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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Science International
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 12 - Dec 2015
Volume 24, Issue 11 - Nov 2015
Volume 24, Issue 10 - Oct 2015
Volume 24, Issue 9 - Sep 2015
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Aug 2015
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Jul 2015
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Jun 2015
Volume 24, Issue 5 - May 2015
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Apr 2015
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Mar 2015
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2015
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
Removal Characteristics of Sr(II) by Solid-Phase Extractant Prepared by Immobilizing Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) and Tri-butyl-phosphate (TBP) in Polysulfone
Kam, Sang-Kyu ; Jeon, Jin-Woo ; Lee, Min-Gyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 267~274
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.3.267
The feasibility of PS-D2EHPA/TBP beads prepared by immobilizing two extractants D2EHPA and TBP in polysulfone to remove Sr(II) from aqueous solution was investigated in batch system. Batch experiments were carried out to study equilibrium isotherms, kinetics, and thermodynamics. Equilibrium data were fitted using Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich-Peterson, and Dubinin-Radushkevich equation models at temperatures of 298 K, 313 K, and 328 K. The removal capacity of Sr(II) by PS-D2EHPA/TBP beads obtained from Langmuir model was 2.41 mg/g at 298 K. The experimental data were well represented by pseudo-second-order model. The removal process of Sr(II) by PS-D2EHPA/TBP beads prepared in this study was found to be feasible, endothermic, and spontaneous.
Radionuclides in Environmental Samples and Sample Concentration of Land in the Analysis in the Method of Direct
Jang, Eun-Sung ; Kim, Jin-Seop ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 275~280
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.3.275
In order to measure the Radionuclides and Concentration, the directly grinded land samples (river soil, pine leaves and mugwort) among the environment samples around the nuclear power plant were filled in a 450 mL Marinelli beaker and weighed to obtain the dry mass ratio of the samples. Then the background and land samples were measured for 80,000 sec. The analysis of the collected land samples showed that most of them contained less radiation nuclide than the detection minimum limit in the 'Ministry of Education, Science and Technology Public Notice No. 2010-32.'In others, the natural radionuclides
were detected. Of the products of nuclear reaction discharged by a nuclear reaction,
are more easily detected, and their discharge sources can be traced using the relative ratio. Although the radioactive concentration in the vicinity of Kori Nuclear Power Plant, which is more than 1,100km away from Fukushima, the Japanese nuclear accident site, continuous monitoring is needed as the radionuclides can still be accumulated in the soil or animals and plants.
Study on Effects of Meteorological Elements in the Grain Production of Korea
Chang, Young-Jae ; Lee, Joong-Woo ; Park, Jong-Kil ; Park, Heung Jai ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 281~290
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.3.281
Recent climate change has led to fluctuations in agricultural production, and as a result national food supply has become an important strategic factor in economic policy. As such, in this study, panel data was collected to analyze the effects of seven meteorological elements on the production of five types of grain with error component panel data regression method following the test results of LM tests, Hausman test. The key factors affecting the production of rice were average temperature, average relative humidity and average ground surface temperature. The fluctuations in the other four grains types are not well explained by meterological elements. For other grains and beans, only average temperature and time (year) affect the production of other grains while average temperature, ground surface temperature, and time (year) influence the production of beans. For barley and millet, only average temperature positively affects the production of barley while ground surface temperature and time (year) negatively influence the production of millet. The implications of this study are as follow. First, it was confirmed that the meteorological elements have profound effects on the rice production. Second, when compared to existing studies, this study was not limited to rice but encompassed all five types of grains and went beyond other studies that were limited to temperature and rainfall to include various meteorological elements.
Seasonal Characteristics of Sea Surface Winds and Significant Wave Heights Observed Marine Meterological Buoys and Lighthouse AWSs near the Korean Peninsula
Kang, Yoon-Hee ; Seuk, Hyun-Bae ; Bang, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Yoo-Keun ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 291~302
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.3.291
The seasonal variations of sea surface winds and significant wave heights were investigated using the data observed from the marine meteorological buoys (nine stations) and Automatic Weather Stations (AWSs) in lighthouse (nine stations) around the Korean Peninsula during 2010~2012. In summer, the prevailing sea surface winds over the East/West Sea and the South Sea were northerly/southerly and easterly/westerly winds due to both of southeast monsoon and the shape of Korean Peninsula. On the other hand, the strong northerly winds has been observed at most stations near Korean marginal seas under northwest monsoon in winter. However, the sea surface winds at some stations (e.g. Galmaeyeo, Haesuseo in the West Sea) have different characteristics due to topographic effects such as island or coastal line. The significant wave heights are the highest in winter and the lowest in summer at most stations. In case of some lighthouse AWSs surrounded by islands (e.g. Haesuseo, Seosudo) or close to coast (e.g. Gangan, Jigwido), very low significant wave heights (below 0.5 m) with low correlations between sea surface wind speeds and significant wave heights were observed.
Statistical Model Analysis of Urban Spatial Structures and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) - Air Pollution (AP) Integrated Emissions in Seoul
Jung, Jaehyung ; Kwon, O-Yul ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 303~316
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.3.303
The relationship between urban spatial structures and GHG-AP integrated emissions was investigated by statistically analyzing those from 25 administrative districts of Seoul. Urban spatial structures, of which data were obtained from Seoul statistics yearbook, were classified into five categories of city development, residence, environment, traffic and economy. They were further classified into 10 components of local area, population, number of households, residential area, forest area, park area, registered vehicles, road area, number of businesses and total local taxes. GHG-AP integrated emissions were estimated based on IPCC(intergovernmental panel on climate change) 2006 guidelines, guideline for government greenhouse inventories, EPA AP-42(compilation of air pollutant emission factors) and preliminary studies. The result of statistical analysis indicated that GHG-AP integrated emissions were significantly correlated with urban spatial structures. The correlation analysis results showed that registered vehicles for GHG (r=0.803, p<0.01), forest area for AP (r=0.996, p<0.01), and park area for AP (r=0.889, p<0.01) were highly significant. From the factor analysis, three groups such as city and traffic categories, economy category and environment category were identified to be the governing factors controlling GHG-AP emissions. The multiple regression analysis also represented that the most influencing factors on GHG-AP emissions were categories of traffic and environment. 25 administrative districts of Seoul were clustered into six groups, of which each has similar characteristics of urban spatial structures and GHG-AP integrated emissions.
Removal Characteristics of Single and Binary Vapors of Acetone, Toluene, and Methyl Mercaptan by Cylindrical UV Reactor Installed with TiO
-Coated Perforated Plane
Jeon, Jin-Woo ; Kam, Sang-Kyu ; Lee, Min-Gyu ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 317~322
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.3.317
The photocatalytic decomposition characteristics of toluene, acetone, and methyl mercaptan (MM) by UV reactor installed with
-coated perforated plane were studied. The removal efficiency of single toluene, acetone, and MM vapor was increased with increasing oxygen concentration, but decreased with increasing inlet concentration. Elimination capacity of single toluene, acetone, and MM vapor was obtained to be
, respectively. Also, the photocatalytic decomposition of binary vapor consisted of toluene and acetone, toluene and MM, acetone and MM were observed. Elimination capacity of toluene mixed with acetone, toluene mixed with MM, acetone mixed with toluene, acetone mixed with MM, MM mixed with toluene, and MM mixed with acetone was
, respectively. The inhibitory effect of acetone was higher than MM in photocatalytic decomposition of toluene, the inhibitory effect of toluene was higher than MM photocatalytic decomposition of acetone, and the inhibitory effect of toluene was higher than acetone in photocatalytic decomposition of MM.
Growth Performance and Fatty Acid Profiles of Korean Native Chicken Fed Diets with Mixed Probiotics
Lee, Hyuk-Jun ; Kim, Dong-Hyeon ; Joo, Young-Ho ; Yoon, Hee ; Choi, In-Hag ; Kim, Soo-Ki ; Song, In-Geun ; Jang, In-Hwan ; Kim, Sam-Churl ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 323~328
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.3.323
This study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of mixed probiotics on growth performance and fatty acid profiles of Korean native chicken and to provide information regarding producers. Ninety six Korean native chicken (48 males and 48 females, Hanhyup-3-ho) were allocated to 16 wire cages with 4 treatments, 4 replicates and 6 chicks (3 males and 3 females) per wire cage and fed one of four diets containing 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% mixed probiotics for 6 weeks. There were no differences among treatments in growth performance of Korean native chicken. For fatty acid profiles, no statistically differences in each fatty acid, total saturated fatty acid and unsaturated fatty acids were observed in all treatments. In the present study, irrespective of statistically differences, inclusion of mixed probiotics tended to improve growth performance, reduce saturated fatty acid and increase unsaturated fatty acids in breast muscles from Korean native chicken compared to controls.
The Relationship among Adolescents' Environmental Experience, Environmental Consciousness and Pro-environmental Consumption Behavior
Jung, Joo Won ; Cho, So Yeon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 329~337
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.3.329
The purpose of this study was to observe the influence adolescents' environmental experience and environmental consciousness have on the pro-environmental consumption behavior. Also by examining the variable relation, the study scoped out the effectiveness of environmental experience. For the analysis, high school students in Korea were gathered from online and the correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, and Baron and Kenny mediation analysis were conducted among a total of 521 surveys. The main findings are as follows: First, adolescents' environmental experience, environmental consciousness and pro-environmental consumption behavior showed a positive relationship. In other words, the more the experience, the more sense of responsibility adolescents had towards the environment and society, leading them to have pro-environmental consumption behavior. Second, environmental experience and environmental consciousness were proven to be essential factors that have influence on the adolescents' pro-environmental consumption behavior. Third, partial mediating effect of environmental consciousness was verified in accordance with the relationship between environmental experience and pro-environmental consumption behaviour. The findings suggest the importance of adolescents' environmental consciousness and improvement of pro-environmental consumption behavior by having students gain environmental experience.
Possible effect of North Pacific Oscillation on Summer Tropical Cyclone Activity over the Western North Pacific
Choi, Ki-Seon ; Lee, Kyungmi ; Kim, Jeoung-Yun ; Park, Cheol-Hong ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 339~352
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.3.339
This study analyzed the change in tropical cyclone (TC) activity according to the fluctuation in July-to-September average North Pacific Oscillation index (NPOI) and its underlying large-scale environment during the last 37 years from 1977 to 2013. For this purpose, seven years with highest index NPOI value (positive NPOI phase) and another seven years with lowest NPOI index value (negative NPOI phase) among the 37 years were selected as sample after excluding the ENSO years. During the positive NPOI phase, TCs were created in the east of tropical and subtropical western North Pacific and moved to the west from the Philippines toward the southern region in China or toward far eastern sea of Japan. Meanwhile, during the negative NPOI phase, TCs tended to proceed to the north toward Korea or Japan passing East China Sea from the eastern sea of the Philippines. As a result, also in the TC recurvature, TCs in positive NPOI phase showed a tendency of recurving toward more eastern direction compared to TCs in negative NPOI phase. Hence, TC intensity was stronger in negative NPOI phase which allowed more time for obtaining energy from the ocean.
Characteristics of Echolocation Calls of the Parti-coloured Bat, Vespertilio sinensis, in Relation to Environment Type
Chung, Chul-Un ; Han, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 24, issue 3, 2015, Pages 353~358
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.3.353
In this study, we analyzed two types of echolocation calls used by the parti-coloured bat, Vespertilio sinensis. Bats were captured in the Naejangsan National Park in October 2013. Call sounds of hand-released bats were recorded at the location of capture within the National Park. We analyzed pulse duration (PD), pulse interval (PI), peak frequency (PF), maximum frequency (
), minimum frequency (
), and bandwidth (BW). V. sinensis emitted the different types of the echolocation calls depending on the surrounding environment. Frequency modulated-constant frequency (FM-CF) signal of audible range was emitted when they flew in the uncluttered space over the canopy. However, when flying in the cluttered space below the canopy, they only emitted FM signal. FM-CF signal is in the audible range (e.g., low frequency), and FM signal has a harmonic broadband frequency range of two. There were significant differences in PD, PI, PF, FMAX, FMIN, and BW between the calls emitted over and below the canopy. Considering the functional characteristics of FM and CF signals, we conclude that the foraging activity of V. sinensis was observed below the canopy, and recommend the use of FM signal and broadband as echolocation signals.