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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
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Flavonoid Glycosylation Using Microbial-produced Unusual Sugar
Oh, Tae-Jin ; Sohng, Jae-Kyung ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 93~99
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.093
Glycosylation is a key mechanism in determining diversity of natural products, and influencing their bioactivities. This approach requires a core set of glycosyltransferase that synthesizes the diverse sugar structures observed in nature. Recently, the researchers have begun to alter the sugar moiety and glycosylation patterns of natural products both in vivo E. coli system and in vitro for their glycodiversification. This review highlights new glycosylation tools using microbialproduced deoxysugar and a flexible glycosyltransferase on natural plant-flavonoids to generate novel glycoforms with useful biological activity.
Characterization of an Indigenous Antimicrobial Substance-producing Paenibacillus sp. BCNU 5011
Choi, Hye-Jung ; Kim, Ya-Ell ; Bang, Ji-Hun ; Kim, Dong-Wan ; Ahn, Cheol-Soo ; Jeong, Young-Kee ; Joo, Woo-Hong ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 100~106
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.100
Strain BCNU 5011 was isolated from forest soil samples collected in the Taebaek mountain in the Gangwon province, Korea. The biochemical, physiological and 16S rRNA sequence analysis strongly indicated that this isolate was most closely related to Paenibacillus polymyxa. A maximum production level of antimicrobial substances of Paenibacillus sp. BCNU 5011 was achieved under aerobic incubation at
for 3 days in SST broth.Paenibacillus sp. BCNU 5011 showed a broad spectrum of activity against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, including methicllinresistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Paenibacillus sp. BCNU 5011 was also shown to inhibit the growth of different potential human pathogenic bacteria and fungi in vitro. Peptide extract showed better antimicrobial activity than solvent extracts. But active antimicrobial compounds might be included in both peptide extract and solvent extracts. Further separation, purification and identification of active principles leads project to develop antimicrobial agents and anti-MRSA agents.
Improvement of Virus Productivity by Sodium Butyrate in the Production of Porcine Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus Vaccine
Lee, Chang-Jin ; Kim, Cheol-Min ; Jeong, Yeon-Ho ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 107~111
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.107
The essential operating parameters in virus vaccine production are multiplicity of infection (MOI), harvest time, and infection time. Stimulating agents also can be applied in order to improve vaccine productivity further. We investigated the optimum operating conditions in porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) vaccine production and the applicability of sodium butyrate (NaBu) as a stimulating agents for the improvement of vaccine productivity. The optimum MOI, infection time, and harvest time for high production of TGEV by swine testicle (ST) cells were found to be 0.0001 pfu/cell, 3 day after cell inoculation, and 24 hpi, respectively. NaBu is known as a histone deacetylase inhibitor that has been widely used for the high expression of recombinant protein using mammalian cells and for the enhancement of virus propagation. So we tried to examine the potential of NaBu as a stimulating agent and to determine the optimum concentration by comparing TGEV titers with different range of NaBu concentration. TGEV titer with 5 mM NaBu was 1.5 times higher than control. Therefore, we concluded that NaBu can be a promising agent for stimulating various vaccine production including TGEV and the optimum NaBu concentration for TGEV production was determined to be 5 mM.
Contents of Water Extract for Laminaria japonica and its Antioxidant Activity
Kim, Yoon-Soo ; Kang, Chang-Oh ; Kim, Mi-Hye ; Cha, Wol-Suk ; Shin, Hyun-Jae ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 112~118
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.112
Contents of amino acids, vitamins, and minerals as well as its antioxidant activitiy of Laminaria japonica water extract have been analyzed for preparation of functional foods and cosmetic products. From the analysis of total amino acids, eighteen kinds of amino acids were found in the water extract of Laminaria japonica. Among total amino acids, the order of contents was glutamic acid (2.07 mg/g), alanine (0.51 mg/g), aspartic acid (0.44 mg/g), glycine (0.34 mg/g), and valine (0.34 mg/g). In case of free amino acids, glutamic acid (0.95 mg/g), prolin (0.54 mg/g), aspartic acid (0.44 mg/g), leucine (0.07 mg/g), and phenylalanine (0.07 mg/g) were dominant compositions. Vitamin E was only detected in water extract of Laminaria japonica. The mineral contents were as follows: K 752.60 mg, Na 259.20 mg, Ca 80.20 mg, P 29.50 mg, and Fe 8.32 mg based on 100 g Laminaria japonica water extract. The nitrite scavenging activity of the extract were gradually increased with the extracts contents to 86.2% at concentration of 100 mg/mL and DPPH radical scavenging activity of the extracts were 86.4% at concentration of 50 mg/mL.
Recombinant Human L-ferritin from Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Molecular Characterization and Synthesis of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles
Kim, Kyung-Suk ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 119~125
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.119
In the synthesis of nanoparticles, much attention has been paid to regulating the particle size. There has been a possible evident that using the central cavity (core) of the protein ferritin has a greatly significant influence on it because the core can generate the nanometer-sized mineral particles of variable metal ions. In this report, recombinant human L-ferritins produced from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were purified and their molecular properties were characterized. The cDNA for human ferritin L chain was also expressed in another host such as Escherichia coli, and the properties of recombinant L-ferritins were compared. From isoelectric focusing experiment, the L-ferritin from the recombinant yeast showed no indication of N-glycosylation. Some post-translational modifications other than N-glycosylation were speculated in the L-ferritins from yeast. A difference was made in the L-ferritins in their iron uptake rates and the initial rate of the L-ferritin from yeast was slightly increased. The reconstitution yield and size distribution of the core minerals were analyzed in the L-ferritins by transmission electron microscopy. The L-ferritin from yeast with higher reconstitution yield (54.5%) showed slightly larger sizes (mean 6.92 nm) with narrower size distribution than the L-ferritin from E. coli. It is, in conclusion, speculated that L-ferritin from yeast is relatively superior to the other, in view of the size of nanoparticle and its relative homogeneity.
Effects of Schizandra Cchinensis Fruit Extract on the Hyperglycemia and Hyperlipemia in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
Chae, Hee-Jun ; Lee, In-Soon ; Moon, Hae-Yeon ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 126~130
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.126
To investigate the antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipemic effect of 80% ethanol extract of Schizandra Chinensis fruit, we induced diabetes in the rats with streptozotocin (STZ) and administered schizandra extract or Acarbose to diabetic rats for 21 days by oral administration. Consequently, the groups treated using schizandra extract decreased blood glucose levels more 39% than no treatment group and the case of Acarbose group was decreased it about 21%. The concentration of cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-C in blood was also decreased while treating schizandra extract, on the other hand, HDL-C concentration was significantly increased it about 26%. Those results induced that anti-atherogenic index (AAI) in blood was improved more than 82% level like normal condition, especially in treatment of schizandra extract 100 mg. The lipid profiled in feces was likewise showed apparent tendency to decrease and food efficiency ratio of diabetic rats was became higher for treatment with schizandra extract, but Acarbose group had low efficiency in compared with the result of glucose level and lipid profile in blood. As a result, schizandra extract is regard a good medicine for diabetes due to improve physical constitution, blood glucose and lipid level caused hyperglycemia and suggest that schizandra extract has real effects on the diabetes complication as atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, high blood pressure.
Bioinformatics Approach to Direct Target Prediction for RNAi Function and Non-specific Cosuppression in Caenorhabditis elegans
Kim, Tae-Ho ; Kim, Eui-Yong ; Joo, Hyun ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 131~138
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.131
Some computational approaches are needed for clarifying RNAi sequences, because it takes much time and endeavor that almost of RNAi sequences are verified by experimental data. Incorrectness of RNAi mechanism and other unaware factors in organism system are frequently faced with questions regarding potential use of RNAi as therapeutic applications. Our massive parallelized pair alignment scoring between dsRNA in Genebank and expressed sequence tags (ESTs) in Caenorhabditis elegans Genome Sequencing Projects revealed that this provides a useful tool for the prediction of RNAi induced cosuppression details for practical use. This pair alignment scoring method using high performance computing exhibited some possibility that numerous unwanted gene silencing and cosuppression exist even at high matching scores each other. The classifying the relative higher matching score of them based on GO (Gene Ontology) system could present mapping dsRNA of C. elegans and functional roles in an applied system. Our prediction also exhibited that more than 78% of the predicted co-suppressible genes are located in the ribosomal spot of C. elegans.
Chromatographic Enantiomer Separation and Determination of Optical Purity for α-Amino Acid Esters as 9-Anthraldimine Derivatives Using Polysaccharide Based Chiral Columns
Huang, Hu ; Jin, Jing-Yu ; Lee, Won-Jae ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 139~142
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.139
The chromatographic enantiomer separation of 9-anthraldimine derivatives of
-amino acid methyl and ethyl esters on four polysaccharide based chiral columns was performed. The 9-anthraldehyde Schiff base derivatives of
- amino acid esters were readily synthesized by stirring the
- amino acid ester hydrochloride salts with 9-anthraldehyde in the presence of 1,8-diazabicyclo [5.4.0]undec-7-ene as a base and anhydrous
. Chiralcel OD or Chiralcel OD-H showed the greatest enantiomer resolution of 9-anthraldimine derivatives of
-amino acid methyl and ethyl esters. The L-enantiomers of all the analytes were preferentially retained on Chiralcel OD or Chiralcel OD-H. This analytical method was applied in the determination of optical purities of several commercially available D- or L-
-amino acid methyl esters.
Flocculation Characteristics of Microalgae Using Chemical Flocculants
Kwon, Do-Yeon ; Jung, Chang-Kyou ; Park, Kwang-Beom ; Lee, Choul-Gyun ; Lee, Jin-Won ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 143~150
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.143
The aim of the study was to optimize harvesting method for concentrating microalgae from microalgae mass culture. It is well known that the mass density of microalgae is usually very low and these are small size (5-20
) in the culture medium. It is essential that microalgae is harvested and concentrated economically for economical biodiesel production from microalgae. In this study, to determine optimized conditions for microalgae harvesting by chemical flocculation. Flocculation of three algae, Chlorella ellipsoidea, Dunaliella bardawil, and Dunaliella tertiolecta, was performed using various chemical flocculants, such as inorganic flocculants (aluminium sulfate, aluminium potassium sulfate, ferrous sulfate, ferric sulfate, ferric chloride, calcium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium nitrite, and sodium aluminate), organic flocculant (polyacrylamide), and biopolymer flocculants (chitosan and starch). The results indicated that aluminium based inorganic flocculants is suitable for microalgae harvesting such as Chlorella ellipsoidea, Dunaliella bardawil, and Dunaliella tertiolecta. The results also recommended that flocculant doses, agitation speed, agitation time, sedimentation time for economical microalgae harvesting method using chemical flocculants.
Effect of Hot Water Extract of Undaria pinnatifida on the Activities of Antioxidant and Nitrite Scavenging
Kim, Yoon-Soo ; Nam, Hyung-Gun ; Shin, Hyun-Jae ; Na, Myung-Soon ; Kim, Mi-Hye ; Lee, Chul-Won ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Piao, Yu Lan ; Cha, Wol-Suk ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 151~156
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.151
For the development of functional food and cosmetics using the hot water extract of Undaria pinnatifida, the concentrations of vitamin, amino acid and element and activities of antioxidant and nitrite scavenging were investigated. The results are shown as follows: Vitamin C and E concentrations were 0.301 and 0.11 mg/100 g, respectively. Mineral concentrations were an order of Ca > Mg > K > Fe. The concentrations of total amino acids were an order of Glu > Ala > Val > Leu > Gly > Pro. Total phenol concentration and DPPH radical scavenging activity were increased with the increase of the concentration of extract. Especially, when the extract concentrationwas increased from 1.0 to 10.0 mg/mL, the total phenol concentration was increased from 0.043 to 0.125 OD 725 nm. DPPH radical scavenging activity at 50 mg/mL was 70.1%. The antioxidant activity of extract was stable in range of 80 to
and pH 3-9. The nitrite scavenging activity was increased with the decreaseof pH and the increase of it's extract concentration. Especially, it was 83.4% at 50 mg/mL (pH 1.2). These results showed that the hot water extract of U. pinnatifida can be applied to functional food and cosmetics.
Comparison of 5 Assays for Quantification of Antibody to Hepatitis B Virus Surface Antigen with Immunoglobulin G Preparations
Shin, In-Soo ; Lee, Yoo-Kyoung ; Kim, Oh-Jung ; Ban, Sang-Ja ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 157~164
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.157
Five assays for anti-HBs were compared to improve potency test of Human lgG preparations. The three commercial EIA kits were optimized including dose response curve ranges and compared by conducting a co-laboratory study. After selecting the most reproducible EIA kit, methods comparison was performed with 22 samples in 5 different days. As a result, EIA (7.7
5.3%) and MEIA (AxSYM: 3.7
1.9%, IMx: 1.6
0.8%) showed precision and accuracy (100.1
12.6%). Therefore, the validated EIA assay was established and it is believed to be comparable to current MEIA.
Screening of Functional Materials from Solvent Fractions of Apple Flower Leaf Extract
Choi, Sun-Ju ; Cho, Eun-Ah ; Cho, Eun-Hye ; Jeong, Yoon-Joo ; Ku, Chang-Sub ; Ha, Byung-Jhip ; Chae, Hee-Jeong ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 165~171
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.165
Fractional solvent extraction by organic solvents such as hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate, and butanol was carried out using 70% ethanol extract of apple flower leaves. Biological activities including antioxidant, whitening, antimicrobial and anti-wrinkle activities were investigated and bio-active materials of the extracts were identified using GC/MSD. Among the tested solvent fractions, ethylacetate fraction showed the highest total polyphenol content (1218.94
), and flavonoid (140
). The DPPH radical scavenging activities was over 80% at a dry matterbased concentration of 200
and SOD-like activity was over 90% at 50
concentration in ethylacetate fraction that was slightly lower than of ascorbic aicd. Tyrosinase inhibition activity related to skin-whitening was over 60% by ethylacetate fraction of 100
. As an anti-aging effect, elastase inhibitory activity was about 45% in ethylacetate fraction. Also, it showed a significantly antimicrobial activity against P. acenes. From GC/MSD analysis, a characteristic peak of high content in ethylacetate fraction was identified as kaempferol, which has been reported as a bioactive compound.
Establishment of In vitro Detection System for iNOS Expression and the Verification of Suppressive Effect by Pine Needle Extract
Kim, Nam-Young ; Jang, Hye-Ji ; Lee, Dong-Geun ; Jang, Min-Kyung ; Lee, Seung-Woo ; Jeon, Myong-Je ; Kim, Mi-Hyang ; Kim, Sung-Gu ; Lee, Sang-Hyeon ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 172~176
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.172
This study was aimed to verify suppressive effect of pine-needle extract on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. In order to evaluate suppressive effect on iNOS expression, RAW 264.7 cells were stably transfected using an iNOS promoterluciferase reporter plasmid yielding RAW 264.7/pGL2-NeomiNOS_ pro11 cells. Established in vitro detection system revealed to diminish LPS-induced iNOS expression by 0.1~500
of saponin at the concentration-dependant manner. Pine needle extract also diminished LPS-induced iNOS expression to 92 and 88% at 500 and 50
, respectively. These results suggest that the in vitro detection system developed here could be useful for the verification of suppressive materials on iNOS expression and pine needle extract could be used for the development of functional foods.
Analysis of Volatile Flavor Compounds in Raw Oyster and Oyster Cooking Drips by Gamma Irradiation Using Headspace Method
Choi, Jong-Il ; Kim, Hyun-Joo ; Lee, Ju-Woon ;
KSBB Journal, volume 26, issue 2, 2011, Pages 177~181
DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.2.177
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of gamma irradiation on the change of volatile flavor compounds of raw oyster and its cooking drips using headspace methods. Major volatile flavor compounds of the raw oyster were identified as methylthiomethane and 1,5-hexadiene. When the raw oyster was irradiated at the dose of 5 kGy, 1-pentane was newly detected. On the other hand, 9 compounds including N-methoxyformaldehyde were identified as the major volatile compounds of cooking drips from oyster. Among them, N-methoxyformaldehyde contents in cooking drip was decreased by the gamma irradiation. By the gamma irradiation above 30 kGy, new heterocyclic compounds was found in oyster cooking drips. Therefore, the amount of volatile flavor compounds in the raw oyster and cooking drips were changed by gamma irradiation, and these results could be potentially used in the seasoning industry.