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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean society of earth science education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Earth Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Dec 2015
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Aug 2015
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Apr 2015
Selecting the target year
Weather-Forecasters` Perception about the Nature of Science
Park, Gye-Hyun ; Han, Shin ; Jeong, Jin-Woo ; Park, Tae-Yoon ;
Journal of the Korean society of earth science education, volume 8, issue 2, 2015, Pages 114~127
DOI : 10.15523/JKSESE.2015.8.2.114
The nature of science has been recognized in a great deal in the field of science education. However, Most of the papers were going to study of teachers and students. to improve their recognition of the nature of science. The current study describes and analyzes Weather-Forecaster`s understandings of the nature of science (NOS). Data used in this study were collected from 3 Weather-Forecasters using an semi-structured interview. The results of this study were as follows. First, the participants recognized that science has explored the phenomenon of unknown facts or observations and they were careful inductive perspective. Second, participants felt that science and society are associated with each other. Also, all participants were judged science verification process is required. Third, they are showed that science and technology interact closely with social relationships.
Development of Outdoor Geological Field Course for Elementary School Using Local Geology - Centers on the Odongdo-
Kim, Hai-Gyoung ;
Journal of the Korean society of earth science education, volume 8, issue 2, 2015, Pages 128~138
DOI : 10.15523/JKSESE.2015.8.2.128
The purpose of this study is to examine potential as a geological field course of Odongdo located to the east of Yeosu city, Korea. The total area and the height from the sea level of Odongdo is about 0.13km2 and 42m, respectively. Odongdo area belongs to the Hallyeohaesang National Marine Park, and is famous for rock scenery in the rocky coast and living of rare plants. For this study, diversity of geomorphology and geology was investigated at the sites called as dragon cave, windy area, seal rocks, sunrise viewing platform, second seashore rocks and first seashore rocks along the coast of Odongdo. The results of this study are as follows: A lot of geomorphological and geological resources like sea cliff, sea cave, strata, various sedimentary rocks(conglomerate, sandstone, mudstone), andesite, fault and examples of rock weathering were found in the rocky coast of the study area. These field resources are pertinent to the field work materials for the teaching and learning of geology units in elementary school science. Odongdo is to be recommended as a site of outdoor geological field course for the elementary school students inhabited in Yeosu city and neighborhood area because each site of the rocky coast in this study area has various field work materials and the wide space for observe activities, and is equipped with the facilities as a trail for rock observation.
The Effects of Creative Science Activities on Scientific Attitude, Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy of Children Low-Income Family
Kim, Eun Kyeong ; Lee, Seok Hee ;
Journal of the Korean society of earth science education, volume 8, issue 2, 2015, Pages 139~151
DOI : 10.15523/JKSESE.2015.8.2.139
In this study, we studied the effects of creative science activities of children from low-income family. Before and after the creative science activity programs, we investigated the children from low-income family on scientific attitude, self-esteem and self-efficacy. Also, after the creative science activity programs for low-income family children were interviewed and the results were analyzed. The result of this study was summarized as following. First, the creative science activities has a positive effect on scientific attitude of low-income family children. Through the creative science activities, the children from low-income familie`s average of scientific attitude increased meaningfully. Second, the creative science activities has a positive effect on self-esteem and self-efficacy of low-income family children. Through the creative science activities, the children from low-income familie`s average of self-esteem increased meaningfully. In the case of the self-efficacy`s average points increased, but there was no statistically meaningful. Based on the results of this research, the children from low-income family were influenced positively by the creative science activities. Especially, the children from low-income families who have fewer chances of science experience than other general children were positively influenced in every aspect of this study.
The Effect of Teaching Program with Frayer model on Learning Motive and Learning Achievement of 6th Grade Elementary Science Learning
Yang, Chi Hun ; Lee, Seok Hee ;
Journal of the Korean society of earth science education, volume 8, issue 2, 2015, Pages 152~163
DOI : 10.15523/JKSESE.2015.8.2.152
In this study, to raise the interest and curiosity of students and at the same time to learn science concepts meaningfully for students, the teaching and learning program was developed by applying the Frayer model. The purpose of this study was to find out the Effect of Elementary Science Teaching Program with Frayer model on Learning Motive and Learning Achievement. To this end, the 6th grade classroom of A-elementary school located in Seogwipo-city was selected the experimental group (26 patients). And the other 6th grade classroom in the same school was selected to the comparative group (27 patients). The experimental group was conducted applying the Frayer model. Comparison group has been conducted lesson program in accordance with the general science class teacher guide. Was through a pre-test of science learning motivation and academic achievement level can be assumed in the same group. After completing the experimental treatment by conducting a post-mortem examination was statistically validated. In this study, the following conclusions were obtained. First, elementary science class which applied Frayer model had the effect of to improve the scientific motivation. In particular, attention (p <.01), association (p <.01), confidence (p <.01) in the experimental group were higher than the scores of the comparative group, the difference was significant. Second, the Frayer model applied to elementary science class had a significant effect on improving science achievement. The experimental group which applied Frayer model was higher than the comparative group in science achievement post-test comparison. Between the groups showed a significant difference between the two groups (p <.01). The above findings, Elementary science class which applied Frayer model can be concluded to be effective in science and science achievement motivation. Therefore, applying the Frayer model of elementary science class could be useful in science teaching and learning methods. In addition, when it is determined through the previous study, applying the Frayer model classes will be able to derive a meaningful learning also subjected to a number of fields and areas.
Analysis of Science Gifted Elementary Students` Perceptions about Laboratory-based Science Learning
Yang, Il-ho ; Park, Seon-ok ;
Journal of the Korean society of earth science education, volume 8, issue 2, 2015, Pages 164~182
DOI : 10.15523/JKSESE.2015.8.2.164
The purpose of this study was investigated the perceptions and expectations of science gifted elementary students in the laboratory-based science learning. For the purpose of this study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 science gifted elementary students in J city. The question of the interview is constructed with perception and expectation of science gifted elementary students in divided with 4steps of understanding of lesson object, planning experiment, performing experiment and drawing conclusion in laboratory-based science learning and an attitude for science. The interview is progressed per individual and all the content of the interview is recorded. The result of this research is as follows. The science gifted elementary students have a wish for building an assumption and expectation and planning an experiment with discussion more than following the textbook and teacher present. In the step of the experiment, they wanted general more discussion of their own activities rather than teacher`s instruction and they wanted teacher`s instruction and they wanted teacher`s mediation conflicts within small groups and comments for students` experiment results. The science gifted elementary students wish to open a science lab, which man who likes science can go and come freely and to study with friends who have a same interest to make a theme. And from top to bottom they want to test autonomous and ask to salute like a representative experiment of teacher. And they ask to have a chance to test individually and want to see a movie related to an experiment before doing an experiment. Like this, it presents that the scientifically gifted elementary students want to do an experiment what they can, want to have a class which can plan and can do an experiment by themselves through discussion with the unit more than following explanation of a teacher and a textbook without condition.
Impact of Science Club Activities Associated with STEAM Activities on Students` Self-Efficacy and Attitudes toward Science
Jung, Ji-ye ; Wee, Soo-meen ; Lim, Sung-man ;
Journal of the Korean society of earth science education, volume 8, issue 2, 2015, Pages 183~192
DOI : 10.15523/JKSESE.2015.8.2.183
The purpose of this study was to identify STEAM education program fit for club activities in consideration of the present curriculum and investigate its effect on science club students` self-efficacy and attitude toward science by applying it to science club students. In consideration of such chapters as `Solar System` and `Exosphere and Space Development` in the 2009 Revised Curriculum, this study developed a STEAM education program related to the observation of the solar system and the measurement of a distance of the stars in consideration of the present curriculum. For this study we selected 14 science club students in H Middle School, located in G Province and applied a 7 weeks` program to them. To find out change in their self-efficacy and attitude toward science, this study conducted tests of self-efficacy and attitude toward science for a single group before and after introducing this program and analyzed the results. The results of this study could be summarized as below. Firstly, science club activities with this STEAM education program applied improved students` self-efficacy significantly. Secondly, there was a significant difference found in students` attitude toward science through science club activities with this STEAM education program applied as they showed higher scores in the attitude toward science in the posttest than the pretest. Lastly, despite a research limit that this science inquiry program was conducted for a short period of time, this program was found to have positive effect on the improvement of students` self-efficacy and attitude toward science.
Development and Effects of Virtual Geological Field Trip Program using 360° 3D Panorama Technique
Kim, Hee Soo ;
Journal of the Korean society of earth science education, volume 8, issue 2, 2015, Pages 193~205
DOI : 10.15523/JKSESE.2015.8.2.193
In this study, a Virtual geological Field Trip(VFT) learning program using 3D panorama virtual reality techniques was developed to learn about the Gongju city 7 area located in Chungcheongnam-do, Korea. The developed
3D VFT program can show every face of observational points and interact as zoom-in, zoom-out and image rotation. For the educational effects of the materials, it is provided with a compass, a protractor, enlarged images, pop-up windows, etc.. The program was applied to the class of 35 gifted students in middle school to investigate the effectiveness of the program. The results showed that positive responses of the students were 90% or more. When geological field trip problems like cost, safety, distance occur in geological learning procedure of middle school science, this VFT program can become as a supplementary learning material and a solution.
The Effects of Experiential Learning Involving Co-activities on Elementary School Students` Environmental Literacy and Scientific Attitude
Ha, Byung-Kun ; Kim, Young-Gwon ;
Journal of the Korean society of earth science education, volume 8, issue 2, 2015, Pages 206~217
DOI : 10.15523/JKSESE.2015.8.2.206
The purpose on this study is to identify how effectively experiential learning involving eco-activities make changes in environmental literacy and scientific attitude of elementary students by categorizing those activities into 5 fields of "marine", "rivers", "ecosystem", "climate" and "recycling" and applying those scheme specifically to 5th graders in a elementary school. The conclusion of this study is following. Firstly, after scientific attitude are applied to subjects, a significant disparity was found between experiment group and control group throughout all parts of environmental literacy. In the cognitive category, each specialist concerning his or her own topic was invited to educate the students, and subsequently a positive impact was detected in the category of environmental issue knowledge. In behavioral category, having eco-activities made a significant disparity in all sub-categories of environmental function, active participation, saving activities, recycling activities and so forth. Secondly, experiential learning involving eco-activities made a significant disparity between the two groups in terms of Scientific Attitude, showing effectiveness in all sub-categories except curiosity.
The Effects of Science Lessons Using Jigsaw Cooperative Learning on Academic Achievement and Creative Personality
Kim, Yoonkyung ; Lee, Yongseob ;
Journal of the Korean society of earth science education, volume 8, issue 2, 2015, Pages 218~226
DOI : 10.15523/JKSESE.2015.8.2.218
This study is to find out that the effect of science class applied Jigsaw cooperative learning to study achievement and Creative personality. The class section of this study is 5th grade 1 semester of science 2 chapters, `the solar system and the stars` This study has been aimed at 2 class 40 students of 5th grade in D metropolitan city G elementary school in 2015, one class 20 students are the research group to apply science class using a Jigsaw cooperative learning techniques, another class 20 students were comparison groups to apply general science classes. Research result and conclusion obtained through the discussion are as follows. First, science class using Jigsaw cooperative learning technique was not effective. Even though the science class with jigsaw cooperation education could not achieve the beneficial academic achievement, which is the cognition factor, when it comes to precedent study, the definition factors such as teamwork, consideration and readership show great effects. Second, science class using Jigsaw cooperative learning technique was effective in cultivating creative personality. This can be interpreted that the science class applied the jigsaw cooperation study help the creativity development. Third, after the science class applied jigsaw cooperation study, the students` perceptions also have changed in positive way. They were tend to care each other and cooperate with others. That means the class is good way to cultivate collective intelligence, which is a virtue of community.
The Effects of Storytelling Science Classes Applying ARCS Strategy on Science Class Motivation and Scientific Attitude of Elementary School Students
Kim, Soon-Shik ; Lee, Yong-Seob ;
Journal of the Korean society of earth science education, volume 8, issue 2, 2015, Pages 227~239
DOI : 10.15523/JKSESE.2015.8.2.227
The purpose of this study was to see the effects of science classes applying ARCS strategies on motivation of science class as well as scientific attitude of elementary students. For this purpose, 47 elementary students in 2 classes from 5th grade of M elementary school based in P metropolitan city were targeted. One class with 24 students was assigned as experimental group and the other class with 23 students were assigned as control group. The chapter of `solar system and star` in the curriculum revised in 2009 was taught over 10 classes from mid-April to end of June in 2015. For verification, 10 times science classes applying ARCS strategies were performed on experimental group while 10 times of general science class were performed on control group. The results drawn from this analysis were as below. Firstly, positive relationship was found between motivation of science class and science class applying ARCS strategy among experimental group and this means that science classes applying ARCS strategy stimulate intellectual curiosity of students and improves their attitude by actively promoting research activities. Secondly, there was a positive relationship between scientific attitude and science classes applying ARCS strategy among experimental group. This presents that science classes applying ARCS strategy were effective in improving students` scientific attitude by promoting research activities. Above results show that science classes applying ARCS strategy were highly effective for elementary students.