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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Science International
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 23, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 23, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 23, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 23, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
Trophic State Index (TSI), Spatial Gradient Characteristics and the Empirical Models for Eutrophication Evaluations in Daecheong Reservoir
Kwon, Hyuk-Hyun ; An, Kwang-Guk ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1537~1549
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1537
The objectives of this study were to analyze reservoir trophic state, based on Trophic State Index (TSI), spatial variation patterns of three zones (riverine, transition, and lacustrine zone), and empirical models through 20-years long-term data analysis. Trophic variables of TP and CHL-a were highest during the summer monsoon, and decreased along the main axis from the riverine to lacustrine zone. In the mean time, TN did not show the trend. Ratios of N:P and Secchi disc transparency (SD) increased from the riverine to lacustrine zone. The analysis of trophic state index (TSI) showed that mean TSI (TP) and TSI (CHL-a) were 62 and 57, respectively, and these values were highest in the transition zone during the summer. This zone should be managed well due to highest lake water pollution. The analysis of Trophic State Index Deviation (TSID) showed that algal growth was primarily limited by light penetration, and this was most pronounced in the monsoon season. The analysis of empirical models showed that the value of
, based on CHL-SD model, was 0.30 (p < 0.0001) in the transition zone and the
, based on TP-SD model, was 0.41 (p < 0.0001) in the transition zone.
Numerical study on the characteristics of TKE in coastal area for offshore wind power
Yoo, Jung-Woo ; Lee, Soon-Hwan ; Lee, Hwa-Woon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1551~1562
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1551
To clarify the characteristics of TKE (Turbulence Kinetic Energy) variation for offshore wind power development, several numerical experiments using WRF were carried out in three different coastal area of the Korean Peninsula. Buoyancy, mechanical and shear production term of the TKE budget are fundamental elements in the production or dissipation of turbulence. Turbulent kinetic energy of the south coast region was higher than in other sea areas due to the higher sea surface temperature and strong wind speed. In south coast region, strong wind passing through the Korea Strait is caused by channelling effect of the terrain of the Geoje Island. Although wind speed is weak in east coast, because of large difference in wind speed between the upper and lower layer, the development of mechanical turbulence tend to be predominant. Since lower sea surface temperature and smaller wind shear were detected in west coastal region, the possibility of turbulence production not so great in comparison with other regions. The understanding of the characteristics of turbulence in three different coastal region can be reduced the uncertainty of offshore wind construction.
The autecology of Zostera marina and Z. japonica at Sagumi Bay in the southwestern coast of Korea
Ok, Jae-Seung ; Lee, Sang-Yong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1563~1572
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1563
The autecology of the Zostera marina and Z. japonica was studied in populations growing in the same locality (Sagumi Bay, southwestern coast of Korea). Environmental factors and plant characteristics were examined monthly from August 2008 to September 2011. Along intertidal zone, Z. japonica (0.1-0.5 m above mean lower low water, MLLW) occurred above Z. marina (0.5-2.5 m MLLW). Tidal exposure at low tide during day was the highest in the spring and the lowest in the summer. Underwater Irradiance showed seasonal fluctuation that was the highest in spring and summer caused by tidal pattern. Strong seasonal patterns in water temperature appeared to control the seasonal variations in morphology, biomass and leaf growth. The seasonal pattern of Z. japonica resembled that of the Z. marina in morphological characteristics, above-and below-ground biomass, whereas it differed in shoot density and leaf elongation. Despite some similarities in seasonal growth patterns, the patterns of Z. japonica were lagged by 2 month of Z. marina. Seasonal variation in the above biomass of Z. marina was caused by changes in density and plant size, whereas that of Z. japonica was mainly caused by changes in shoot density. Zostera marina was more sensitive to high temperatures than Z. japonica, and the increasing water temperature during the summer became the factor that inhibits the growth of the Z. marina. Zostera Japonica, there is no clear change according to the amount of the light. It is because its habitat locates above that of Zostera marina so that the amount of the light that is necessary to growth is enough and in this condition, any preventing factor does not seem to work at all. Although underwater light getting into Zostera marina's habitat is very low level and there is no any hindrance to the survival of them, it prevents them from their productivity a bit.
Effect of LED Light Quality on Growth and Flowering of Kalanchoe
Kim, So-Hee ; Heo, You ; Hwang, Ryeong-Hwan ; Park, Young-Hoon ; Choi, Young-Whan ; Suh, Jeong-Min ; Kang, Jum-Soon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1573~1581
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1573
This study was conducted to examine the effect of LED light quality and supplemental LED light on growth and flowering for potted flowering plant of Kalanchoe. 1. Plant height of Kalanchoe was enhanced under Red, regardless of treatment time. 2. Root length and stem diameter of Kalanchoe were enhanced by Red+Blue. 3. The number of internodes was not influenced by LED light quality. Length of flower stalk of Kalanchoe increased under Red+Blue, but treatment time did not result in statistically significant differences. 4. Leaf area was not influenced by LED light quality in Kalanchoe. 5. The number of flower buds and open flowers was decreased by LED light treatment, but days to flowering was reduced by Red+Blue for 4 hr after sunset in Kalanchoe. 6. Chlorophyll and anthocyanin content was not significantly affected by LED light treatment, but anthocyanin content tended to increase by Blue 4 hr after sunset. 7. Fresh and dry weight did not increased by LED light treatment in Kalanchoe.
Preparation of PVA-D2EHPA/TOPO Beads by Immobilizing Extractants D2EHPA and TOPO with PVA and Removal Characteristics of Copper Ions from Aqueous Solution
Kam, Sang-Kyu ; Park, Jeong-Min ; Lee, Min-Gyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1583~1591
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1583
PVA-D2EHPA/TOPO beads containing two extractants, di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) and trioctylphoshine oxide (TOPO) were prepared for the removal of copper ions from aqueous solution. The prepared PVA-D2EHPA/TOPO beads were characterized by SEM and FT-IR. The removal characteristics of copper ions by PVA-D2EHPA/TOPO beads was investigated using batch and continuous systems. In batch experiments, the maximum removal capacity calculated from Langmuir isotherm model was 18.6 mg/g and the optimal pH was in the range of 4.5~6. The continuous experiments showed that the removal capacity of copper ions increased with increasing inlet copper ion concentrations and bed heights, but decreased with increasing inlet flow rates.
Comparisons of Adsorption-Desorption Characteristics of Major 10 Kinds Components Consisting of Gasoline Vapor
Lee, Song-Woo ; Na, Young-Soo ; Lee, Min-Gyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1593~1600
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1593
Adsorption and desorption characteristics of the representative 10 kinds components consisting of gasoline vapor on activated carbon were investigated at the temperature range of
. The breakthrough curves of each vapors obtained by the Thomas model were well described the breakthrough experimental results of this study. The breakthrough times of each vapors were correlated with the molecular weight, density, and vapor pressure. The breakthrough times had greater correlation with boiling point than molecular weight and density. The slope of the breakthrough curve was a proportional relationship with the rate constant (k) of Thomas model expression. The higher the slope of the breakthrough curve, the rate constant was larger. The biggest slope vapor had the smallest adsorption capacity (
). Adsorption and desorption characteristics of mixed vapor similar to the gasoline vapor were studied at room temperature (
). The mixed vapor consisting of 9 components; group A (pentane, hexene, hexane), group B (benzene, toluene), group C (octane, ethylbenzene, xylene, nonane) was examined. Group A was not nearly adsorbed because of substitution by group C, and the desorption capacity of group A was smaller than group C. The adsorbed substances were confirmed to be Group C.
A Study on the Inactivation of Phytophthora Blight Pathogen (Phytophthora capsici) using Plasma Process
Kim, Dong-Seog ; Park, Young-Seek ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1601~1608
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1601
Plasma reactor was used for the inactivation of Phytophthora capsici which is phytophthora blight pathogen in aquiculture. Effects of first voltage, second voltage, air flow rate, pH, incubation water concentration were examined. At the low
voltage, under 80 V, the lag phase was noticed within 30 sec, however, it was not shown over 100 V. The variation of optimum operation condition was not shown by the variation of microorganisms. However, the inactivation rate was different by the variation of species of microorganisms. The inactivation rate and efficiency were increased by the increase of
voltage. The highest initial inactivation rate was shown at pH 3 and the rate was decreased by the increase of pH. The inactivation rate increased by the increase of air flow rate, however, it was shown as similar at the rate of 4 L/min and 5 L/min. The inactivation rate was distinctly decreased at the three times concentration of incubation solution comparing at the distilled water and basic incubation solution.
Adsorption Characteristics of Cobalt, Strontium, and Cesium on Natural Soil and Kaolin
Cheon, Kyeong Ho ; Choi, Jeong-Hak ; Shin, Won Sik ; Choi, Sang June ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1609~1618
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1609
In this study, as a fundamental study for the remediation of the radionuclides-contaminated soil, the adsorption of cobalt, strontium, and cesium on natural soil and kaolin were experimently investigated and adsorption characteristics were evaluated by using several adsorption kinetic and isotherm models. The pseudo-first-order kinetic model (PFOM), pseudo-second-order kinetic model (PSOM), one-site mass transfer model (OSMTM), and two compartment first-order kinetic model (TCFOKM) were used to evaluate the kinetic data and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model was the best with good correlation. The adsorption equilibria of cobalt, strontium, and cesium on natural soil were fitted successfully by Redlich-Peterson and Sips models. For kaolin, the adsorption equilibria of cobalt, strontium, and cesium were fitted well by Redlich-Peterson, Freundlich, and Sips models, respectively. The amount of adsorbed radionuclides on natural soil and kaolin was in the order of cesium > strontium > cobalt. It is considered that these results could be useful to predicting the adsorption behaviors of radionuclides such as cobalt, strontium, and cesium in soil environments.
Investigation of Urban High Temperature Phenomenon in Summer using the High Density Ground Monitoring System in Daegu Metropolitan Area
Kim, Sang-Heon ; Cho, Chang-Bum ; Kim, Hae-Dong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1619~1626
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1619
We analyzed diurnal variations in the surface air temperature using the high density urban climate observation network in Daegu metropolitan city, the representative basin-type city in Korea, in summer, 2013. We used a total of 28 air temperature observation points data(16 thermometers and 12 AWSs). From the distribution of monthly average air temperature, air temperature at the center of Daegu was higher than the suburbs. Also, the days of daily minimum air temperature more than or equal to
and daily maximum air temperature more than or equal to
at the schools near the center of Daegu was more than those at other schools. This tendency appeared more clearly on the days of daily minimum air temperature more than or equal to
. Also, the air temperature near the center of the city was higher than that of the suburbs in the early morning. Thus it was indicated that the air temperature was hard to decrease as the bottom of the basin. From these results, the influence of urbanization to the formation of the daily minimum temperature in Daegu was indicated.
Application of DBD Plasma Catalysis Hybrid Process to remove Organic Acids in Odors
Hong, Eun-Gi ; Suh, Jeong-Min ; Choi, Kum-Chan ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1627~1634
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1627
Odor control technology include absorption, adsorption, incineration and biological treatments. But, most of processes have some problems such as secondary organic acids discharge at the final odor treatment facility. In order to solve the problems for effective treatment of organic acids in odor, it is necessary to develop a new type advanced odor control technology. Some of the technology are plasma only process and plasma hybrid process as key process of the advanced technology. In this study, odor removal performance was compared DBD(Dielectric Barrier Discharge)plasma process with PCHP(plasma catalysis hybrid process) by gaseous ammonia, formaldehyde and acetic acid. Plasma only process by acetic acid obtained higher treatment efficiency above 90%, and PCHP reached its efficiency up to 96%. Acetic acid is relatively easy pollutant to control its concentration other than sulfur and nitrogen odor compounds, because it has tendency to react with water quickly. To test of the performance of DBD plasma process by applied voltage, the tests were conducted to find the dependence of experimental conditions of the applied voltage at 13 kV and 15 kV separately. With an applied voltage at 15 kV, the treatment efficiency was achieved to more higher than 13 kV from 83% to 99% on ammonia, formaldehyde and acetic acid. It seems to the odor treatment efficiency depends on the applied voltage, temperature, humidity and chemical bonding of odors.
Evaluation of Biodegradation Characteristics of Haloacetic Acids by a Biofilm in a Drinking Water Distribution System
Son, Hee-Jong ; Kim, Do-Hwan ; Han, Young-Rip ; Choi, Young-Ik ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1635~1642
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1635
Haloacetic acids (HAAs) concentrations have been observed to decreased at drinking water distribution system extremities. This decrease is associated with microbiological degradation by pipe wall biofilm. The objective of this study was to evaluate HAAs degradation in a drinking water system in the presence of a biofilm and to identify the factors that influence this degradation. Degradation of monochloroacetic acid (MCAA), dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) was observed in a simulated distribution system. The results obtained showed that different parameters came into play simultaneously in the degradation of HAAs, including retention time, water temperature, biomass, and composition of organic matter. Seasonal variations had a major effect on HAAs degradation and biomass quantity (ATP concentration) was lower by 25% in the winter compared with the summer.
A Study of GHG-AP Integrated Inventories and Alternative Energy Use Scenario of Energy Consumption in the University
Jung, Jae-Hyung ; Kwon, O-Yul ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1643~1654
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1643
The university is one of the main energy consumption facilities and thereby releases a large amount of greenhouse gas (GHG). Accordingly, efforts for reducing energy consumption and GHG have been established in many local as well as international universities. However, it has been limited to energy consumption and GHG, and has not included air pollution (AP). Therefore, we estimated GHG and AP integrated emissions from the energy consumed by Seoul National University of Science and Technology during the years between 2010 and 2012. In addition, the effect of alternative energy use scenario was analysed. We estimated GHG using IPCC guideline and Guidelines for Local Government Greenhouse Inventories, and AP using APEMEP/EEA Emission Inventory Guidebook 2013 and Air Pollutants Calculation Manual. The estimated annual average GHG emission was
, of which 27% was direct emissions from fuel combustion sectors, including stationary and mobile source, and the remaining 73% was indirect emissions from purchased electricity and purchased water supply. The estimated annual average AP emission was 7,757 kgAP, of which the total amount was from direct emissions only. The annual GHG emissions from city gas and purchased electricity usage per unit area (
) of the university buildings were estimated as
and those per person enrolled in the university were
/capita. Alternative energy use scenarios revealed that the use of all alternative energy sources including solar energy, electric car and rain water reuse applicable to the university could reduce as much as 9.4% of the annual GHG and 34% of AP integrated emissions, saving approximately 400 million won per year, corresponding to 14% of the university energy budget.
Evaluation of Haloacetic Acid Formation Potential in Drinking Water Treatment Process by Fraction Technique
Son, Hee-Jong ; Hwang, Young-Do ; Ryu, Dong-Choon ; Jung, Chul-Woo ; Lee, Gun ; Son, Hyeng-Sik ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 23, issue 9, 2014, Pages 1655~1662
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.9.1655
A comprehensive fractionation technique was applied to a set of water samples obtained along drinking water treatment process with ozonation and biological activated carbon (BAC) process to obtain detailed profiles of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and to evaluate the haloacetic acid (HAA) formation potentials of these DOM fractions. The results indicated that coagulation-sedimentation-sand filtration treatment showed limited ability to remove hydrophilic fraction (28%), while removal of hydrophobic and transphilic fraction were 57% and 40%, respectively. And ozonation and BAC treatment showed limited ability to remove hydrophobic fractions (6%), while removal of hydrophilic and transphilic fractions were 25% and 18%. The haloacetic acid formation potential (HAAFP)/dissolved organic carbon (DOC) of hydrophilic fraction was the highest along the treatment train and HAAFP/DOC of hydrophilic fraction was higher than hydrophobic and transphilic fraction as 23%~30%, because of better removal for hydrophobic fraction both in concentration and reactivity.