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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
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The Theory and Application or Piezoelectric Quartz Crystal Microbalance[PZ QCM] for Biosensor
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 79~89
This article contains an overview of acoustic wave devices, the theory and application of piezoelectric quartz crystal microbalances(PZ QCM), clinical analysis, gas phase detection, DNA biosensors, drug analysis, food microbial analysis and environmental analysis.
Determination of Heavy Metal Contents in Oriental Medical Materials and the Effect of Washing
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 90~93
Six heavy metals (lead, copper, cadmium, chromium, mercury and arsenic) were analyzed in 9 oriental medical materials(Paeoniae Radix Alba, Zizyphi Fructus, Cnidii Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix Preparata, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Astragali Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix, Cinnamomi Cortex Spissus, and Zingiberis Rhizoma Crudus) by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). The heavy metal contents of Zingberis Rhizoma Crudus and Angelicae Gigantis Radix were 44.0 and 37.3 mg/kg, respectively, which were 1.47 and 1.24 times higher than the guideline set by the Korean Food and Drug Administration (KFDA). Washing with deionized water lowered the heavy metal contents by 20-38%, and reduced levels to below the guidelines set by KFDA.
Effect of Medium Composition on the Bacterial Cellulose Production by Gluconacetobacter hansenii PJK
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 94~99
The effect of medium composition on the production of bacterial cellulose (BC) by Gluconacetobacter hansenii PJK was investigated. The addition of yeast extract and peptone in the medium increased the production yield (Y/sub p/s/) of BC. The amount of BC produced by G. hansenii PJK was constant if the initial pH of the medium was in the range 4.5 to 6.0. Strains from the supernatant of the culture medium produced more BC than those from inside the BC. BC production was dependent on glucose metabolism, and the addition of fructose or lactate as a carbon source converted cells to Cel/sup -/ mutants. Cel/sup -/ mutants produced by the addition of fructose or lactate to the medium caused 73% or 30% decreases in BC production, respectively. The addition of succinate, which is one of the constituents of the TCA cycle, did not affect the production of BC.
Protein Binding of [S]-Perillyl Alcohol in HSA using High-Performance Frontal Analysis
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 100~106
An on-line frontal analysis HPLC system was developed to determine the unbound concentration of (S)-perillyl alcohol, an potential anti-cancer agent, in human serum albumin (HSA) solution, The analysis was performed on a Develosil 100 Diol 5 (10 cm x 4.6 mm I.D.) high-performance frontal analysis (HPFA) column. Sodium phosphate solution was used as the mobile phase (pH 7.4, ionic strength 0.17) at a flow rate of 1
/min. UV wavelength was set at 205 nm. A injection volume of 600
was chosen to ensure the compound eluted formed a zonal peak with a plateau. By Scatchard analysis, it was found that the binding constant(K) and binding number(n) of (S)-perillyl alcohol to molecular HSA were 2.05 x
], 0.00428, respectively.
Drug Release Characteristics of Biodegradable Polymers for Stent Coating
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 107~110
Biodegradable polymers, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB), and medium chain length polyhydroxyalkanoates (MCL-PHA) containing rose bengal (model drug) were coated onto the surface of stainless steel (stent materials) and their in vitro release characteristics were investigated. Drug release increased with; decreasing PLGA concentration, increasing rose bengal concentration, and Increasing dip-coating duration. The order of drug release from the polymer coating was: PHB > PLGA > MCL-PHA. These results suggest that drug release can be controlled by: changing the concentration and type of polymer, the drug concentration, and the dip-coating duration.
Continuous Hydrogen Gas production by Immobilized Anaerobic Microorganisms
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 111~116
Hydrogen producing acidogenic microorganisms were self-immobilized using organic-inorganic hybrid polymer within 5 minutes. During the continuous tratment of synthetic wastewater at a hydraulic retention time of 20 hours, at 37
, pH 5.0, the self-immobillized granules were maintained in a stirred tank reactor. The black colored granules gradually became milky. Image analysis showed that the mean diameter of the milky colored granules ranged from 1.5 to 20. mm. The maximum bio-gas procuction rate was 380 ml/L/hy and the concentration of H
was around 50%, while no methane was detected. Granular ECP was extracted and its content was measured to elucidate the role of the organic-inorganic hybrid polymer. Further increases of granule concentration are expected to increase the hydrogen production rate.KO16MSWIN949
Effect of Quality Improvement and the Preservation on Soybean Sauce and Paste by Adding Pyroligneous Liquor Treated with Supercritical Carbon Dioxide
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 117~121
The study was carried out to determine the effect of storage property and qualities on soybean sauce and paste by adding different amount of pyroligneous liquor obtained by sujpercritical fluid extraction(SFE). Purified pyroligneous liquor obtained by SFE at 4
/110 bar contained p-cresol, o-cresol and m-cresol food sterilizers, but no toxic substances such as tar, scorched, furfuraland and monophenol. Thus pyroligneous liquor was considered to be suitable as natural food preservative. In case of soybean sauce, pyroligneous liquor was tested to determine the potential of natual food preservative to prevent flim formation on soybean ksauce 15days at 3
. Increasing amounts of purified pyroligneous liquor added to soybean sauce prevented film forming yeasts. In case of paste, pyroligneous liquor was tested to determine the potential of natural food preservative to inhibit browning on paste 60 days at 3
. Purified pyroligneous liquor added to paste inhibited brown pigment. As a result, purified pyroligneous liquor offered a promising way of improving the quality and storage property of soybean sauce and paste.
Purification of Lysozyme from Egg White by Multicycle Ion Exchange Chromatography
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 122~126
Multi-cycle chromatographic separation of Iysozyme from egg white was investigated. Multi-cycle chromatography was performed by repeated cycling(one cycle: resin equilibration, sample loading, washing, elution). Two types of cation exchange resins, Cellufine CM C-200 and Bio-rex 70, were used to determine the optimum condition for the separation of Iysozyme by multi-cycle chromatography. The resin was equilibrated in 20 mM Na-phosphate buffer(pH 7.0). Chromatograms of UV absorbance levels of every cycle were compared to confirm the eluting ability of Iysozyme in the two types of gel. Collected samples from eluting regions in every cycle were assayed by 15% SDS-PAGE.
Effects of Alcohols on the Production of Bacterial Cellulose
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 127~132
The effect of 4 kinds of alcohols was investigated on the production of bacterial cellulose (BC) by Gluconacetobacter hansenii PJK. The addition of alcohols and acetic acid to medium caused the pellets of bacterial cellulose to aggregate into a lump, which could be easily separated from the culture medium. The growth rate of cells and the production yield of BC increased in the medium containing ethanol. Other alcohols in the medium decreased cell growth and the cellulose production rate, because of their toxic effects. The addition of ethanol depressed the conversion of a
cell to a
mutant in shaking culture. Cells subcultured three in a medium containing ethanol produced BC without any loss of BC production yield.
Characterization of Cell Cultures and Ginsenoside Production by Cultured Ginseng and Wild Mountain Ginseng
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 133~139
Established cell-line cultures of cultured and wild mountain ginseng were characterized and their abilities to produce ginsenoside were determined. Cell lines were made of calli induced from the roots of wild mountain ginseng and cultured ginseng(Panax ginseng). Suspension cultures of wild mountain ginseng and cultured ginseng showed different growth and ginsenoside production rate. Their specific growth rates were 0.067 and 0.0035 day-1 in spite of having the same sugar consumption rates, where cells from wild mountain ginseng grew almost twice as fast as those of cultured ginseng. Their respective abilities to produce ginsenoside, however, were 0.53 and 2.53 mg/L.day, which means cells from cultured ginseng produced around 5 times more than wild mountain ginseng.
Vertical Flow Zeolite-Filled Reed Bed for Treatment of Artificial Sewage with Intermittent Feeding
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 140~144
The artificial sewage was treated using a vertical flow zeolite-filled reed bed. The artificial sewage was fec into the reed bed for 10 minutes every 6 hours at the hydraulic load 314 L/
\ulcorner day. The filtering height of the reed bed was 100 cm and the zeolite mixture was filled in the reed bed. The mixture consisted of the same volume of two types of zeolites ; 0.5~1 mm and 1~3 mm in diameter. Annual average removal efficiency was CO
95.1%, T-N 49.5%,
-N 99.4% and T-9 56.4%. T-N removal efficiency decreaced remarkably from 73 to 27% with the operating time. Most of T-P was adsorbed in the uper area of the reed bed. The major portion of adsorbed phosphorus was composed of Fe-, Ca- and reductant selubele Fe-P.
The Optimum Culture Condition for the Increasement of Biosurfactant Produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa F722
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 145~148
The hydrogen-producting bacterium was isolated from fresh water and identified as Enterbacter cloacae. The isolated was named Enterobacter cloacae YJ-1. In batch culture, The optimum cultivation temperature and pH of strain YJ-1 was 35
and 7.5, respectively. All of the added glucose was consumed completely during fermentation even though pH was not controlled. Amount of hydrogen produced on each condition of 2% glucose, 4% sucrose and 5% fructose was 950, 1000 and 948 mL/L, respectively and resulted in increasing hydrogen production approximately 2.5-times more than controlled condition. The macimum hydrogen production was obtained when 50mM phosphate was added. was obtained when 50mM phosphate was added. In repeated0batch culture, yeast extract, but the production amount was not changed on the condition of over 0.5%, Most of the organic acides produced during the fermentation were formic and acetic acid, and propionic acid was moiety also generated.
Isolation and Characterization of Hydrogen Producing Bacterium
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 149~154
The hydrogen-producing bacterium was isolated from fresh water and identified as Enterobacter cloacae. The isolated was named Enterobacter cloacae YJ-1. In batch culture, The optimum cultivation temperature and pH of strain YJ-1 was 35℃ and 7.5, respectively. All of the added glucose was consumed completely during fermentation even though pH was not controlled. Amount of hydrogen produced on each condition of 2% glucose, 4% sucrose and 5% fructose was 950, 1000 and 948 mL/L, respectively and resulted in increasing hydrogen production approximately 2.5-times more than controlled condition. The maximum hydrogen production was obtained when 50 mM phosphate was added. In repeated-batch culture, hydrogen gas of 1920 mL/L was totally produced for 48. The maximum hydrogen was produced on the condition of 0.5% yeast extract, but the production amount was not changed on the condition of over 0.5%. Most of the organic acids produced during the fermentation were formic and acetic acid, and propionic acid was moiety also generated.
The Effect of Dissolved Oxygen on Microbial Transglutaminase production by Streptoverticillium morbaraense
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 155~160
The effect of dissolved oxygen(DO) on microbial transglutaminase(mTG) production by Streptoverticillium morbaraense was studied in on-line computer controlled fermentation system. In order to control dissolved oxygen during fermentation, the agitation speed and aeration rate of 2.5 L fermenter ranged from 260 to 360 rpm and 0.3 to 3.9 L/min, respectively. The maximum microbial transglutaminase production was obtained at controlled 20% of dissolved oxygen among the various dissolved oxygen controlled batch cultures tested. The production of microbial transglutaminase at controlled 20% of dissolved oxygen was about 2.12 U/mL which was 1.1 times higher than that obtained in batch culture without control of dissolved oxygen. Also, the highest microbial transglutaminase production was obtained in fed-batch cultures in which dissolved oxygen was controlled at 20%, and it was improved almost 1.3 times in comparison with that without control of dissolved oxygen. Maximal dry cell weight and microbial transglutaminase production were 13.2 g/L and 2.6 U/mL, respectively. Finally, it was also found that fed-batch fermentation at controlled 20% of dissolved oxygen showed a good performance for the microbial transglutaminase production by on-line computer controlled fermentation system which may be generally applicable to other microbial cultures.
Release Properties of BSA from Pectin Heads for Colonic Drug Delivery
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 161~164
Oral drug delivery system using pectin gel was developed for colon-targeting of peptide drug. BSA(bovine serum albumin)-loaded pectin and pectin-alginate beads were prepared for drug release properties in vitro. Morphological studies by electron microscopy indicated that pectin and pectin-alginate beads were spherical in shape and approximately 1.0 mm. In order to find the suitable beads, effects of cross-linking agents (calcium chloride or zinc acetate) and drying temperature of beads were investigated. Drug release decreased with concentration of cross-linking agents and drying temperature. For colonic drug delivery from pectin and pectin-alginate beads, pectin degradable enzymes were added at 5 hrs from the beginning of drug release. After addition of enzymes, drug release was suddenly increased against free enzymes. Therefore, pectin and pectin-alginate beads can be promised as useful drug release carriers for colon-targeted delivery.