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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
hGM-CSF Production from Transgenic Nicotiana tabacum
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 435~439
Plant cell culture can be divide into two classes non-organic culture and organic culture. Non-organic culture such as suspension culture has many researches, however organic culture about recombinant protein production has little researches. Recombinant protein produced through organ culture is quite stable and it can make proteins by itself without any grow regulators. Therefore organ culture is much easier than other methods. In this research, we used transformed tobacco seed. At first we germinated the seed then separated stems and leaves from the grown plant. And raised in liquid medium by in vitro vegetative reproduction. Continuing most suitable conditions, we compared the Quantities of recombinant protein from intra cellular with from extra cellular. And adding some permeabilizing agents (Pluronic F-68, Triton X-100, DMSO, PEG8000), we increased the productivity of the recombinant protein.
Characterization of Polyacetylene Contents in Wild Mountain Ginseng and Cultured Ginseng
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 440~442
Panaxynol and panaxydol are major polyacetylene compounds in Ginseng and Wild Mountain Ginseng. Their contents in Korean wild mountain ginseng, Chinese mountain ginseng, and cultured ginseng were analysed by GC with FID. The content ratio of panaxynol to panaxydol was clearly different in various ginsengs. They were 1.81, 0.87, and 0.42 for Korean wild mountain ginseng, Chinese wild mountain ginseng, and cultured ginseng, respectively. The ratio difference could be used as a marker to identify various ginseng from different sources.
Optimization of the Sulfur-oxidzing Bacteria, Thiobacillus novellus SRM
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 443~447
The microorganism was isolated from the night soil treatment plant for the removal of sulfur compounds. The growth conditions of the sulfur-oxidizing bacteria were investigated and the isolate characterized as Thiobacillus noveilus SRM. The optimal pH of Thiobacillus novellus SRM on cell growth was pH 7.0 and the optimal temperature was 30
and the optimal air flow rate was 1 vvm, respectively. As a results of cell growth from the Monod plot, the specific growth rate was 0.032 hr
was 1.43 hr
was 0.32, respectively. The thiosulfate oxidation by Thiobacillus novellus SRM was made of sulfate ion. The sulfate ion reduced pH and decreased cell growth.
Removal Characteristics of Toluene in Biofilters Packed with Reticulated-PU-Foams of Different Porosities
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 448~454
We studied on the removal of toluene vapors in a lab-scale biofilter. There are three biofilters packed with reticulated polyurethane foams of different porosities of 15, 25, 45 PPI (Pore Per Inch) as media. A toluene-degrading strain (Pseudomonas Putida KCCM 11348, ATCC 12633) was naturally immobilized on the filter media by circulating the culture media. Three biofilters were operated under different sets of continuous experiments, varying both the design and operation parameters such as the inlet toluene concentration and the flow rate. Maximum elimination capacity of 115.5g/㎥hr of biofilter packed with foams of 25 PPI was obtained for toluene degradation. The effect of operating conditions such as flow rate, inlet toluene concentration and porosity on the performance of the biofilter was investigated.
Continuous rapid Production of Soy Sauce by Coimmobilized Mixed Culture system of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Candida versatilis using Air Bubble Column Reactor
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 455~460
This study was designed to find out the rapid fermentation of soy sauce from koji hydrolyzates using air bubble column reactor packed with coimmobilized mixed culture system. Continuous ripid production was performed by coimmobilized Z. rouxiii BH-90 and C. versatilis BH-91. Coimmobilized cells of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii BH-90 and Candida versatilis BH-91 mixture cells in the column reactor produced 2.8％ ethyl alcohol and 18mg/L 4-ethylguaiacol over 96 hours under the optimal conditions. Coimmobilized cells produced 2.30∼2.4% ethyl alcohol during 30 days, and decreased gradually from 40 days to 70 days. Also coimmobilized cells produced 4-ethylguaiacol at the constant rate of 16∼18mg/L and decreased gradually after 40 days. Final product of soy sauce contained 2.4% ethyl alcohol and 18mg/L 4-ethylguaiacol. However, amino acid compositions of soy sauce were consisted of predominantly glutamic acid, leucin, arginine, aspartic acid, Iysine and valine, which were more than 50% of total amino acid.
Isolation and Characterization of Denitrification Bacteria
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 461~465
Five denitrifying bacteria, which were identified as Pseudomonas sp., were isolated by the enrichment culture technique. The most effective denitrifying bacterium was named as Pseudomonas DWS, which was cultivated at anoxic condition. The optimal growth temperature and pH were 30
and 7-8, respectively. Cell growth almost revealed a stationary phase at 18 hours after cultivation and nitrate was degrade 99.9％ during this period. Therefore, it is suggested that Pseudomonas DWS could be effectively used for the biological treatment of wastewater containing nitrogen compounds.
Isolation and Characterization of Microorganisms for the Development of Fermentation Accelerator of Animal Manure
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 466~472
Several microorganisms were isolated and characterized for the development of fermentation accelerator of animal manure. Firstly, 61 species were isolated from rice bran extract. Secondly, five strains of microorganisms were screened by the analysis of hydrolysis activities for organic compounds including protease, cellulase, amylase, and lipase. From a deodorization test for ammonia gas using the isolated strains, finally three bacterial strains were selected (NA 2, 12, 15). The selected strains, NA 2 and 15 were identified as Bacillus acidocaldarius and Planococcus sp. respectively. The media composition of key nutrients and pH for the mixed culture of the three selected strains were optimized using an experimental design method (response surface method) as follows : beef extract (4.59g/L), peptone (8.72g/L) and pH 6.3. Consequently, the isolated microorganisms seem to have potential applicability in the animal manure treatment.
The Parameter Analysis of Methane Production in Anaerobic Fermenter
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 473~478
The purpose of this study is to look for the optimal conditions of methane production. The conditions tested for methane production enhancement were temperature, pH, carbon source, nitrogen source, and inhibitor which can affects methane production. As a result, optimal conditions for methane production were 30
, neutral pH, methanol as a carbon source, NH
Cl as a nitrogen source. 2-Bromoethanesulfonic acid was used as an inhibitor which can affects methane production. Existence in broth less than 10mM, inhibited methane production. Organic acid measurements revealed that formic acid exists in broth as majority.
Isolation and Characterization of Microbacterium barkeri LCa and Paenibacillus amylolyticus LCb for PVA [Poiyvinyl Alcohol］Degradation
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 479~484
34 strains were isolated from dyeing wastewater in order to improve treatment efficiency of dyeing wastewater containing PVA. Two strains of them were finally selected through the PVA degrading test, and identified as Microbacterium barkeri LCa and Paenibacillus amylolyticus LCb. As a result, optimal conditions for microbial growth and PVA degradation were 30
, neutral pH, starch as a carbon source, and peptone as a nitrogen source. And it was concluded that these two strains have good ability for PVA degradation. And 90% over PVA was degraded by single culture as well as a mixed culture of 2 different strains.
Effect of Hepatocyte Growth Factor on the Migration of Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 485~489
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a mesenchymal-derived cytokine. It exerts a motogenic effect on various target cells, which is displayed either by cell scattering, locomotion, and migration during the wound repair process of cultured cells, or invasiveness through the extracellular matrix, in vitro. Although it is known that HGF influences the motogenic effect of endothelial cells, the precise effects of HGF during migration are still poorly understood. To elucidate the role of HGF in endothelial cell migration, the effect of HGF on endothelial cell migration and MMPs and plasmin production were studied. We found that HGF induces the migration of cultured endothelial cells through increased MMPs and plasmin secretion.
Production and Chracteristics oil Antifungal agents from Bacteria
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 490~494
For the production of antifungal compound, strain B-1 was used as a strong producing strain among bacteria isolated from various soil samples. The optimum medium for the production of antifungal compound was PDB (potato starch 0.4%, dextrose 2％, pH5.1). The optimum conditions for the production of antifungal compound didn't affect on the carbon and nitrogen sources. The produced compound showed broad antimicrobial activity to the tested strains such as five fungi and four bacteria. The optimum pH and temperature of the production antifungal compound were pH 5.0 and 28
, respectively. Ether extrct (1
) of culture broth was confirmed inhibitory zone by the thin layer chromatography and plate assay. The antimicrobial compound was unstabled after heat (121
) trsatment. Strain B-1 was mass cultured in a 5-liter tormentor, containing 3 liters of PDB medium at 28
, pH 5.0, 120 (pm with aeration (1L/min).
Production Behavior of Amino Acid from High Temperature and High Pressure Water Reaction of Fish Entrails
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 495~499
The effect of operating parameters (reaction temperature and time) and reaction modes (batch and semi-batch) on the behavior of amino acid production from hydrothermal decomposition of fish-derived wastes was investigated. The amino acids obtained in batch experiments at temperature of 250
were mainly alanine (Ala) and glycine (Gly) at maximum yield of 65 and 28mg/g-dry fish, respectively. At relatively lower temperature of 200
, the yield of high-molecular-weight amino acids such as aspartic acid (Asp) and serine (Ser) is high, but decreases as temperature increases. It is likely that high-molecular-weight amino acids decompose faster than low-molecular ones. Semi-batch mode of reaction suppressed decomposition of amino acids into organic acids (or volatile materials) by continuously removing the products from the reaction zone as soon as they are formed. Thus, large amount of high-molecular-weight amino acids such as Asp and Ser at this reaction mode was observed.
Solid-Phase Refolding of Inclusion Body Protein in Packed Bed Adsorption and Expanded Bed Adsorption Chromatography
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 500~505
‘LK (lipoprotein kringle) 68’is a polypeptide of a modified ansiostatin consisting of three kringle structures that might be clinically useful as a potential cancer therapeutics. It can be produced by overexpressing it as inclusion body in recombinant E. coli. In this study, solid-phase refolding processes using packed bed adsorption (PBA) and expanded bed adsorption (EBA) column were carried out to compare their refolding yields with that of the conventional, solution-phase refolding process, For the solution-phase and the PBA-mediated processes employing Q-Sepharose, washed inclusion body was used as the starting material, whereas both washed inclusion body and E. coli homogenate were used for the EBA-mediated process employing streamline DEAE. On the final recovery LK68 per unit mass of wet cell basis, the EBA- and PBA-mediated processes showed about 2.7- and 1.5-fold higher yields, respectively, than the solution-phase refolding method. The solid-phase refolded LK68 demonstrated the same Iysine binding bioactivity and the retention time in the RP-and SEC-HPLC as those of the native protein.
Horizontal Flow Zeolite-Filled Reed Bed for Treatment of Artificial Sewage with Intermittent Feeding
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 506~510
The artificial sewage was treated using a horizontal flow zeolite-filled reed bed. The artificial sewage was fed into the reed bed for 10 minutes every 6 hours at the hydraulic load of 314 L/㎡
day. The filtering height of the reed bed was 100 cm and the zeolite mixture was filled in the reed bed. The mixttjre consisted of the same volume of two types of zeolite: 0.5∼l mm and 1∼3 mm in diameter. Annual average removal efficiency was CODcr 95.8%, T-N 56.5％, NH
＋/-N 99.4％ and T-P 61.3%. T-N removal efficiency decreased remarkably from 84 to 32％ with the operating time.
Isolation and identification of lignans as Antioxidant from loaves of Catalpa ovata G.
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 511~516
The methanol extract from leaves of Catalpa ovata 6. DoN showed DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical-scavenging activity, and its antioxidative compounds were studied. The ethyl acetate-soluble neutral fraction from the methanol extract was successively purified with silica gel adsorption column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and HPLC. Three antioxidative compounds were isolated and identified as piperitol, pinoresinol and lariciresinol by HR-MS and NMR spectroscopic analyses. The DPPH radical-scavenging activity of the identified compounds decreased in the order of lariciresinol > pinoresinol > piperitol.
Induction of Iron Superoxide Dismutase by Paraquat and Iron in Vitreoscilla
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 517~521
Superoxide dismutase which is metalloenzyme that decomposes superoxide radicals into hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen. Vitreoscilla has FeSOD. Expression of FeSOD to paraquat was largely constitutive. This suggests that the basal level of FeSOD is sufficient to provide protection against superoxide generated during normal aerobic metabolism. Induction of SOD by iron supports that insertion of the active site metal into the corresponding apoprotein. The effect of paraquat on induction by iron seemed that iron brought the synergism effect in SOD activity with paraquat. It suggests that the relief of growth inhibition is due to protection against the lethality of O
afforded by the elevated SOD. There may be control of FeSOD activity posttranslationally. Posttranslation control of enzyme function is particularly feasible for a metalloenzyme, for which conversion of apo- to holoenzyme may be the rate-limiting or regulatory step.
Molecular Epidemiological Characteristics of Vibrio Parahaemolyticus as Recently wilde-spreaded in Korea
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 522~528
The purpose of this study is to inquire into molecular epidemiological characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. For this study, 120 strains(120 strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus sampled from diarrhea patients) were examined and analyzed for biochemical characteristics, TDH (thermostable direct hemolysin) antibiotics sensitivity and detection of toxR, gyrE, tdh, and tds gents. G-S PCR (Group Specific Polymerase), PFGE (Pulsed-field Gel Electrophoriesis) methods were performed on the materials from patients were results. 1 Vibrio parahaemolyticus didn't grow in 0% density of NaCl, but the fact was found that those grew in 8% density of NaCl. 2. O：K serotypes of Vibrio parahaemolyticus was turned up in domestic patients was 17 types. Among those O3：K6 was the most, it was 68.3%. 3. In 18 kinds of antibiotic tests resistant against Ampicillin, Ticacillin was comparatively high. the case of resistant against Ampicillin, Ticacillin, Vancomycin at the multiple resistant was 52.5%. 4. Toxin gene tdh had only 109 strains among 120 ones isolated from patients held the genes of 199bp size, and 11 strains was negativity 5. In the test of Kanagawa toxic productivity, 107 strains among strains isolated from patients appeared to be positivity reaction 6. The strain that held trh toxin was only 3, and those among test strains had the genes of 250bp size and that had tdh, trh genes at a time were 3 strains, and TDH toxic productivity of those were 16 times, and it was weak. 7. Group Specific-PCR appeared to be useful in the confirmation of O3:K6 serotype interrelations. 8. Three strains which showed difference of 7 DNA sequence even in the same serotype were detected by the result of analyzing the regular gene, toxRS DNA sequence. These strains are differ from general strains which carry infection easily. 9. These mutual dose epidemiological relations were classified into smaller-parts through PFGE method. As a result of such classify, 3 findings were found. V. parahaemolyticus sampled from diarrhea patients were classified into 3 types. And third, the result obtained through PFGE method can be used as a useful tool in a point of molecular-epidemiological view.
Biodegradation Enhancement of The Mixture of Kerosene and Diesel by using Biosurfactant from Pseudomonas aeruginosa F722
KSBB Journal, volume 18, issue 6, 2003, Pages 529~535
We studied degradation effects of hydrophobic substrate such as kerosene and diesel by adding a biosurfactant originated from Pseudomonas aeruginosa F722 and chemical surfactants (Tween 80 and detergent) with aeration. The surface tensions of the biosurfactant, Tween 80 and detergent were 30mN/m, 39mN/m and 31mN/m, respectively. When the concentration of biosurfactant added in C-medium was 0.01 and 0.15%(w/v), the ratios of hydrocarbon degradation were 94.3％ and 94.2% respectively. It was 6.2%(w/v) higher than when the concentrations of added biosurfactant were 0.05, 0.1 and 0.2％. The degradation ratios of the chemical surfactants (Tween 80 and detergent) were 94.5％ and 93.5％ respectively. The effects of the biosurfactant and chemical surfactants were similar on the degradation ratio in mixtures of kerosene and diesel. However, the population of viable p. aeruginosa F722 at the end of the cultivation period was twice as higher in the biosurfactant than that in the chemical surfactant. We also studied the effect of aeration (0.5vvm) on the degradation ratio. The biosurfactant addition experiment was conducted with 0.5vvm air, 35
, 150rpm, pH 8.0, 3days, 1.0% (w/v) substrate. When p. aeruginosa F722 and 0.15%(w/v) biosurfactant were added, the degradation ratio of hydrocarbon was 94.8％. Without p. aeruginosa F722, it was 68%. Thus, with aeration, the degradation ratio of hydrocarbon was increased by 26.8％. In addition, the cultivation time was shortened by 1/3. The degradation ratios of hydrocarbon in shaking culture (cultivation time; 3days) and stationary culture (cultivation time; 10days) were 94.8 and 93.7％ respectively. Thus, the addition of biosurfactant and aeration enhanced the degradation of hydrocarbon originated kerosene and diesel.