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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Separation and Performance lest of Wnitening Agent in Rhodiola Sachalinensis
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 169~173
The Rhodiola Sachalinensis 5 g were mixed and extracted with methanol 150
at the room temperature for 12 h. The effluents were collected and grouped into the two. Un this experimental condition, the mobile phase composition were linearly changed as follows; water/methanol : 90/10 - 30/70 (vol. %, for 5 min), 30/70 - 10/90 (vol. %, for 15 min) and an analytical column (3.9
25 em, 15
particle size, and 300
pore size) was utilized. The performance of the extracted Rhodiola Sachalinensis as a whitening agent was not favorable, so it classifies the Rhodiola Sachalinensis extractions with two fractions and collects each fraction for whitening agent assay. For the in-vivo melanin production ratio assay that used melanin-a cell in 10 ppm concentration, it was 58.6%, the first fraction of the effluents collected between 1.0 and 4.0 min, while it was 60％ between 10.4 and 17.6 min for the second fraction, which were more efficient than that of arbutin, 45.6%.
Storage of Pollen Biofactory for in vitro Growth and rProtein Synthesis
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 174~177
A method of collection and long-term storage of viable lily (Lilium longiflorum) pollen grains were developed for their in vitro growth and transformation in consistency. Petroleum ether, n-heptane, cyclohexane and benzene, as pollen collection medium, were determined less toxic to pollen growth in vitro than others tested. Pollen grains, however, lost their growth activity if stored in these solvents more than a week, So, a serial performance, that is, pollen grain collection in these solvents, air-drying and immediate transfer to low temperature condition was determined desirable for keeping the viability much longer. Pollen grains from this storage showed a successful transformation in vitro with a cDNA encoding tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) protein using Agrobacterium via vacuum infiltration according to western blotting analysis.
Preparation and Application of Wnitening Ingredient Entrapped in Solid Lipid Nanoparticle ［SLN］
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 178~186
The aim of this study was to investigate the skin-whitening effect of okyong-san and to develop new drug delivery carrier The extracts of okyong-san were found to have the whitening effect and Eudragit
ⓡ/ L 100-55 (EUD) coated solid lipid nanoparticle (E-SLN) was prepared by solvent evaporation method and melt dispersion technique. As a result, E-SLN have a 144-170 nm of particle size, spherical shape, and 33-41% encapsulation efficiency, After release test in vitro, release profile of E-SLN depended on pH and temperature. Lastly, closed patch test and skin-whitening test was peformed clinically. In conclusion, test sample had non-stimulation and high % whiteness. The results suggest that okyong-san and E-SLN is useful as cosmeceuticals for whitening cosmetics.
Innibition of Cell Growth and Urease Activity of Helicobacter pylori by Medicinal plant Extracts
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 187~191
Among 14 medicinal plants selected for the study ethanol (70%) extract of Coptis japonica Makino showed the highest anti-microbial activity against Helicobacter pylori followed by Perilla frutescens var. acuta KUDO, Caesalpinia sappan L. and Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. However, anti-urease activity of methanol (80％) extracts was best for Forsythiae Fructus followed by Caesaipinia sappan L. and Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. In the second fractionation using water, ethyl acetate and butanol more than 90％ of the anti-urease activity was detected in the ethyl acetate fraction.
Production of Glutathione by yeast and Process Monitoring
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 192~199
In this work the production of glutathione (GSH) by yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the monitoring of the process were studied. In shaking culture the production of GSH was high at initial pH value of 4 and at temperature of 30
. But when L-cysteine was added to the culture medium at the beginning of the cultivation, the productivity of GSH was low. In case 0,5% (v/v) of L-cysteine, glycine and glutamic acid were introduced to the culture medium in the exponential cell growth phase, high concentration of GSH (about 90 mg/L) was produced in the bioreactor. A fed-batch operation with stepwise glucose feeding strategy allowed to produce 102 mg/L of GSH. The cultivation processes were on-line monitored by a 2-dimensional fluorescence sensor. A few off-line data such as cell growth, cystein concentration, phosphate concentration and GSH productivity could be well correlated to the fluorescence intensity of some combinations of excitation and emission wavelengths.
Microbe Isolation and Optimization for the Decolorization of Reactive Dye
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 200~205
For decolorization of various reactive dyes, 13 species of microbes were isolated from dyeing wastewater collected from Banweol industrial complex, Korea. Two strains among them showed good ability for removing celerity during the decolorization test with 5 different reactive dyes. And the optimal growth conditions were pH 7, 35
, yeast extract as nitrogen source, glucose as carbon source, and facultative anaerobic condition. As results, when Reactive Red 180 was used, 89 and 87% of decolorization efficiency were able to be obtained by using Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus cereus, respectively. Especially, Bacillus cereus showed good ability for decolorization of Reactive Blue 21, and the ratio was 76% Finally, it was considered that these two strains isolated in this study will be showed high decolorization ability to treat dyeing wastewater.
Removal of Benzene by the Fluidized Bed Bioreactor including Microbial Consortium
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 206~209
MY microbial consortium were obtained from sludges of wastewater to degrade benzene effectively and Rhodococcus ruber DSM 43338T was identified as major microorganism. The fluidized bed biofilter including MY microbial consortium showed critical removal rate of benzene at 32 g/㎥ h, and maintained stable removal efficiency for 17 days of continuous operation.
Implantation of Fetal Hepatocytes on Biodegradable Polymer Scaffolds
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 210~214
Whole liver transplantation, the currently available treatment of end-stage liver disease, has limitations including serious donor shortage, fatal surgical complications, risk of allograft rejection, and the requirement of life-long immunosuppression. In this study, we investigated the possibility of reconstructing liver tissues in vivo by implanting fetal hepatocytes on polymer scaffolds as a potential method to replace the current treatments. Fetal hepatocytes were freshly isolated from mice and seeded onto porous mesh scaffolds fabricated from polyglycolic acid, a biodegradable synthetic polymer. The seeded scaffolds were implanted into peritoneal cavity of athymic mice for one week. As a control, fetal hepatocytes were implanted without scaffold. One week after transplantation, liver-like tissues formed. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses indicated that the hepatocyles and liver tissue structures (bile ducts) were present in the newly formed tissues. In the control group, no transplanted hepatocytes were observed. Theses preliminary results suggest that liver tissues may be regeneration by transplanting fetal hepatocytes on polymer scaffolds.
Solid Bases as Racemization Catalyst for Lipase-catalyzed Dynamic Kinetic Resolution of Naproxen 2,2,2-Trifluoroethyl Thioester
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 215~220
A variety of solid bases such as inorganic bases, basic anion exchange resins, and resin-bound bases were tested as a catalyst for racemization of (S)-naproxen 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl thioester in isooctane at 45
. Among the various bases, DIAIOM WA30, which is a weakly basic anion exchange resin with a tertiary amine based on a highly porous type styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer, showed the highest catalytic activity. The second-order interconversion constant of DIAION WA30 was 8.6
-1/ and about 3 times higher than that of trioctylamine under the same conditions. The rate of DIAION WA30-catalyzed racemization decreased with increasing an amount of water added to the reaction medium. Lipase-catalyzed kinetic resolution of racemic naproxen 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl thioester was successfully carried out under in situ racemization of substrate with DIAION WA30 in isooctane at 45
. More than 60% conversion and 99% enantiomeric excess for the desired (S)-naproxen product were obtained. Furthermore, such a solid base catalyst could be easily separated and reused in contrast to trioctylamine.
Increased Stability of Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD in Low pH, High Temperature and High Glucose Concentration via Three Layer Coating
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 221~225
Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD derived from Bacillus sp., which is commonly called as Bisroot
. The goal of this study, is to Increase stability of Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD in low pH, high temperature and high glucose concentration via three layer coating. The viability of coated Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD increased to 30%, 20%, 14% in the condition of pH 2 4 6 than that of uncoated Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD at 37
for 4 h. Final viability of the coated Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD in 80
increased to 40% than that of uncoated Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD. In high glucose concentration coated Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD is more stable than uncoated about 50%. In conclusion, the three layer coated Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD is very stable for low pH, high temperature and high glucose concentration.
Xylitol Production from D-Xylose by Candida mogii ATCC 18364
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 226~230
Fermentation characteristics of D-xylose into xylitol by Candida mogii ATCC 18364, a potential xylitol producer from rice straw hemicellulose hydrolyzates, were investigated. The influences of the most important operational variables on xylitol production were examined. The best results in xylitol production were obtained in shake-flask fermentations when 3.0 g/L initial cell concentration of 12 hr-old cells grown in D-glucose containing medium were used as inoculum. The oxygen availability is a critical factor in xylose fermentation, therefore, xylose conversion into xylitol was investigated in a 2-L fermenter at different stirring rates. Maximum xylitol production was obtained with an aeration rate of 1 vvm at a stirring rate of 200 rpm.
Study of Toxic Gas Removal Characteristics by Chemical Analysis of Essential Oil using SPME Method
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 231~235
This paper was investigated to clarify the possibility of ammonia gas removal by essential oil. First of all, the chemical analysis was peformed to analyze the composition of an essential oil by GC-MS. The monoterpenes in an essential oil react with ammonia by neutralization and their reaction mechanism was elucidated. Based on their chemical neutralized reaction, the removal efficiencies of ammonia gas were studied to derive the optimal conditions in the scrubber tower such as optimal temperature and pH. The experimental result shows that the removal efficiency of ammonia gas was achieved over 98 % by the misty aerosol dispersion of scrubber tower.
Size Estimation of Microalgal System for Nitrogen Removal
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 236~240
Korean wastewaters have higher nitrogen concentrations than typical wastewaters of other countries. Most treatment processes such as activated sludge processes will need to supplement extra carbon sources for a complete removal of remaining nitrogen after the initial wastewater treatment, Because of these difficult matters, we have searched wastewater treatment methods that require no additional carbon sources. Wastewater treatment by microalgae in photobioreactors, using a green eukaryotic microalgae, Chlorella kessleri, showed a promising results and thus was selected to study further. This system is not intended to replace the conventional system but is to assist the existing biological treatment systems as a supplemental nitrogen removal process. Thus the secondary treated livestock wastewater was tested. Column type photobioreactors developed in our laboratory were used. When aerated with 5% CO
balanced with air at 1 vvm and illuminated at 100
mol/㎡/s under 25
and PH 7-8 by CO
buffering effect, the maximum nitrogen removal rate was 2.6 mg/L/hr. The results confirmed a possibility of microalgal wastewater treatment system as a secondary system to remove extra nitrogen sources. Based on these experimental results, the size of the optimal microalgal wastewater system was calculated. For the wastewater whose initial nitrogen concentration of 150 mg/L, the optimal batch system was found to be a 2 stage system with a combined retention time of 4.6 day. From the continuous experiments, nitrogen removal rates were examined under different dilution rates and 2 stage system was also found to be the optimal system. The combined retention time for the continuous system was 3.5 days. It is expected that conventional biological wastewater treatment systems followed by microalgal systems would reliably decrease the nitrogen concentration below the government criteria even for the livestock wastewater with low C/N ratio.
Automatic Measurement of Microbial Growth in Snake-Flask Culture using an Economic and Automated flow injection Analysis Apparatus
KSBB Journal, volume 19, issue 3, 2004, Pages 241~244
An automated flow injection analysis apparatus manufactured economically was used in the automatic measurement of E. col growth in shake-flask culture of nutrient broth. The detailed measurement of whole growth was possible at intervals of 10 minutes by the automatic measurement system which adopted the sterilized nutrient broth as a carrier solution. Using distilled water as a carrier solution showed less accurate results than nutrient broth.