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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
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Microbial Biosensors for Environmental and Food industrial Applications
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 213~227
To date, the majority of biosensor technologies use binding components such as enzymes antibodies, nucleic acids and protein ligands. In contrast, the goal underlying the use of cells and tissues of animals and plants for a sensor system is to obtain systems capable of extracting information based on the biological activity, mechanisms of action and consequences of exposure to a chemical or biological agent of interest. These systems enable the interrogation of more complex biological response and offer the potential to gather higher information content from measuring physiologic and metabolic response. In these articles, same of the recent trends and applications of microbial biosensors in environmental monitoring and for use in food and fermentations have been reviewed. This endeavor presents many technological challenges to fabricate new microbial biosensors for other scientific field.
Optimization for the Bacterial Cellulose Production of Acetobacter xylinum KJ1 by Factorial Design
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 228~234
Acetobacter xylinum KJ1 efficiently producing bacterial cellulose(BC) In shaking culture was isolated from a rotten grape. The strain was used to investigate optimum operating conditions for increasing BC production and factorial design model was employed for the optimization. The results of experiments were statistically analyzed by SAS program. Reciprocal effects of each factors(carbon source concentration, shaking speeds(rpm), oxygen pressure, and CSL concentration) and culture condition of BC production were examined by getting regression equation of the dependent variable. Comparisons between experimental results and predicted results about BC concentration were done in total 24 experiments by combination of each factors using SAS program, and the correlation coefficients of BC concentration and BC yield were 0.91 and 0.81, respectively. The agitated cultures were peformed in various operation conditions of factors which affected considerably to BC production in jar fermentor. The results showed that BC concentration was 11.67 g/L in 80 hours cultivation under the condition of carbon source concentration : shaking speeds(rpm) : oxygen pressure : CSL concentration : 4% : 460 rpm : 0.28 : 6%. On the other hand BC yield was 0.42 g/g in 80 hours cultivation under the condition of carbon source concentration : shaking speeds(rpm) : oxygen pressure : CSL concentration : 4% : 564 rpm : 0.21 : 2%. The BC production could be enhanced up to more than 2.4 times by factorial design. The result of a verifying experiment under the optimal conditions determined by the factorial design to the BC production showed that the model was appropriate by obtaining BC concentration of 11.47 g/L in the optimum condition.
Microbe Adhesion and Organic Removal from Synthetic Wastewater Treatment using Polypropylene Media Modified by Ion-Assisted Reactions
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 235~240
The surface of polypropylene was modified by 1 keV
ion beam in an
environment in order to enhance wettability. Contact angle of deionized water on modified polypropylene was reduced from
. The enhanced wettability is originated from newly formed functional groups such as ether, carbonyl, and carbonyl groups. During immersion in deionized water, the enhanced wettability has remained nearly same. After washing in water, the hydrophilic functional groups on the polymer surface have been very stable. The modified polypropylene was adopted as bio-film media to remove organics in synthetic wastewater. Microbe adhesion on the polypropylene surface was improved due to the newly formed hydrophilic groups.
Biological Treatment of Dyeing Wastewater Using Jet Loop Reactor with Activated Carton Supports
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 241~246
Today, many problems of dye-processing wastewaters were raised due to industry of dyeing and textiles. It is difficult to treat them perfectly because they contain many poorly degradable matters, such as surfactants, ethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, and so on. To improve the performances of conventional physicochemical treatment and activated sludge process, new systems of combining jet-loop reactor (JLR) with physicochemical treatment were developed. Volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient (
) of JLR was significantly larger than that of air-lift reactor. Also, for the effective treatment of dye-processing wastewater, JLR with active carbon supports (JLRAS) were investigated. Removal efficiency of BOD,
and color were found as 99, 86, 84, 83%, respectively, when HRT was 8 hrs. And performance of JLRAS was rapidly restored after step change of
loading late. The optimal coagulant and dosage of second physicochemical treatment after JLRAS were polyferric sulfate and 130 mg/L, respectively, when removal efficiencies of
and color were 85 and 73%, respectively. In conclusion, this system enables the reduction of operation cost, and the effective removal of many organics.
Biodegradation of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Crude Oil-degrading Microorganism
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 247~254
Two kinds of crude oil-degrading microorganisms from soil and one kind from sea were isolated and named strain Al32, strain F722 and strain OM1, respectively. These microorganism were identified Acinetobacter sp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, respectively. The optimum cultivation temperature of Acinetobacter sp. A132 and P. aeruginosa F722 was
and optimum growth pH was 8 and 9, respectively. The growth was the highest at 2.0% (w/v) substrate concentration when crude oil was only carbon source. The growth of A. calcoaceticus OM1 isolated from sea was the highest at 3.0% (w/v) of crude oil. In inspection of crude oil degradability, strain Al32 showed 5.49 g/L.day with Eleuthera (OMAN), 2.0% (w/v). P. aeruginosa F722 showed 1.19 g/L g/L.day with L-Zakum (AFRICA). In case of kerosene
, A. calcoaceticus OM1 was degraded 95% and 75%, respectively, for 7 days culture, and P. aeruginosa F722 was 80% after 10 days.
1,3-Propanediol Fermentation using the by-Products from Fat Industry
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 255~260
1,3-Propanediol as a bifunctional organic compound could be used in polymerization reactions producing polyesters and polyurethanes. Byproduct containing high concentration of glycerol from fat industry was used to produce 1,3-propanediol in lower production cost as well as waste treatment. In this study, various attempts were made to increase 1,3-propanediol production under different conditions using Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 15380. The conversion yield and byproduct formation were influenced significantly by the fermentation pH and temperature. The optimal glycerol and nitrogen concentration for 1,3-propanediol production were found to be 25 a/L and 1%(w/v), respectively. The formation of 1,3-propanediol was optimal at pH 6.0 and temperature
. 1,3-Propanediol production from byproduct from 2.5% glycerol was lower than that of 2.5% commercial glycerol and amounted only to 9.84 a/L from byproduct, while to 12.13 a/L from commercial glycerol.
Isolation of Peptides from Human Blood by RP-HPLC
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 261~265
The biologically active peptides in human blood can adjust the functions of many physiological systems. The peptides in human blood were separated on the five steps of linear gradient-elution mode by RP-HPLC with UV detection. The size of commercially available
chromatographic column was 4.60
150 mm with particle size of 5
and pore size of 100
. The mobile phases used were water in 0.75% trifluoroacetic acids (TFA) and organic modifier of acetonitrile. The isolation methods suggested in this work for peptides from the blood were composed of the formation of immiscible liquid layers and precipitation by centrifuge and chemicals of sodium citrate and trichloroacetic acid (TCA). The some peptides were identified based on the retention times previously constructed database.
Physiological Functionality of Chinese Quince Wine and liquors
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 266~270
Alcohol fermentation conditions for the production of Chinese quince wine were investigated. Ethanol was produced maximally when 5% Saccharomyces cerevisiae was added to Chinese quince iuices and fermented at
for 10 days. Physiological functionalities of the Chinese quince wines were determined and compared with those of Chinese quince liquors made by seating of Chinese quince in a mixture of commercial soju and 10% sugar for 30 days and 60 days. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory activity and fibrinolytic activity of the Chinese quince wine were 36.7% and 24.0 U, respectively. Tyrosinase inhibitory activity and nitrite scavenging activity of the Chinese quince liquors were 96.7% and 52.7%, respectively and it were similar to those of the Chinese quince liquor trade from soaking of 60 days. Chinese quince wine was showed strong antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus (8.5 mm of clear zone) and Klebsiella pneumonia(4.0 mm of clear zone).
Fatty Acid Contents and Efficacy of In vivo and In vitro Cultured Entomopathogenic Nematodes
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 271~275
Fatty Acid contents of entomopathogenic nematodes(EPNs) were examined by various types of nematodes and culture methods. Seven different types EPNs cultured by in vivo did not contain same fatty acid contents, but similar compositions. It was also found that Steinernema carpocapsae among EPNs cultured by in vivo and in vitro contained not only different fatty acid contents, but also revealed distinctive motilities in a soil. The addition of olive oil in the in vitro culture medium resulted in similar fatty acid contents of S. carpocapsae to in vivo and greatly improved the pathogenicity of nematodes compared to that of soy oil in the medium.
Characterization of Symbiotic Bacteria from Entomopathogenic Nematode
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 276~282
Symbiotic bacteria with highly effective insecticidal activities were isolated and compared with their physiological characteristics from seven species of entomopathogenic nematodes belong to Steinernamatidae and Heterorhabditidae sp., and three of them were identified as Xenorhabdus nematophilus. Culture characteristics, insecticidal activities, pretense activities and fatty acid contents of various symbiotic bactierial isolates were also examined. In the case of cell growth and insecticidal activity, XR-PC and XR-MK were superior to other species when cultured in vitro. The insecticidal activity were highest at the early exponential growth phase, and gradually decreased with time. The protease activity of XR-DR was remarkable compared to other species. In the case of HE-HY, however the pretense activity increased in parallel with cell growth. Interestingly, the fatty acid patterns of Xenorhabdus nematophilus isolated from different emtomopathogenic nematode, showed remarkable differences in their contents of 12:0, 14:0, 16:1 cia 5 and 17:0 cyclo and hydroxy and branch factty acids were varied from 2% to 15% among total fatty acid contents.
Metabolic Regulation of Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 Expression
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 283~289
The present study was aimed at investigating the metabolic regulation of insulin-like growth factor-I(IGF-I) expression in fasting animals. The expression of IGF-I gene was determined by a solution hybridization/RNase protection assay using total RNA from control, 4d-fasting, and 2d-fasting-refed rats. The levels of IGF-I transcripts were reduced in 4d-fasting than in control by decreasing its transcriptional rate, which was measured through nuclear nun-on assay. DNase I footprinting, which was performed using nuclear extracts from fasting rat, demonstrated protein binding to a sequence that extended from +179 to +210 (termed region B). These data suggest that the expression of IGF-I is transcriptionally regulated through DNA-liver enriched protein binding in a sequence which is located downstream from major transcription initiation site of IGF-I gene.
Selection and Characterization of a High Erythritol Producing Mutant of Moniliella suaveolens var. nigra
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 290~294
The present work describes the improvement of an erythritol-producing strain to lower the formation of glycerol, which is a characteristic by-product of the strain and could cause difficulties in the recovery and purification of the final product. The yeast-like fungi Moniliella suaveolens var. nigra, isolated previously in the same laboratory from beehives, was mutated by exposing it to a 4 g/L NTG solution. From a total of 2000 mutated strains, Em6j30-14 was selected as the one having the most desirable properties. Cultivating the strain for seven days in 300 mL flasks containing 30 mL of a 400 g/L glucose medium resulted in an erythritol yield of 43%. The glycerol yield was 5%, which is a value 50% lower as compared with the wild type. However, attempts to reproduce the above results in a 5L-fermenter failed, resulting in a similar erythritol concentration but a much higher formation of glycerol. Possible reasons for such a different behaviour could be oxygen limitation or the aggregation of cells, but the exact mechanism could not yet be identified. Foam formation, which is another major problem in large-scale fermentation, tended to be much lower for the mutant strain.
Effect of Nonionic Surfactant SPAN 20 on the Biodesulfurization Process by Rhodococcus sp. strain IGTS8
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 295~301
The effects of nonionic surfactant (SPAN 20) on the desulfurization process by Rhodococcus sp. strain IGTS8 have been investigated at various oil/water ratios, pHs and concentrations of surfactant. The hexadecane containing DBT was employed as model oil. The presence of surfactant in the oil/water mixture stabilized the oil/water interface, thus enhanced the efficiency of desulfurization. The volume percentages of oil in the oil/water mixture were 30, 50 and 70%. The concentrations of surfactant were varied from 0 to 0.33 wt% relative to water phase. In general, the biodesulfurization efficiencies were decreased as the concentration of SPAN 20 and the volume percentage of oil phase increased.
Cosmical Analysis and Interfacial Characterization of Biosurfactants formed by Rhodococcus. Sp. strain IGTS8 during the Biodesulfurization Process
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 302~306
The chemical analysis and surface chemical properties of biosurfactant formed by Rhodococcus sp. strain IGTS8, which is widely used in biodesulfurization process, in hexadecane/water mixture have been studied. For the chemical analysis, TLC technique was employed. The surface tension, CMC, and emulsion stability of biosurfactant solution were also investigated. The major components of biosurfactant formed by Rhodococcus sp. strain IGTS8 were glucose mycolate and trehalose monomycolate. The CMC of aqueous biosurfactant solution was 0.1 ~0.15 g/100 mL of Water at pH 6.0-6.5 and pH 10~10.5. But the demulsification was faster at pH 10 than at pH 6.3.
A Study of Pseudomonas putida Fed-batch Culture
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 307~310
In order to obtain high density seed cells for biofiltration, we studied batch and fed-batch culture of P. putida. Studies were carried out to find optimum fermentation conditions such as pH, concentration of glucose and agitation speed. Specific growth rate of P. putida was dependent on agitation speed and a high rpm of 300 was necessary to carry out the efficient aerobic growth of P. putida. Specific growth rate was highest at pH 7. Feeding glucose and yeast extract continuously at the initial growth phase was the most effective way to get high cell density of P. putida.
Simple/Rapid Method for RNA Preparation from Lactobacillus spp.
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 311~313
Lactobacillus spry. are Gram-positive bacteria playing important roles in human health. In this study, we successfully isolated the total RNA from the cells broken by glass beads using hot phenol method. Moreover, we were able to omit lysozyme and proteinase K treatment by using glass beads to break cell more efficiently. This method was more rapid and simple when compared to the previous one. Prepared RNA can be used for the transcriptional analysis of Lactobacillus spp.
Disinfection Effect of Trichloroisocyanuric Acid and Calcium Hypochlorite on Escherichia coli in Water
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 314~316
The disinfection effects of trichloroisocyanuric acid (TICA) and calcium hypochlorite on E. coli in aqueous suspension were comparatively characterized at various concentrations and exposure times of each disinfectant. When the E. coli (
CFU/mL) cells were exposed with a solution containing 12 ppm each of TICA and calcium hypochlorite, a 90% of the initial cells were killed in 4 sec and 390 sec, respectively. In addition, calcium hypochlorite lost its disinfection effect in about 1 hr exposure under the sun light, whereas TICA maintained its disinfection effect up to 6 hrs under the same condition. These comparative studies demonstrate that TICA is a more effective and stable disinfectant than calcium hypochlorite to sterilize E. coli in aqueous suspension.
Isolation of a Bacterium with Potent Antibacterial Activity against Swine Atrophic Rhinitis Bacteria and Antibacterial Activities
KSBB Journal, volume 17, issue 3, 2002, Pages 317~320
A bacterium(Y-5) which has potent antibacterial activity against swine atrophic rhinitis bacteria (Bordetella bronchiseptica, Pasteurella multocida) was isolated from soil and identified as a strain of Bacillus sp. Y-5 upon investigation of the morphological and physiological characteristics. The culture broth obtained from incubation of the Y-5 strain at
for 21 h in tryptose-bouillon agar medium (pH 6.0) showed active antibacterial activity against Bordetella bronchiseptica and the culture broth that of
, pH 6.5, 18 h showed active antibacterial activity against Pasteurella multocida.