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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
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Desmutagenic Effect of Water Extract from Artemisia capillaris THUNB on the Mutagenicity of Benzo[a]pyrene
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 331~336
The antimutagenic activity of the extract of Artemisia capillaris THUNB on the mutagenicity induced by benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] in the presense of S9 mixture was studied using bacterial mutagenic assay system. Samples harvested in summer and autumn were extracted using ethanol and hot water. Among these extracts the water extract of summer sample had the strongest inhibitory effect against the mutagenenicity of B(a)P, The water extract of Artemisia capillaris THUNB was separated again into ethanol soluble and insoluble parts. The ethanol insoluble part(El) of water extract exhibited higher inhibition effects than the ethanol soluble part against the mutagenic activity of B(a)P. El showed dose-dependent activity on the mutagenicity of B(a)P in SOS Chromotest and Ames test. The 50% inbibition concentraction
of El were
in E. coil PQ37 S. typhimurium TA100 and TA98 respectively. El were showed desmutagenic effect but had no effect on the DNA repair system for B(a)P-induced mutagenesis. HPLC analysis showed that the formation of aflatoxin M1 by cytochrome P-450 1A1 known as playing an impotant role on B(a) P-induced mutagenicity was highly inhibited by El. Therefore we encluded that B(a)P-induced mutagencity can be reduced possible due to the interference of el with cytochrome P-450 1A1-dependent bioactivation.
The Use of a Decanter for Harvesting Biomass rom plant Cell Cultures
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 337~341
The decanter is very useful to harvest biomass from plant cell cultures in large-scale process. It is very important to obtain high yield and low moisture content in recovered biomass so as to minimize solvent usage in subsequent extraction steps. Effluent clarity was also affected by the differential speed although this affect was more dramatic at higher flow rates than at lower flow rates. Moisure content was largely unaffected by flow rate. A decrease in moisture content was evident as differential speed decreased.
A New large-scale Pre-purification for Peroxidase from Plant Cell Cultures
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 342~345
A novel pre-purification method was developed for producing peroxidase to guarantee high purity and yield from plant cell cultures in large-scale process. This method was a simple and efficient procedure for the isolation and pre-purification of peroxidase from the biomass consisting of active clay treatment followed by cationic exchange chromatography. The use of active clay in the pre-purification process allows for rapid and efficient separation of peroxidase from interfering compounds and dramatically increases yield and purity of crude peroxidase for purification steps compared to alternative processes. This pre-purification process serves to minimize the buffer usage size and complexity of the HPLC operations for peroxidase purification. This process is readily scalable to a pilot plant and eventually to a production environment where mass production of material are expected to be produced.
Optimization of Extraction Process for Mass Production of Paclitaxel from plant Cell Cultures
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 346~351
Several solvents or combinations of solvents were tested for the extraction of wet or dried biomass at different extraction mode from plant cell cultures. Methanol gave the highest paclitaxel recovery with the least amount of solvent usage. before extraction drying of biomass wass helpful to decrease solvent usage in extraction step./ in this case drying method was very important to obtain high yield from dried biomass. In thid mode of operation counter-current extraction process can be able to decrease solvent usage but paclitaxel recovery was almost same with both batch and counter-current mode of operation. The number of extraction times was at least four to obtain high yield(>99%) from cell and one to obtain highyield(>96%) from cell debris in batch mode. Equilibrium (i.e. the ratio of paclitaxel in biomass to paclitaxel in the extraction solvent) was reached within 5 minutes. The minimum methodal concentration (90%) and solvent amount(biomass : solvent=1 Kg : 1L) are enough to obtain high yield(>98%) for extraction from biomass.
The Production of Chitosanoligosaccharides Using Chitosan Bead
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 352~358
Preparation for the simplified separation of chitosandoligosaccharides from enzymatic hydrolysate was investigated. Two different types of chitosan beads as substrate were prepared as organic-based bead by W/O emulsion method and water-based bead by alkaline treatement. The average size of organic-based bead was
, and that of water based beads were
, in diameter respectively. Enzyme stability was maintained over 80% at PH 6 after 24 hours. The optimal condition for the production of chitosanoligosaccharides was at pH 6.0,
and 40U (200U/g-chitosan) According to final oligosaccharide concentration water-based bed showed the similar result with that of organic-based bead even through it had smaller surface area attacked by chitosanse than that of organic-based bead. It is probable that the structure of water-based chitosan bead was looser than that of organic-based bead so enzyme penetrated easily into the bead structure. For the oligosaccharide production versus surface area the different size of water-based beads was investigated, Maxiaml production yield was observed in the
beads. Consequently the water-based chitosan bead was better than the organic-based bead in this reaction system.
Identification and characteristics of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Nuruk
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 359~365
Three lactic acid bacteria (C-1 K-3 and T-1 strain) were isolated from Nuruk and characterized subsequently. They were useful strains for production of lactic acid and their growth was inhibited at 10% ethanol pH 4 These strains were identified as lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis NR C-1 Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenterides NR K-3 and pediococcus pentosaceus NR T-1 respectively by morphological physiological and biochemical characterization Lac lactis subsp lactis NR C-1 showed the highest lactic acid productivity. Leu measenteroides subsp mesenteroides NR K-3 showed stable lactic acid productivity and its growth was inhibited at pH 4. P pentosaceus NR T-1 had lower lactic acid productivity than the other two bacteria but it could not grow at 10% ethanol pH 4 The lactic acid productivity of these three strains in MRS broth were higher than that in Skim milk media the optimum pH and temperature for the lactic acid production of the three strains were 30-32
and pH 6.0∼6.8 Glucose was the optimal carbon souorce for the lactic acid production. In terms of antagonism lac lactis subsp lactis NR c-1 showed somewhat inhibitory efects against some Gram positive rod and cocci such as Lactobacillus brevis and Streptococcus mitis. And Leu mesenteroides subsp mesenteroides NR K-3 showed the inhibitory effects against Streptococcus mitis but P. pentosaceus NR T-1 didn't show any inhibitory effects against tested strains.
Recovery of Paclitaxel from Suspension Culture Medium with Hydrophobic Resin
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 366~369
The soluble paclitaxel was found in the supernatant of the plant cell cultures of Taxus chinensis, The percentage of soluble paclitaxel depends on paclitaxel concentration in bioreactor. As paclitaxel concentration decreases the percentage of soulbe paclitaxel increases. it is therefore important to develop a new process for the recovery of soluble paclitaxel. The use of hydrophobic resin HP20 gives nearly perfect recovery of paclitaxel in supernatant. The resin was more effective in treatment of th cell and debris free filtrate probably because of the reduced solids content In this case 3 g.l resin and 1 day reaction were enough for recovery the soluble paclitaxel in medium.
Increase of the Treatment Efficiency of a Pharmaceutical Wastewater and a Paperboard Wastewater by the addition of Bacteria
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 370~374
Some bacterial strains isolated from activated sludges and media and type cultures were cultivated in a pharmaceutical wastewater and a paperboard wastewater and added during batch treatment of those wastewaters in order for these strains to increase the treatment efficiency. Bacillus sp(PC-3) isolated from the charcoal media of the pharmaceutical wastewater plant grew remarkably over there strains in that wastewater and the viable cell count after 24hr cultivation was
. Bacillus subtills KCTC 1028 a type strain grew best in the paperboard wastewater and the viable cell count after 24hr cultivation was
. Addition of PC-3 in a batch treatment of the pharmaceutical wastewater increased COD removal by 18% after 8 day. And addition of Bacillus subtills KCTC 1028 in a batch treatment of the paperboard wastewater increased COD removal by 14% only after 24hy Bacillus subtills DCTC 1028 was though to be able to be produced economically using alcohol distillery wastewaters from starch material.
Synthesis of Alginate-derived Polymeric Surfactants
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 375~379
Alginate derivatives possessing various lengths of alkyl amine (C8, C12, C16) chain were prepared by oxidation followed by reductive amination of alginate and the products were characterized by spectral analysis. The surface tension critical micelle concentration (c. m. c) and solubility of a hydrophobic compound azobenzene were examined. Series of synthesized alginate-derived polymeric surfactants(APSs) reduced the surface tension. The dissolving capacity of APSs toward azobenzene was about half that of SDS. In order to investigate the capacity of metal adsorption Co and Pb were selected as a representative metal. The overall removal efficiency of APSs were high compared with that of alginate at pH 3.5 and 7 respectively. Major mechanism of the heavy metal removal is the complex of metal with carboxyl group.
Extractive Butanol Fermentation Using Pervaporation and a Low Acid Producing Strain
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 380~387
An extractive fermentation process using pervaporation was studied in a 7 liter fermentor. Pervaporation was performed using a silicone membrane module and a low-acid-producing strain Clostridium acetobutylicu, B18 was used to produce butanol. In batch culture without pervaporation pH 5.5 and initial glucose concentration of 60 g/L resulted in the highest butanol productivity (0.216 g/L
h) with butanol yield of 0.261 Butanol flux through the membrane was best at 2.0 L/min-tubing of air flow rate In batch and fed-batch fermentation glucose consumption rate increased by 1.3 times with pervaporation.
Increase of Cell Concentration by the Automatic Analysis and Addition of glucose with an On-line Flow Injection Analysis System int he Cultivation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Using a Korean Paper Digestion Wastewater
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 388~392
An on-line glucose flow injection analysis system was developed and used for the automatic analysis and addition of glucose in the cultivationof a Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a korean paper digestion wastewater in order to increase the cell concentration. The system was composed of a ceramic sampler a sampling valve an injection valve an immobilized glucose oxidase column a debbble a flow cell with platinum electrodes a potentiostat a computer and interface system and tubing pumps. The glucose concentration of the wastewater medium was mainitained at the low concentration of
with the on-line FIA system and by adding glucose and $>(NH_4)_2S0_4$ the cell concentration as total cell count can be increased by 3.1times
Optimization of Cometabolic Trichloroethylene Degradation Conditions by Response Surface Analysis
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 393~397
The cometaboic biodegradation conditionso f trichloroethylene(TCE) by Burkholderia cepacia G4 were optimized using response surface analysis. The experimental sets of phenol concentration temperature and pH were designed using central composite experimental design. The optimal conditions of phenol concentration temperature and pH were determined to be 0.91 ppm 21.5
and 7.65 respectively by the Ridge analysis of the contour plot for TCE biodegradation rates. The TCE biodegradation rate could be enhanced up to 2.43 nmol.mg protein
min by response surface methodology.
Production and Purification of tazane Derivatives from the Plane Cell Cultures of Taxus Chinensis in Large-scale Process
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 398~401
Taxiods inclusive paclitaxel were produced isolated and purified from plant cell cultures of Taxus chinensis in large-scale process. their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses. These compounds were exactly identical as those in previous studies from the other biomasses of Taxus chinensis and also other species. Also the concentrations of these compounds were compared with the concentration of the paclitaxel in various batches of plant cell cultures. As paclitaxel concentration increased at the end of cell cultures. the concentrations of the other paclitaxel derivatives decreased. The profile of these taxoids production can provide information for better understanding of structure-activity relationships and biosynthesis Importantly it can be utilized as an useful parameter for the quality control of paclitaxel production.
method of Using Hydrolysis to Increase Paclitaxel Yield from plant Cell Culture
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 402~404
This work is method that uses a hydrolysis for increasing yield of paclitaxel in plant cell cultures. The best pH is 3.0 to obtain a maximum yield at fixed reaction temperature and time t pH 3.0 reaction temperature 80
and reaction time 8 hr give the highest yield which is three time of control. This is very simple and efficient method to increase paclitaxel yield in plant cell cultures.
Recovery of Plant Cell and Its Debris by pH Control
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 405~407
A novel recovery method was developed to obtain the plant cell and its debris from Taxus chinensis cell cultures By pH control of plant cell cultures plant cell and debris was precipitated. The best pH is between 1.8 and 2.2 to obtain the precipitate of the plant cell and debris. Also paclitaxel is stable in this acidic conditions. This method is very simple an efficient to recover the plant cell and debris from plant cell cultures.
Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Physiologically Active materials from Agaricus blazei Fruiting Bodies
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 408~410
The supercritical fluid extraction(SFE) technique was applied for the isolation and purification of nonpolar physiologically acitve mateials from Agaricus blazei fruiting bodies. the qualitative analysis of extract was accomplished by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer(GC-MS) and extract was determined as linoleic acid(cis-9 cis-12-octadecadienoic acid) In order to obtain the optimum operating conditions of supercritical fluid extraction process the various temperatures and pressures were applied for process operation. From the comparison of exraction efficiencies
were determined as optimum conditions
A Rapid Small Scale Method for Extraction of Genomic DNA from Lactobacillus spp.
KSBB Journal, volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 411~413
A method is described for the rapid and simple isolation of genomic DNA from 3 mL culture of Lactobacillus crispatus KLB46 The isolated DNA using this method was shown to be an excellent substrate for restriction endonclease digestion and PCR. The method is expected to be used in gentic manipulation of L. crispatus KLB46.