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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
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Extraction of Glycyrrhizic Acid from Licorice using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide/Aqueous Ethanol
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 347~351
The extraction of glycyrrhizic acid from licorice using supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO
) was investigated with respect to the effects of extraction parameters such as the kind and amount of modifier, temperature, pressure, and extraction time. The conventional organic solvent extraction was also conducted for a quantitative comparison. The content of glycyrrhizic acid in crude extracts was analyzed by HPLC and the yield of glycyrrhizic acid was computed as a weight percent recovery. The optimal pressure and temperature for SCCO
extraction were found to be 40 MPa and 80
, respectively, when SCCO
was modified with 70% aqueous ethanol. Under the same pressure and temperature, the highest recovery was attained to be 104.57% in the first 60 min when the concentration of 60%, aqueous ethanol in SCCO
Study on the Process to Decrease the molecular Weight of
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 352~355
-(1,3)-D-glucans are known to enhance the immune system in human body, and in most cases have higher molecular weights over 1 MDa. In order to enhance the efficacy of glucans by decreasing their molecular weights, sonication, acid treatment, and enzymatic hydrolysis were tested and compared in this work. Treatment of sonication was effective to decrease the molecular weight to the extent of several dozens of kilo-daltons, but have a risk to disorder the triple helical structure of the glucans. Acid treatment was also an effective method to degrade polysaccharides, but
-(1,6)-branched of the glucan molecules was found to be also hydrolyzed. Treatment of
-(1,3)-glucanase was an effective method to decrease the molecular weight in mild conditions, but could not hydrolyse the highly
An Input-output Structural Decomposition Analysis of Korean Biotechnology Industry
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 356~362
This study defines the biotechnology industry, examines its position in the domestic economy, and analyses its structure with I-O tables of year 1985, 1990 and 1995. Structural decomposition analysis is used in order to estimate the impact of different sources of growth. We classifies Korean biotechnology industry into 6 sectors, based on the survey of domestic biotechnology industry by Bioindustry Association of Korea. Empirical results indicate that each sector of bioindustry has various sources of growth and industrial demand has led the growth in all sectors except for food-bio and agriculture-bio. For the growth of the industry, each sector needs to cope with the change of the private demand and to improve the import and export structure.
Production of Amylase by a Filamentous Fungus, Strain FM04, and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Food Waste
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 363~370
A filamentous fungus, strain FM04 producing amylase was isolated from rotten yam peels and potatoes. The favorable conditions of cultivation factors such as, temperature, pH, and agitation speed of strain FM04 were 28∼30
, 5.0∼6.0, and 100 rpm, respectively. Starch was the best carbon source in the amylase production. Therefore, food wastes containing lots of starch were employed as the carbon source of the cultivation for the economical amylase production. 5.2 U/ml of amylase was obtained In the cultivation using 1 % (w/v) of food wastes. The amylase showed the highest activity at enzyme reaction conditions of 60
and pH 4.5 and showed 90% of residual activity after the reaction at 50
for 2 days. In the enzymatic hydrolysis reaction using 20% (w/v) of food wastes and 2.5 U/ml of amylase, 72.6 g/l of reducing sugar was obtained at the reaction condition of 50
, pH 4.5 for 2 days.
Antioxidative and Cholesterol-reducing Activity of Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 371~376
Antioxidative and cholesterol-reducing activity of Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD were measured to characterize its probiotic properties. DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picyryl hydrazyl) radical scavenging activity of the culture supernatant of B. polyfermenticus SCD was estimated to be 48%. The culture supernatant on the peroxidation of linoleic acid were investigated and the value was shown to be about 45%. The inhibition of TBA (2-thiobarbituric acid) formation of the culture supernatant was revealed 60% when stimulator was presented. The SOD-like activity of the culture supernatant was about 15%, which is similar to BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) and
-tocopherol. After cultured in TSB broth added soluble cholesterol either 0.1% or 0.3% of oxgall in 37
for 24 h aerobically, cholesterol-reducing activities were revealed about 67% or 64%, respectively. To test whether the products are cholesterol-related or not, residual activity was determined. The cholesterol activity was rarely changed. In addition, when the cell extracts recovered after cultivation, was tested in absence of cholesterol, cholesterol activity was not detected. However, cholesterol activity was detected in the presence of cholesterol. Thus, it was assumed that B. polyfermenticus SCD could reduce cholesterol by conjugating with it, rather than by digesting the cholesterol using cholesterol-hydrolyzing enzymes.
Development of On-line Monitoring Techniques for Fumaric Acid and Succinic Acid by Flow Injection Analysis
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 377~384
On-line monitoring techniques for fumaric acid and succinic acid were developed by flow injection analysis (FIA). For the determination of fumaric acid, two enzymes, fumarase and malic dehydrogenase were immobilized on VA-epoxy Biosynth E3-carrier and integrated into a FIA-system with a fluorescence detector. For the analysis of succinic acid, isocitrate lyase and isocitrate dehydrogenase were also immobilized on VA-epoxy polymer support and used in a FIA system. The immobilized enzymes in two FIA systems were characterized systematically, e.g. optimum pH and temperature, inhibitory effects etc. Two FIA systems were also used to on-line monitor the concentrations of fumaric acid and succinic acid in biotechnological processes. Good agreement between on-line monitored data and off-line data measured by HPLC showed extensive application of the FIA systems in bioprocesses.
Preparation of L-PLA Microparticles using Pure and Cosolvent-modified Supercritical Carbon Dioxide
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 385~392
Biodegradable poly (L-lactide) (L-PLA) solution in methylene chloride was precipitated into microparticles by using supercritical carbon dioxide modified with polar cosolvents. The effects of the amount of polar cosolvents, solution concentration, temperature, and solution flow rate on the formation of microparticles were investigated. The mean particle size was found to increase with the increase of solution concentration and flow rate. It was also observed that the particle size not only increases but the size distribution also becomes less uniform as the temperature increases. The percent recovery of microparticles was found to be 30∼40% at all experimental conditions. The supercritical carbon dioxide modified with methanol and ethanol was employed to enhance the recovery, resulting in significant improvement up to about 80 and 70%, for methanol and ethanol, respectively. Furthermore, the mean diameter of L-PLA microparticles was found to be less than 1
for both cosolvents.
The Effect of Corrosion Inhibitors on Antimicrobial Activity of Biocide in Water-soluble Cutting Fluid
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 393~397
The effect of corrosion inhibitors on antimicrobial activity of biocides (Kathon 886 MW, Triadine 3, Triadine 10 and Grotan BK) was investigated using the Pseudomonas aeruginosa which frequency of occurrence in contaminated fluids is very high and its growth and survival is excellent. When a biocide was used with a corrosion inhibitor, the antimicrobial activity of it was affected by the corrosion inhibitor used. The antimicrobial activity of Kathon 886 MW increased when corrosion inhibitor (each of SS 510, MEA) was used. Triadine 3, Triadine 10, Grotan BK showed the similar trend of antimicrobial effect for the corrosion inhibitors used. Their antimicrobial activities increased when the corrosion inhibitor such as CP-105, CP-E-7 and MEA was used individually. The antimicrobial activity of each corrosion inhibitor was also compared. The results showed that CP-E-7 and MEA was bioresistant and the other corrosion inhibitors were biosupportive. The antimicrobial activity of biocides was in the order of Triadine 10 < Triadine 3 < Kathon 886 MW < Grotan BK.
Enzymatic Decolorization of Various Dyes by Trametes versicolor KCTC 16781
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 398~403
Due to the low biodegradability of dyes, conventional biological wastewater treatment systems are inefficient in treating dye wastewater. Various white-rot fungi were investigated for the decolorization of six industrial dyes (reactive blue 5, reactive blue 16, reactive black 5, acid black 52, reactive orange 16, and acid violet 43). Among ten fungi, T. versicolor KCTC 16781 was selected as a testing strain because this had the best performance of decolorization for six dyes from the results of the solid culture experiments. In liquid culture medium, T. versicolor KCTC 16781 decolorized over 96% of six dyes for 48 hrs. Laccase started to produce in the early stage of the culture, and showed the highest peak value of 2.3 U/mL in 24 hrs. Enzyme activity remained constant until the end of culture. Fungal decolorization is a promising alternative to replace or supplement present treatment process.
Synthesis of Poly[3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate] by Recombinant Escherichia coli from Whey
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 404~407
Two recombinant Escherichia coli strains, GCSC6576 harboring a plasmid pSYL107 containing the Ralstonia eutropha polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) biosynthesis genes and a fadR atoC mutant LS5218 harboring a plasmid pJC4 containing the Alcaligenes latus PHA biosynthesis genes were compared for their ability to synthesize poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) [P(3HB-co-3HV) from whey. The 3HV fraction could be increased by acetic acid induction and oleic acid supplementation in flask cultures of recombinant E. coli GCSC6576. With the pH-stat fed-batch culture of recombinant E. coli LS5218, we obtained a cell concentration, a P(3HB-co-3HV) concentration, a P(3HB-co-3HV) content, and a 3HV fraction of 31.8 g/L, 10.6 g/L, 33.4%, and 6.26 mol%, respectively in 39 h.
Separation of Glabridin from Licorice by RP-HPLC
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 408~411
By reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, the extraction and separation of glabridin by from licoricce root was performed in this work. The column efficiencies and resolutions of glabridin were investigated with mobile phase composition on the reversed-phase chromatographic system. The glabridin collected from licorice root was identified by LC/MS. The mobile phase used to extract glabridin were composed of ethanol, methanol, acetone, and ethyl acetate. For one-hour ultrasonic extraction with solvent of ethyl acetate, the favorable content of glabridin was obtained as 1.26g/kg. The glabridin was well separated in the mobile phase composition of 50/50 vol. % (acetonitrile/water).
Physical Properties of Reticulated Polyurethane Foams and the Enhancement of Microbial Adhesion through their Surface Treatments
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 412~417
We first investigated basic characteristics of reticulated polyurethane (PU) foams as microbial carriers. In general, the specific surface area of PU foams increases with respect to decreasing pore sizes. However, the number of microbes adhered on the unit surface of reticulated PU foams decreases with respect to decreasing pore sizes. Thus, as a result of totally considering all effects such as apparent density, hydrolysis rate, and adhesion, we can know that PU foams with 45 PPI is the most appropriate microbial carrier. In this study, we can also investigate the effect of various physico-chemical surface treatments on the adhesion of microbes on the surface of PU foams. We used a chitosan treatment, a PEI (Polyethylene Imine) treatment, a xanthane treatment and a plasma treatment. As a result of comparing all surface treatments, the plasma surface treatment was the best.
On-line Measurement of Cooling Rate of a Fermenter and its Application for Fed-batch Control
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 418~423
A laboratory jar fermenter was modified to measure the duration for cooling water supply and the temperatures of the coolant at the inlet and outlet of water jacket. Successful operation of temperature control and on-line measurement was achieved by adjusting optimum parameters of the Proportion-Integral-Derivative temperature controller. The variables measured on-line were used to estimate cooling rates from empirical equations comprised of the time period of cooling water supply and the temperatures of coolant. The measured cooling rate showed a good correlation to the specific growth rate during batch cultivation of E. coli. Cooling rate was measured and applied to programmed cell growth in a fed-batch cultivations. Three fed-batch cultivations were demonstrated by feeding substrate to follow the programmed cooling rates increasing exponentially.
Effect of Bisphenol A, Nonylphenol, Pentachlorophenol on the Proliferation of MCF-1 and PC-3 Cells
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 424~428
In the present study, we have analyzed effects of the endocrine distruptors, such as bisphenol A, nonylphenol and pentachlorophenol, on cell proliferation in the human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, and the human prostate cancer cell line, PC-3, with MTT method. A dose dependent analysis of the cell proliferation of MCF-7 cells after administration of bisphenol A, nonylphenol and pentachlorophenol revealed a significant induction of cell proliferation. Maximum induction of cell proliferation was observed at concentrations between 10
-7/ and 10
-6/ M. Whereas, these chemicals had little effect on proliferation of PC-3 cells. These results demonstrated that bisphenol A, nonylphenol and pentachlorophenol do not induce proliferation of PC-3 cells but exhibit a significant induction of MCF-7 cell proliferation, suggesting all these chemicals are a estrogen mimic.
Feasibility Study for a Lab-chip Development for LAL Test
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 5, 2003, Pages 429~433
LAL (Limulus amebocyte lysate) test to detect and quantity endotoxin is based on gellation reaction between endotoxin and LAL from a blood extract of Limulus polyphemus. The test is labor intensive requiring dedicated personnel, takes relatively long reaction time (approximately 1 hr), requires relatively large volume of samples and reagents, and its end-point detection method is rather subjective. To solve these problems, we attempted to develop a miniaturized LOC (lab-on-a-chip) prototype using PDMS and glass. Using the 62 mm (length)
18 mm (width) prototype in which 2 mm (width)
44.34 mm (length)
(depth) microfluidic channel was provided, we compared the various detection methods of gellation, turbidometric, and chromogenic assays to find the chromogenic method to be the most suitable for small volume assay. In this assay, kinetic point method was more accurate than end point method. We also found the PDMS chip thickness should be minimized to around 2 mm to allow sufficient light transmittance, which necessitated a glass slide bonding for chip rigidity. Through the miniaturization, the test time was reduced from 1 hr to less than 10 minutes, and the sample volume could be reduced from 100
. In sum, this study revealed that the mini LOC could be an alternative for a semi-automated and reliable method for LAL test.