by interpolation and zonal mean methods in ArcGIS software. The older population in this city had increased significantly from 2000 to 2010 (representing over 10% of the total population in 2010). The vulnerable areas (e.g. the eastern area of the city) of the EOP to high ozone episodes were different from the areas with frequent high ozone episodes (e.g., the western area) due to the increase of the older population in particular areas. The difference was more significant in spring than in any other season, and in 2010 than in previous years (2000 and 2005).
Economic Impacts of Abnormal Climate on Total Output of Red Pepper
Cho, Jae-Hwan ; Suh, Jeong-Min ; Kang, Jum-Soon ; Hong, Chang-Oh ; Lim, Woo-Taik ; Shin, Hyun-Moo ; Kim, Woon-Won ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 707~713
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.707
The purpose of this article is analyzing the economic impacts of abnormal climate on total revenue of red pepper in Korea, with employing the equilibrium displacement model. Our simulation results show the rate of yield change, price change, and total revenue change according to the climate change scenarios. In th case of by RCP 8.5 Scenario, red pepper production volume would be expected to decrease by 77.2% compared to 2012 while price increasing by 29.6%. As a result, total revenue to be returned to farmers would be reduced by 47.6% than it was in 2012. In contrast, total revenue would be expected to decline by 29.6% according to RCP 4.5 scenario.
Evaluation of Coagulation Characteristics of Fe(III) and Al(III) Coagulant using On-line Monitoring Technique
Son, Hee-Jong ; Yoom, Hoon-Sik ; Kim, Sang-Goo ; Seo, Chang-Dong ; Hwang, Young-Do ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 715~722
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.715
Effects of coagulation types on flocculation were investigated by using a photometric dispersion analyzer (PDA) as an on-line monitoring technique in this study. Nakdong River water were used and alum and ferric chloride were used as coagulants. The aim of this study is to compare the coagulation characteristics of alum and ferric chloride by a photometric dispersion analyzer (PDA). Floc growing rates (
) in three different water temperatures (
) and coagulants doses (0.15 mM, 0.20 mM and 0.25 mM as Al, Fe) were measured. The floc growing rate (
) by alum was 1.8~2.8 times higher than that of ferric chloride during rapid mixing period, however, for 0.15 mM~0.25 mM coagulant doses the floc growing rate (
) by ferric chloride was 1.1~2.3 times higher than that of alum in the slow mixing period at
water temperature. Reasonable coagulant doses of alum and ferric chloride for turbidity removal were 0.1 mM (as Al) and 0.2 mM (as Fe), respectively, and the removal efficiency of those coagulant doses showed 94% for alum and 97% for ferric chloride. The appropriate coagulant dose of alum and ferric chloride for removing dissolved organic carbon (DOC) showed about 0.3 mM (as Al, Fe) and at this dosage, DOC removal efficiencies were 36% and 44%, and ferric chloride was superior to the alum for removal of the DOC in water.
Analysis of Sediment Discharge by Long-term Runoff in Nakdong River Watershed using SWAT Model
Ji, Un ; Kim, Tae-Geun ; Lee, Eun-Jeong ; Ryoo, Kyong-Sik ; Hwang, Man-Ha ; Jang, Eun-Kyung ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 723~735
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.723
Sediment discharge by long-term runoff in the Nakdong River watershed should be predicted for the maintenance and management of the Nakdong River newly changed by the four major river restoration project. The data establishment by the analysis of runoff and sediment discharge using the long-term watershed model is necessary to predict possible problems by incoming sediments and to prepare countermeasures for the maintenance and management. Therefore, sediment discharges by long-term runoff in the main points of the Nakdong River were calculated using SWAT(soil and water assessment tool) model and the relations and features between rainfall, runoff, and sediment discharge were analyzed in this study. As a result of sediment discharge calculation in the main points of the Nakdong River and tributaries, the sediment discharge at the outlet of the Naesung Stream was greater than the Jindong Station in the Lower Nakdong River from 1999 to 2008 except the years with low precipitation. The sediment discharge at the Nakdong River Estuary Barrage (NREB) was corresponding to 20% of the Jindong Station which is located about 80 km upstream from NREB.
Improvement of Rapid Sand Filtration to Two Stage Dual Media Filtration System in Water Treatment Plant
Woo, Dal-Sik ; Kim, Jooneon ; Hwang, Byung-Gi ; Chae, Su-Kweon ; Jo, Kwanhyung ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 4, 2014, Pages 737~742
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.4.737
This study aimed for evaluating the applicability of the two stage dual media filtration system in field water treatment plant. The field plant of two stage and dual media filtration system was operated for 2 months. Average iron concentrations of the settled water, existing filtered water and second stage filtered water was 0.041 mg/L, 0.007 mg/L and 0.005 mg/L, respectively. Removal efficiency of iron concentration in the second stage is appropriately 35% more than in existing filtered water. Also removal efficiency of residual chlorine in the dual media filtration system is relatively 42.3% more than in existing filtered water due to adsorption of activated carbon, but the removal of ammonia nitrogen by adsorption is insufficient. Average concentrations of THM and chloroform in the settled water are 0.033 mg/L, 0.026 mg/L, respectively and in existing filtered water are 0.023 mg/L and 0.023 mg/L. Average concentrations of THM and chloroform in the dual media filtration system are 0.008 mg/L and 0.013 mg/L. Therefore removal efficiency of THM concentration in second stage is more than 66.4% in existing filtrated water. Also removal efficiency of chloroform in the dual media filtration system is more than 50.0% in existing filtered water because of the adsorption of activated carbon. In this case backwashing period in dual stage system is 4~5 days, but in existing filtration system is 1~2 days.