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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Bioreactor Systems for the Cometabolic Biodegradation of Trichloroethlene
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 527~532
Trichlooethylene (TCE) has become a widespread contaminant in air, soil, and underground water due to extensive industrial used and improper disposals. Since TCE is a suspected carcinogen and constitutes public health concerns, many treatment systems have been investigated to remove this hazardous waste. One of the most premising reactor systems for the treatment of TCE is trickling biofilter (TBF), in which monooxygenase (MO), the corresponding enzyme for initiating primary substrate oxidation, fortuitously degrades TCE via cometabolism. TCE, however, is not easily treated by simple TBF. This is mainly due to the toxicities of TCE and its degradation products to microbial film in TBF. In this paper, recent progresses on the development of bioreactor system for the treatment of TCE, especially gas-phase TCE, are reviewed. The potentials of novel biofilm reactor systems were also discussed for the long-term continuous treatment of TCE.
Separation Characteristics of Whey Protein by High Performance Membrane Chromatography
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 533~537
-lactoglobulin in whey proteins were separated by high performance membrane chromatography (HPMC). The separation mechanism involved anion-exchange, and the stationary phase was anion CIM (Convective Interaction Media) DEAE, QA disk and cation exchanger SO
3 mm). Two types of mobile phase were used, buffer A (20 mM Tris-HCI, pH 7.3) and buffer B(buffer A + 1 M NaCl), As the amount of NaCl dissolved in buffer linearly increased, which enabled a gradient elution mode. The optimum mobile phase and operating condition (Buffer A/Buffer B = 100/0 - 30/70 vol%, gradient time 1 min, 30/70 - 10/90 vol.%, gradient time 2 min) were experimentally determined. In this experimental condition,
-lactoglobulin were separated within 5 min at a mobile phase flow rate of 4 mL/min.
Analysis of Combined Yeast Cell Cycle Data by Using the Integrated Analysis Program for DNA chip
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 538~546
An integrated data analysis program for DNA chip containing normalization, FDM analysis, various kinds of clustering methods, PCA, and SVD was applied to analyze combined yeast cell cycle data. This paper includes both comparisons of some clustering algorithms such as K-means, SOM and furry c-means and their results. For further analysis, clustering results from the integrated analysis program was used for function assignments to each cluster and for motif analysis. These results show an integrated analysis view on DNA chip data.
Separation of Glycoprotein and its Anticancer Immunostimulating Activity from Dried Barks of Slippery Elm [Ulmus parvifolia]
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 547~553
Glycoprotein from the water extract of dried root barks of slippery Elm was investigated for its anticancer immunostimulating activity, The glycoprotein contained molecular weight 15,000 to 500,000 Da, total carbohydrates 55.8 to 72.1%), total uronic acid 30.0 to 30.5%, and total proteins 5.0 to 6.1%. The anticancer immunostimulating activities were examined for both in vitro bioassays such as immune cell proliferation assay, mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR), direct mitogenicity, T-dependent antibody production, and in vivo bioassays such as septic shock test and anticancer activity test in B16 melanoma transplanted mouse model. In vivo assay, the glycoprotein at the concentration of 3 mg/kg showed the best result that median survival time increased to about 140% in contrast to control groups.
Immunostimulating Exopolysaccharide with Anticancer Activity from Enterobacter sp. SSYL[KCTC 0687BP] Screened from Ulmus parvifolia
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 554~561
Immunostimulating exopolysaccharides with anticancer activity produced by Enterobacter sp. SSYL(KCTC 0687BP), isolated from Chinese elm(Ulmus sp.) were investigated. The exopolysaccharide contains molecular weight 100,000 to 1,000,000 Da and total carbohydrates 43.0 to 70.8%, total uronic acid 7.1 7o 12.4%, and total proteins 15.4 to 20.6%. Compositions and contents of sugars in the exopolysaccharides are 10-30% glucose, less than 1% fructose, 10-15% galactose, 8-12% fucose, and 40-70% glucuronic acid. The anticancer immunostimulating activities were examined and proved with regard to both in vitro and in vivo bioassays. In vivo assay, the glycoprotein at the concentration of 0.3 mg/kg showed the best result that median survival time in creased to ca. 138.1% in contrast to control groups.
Cloning and Molecular Characterization of Epoxide Hydrolase from Aspergillus niger LK
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 562~567
Aspergillus niger LK harboring the enantioselective epoxide hydrolase (EHase) activity was isolated, and enantioselectivity of EHase was tested for various racemic aromatic epoxides. The gene encoding epoxide hydrolase was cloned from cDNA library generated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction of the isolated total mRNA. Sequence analysis showed that the cloned gene encodes 398 amino acids with a deduced molecular mass of 44.5 kDa. Database comparison of the amino acid sequence reveals that it is similar to fungal EHase, whereas the sequence identity with bacterial EHase is very low. Recombinant expression of the cloned EHase in Escherichia coli BL21 yielded an active EHases, which can offer a potential biocatalyst for the production of chiral epoxides.
The Effects of Light on the Production of hGM-CSF in Transgenic Plant Cell Culture
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 568~572
Light is one of the most important environmental factors controlling plant physiology. The human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (hGM-CSF) was produced from cell suspension cultures of transgenic tobacco under different light conditions (24 hr light, 18 hr light/dark cycle, dark). Under 24 hr light condition, cell growth was best and dry cell weight reached 14.4 g/L. Light did not influenced the secretion of total proteins. However, in the dark condition, the ratio of secreted total protein/dry cell weight was 1.5 fold higher than those of ethel conditions. Production of hGM-CSF was highest with 18 hr light condition and reached 496.5 ug/L. In addition, the content of hGM-CSf in secreted total proteins was 1.8 fold higher than that of 24 hr light condition, which is beneficial for the purificationof the protein
The Simultaneous Nitrification and Organics Oxidation of Wastewater in Airlift Biofilm Reactors
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 573~578
The effects of organic supplement (acetate) and dissolved oxygen concentration on the nitrification rate of wastewater were investigated in the 27.7 L pilot-scale airlift biofilm reactor with the granular activated carbon media of 0.613 mm diameter. The ammonium oxidation rate increased stepwise up to 5 kg N/㎥
d at the riser air velocity of 0.063 m/s, when the air velocity and the ammonium loading rate were raised alternately. The nitrite build-up was observed during the early stage of the biofilm formation, which disappeared after the reactor operation of 128 days. As increasing the organic loading rate, the organic oxidation rate increased up to 25.0 kg COD/㎥
d with the removal efficiency of 94% but the oxidation rates of ammonium and nitrite decreased. The oxidation rates of ammonium and nitrite increased with the dissolved oxygen concentrations. When the pure oxygen was sparged, the ammonium oxidation rate was almost five times higher than that with air at the same velocity,
Tumor Surpressor Gene Therany, and Natural Product with Vectors[Aoenouirus, Aoenn associated virus] in Human Papilloma virus
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 579~591
The cell growth inhibitor effect of cervical cancer cells was investigated by liposome mediated transfection (pRcCMVp53/lipofectin) and by transfection using adenovirus (AdCMVp57). The papilloma virus cancer cell lines we used in this study were HPV16 positive, having inhibiter gene, wild p53 gene, CaSki, SiHa, HPV18 positive HeLa, HeLaS3 and HPV negative C33A, HT3. LacZ gene of E.coli was used as the marker gene for the transfection efficiency. The effect on the inhibition of tumor cell growth was measured by cell count and cell viability though ELISA analysis and MTT assay. The inhibition of tumor cell growth was confirmed by measuring each assay for six days, comparing with the normal control cell growth. The cell growth of cervical cancer calls by transfection was significantly reduced and showed tittle differences among the cell lines. To eliminate the potential problem of Ad(adenovirus) contamination during rAAV production, rAAV can be produced by a triple transfection of vector plasmic, packaging plasmid, and adenovirus helper plasmid. To examine the helper functions of Ad plasmids on the production of rAAV vector, we carried out cotransfection of three plasmids, AAV vector, packaging construct, and Ad helper plasmids. The optimized transfection condition for calcium phosphate method is 25ug of total DNA per 10-cm-diameter plate of 293 cell. We found that rAAV yields peaked at 48hr after Ad infection. The titer of rAAV was measured by the dot blot analysis to measure the number of particles/ml based on the quantification of viral DNA. Recent1y, Kombucha(fungi) was identified as a very potent antileukefic agent. In the present study, effect of natural toxin(plankton) and Kombucha is PSP(GTXI-3, neoSTX), on various MTT assay cervical cancer cell line. Toxin(GTX 1-3, neoSTX) also inhibited the proliferation in primary cervical cancer calls in a dose-dependent toxin concentration. These results showed that toxin was very potent in inhibiting the proliferation of cervical cancer calls in vitro. Toxins and Kombuoha exhibited a dose dependent inhibition of cellular proliferation in cancer cell line.
Studies on the Antioxioative Character in the Etnyl Acetate Extractions of Rumex crispus
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 592~602
This study was undertaken to investigate the antioxidative substance and activity of ethyl acetate extracted from Rumex crispus. Sample extracted follow in proper course of a solvent. Material refinement was carried out using silicagel column and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. Material sorting was carried by Gas Chromatography(GC/MS). 1,1-Diphenyl-2-Picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) free radical scavenging and enzyme activity were measured for antioxidative activity. as result of testing by DPPH free radical scavenging activity, Antioxidative activity was shown as the highest in the root, then leaf and stem in order. Ethyl acetate extraction of root part were 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) Rumex activty(6.1 ug/mL). Rumex nipponicus(9.8 ug/ml) and Rumex acetoceae(31.5 ug/mL) in leaf part. The highest antioxidative activity of sample refined through silicagel column chromatography of Rumex crispus was appealed Fraction 5(IC50;3.57 ug/mL) in root and Fraction 6(IC50;85.9 ug/mL) in leaf. Fraction 5 in roof & Fraction 6 in leaf were refined using Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. The highest antioxidative activity were appeared Fraction 4 (IC50;3.57 ug/mL) and Fraction 4 (IC50;18.41 ug/mL)in leaf. As for main phenol compounds 2,6-Dichloro-4-nitropnenol and 2-Isopropyl-5-methyl Phenol were identified in root and leaf, While 4-Vinyl-2- methoxy-phenol and 2,3-Dihydro- benzofuran were identifica ted only in leaf. Enzyme activity was shown low both in peroxidase(PDD) Non-activate(IU/mg protein)and in Superoxide dismutase(SOD) non-activate(IU/mg protein). 2,6-Dichloro-4-nitrophenol, 2-Isopropyl-5-methyl phenol, 4-Vinyl-2-methoxy-phenol were obtained in this experiment and these compounds are phenolic compounds which have OH group in the structure. With the result of this study these phenolic compounds which are extracted from Rumex crispus have high antioxidative effect. This antioxidative effect of Rumex crispus can be applied for chromo-preventive and antioxidative supplements which can be used for anti-allegy, aging, anti-tumor, aging and other oxidative disease for health promotion.
The Effect of Filter Media on the Biofiltration of Air Contaminated by Toluene
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 603~608
In this study, we studied on the remeval of toluene vapors in a lab-scale biofilter. Biofiltration was performed in a column fed downflow with contaminated air at ambient conditions. The column was packed with mixture of Peat and Calstene(5:3 vol. Ratio), Synthesized media, Bark and Wood chip, which were inoculated with microbial population of selected stains(Pseudomonas. putida, KCCM 11343, ATCC 12633). The microorganisms were immobilized on the bed medium and then biofilm were formed. The biofilter was operated under the conditions of various inlet toluene concentrations for 180 days and treated up to the elimination capacity of maximum 40 g/㎥hr at the inlet load of 30 g/㎥ hr with percentage removals of 20∼90% and gas retention times between 1 and 2 min. The pressure drop was very negligible through the biofilter columps because its value of 0.054 cmH
O/m was much less than others. The effect of operating conditions such as flow rate, inlet toluene concentration and moisture contents on the performance of the biofilter was sequentially investigated in this study.
Selective Analysis of Heavy Metal Ions Using Protein-based Biosensor
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 609~613
New protein-based biosensors using fluorescence for the detection heavy metal ions were developed. The detection range of heavy metal ions was between 10
-3/ mM - 1 mM using casein and albumin as a transducer of biosensor, respectively. Casein showed better results for detecting heavy metal ions than albumin. Simple assay method was developed for the selective analysis of the two heavy metal ions by the fluorescence at wavelength of excitation and emission. This method was successfully applied to determining the concentrations Of Co
2+/ and Fe
Effects of the Dietary Mixture of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver on Osteoporosis
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 614~619
Inhibitory effects of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver against osteoporosis were studied with ovaryectomized rats. The diet mixture A of calcium, vitamin D
, and vitamin K
and the additional mixture B with extract of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver were fed for 7 months to ovaryectomized rats. The urine content of pyridinoline and deoxypyridinoline was used as bone biochemical markers. Concentrations of deoxypyridinoline of ovaryectomized rats fed with the mixture A and B decreased 9.0% and 26.9%, respectively, when they were compared to the ovaryectomized control. The trabecular bone areas of proximal tibias of ovaryectomized rats were measured and compared to the ovaryectomized control. The areas fed with the mixture A and B increased 9.9% and 42.0%, respectively, that proved the inhibitory effect of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver against osteoporosis.
Characteristics of Batch Cultures and Effects of Various Elicitors on Ginsenoside Production in Suspension Cultures of Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 620~625
This study was examined to investigate the time course behaviors of cell growth and sucrose consumption, and effects of various elicitors on ginsenoside production in batch suspension cultures of Panax ginseng Meyer. Suspended cells reached to the stationary phase at 12 days after innoculation. The maximum cell concentration was 14.7 g-DCW/L at 17 days. The highest cell growth rate was 0.59 g-DCW/L d. The sucrose used as a sole carbon source was hydrolysed to glucose and fructose in 4 days, then quickly utilized until the middle-log phase and consumpted completely at 16 days. Various elicitors were app1ied at 8 days from inoculation which is the middle-log phase. Among the elicitors tested, jasmonic acid was the most efficient to increase the ginseneside production, which was 1.5 times higher than control.
Effect of Cold Adaptation on the Improved Viability of Lactobacillus crispatus KLB46
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 626~631
Lactobacilli have been considered to play important roles in the health of human vagina. They secrete inhibitory substances to prevent vaginal infection by pathogenic organisms. In a previous study, we have isolated several lactobacilli from Korean woman and one of them (KLB46) was selected and indentified as Lactobacillu crispatus which showed high antimicrobial activity. In this study. cold adaptation prior to subsequent stresses exposure was examined whether L. crispatus KLB46 maintain the viability better than the non-adapted calls under stresses. For pharmaceutical formulation, the lyophilization process is required where stresses such as freezing/thawing and dehydration are routinely applied. Formulated L. crispatus KLB46 can be used for ecological treatment of bacterial vaginosis. The response of cold-adapted cells to other environmental stresses such as acid, heat, ethanol, NaCl, and H
was also examined. The results showed that cold-adapted cells maintained higher survival rate compared with the non-adapted cells (freezing-thawing. 3-folds; dehydration: 3-folds; acid, 3-folds; heat, 10-folds). However, we did net observe any positive effect of cold adaptation on other stresses such as ethanol, NaCl and H
. When chloramphenicol was added during cold adaptation, adaptation effect was abolished. This confirms that de novo protein synthesis is necessary during the adaptation process. Moreover, we have identified cold shock protein homolog that codes for a major cold shock protein by PCR amplification using degenerate primers.
Biodegradation of Diesel Oil by Microorganisms Isolated from Petroleum Contaminated Site
KSBB Journal, volume 16, issue 6, 2001, Pages 632~637
The cells obtained from diesel contaminated site were tested for diesel degradation by culturing them on the culture medium that contained diesel as the only carbon source. Two strains that grew well in the culture media were separated: one formed white colony and another strain formed yellow colony. When they were cultured together, much higher diesel degradation was obtained compares to that of individual cell culture. Mixed culture of white and yellow colony forming strains grew well with 1%(v/v) diesel and the addition of growth nutrients increased the diesel degradation. Additional nitrogen source was efficient for higher diesel degradation (over 90%) when it was compared with that without nitrogen source. When mixed culture of white and yellow colony forming cells were applied to the soil column system contaminated by diesel, 30 mL/min of air flow rate was found to be sufficient to degrade diesel oil. The diesel degradation did not increase noticeably at higher flow rate. The addition of nitrogen source resulted in the increase in diesel degradability.