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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
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DPPH Radical Scavenging Effect and in vitro Lipid Peroxidation Inhibition by Portulaca oleracea
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 165~169
The antioxidative activity of Portulaca oleracea was tested using in vitro experimental models. Antioxidative activities were determined by measuring DPPH radical scavenging activity and lipid peroxide using 2-thiobarbituric and (TBA). The crude extract was sequentially partitioned with n-hexane, 15% aq. MeOH, EtOAc, n-BuOH,
. A remarkable antioxidative effect was observed in the EtOAc and n-BuOH fractions. The DPPH radical scavenging effect (
/ml) of the n-BuOH soluble fraction was comparable with that of the natural antioxidant,
/ml) and the inhibition effect of lipid peroxidation in mouse liver homogenate was similar to that of the natural antioxidant, L-ascorbic acid at a concentration of 1.0 mg/ml to 5 mg/ml
Biophoton Emission of MDCK Kidney Cell with ROS(reactive oxygen species)
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 170~173
This study was studies biophoton characteristics of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells under the influence of CsA and each cell type (mock, wt, R55A) by employing a Photomultipliertube.
was used for producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) in this measurement. ROS is also generated during oxidative metabolism in living organism. Images from a fluorescence show an increase of photon intensity emitted from the sample on the influence of CsA and each cell type (mock, wt, R55A). It is believed chemiluminescence (CL) occurred by ROS is responsible for the biophoton emission. hence PMT measurement might be considered as a useful tool for studying biochemical characteristics in relation to ROS
Characterization of the Quinoline-Degrading Bacterium Pseudomonas sp. NFQ-1 Isolated from Dead Coal Pit Areas
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 174~179
The bacterium NFQ-1 capable of utilizing quinoline (2,3-benzopyridine) as the sole source of carbon, nitrogen and energy was enriched and isolated from soil samples of dead coal pit areas. Strain NFQ-1 was identified as Pseudomonas nitroreducens NFQ-1 by BIOLOG system, and assigned to Pseudomonas sp. NFO-1. Pseudomonas sp. NFQ-1 was used with the concentration range of 1 to 10 mM quinoline. Strain NFQ-1 could degrade 2.5 mM quinoline within 9 hours of incubation. Initial pH 8.0 in the culture was reduced to 6.8, and eventually 7.0 as the incubation was proceeding. 2-Hydroxyquinoline, the first intermediate of the degradative pathway, accumulated transiently in the growth medium. The highest concentration of quinoline (15 mM) in this work inhibited cell growth and quinoline degradation. Pseudomonas sp. NFQ-1 was able to utilize various quinoline derivatives and aromatic compounds including 2-hydroxyquinoline, p-comaric acid, benzoic acid, p-cresol, p-hydroxybenzoate, protocatechuic acid, and catechol. The specific activity of catechol oxygenases was determined to approximately 184.7 unit/㎎ for catechol 1.2-dioxygenase and 33.19 unit/㎎ for catechol 2,3-dioxygenase, respectively. As the result, it showed that strain NFQ-1 degraded quinoline via mainly orthp-cleavage pathway, and in partial meta-cleavage pathway.
Extraction of Glycosaminoglycans from Styela clava Tunic
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 180~185
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGS was extracted from sea squirt, Styela clava with sodium phosphate at 105
for 2 hr and deproteinized with trichloroacetic acid or hydrochloride. The GAGs obtained from tunic consist 41.7% crude carbohydrates, 31.8% crude protein, and 31.2% sulfate. It was mainly constituted of galactose, glucosamine, glucose, mannose, and glacrosamine. The prominent amino acid were phenylalanine, threonine, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid. Mineral contents was mainly constituted 3.0 mg% sodium, 1.6 mg% potassium, and 1.2 mg% phosphorus. Trichloroacetic acid, hydrochloride and 5-sulfosalicylic acid were used for deprotein of the GAGs. Effective volume for deprotein of crude GAGs were 5.0% trichloroacetic acid (w/v) and 10.0% HCI (v/v) treatment. The deproteinized GAGs contained 35.1%, 35.4% of protein and 22.0%, 18.5% of sulfate, respectively.
Catalase Production by Membrane Process for Treatment of Industrial Wastewater Containing Hydrogen Peroxide
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 186~189
This study aims to develop an economic process for the treatment of industrial wastewater containing hydrogen peroxide by using catalase. Core process is characterized by two membranes; microfiltration membrane and ultrafiltration membrane with different molecular cut-offs. Optimum dilution ratio of Aspergillus niger molds 개 buffer solution is 1:5. The final recovery yield of the enzyme is over 90% using the process. The enzyme solution shows the optimum temperature of 4
and pH range of 5-8.
Department of DNA Chromatographic System for On-Site Detection of Food-Contaminating Bacteria
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 190~196
An analytical system detecting DNA particularly utilizing a concept of membrane strip chromatography initially applied to home-version tests for, such as, pregnancy and ovulation has been developed. We have chosen S. typhimurium as model analyte among food-contaminating microorganisms that occurred in high frequencies, and invA gene, as a detection target, specific to Salmonella species. This gene was able to be amplified by PCR under optimal conditions employing newly designed primers in our laboratory. The PCR product was specifically measured via hybridization between the analyte and a DNA probe, which was a totally different feature from the conventional gel electrophoresis detecting the products based only on the molecular size. It is notable thar the DNA probe sequence was specially designed such that no separation of excess primers present after PCR was required. This was immobilized on a nitrocellulose (NC) membrane via streptavidin-biotin linkage minimizing a steric effect when the hybridization with the amplified DNA took place. The analyrical system detected the microorganism in a concentration of minimum
cfu/mL (i.e., 10 cells per system), estimated from the standard curve, 20 to 40 minutes after adding the sample. This sneitivity was approximately 10 times higher than that of gel electrophoresis as an analytical tool conventionally used. Furthermore, the assay was able to be run at room temperature, which would ofter an extra advantage to users.
Increasing Cell Concentration by the Automatic Addition of Glucose, Ammonium and Phosphate in the Cultivation of a Baker′s Yeast in Alcohol Distillery Wastewater
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 197~201
Automatic addition of glucose, ammonium and phosphate to alcohol distillery wastewater and their control at low concentrations have been carried increase the cell concentration of a baker's yeast cultivated in the wastewater. Glucose was automatically added using dissolved oxygen as the control parameter, and maintained below 300 mg/L. Ammonium was automatically added by a pH-stat method and maintained in the low range of 12.6~17.4 mM. An automated FIA system, which used an ascorbic acid-based method was developed for the automatic analysis nad addition of phosphate. With this system, the phosphate concentration was succesfully analysed and controlled afrer 19.4 hr in the range 23.3~43.4 mg/L. The cell concentration was increased by 33.0-fold by the addition of these three nutrients. The overall specific growth rate of the yeast was 0.19
The Effect of Water Content on Hen Egg lysozyme Extraction using Reversed Micelles and Pressurized Carbon Dioxide
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 202~206
A study of hen egg lysozyme extraction using reversed micelles and pressurized CO₂ phase was conducted. The relationship between the lysozyme extraction and water content (W/sub 0/) under the pressurized CO₂ conditions was investigated. The water content of the micellar organic phase was a significant parameter affecting the mass transfer of protein and enzymatic activity in reversed micellar process. It was found that the reversed micelles in the organic phase with pressurized CO₂ were larger than the organic phase without CO₂. Therefore, the extractionrate of lysozyme in the interface of the aqueous phase and the organic phase was increased. W/sub 0/ value was increased at the high surfactant concentration and the extraction rate of lysozyme was enhanced.
Screening of Potential Compounds Promoting BDNF Production in Noradrenergic Locus Coeruleus Neurons
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 207~210
The locus coeruleus (LC) contains about half of the total number of noradrenergic neurons in the brain and those noradrenergic neurons from the LC innervate entire brain regions. The LC is a major common target region in several neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's, Pakinson's and Huntington's diseases. The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulate neuronal cell survival and differentiation of central nervous system neurons, including LC noradrenergic neurons. In this study, various small molecules and growth factors were tested as candidates to promote the production of BDNF in LC noradrenergic neuronal cells. The molecules tested include neuropeptides, cytokines, growth factors, neurotransmitters, and intracellular signaling agents. Four small molecules or growth factors, FGF8b, BMP-4, forskolin, and dibutyryl cGMP, were found to increase the release of BDNF in LC noradrenergic neurons. Especially, BMP-4 significantly enhanced BDNF production over 2.5-fold in LC noradrenergic neurons.
Removal of Dissolved Organic Matter by Ozone-biological Activated Carbon process
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 211~216
The removal yield of dissolved organic matter in drinking water by biological activated carbon (BAC) process was investigated. The tested processes wer raw water-AC process (BAC1), raw water-ozonation-BAC process (BAC2), and raw water-ozonation-coagulation/sedimentation-BAC process (BAC3). The amounts of organic matter was measured as dissolved organic carbon (DOC), ulta-violet radiation at 254 nm wavelength (
), total nitrogen (T-N), ammonia nitrogen (
-N), and total phosphate (T-P). As a results, 30.7% DOC was removed by BAC2 process, which showed higher removal efficiency than BAC1 or BAC3 processes. The removal yield of
in BAC1, BAC2, and BAC3 processes were observed as 45.3%, 44.6%, 58.4%, respectively. And the removal yield of ammonia nitrogen were 66%, 81%, 29% in each BAC processes. The optimal empty bed contact time (EBCT) of BAC processes was estimated as 10 minute. This study has shown that BAC process combined with ozone treatment was efficient for removing dissolved organic matter in water.
Inhibitory Effect of Methanol Extract of Eleutherococcus senticosus Maxim. on the Direct Mutagen Mutagenicity
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 217~221
Antimutagenic effects og Eleutherococcus senticosus Maxim. on the mutagenicty induced by mutagens, 4-NQO, MNNG,
, 2-NF, and 1-NP was studied by the Ames test with Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100. The methanol extract (
/plate) of E. senticosus Maxim. showed inhibitory effect on the mutagenicty induced by 1-NP only among the tested mutagens. In S. typhimurium TA98, the methanol extracts of the root, stem and leaf showed inhibitory effects of 54.9, 29.5, and 32.9% inhibition on 1-NP mutagenicity, respectively. In S typhimurium TA100, the methanol extracts of the root, stem, and leaf showed inhibitory effects of 593, 30.2, and 43.6%, respectively. The methanol extract were further fractionated by a subsequent liquid-liquid partition technique with chloroform, butanol, and water. The chloroform (
/plate) fraction of the root, stem and leaf showed the strong antimutagenic effects on the mutagenicity induced by 1-NP in S typhimurium TA98 and TA100. But none or weak antimutagenicities were observed in the butanol and aqueous fraction. The chloroform fractions of root, stem and leaf showed the antimutagenic effects of 61.6~88.6% in a dose-dependent manner. In the antimutagenic mode test, the inhibition effect of root was mainly bio-antimutagenic, whereas stem and leaf were desmutagenic.
Hydrogel Synthesis using Glycosyl Methacrylate and Acrylate: 1. A Study on Chemo-Enzymatic Synthesis of Sorbitan Acrylate
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 222~228
This study was performed to research a chemo-enzymatic synthesis of sorbitan acrylate. It w as firstly to determine the optimum conditions for D-sorbitol cyclic reaction in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid (p-TSA) as catalyst material. It was secondly to find the optimum conditions for sorbitan acrylate synthesis using immobilized lipase Novozym 435 in t-butanol from its materials. The maximum yield of 1,4-sorbitan synthesis were obtained approximately 90% (w/w) at 13
and 200 mmHg vacuum pressure with 1% (w/w) p-TSA after 150 min reactin time on our experimental system. The product from optimum condition was less color than those obtained at higher temperatures and minimized byproduct and unreacted D-sorbitol. Sorbitan acrylate was synthesized to around 63.5% conversion of 1,4-sorbitan. The experimental optimum condition was found at 5
, atmospheric pressure, 3% (w/v) Novozym 435, 50 g/L 1,4-sorbitan of initial reactant concentration, and 1:3 molar ratio of 1,4-sorbitan to acrylic acid.D
Antioxidant Effect of Vitamin-C/alginate Gel-entrapped Liposome for Resistance of DHA Autoxidation
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 229~233
Antioxidant effect of reconstituted liposome was studied for application to food and cosmetic industry. Vitamin-C/alginate alginate gel-entrapped DHA-PC liposome (AVDL) was prepared and studied with respect to morphology (TEM), loading efficiency (TLC) and antioxidant effect (TBARS assay). AVDL has spherical structure and 80 ∼ 250 ㎚ size. As DHA content increased, DHA and PC loading efficiency and antioxidant effect was increased. At addition of 0.2 % vitamin C in AVDL, DHA auto-oxidation was minimized and sustained about 3 days.
A Study on the Simultaneous Removal of Organics and Nutrients in Upflow Packed Bed Column Reactor
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 234~238
Biofilm process is preferred to activated sludge process in small domestic wastewater treatment plant because of its simplicity in operation and maintenance. Column reactor filled with waste ceramics and with waste plastics was used to remove pollutants in restaurant wastewater. COD removal at 18 hours of hydraulic retention time (HRT) gave 93.7%, COD removal during the experimental period, where maximum COD removal was observed. Under same condition, average removal of total nitrogen and total phosphorus were 82.3% and 25.9%, respectively Organic and nitrogen were efficiently removed with the HRT of 18 hours or more.
Effect of Herbal Extract on Nicotine Degradation
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 239~242
To develop a nicotine-degrading material (NDM), the natural herbal extract was studied. For the in vitro verification, the herbal extract was mixed into the dilute nicotine solution and the ability of NDM to degrade nicotine into cotinine was measured spectrophotometically. In the in vivo study, the rats in experimental and control groups were orally fed with the herbal extract and water, respectively, for 2 weeks. And then, 3 ㎎/㎏ nicotine was administered to both groups by intraperitoneal injection. In results, the ability of NDM to degrade nicotine into cotinine was shown 2.5 fold higher after 90 min reaction in comparison with the control group. In addition, a decrease of 33% in nicotine concentration and a increase of 57% in cotinine concentration were shown in rat blood. Therefore, NDM was shown to be effective in the conversion of nicotine into cotinine.
Development of Supporting Materials with Curdlan and Activated carbon for Microbial Immobiliaztion
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 3, 2003, Pages 243~247
The microbial immobilization media with curdlan and activated carbon which has great immobilization capacity has been developed. Characteristics of porosity and mechanical strength of this support media are dependent on manufacturing method. The support media showed the best cell immobilization performance when the ratio of curdlan and activated carbon was 30 g/L to 6 g/L in this study. The immobilization of iron-oxidizing bacteria on the supporting particles was photographed with a scanning electron microscope. Since cell concentration on the surface of supporting particle increased with the reaction time, the iron oxidation rate also increased.