Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Environmental Science International
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 7, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
The Statistical Approaches on the Change Point Problem Precipitation in the Pusan Area
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~7
This paper alms to estimate the change point of the precipitation in Pusan area using the several statistical approaches. The data concerning rainfall are extracted from the annual climatological report and monthly weather report issued by the Korean Meteorological Administration. The average annual precipitation at Pusan is 1471.6 mm, with a standard deviation of 406.0 mm, less than the normal(1486.0 mm). The trend of the annual precipitation is continuously decreasing after 1991 as a change point. And the statistical tests such as t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test reveals that the average annual precipitation of after 1991 is less than that of before 1991 at 10% significance level. And the mean gnu성 precipitation In Kyongnam districts is also continuously decreasing after 1991 same as Pusan.
The Prediction of Red Tides in Jinhae Bay using a Discriminant Function
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 8~19
The dicriminant function was introduced to understand the cause and establish the prediction method of red tides occurring In Jinhae Bay. Korea. Two sea re91ons of Masan and Haengam Bays and Dang- dong and Wonmun Bays had different types of causes and patterns for red tides. In Masan and Haengam Bays, the red tides concentrically occurred during June and September. For example, in .lune the red tides occurred from physical and meteorological factors, which are related to the stratification and the increase in planktons. However in August the red tides occurred from the water quality environment, based on these conditoins. Futhermore, in September the red tides were caused by the balance between the meteorological and water quality environmental factors. In contrast to those, In Dangdong and Won-mun Bays, the red tides mainly occurred during July and October and the frequency of occurrence was not as much as Masan and Haengam Bays. Especially, in August and September most meteorological and physical factors or water quality environmental factors appeared to contribute to the occurrence of red tides. This indicates that red tides do not easily occur as they are controlled by various environmental factors particularly in these regions The discriminant functions were applied to predict red tides which they were actually occurred In Masan and Haengam Bays in June. The results showed that they were successful for the prediction of red tide at Haengam Bay but not at Masan Bay. The reason for their discrepancy in Masan Bay could have come from using a slight higher value of pH or COD in May, instead of its value in June.
Wind-Tunnel Simulation on the Wind Fence Effect
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 20~26
In establishing artificial fences in a certain locality, type of its area or wind blown against them from the front side is primarily considered. Researchers on fences also concentrate on upstream, wand blown against them from the front side In 90
angle. In this research, simulations were carried out on the direction of wind changed by each season, and regardless of seasonal wind, on the fences effect of wind direction on fences, throu호 an atmospheric boondary layer wind tunnel. When I compared the velocity distribution of upstream against the fences in 90
angle with that of 75
, and 45
respectively, the velocity distribution at downstream of the latter cases generally surpassed that of the former one.
Transient Variations of the Surface Air Temperature Field of a Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Model to Gradual Changes of Atmospheric
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 27~35
The present study intends to investigate the transient response of an atmosphere /ocean general circulation model to a gradual Increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide. To detect the climatic change of the for 1%
run with increasing
and the control run with fried
are compared. From response of the surface air temperature due to the gradual increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide is slowly increased with latitudes and is clearly larger over continents than oceans. The annual goffal mean temperature is continuously increased with 0.03552 per one year with strong SIN ratio and distinguished from the natural variability The time dependent response of the gradual increasing
has the strong seasonal variability with small change In summer and large change in winter, and the strong regional In the Asian and the American continents. It has been suggested that the direct and the feedback processes in the climate systems should be investigated by the detailed sensitivity runs to get the meaninguul estimate of the
A Study on the Mass Collection Efficiency in Collector Step of Electrostatic Precipitator by Physical Gas Characterization
Ha, Sang-An ; Im, Gyeong-Taek ; Sin, Nam-Cheol ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 36~40
This study was carried out to investigate the collection Efficiency of mass in collector step at the different of physical gas characterization. This work has focused on the dependence of the collection efficiency of mass in the collector zone of a two-stage set up field with gas temperature T and the dew point tmeperature. To identify the dependence of the mass collection efficiency on the Bounded plate of the collector zone MP.k by the spectre electric resistance of dust
. and the relative humidify
, 20 at- tempts have been made with three different gas temperature (
) at different dew point. At the specific electric resistance of dust
which relative humidity corresponds to
> 15%, a easy rise of the sounded plate secluded dust mass share was measured atwain. As the result of the higher cohesion imprisonment power due to the adsorbtion of particle, the rinse of the relative humidity developed on the particle surface. Therefore, the collection efficiency of mass was not predominant the high temperature T in the collector zone, neither was the pecific ellectric resistance of dust dependent.
포말 분리법에 의한 양어장의 단백질 제거
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 41~45
The feasibility of foam separation to remove protein in aquacultural recirculating water was investigated. From the results of batch foam separation on protein removal, superficial air velocity and initial protein concentration in bulk solution were found to be important operational factors In determining removal rates of protein. The protein removal rate by batch foam separation was proportionally increased with the superficial air velocity. Performance characteristics of continous foam separator were highly dependent upon the operating parameters of superficial air velocity, hydraulic retention time(HRT) and foam height. Removal effeciency of protein increases with increasing superficial air velocity and HRT, and independent on foam height. As DO concentration was increased with superficial air velocity, foam separator is also used for oxygen addition. It could be confinned that foam separator might offer better perspective for protein removal in aquacuitural recirculating water.
A Study on the Reduction of Heavy Metal Biotoxicity by Aloe
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 46~51
The effects of aloe on the MDA(malondialdehyde) and the blood biochemical components of heavy metal poisoning in SD rat were examined and the following results were obtained. In rat liver homogenate intoxicated with
, lipidperoxide was increased each 2.37times(24h), 3.31times(72h) but lipidperoxide In aloe administration groups was lower each 47% , 64% than in heavy metal group. In rat kidney homo- genate intoxicated with
, lipidperoxide was increased 1.85times(24h), 1.33times(72h) but lipidperoxide in groups was almost the same as that of normal group. Lipidperoxide of kidney homogenate was slightly decreased as time passed. Also heavy metal poisoning rats showed high levels(1.38-2.50times) of serum AST, ALT and BUN. However. the administration of aloe significantly inhibited the reduction of them. These results suggest that Cd-induced hepatic and renal injury, via increase llpidpero)Ode and release of AST, ALT and BUN. Aloe may be used to inhibit or prevent the hepatic and renal toxicity which results from the heavy metal.
Inhibition of Acetylcholinesterase Activity on the Organophosphorus and Carbamate Pesticides
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 52~56
The effects of organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides were examined inhibition of the acetylcholinesterase activity in the chicken brain with enzyme-inhibition methods. The acetylcholinesterase activity in chicken brain determined by the Ellman method was 167 mmol/min/g protein. The optimum pH of acetycholinesterase was 8.2.
of acetycholinesterase by some organophosphorus were 3.80M of phosphorodlthioate, 4.04M of phosphorothioate, 6.33M of phosphate, and 6.60M of phosphrothiolate. pluto of acetycholinesterase by some carbamates were 5.1 OM of XMC, 5. 90M of carbofuran, 6.16M of isoprocarb, 6.30M of carbaryl, 6.47M of BPMC, and 6.77M of propoxur. pluto of carbamates selected was similar to that of phosphorothioate and phosphate organophosphates.
Removal of Lead by Anherobacter sp.
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 57~61
The biosorption of heavy metals has received a lot of attraction for application of metal ions treatment. In this work, we studied with Arthrobactor sp., screening from a wastewater containing heavy metals. The Pb uptake capacity of Arthrobactor sp. was nearly 146.9 mg Pb/g dry biomass(initial concentration, 500 may L), whereas the Pb uptake capacity of Sacchuomyces cerevisiae and Sacchuomyces uvuum were only around 39.40 and 35.65 mg Pb yg dry biomass, respectively. The Pb and Cr were removed from metal solution much more effeciently than were the other metals(Cd and Cu). The Pb uptake capacity of Aythrobactor sp. increased with increasing in pH(1.8, 3.0 and 4.0) and decreased with Increaslng of biomass concentration. At pH 4.0, the Pb uptake capacity reached 244 mg Pb/g dry biomass in Pb initial concentration of 1000 mg/L. The Pb uptake capacity of Ayhol)actor sp. treated by KOH and
were increased above values obtained with untreated Ayurobactor sp. However, the Pb uptake capacity fore the breakthrough points were reached.
Interaction of Hornet Venom and its Derivatives in the Phospholipid Membrane Environment
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 62~66
Toxic Mastoparan B(MP-B) which is purified from the venom of the hornet Vespa basalis is a cationic amphlphilic tetradecapeptide. MP-B and Its Ala-substituted analogues were synthesized by solld phase method and the toxic peptide-membrane interactions were examined by circular dichroism(CD) spectra, fluorescence spectra, and leakage abilities in phospholipid membranes. In the presence of phospholipid vesicles, synthetic MP-B and its analogues formed amphiphilic
The Seasonal Variation of the Heat Budget in Deukryang Bay
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 67~73
Surface heat budget of the Deukryang Bay from July 1, 1992 to September 12, 1993 is analyzed by us- ing the meteorological data (by Changhung Observatory and Mokpo Meteorological Station) and oceanogaphical data (by Research Center for Ocean Industrial Development. Pukyong National University). Each flux element at the sea surface which has annual variation Is derived with application of an aerodynamical bulk method and empirical formulae. The solar radiation Is the maximum In spring and sensible heat are the maximum in autumn and water. and minimum in summer The heat .storage rate is calclilated by using the rate of water temperature variation according to the depth. The oceanic transport heat is estimated as a residual. The net heat flux, the heat storage rate are positive In spring and summer, while they are negative in autumn and winter. The oceanic transport heat Is convergence In winter and divergence In the rest of seasons.
Dyestuff Wastewater Treatment by Membrane Separation as Post-treatment after lenten막s Reaction
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 74~80
Because permeate flux was very low as It has the suspension soled of higher concentration In the trafiltration membrane separation treatment of dyestuff wastewater, pre-treatment of Ponton reaction was carried out. In the case of pH 3, COD removal rate was the hi각erst of 58%. When PAC was added into the pre-treatment supernatant, the COD removal rate was found to be 53% , and when COD was 153mg/L, the removal rate was 92.3% in the trafiltration separation. In addition, the effect of the addition of PAC on the permeate flux was also investigated. The decrease of permeate flux In the presence of PAC was higher than In the abscence of PAC, but the recovery of permeability by cleaning was better In the case of PAC system.
The Appropriate Treatment and Reuse Ability Assessment of Pigment Wastewater by Physical, Chemical, and Biological Process
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 81~88
This study was conducted to assess the characteristics of plgment wastewater and the removal rates of appropriate treatment by physical, chemical and biological Process, and the possibility of reuse for effluent. Based on the results, the wastewater qualities of pigment were pH 5.1
3.4, temperature 43.0
, BOD 1,431.4
589.6mg/l, COD 2,282.8
466.5mg/l, turbidity 1,340
820NTU, color 243.0
147.0unit, Pb 36.5
1.3mg/l, respectively. The removal rates of adsorption by activated carbon and filter process were BOD 40.6% , COD 57.0% , turbidity 89.6%, color 87.2%, Pb 86.0% and
10.6%, respectively. And the removal rates of reduction, neutralization, coagulation and aP floatation process were BOD 18.2%, COD 24.3%, turbidity 74.3%, color 56.7%, Pb 68.6% and
97.8%, respectively. The removal rates of activated sludge process were BOD 95.9%, COD 86.0%, turbidity 27.8%, color 25. 2%. Pb 26.9% and
50.0% , respectively. The total removal rates of treatment by physical, chemical and biological process were BOD 98.0% , COD 95.4%, turbidity 98.1%, color 95.8%, Pb 97.0% and
99.0%, respectively. According to the test results for possibility of reuse with coagulation-adsorption by activated carbon process of effluent, COD was higher than that of raw water and others were similar to that of raw water thus, it Is considered to be reused.
Basic Study for Development of Denitrogenation Process by ion Exchange(II)
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 89~95
Ion exchange performance to remove nitrate in water was studied using commercially available strong base anion exchange resin of Cl- type in the batch and continuous column reactors. The performance was tested using the effluent concentration histories for continuous column or equilibrium conquilibrium between resin and solution. Anion exchange resin used in this study was more effective than activated carbon or zeolite for nitrate removal. With large resin amount or low initial concentration, nitrate removal characteristics for a typical gel-type resin was Increased. On considering the relation between the breakthrough capacity and nitrate concentration of the influent, the use of anion exchange resin were suitable for the hi선or order water treatment. The nitrate removal of above 90% could be possible until the effluent of above 650 BV was passed to the column. Thus, the commercially available strong base anion exchange resin of
type used in thins study could be effectively used as economic material for treatment of the groundwater. The breakthrough curves showed the sequence of resin selectivity as
. The results of this study could be scaled up and used as a design tool for the water purification system of the real groundwater and surface water treatment processes.
Study on Optimum Conditions for the Composting of Industrial Wastewater Sludge
Lee, Hong-Jae ; Cho, Ju-Sik ; Heo, Jong-Su ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 96~103
To study the optimum conditions of composting with industrial wastewater sludge, the variations of temperature and
generation amount during the composting periods were investigated. The conditions were that industrial wastewater added to bulking agents such as sawdust and rice hull was used, and differently treated with microorganism seeding or not, initial C/N ratios, air flow rate and initial moisture contents, respectively. The results were summarized as follows : Seeding 5% of microorganism was higher the temperature than not seeding. And using sawdust as bulking agents, and adjusting 30~40 of Initial C/N ratio, 200ml/l.min. of k flow rate and 67~68% moisture contents were higher the temperature than any other conditions. Seeding 5% of microorganisms was higher
generation amount than not seeding. And that was much in the order of 7~40, 30~34 and 22~23 of initial C/N ratio. Judging from the results, it should be considered that the optimum conditions in the composting of industrial wastewater sludge were seeding of 5% microorganisms, and adjusting 30~34 of Initial C/N ratio, 200ml/l min. of air flow rate and 67~68% of Intitial moisture contents. The contents of inorganic matters and C/N ratio during the composting periods at optimum condition were a little Increased. and heavy metals contents after composting were lower than standard for fortllizer.
Molecular Weight Distribution Characterization of Organics for the Dongbok Lake Water by Coagulation and Adsorption of Activated Carbon
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 104~111
The Dongbok lake water before and after alum coagulation and activated carbon adsorption were analyzed in terms of organic contents, molecular weight distributuin (MWD), and UV-absorbance. Dissolved organic compounds in the Dongbok lake were fractionated into three molecular size classes by gel permeation chromatography. The fractionation was reasonably successful in isolating compounds with The bulk of the dissolved carbon was present in compounds of molecular weight in the range of 3,000~10,000. Alum coagulation preferentially treated molecules of high molecular weight, which has molecules larger than 10,000. The dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal after activated carbon adsorption was high in the Fraction B , IR . The
/DOC ratio after alum and activated carbon treatment the Fraction II, III. This results suggest that the organics remaining after each treatment has a trihalomethane formation potential
Evaluation of Exposure Times for Periphyton Biomass Estimate using Artificial Substrata in Headwater Streams
Kim, Hyun-Woo ; Ha, Kyong ; Joo, Gea-Jae ;
Journal of Environmental Science International, volume 7, issue 1, 1998, Pages 112~115
During the spring and fall of 1994 and winter of 1995, the exposure time of periphyton biomass on terval. In the streams with low periphyton biomass (chi. a: 2-4 mg/
) in natural rocks, biomass of arttificial substrata (unglazed tile:
) exceeded that of the natural rocks after 28 days, while sites with high biomass (chi. a: 20-60 mg/
) in natural rocks showed slower biomass accumulation after 40 days. Due to the high licht input and temperature in a Partially shaded mountain stream, development of periphyton biomass in spring occurred faster than that of winter. In general, development of periphyton biomass placed on artificial substrata took 4-5 weeks in spring and at least 6 weeks In winter to reach the natural level.