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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Dec 1993
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
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Metabolism and Fermentation of Clostridium acetobutylicum
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 1~9
The acetone-butanol fermentation by C. acetobutylicum has gained increasing attention for the following reasons. First, the finite supply of petrochemical resources, combined with increasing concern over global environmental effects and the unstable nature of the price of petroleum has renewed interest in the development of fermentation technology that allows utilzation of biomass wastes for the production of alcohol. Second, it serves as excellent model system for understading the regulation and molecular biology of tightly regulated complex primary metabolism, and for applications of metabolic engineering. In this review various aspects of acetone-butanol fermentation by C. acetobutylicm including strain and fermentation characteristics, enzyme regulation, and solvent formation mechanism, and product recovery and summarized.
Production of D-sorbitol and L-sorbose from Jerusalem artichoke by Zymomonas mobilis and Gluconobacter sMboxpydans
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 10~16
The use of Jerusalem artichoke containing
-1, 2-fructose oligomer for the production of D-sorbitol and L-sorbose has been studied. The employment of inulinase(0.398%, v/v) for the hydrolysis of 40% (v/w) Jerusalem artichoke juice resulted in 36.7g/1 of glucose and 85.3g/1 of fructose at
. These sugars were utilized as substrates for D-sorbitol and L-sorbose production. Coimmobilization of inulinase and permeabilized cells of Zymomonas mobilis in the mixture of chitin (5%, w/e) and x-carrageenan(4%, w/v) resulted in the production of 30.2g/1 of D-sorbitol by using inulin as a substrate. The process of L-sorbose production from D-sorbitol by Gluconobacter suboxydans was optimized with respect to the substrate concentration, level of dissolved oxygen and glucosic and concentration. Gluconlc acid produced by Zymomonas mobilis from glucose was found to inhibit Gluconobacter suboxtans in conversion of D-sorbitol to L-sorbose. In view of removing such inhibitory effect by gluconic acid, mutants were selected by the NTG (N-methyl-N'-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidlne) treated method. Mutants selected by NTG mutagenesis showed no inhibitory effects of gluconic acrid against L-sorbone production when its concentration increased up to 100g/1. A mutant produced 40.1g/l of L-sorbose in the medium containing 100g/l D-sorbitol and 100g/l-gluconic acid. This result is consider able when compared with L-sorbose concentration (21.7g/1) obtained from the fermentation with wild type strain of Gluconobacter suboxnians.
Medium Recycle Process for the Production of scu-PA from Serum Free Medium
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 17~22
(IU/cell/hr) of specific scu-PA production rate was obtained from HEK cells in maintaining ca.
(cells/ml) of maximum roll density at 10(ml/hr) of perfusion rate with recycling 20% serum free conditioned media. It can be compared to
(cells/ml) of maximum cell density and
(IU/cell/hr) of specific production rate in cultivating cells with 1% serum containing medium. Thc conversion ratio of scu-PA to tc-UK increased up to 55% as the recycling ratio increased; however, recycling the used medium seemed to have least negative effect on cell growth. It also showed that the recycling process had definitive advantage of using serum free medium in perfusion cultivation of HEK cell line.
Development of Serum-Free Media for Mouse-mouse Hybridoma Part I. Screening for Key Componet
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 23~27
Development of Serum-Free Medium for Mouse-mouse Hybridoma Part II. Hybridoma Culture using Developed Serum-Free Media
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 28~35
The serum free medium was developed and used for the suspension culture of mammalian cells. Although there were the problems of the longer lag time and the smaller maximum cell concentration achievable, the higher specific productivity as well as other advantages of the serum free medium can make it a more realistic alternative. The existence of a staggering period in glucose concentration vs. time profile in the batch culture can be a practical indicating signal for performing fed batch culture. The concentration dependence of the effects of the additives in the serum free medium as well as its economic feasibility was also tested.
Biodegradation of Formaldehyde by Peudomonas Putida H-5
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 36~41
This study was designed to reveal the characteristics of the strains degrading formaldehyde isolated from mud of waste water. A strain H-5 showed the highest ability of formaldehyde biodegradation among isolated strains. According to identification, the strain H-5 was ascribed to be Peudomonas putida H-5. The optimal conditions of Peudomonas putida H-5 were
and pH 7.0. The highest level of formaldehyde degradation was demonstrated at the concentration of 0.02~0.04% in a glucose containing medium. Formaldehyde biodegradation by Peudomonas putida H-5 indicated that this reaction was converted to the methanol and formic acid. However, methanol and formic acid did not show any effect on the growth of viable cells.
Continuous Degradation of Formaldehyde by Peudomonas putida H-5 Using Rotation Disc Contactor
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 42~48
Continuous degradation of formaldehyde by using a rotating disc contactor was investigated in this study. Peudomonas putida H-5K was selected as a mutant using N-methyl N'-nitro N-nitrosoguandine (250
), which showed 1.5 times higher ability of formaldehyde degradation than that of the parent strain. Enzyme activity for formaldehyde degradation released form Peudomonas putida H-5K showed the highest level of 6.2mo1/min/mg protein in the 2% glucose mineral medium containing 0.02% formaldehyde. Degradation of formaldehyde from the first stage in rotating disc contactor was 95% and 5% from the 4th stage when the reactor was fed with 0.02% or 0.04% formaldehyde solution at a rate of 20
per hour. Continuous degradation of formaldehyde using rotating disc contactor was above 95%o in the medium containing 0.04% formalchyde, at the medium feed ratc of 20
Studies on the Compositions of Odd number Fatty acid of Vegetability lipids
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 49~54
The contents of odd number fatty acid in walnut, peach seed and apricot seed were analyzed by HPLC. The results were as follows; the contents of crude oil in walnut, peach seed and apricot seed were 61.7%, 48.21%, and 52.34%, respectively. The contents of neutral lipid in walnut peach seed, and apricot seed were contained 62.32%, 91.50%, and 88.00%, respectively. The contents of glycolipid in walnut peach seed and apricot seed were contained 34.14%, 3.25%, and 4.78%, respectively. The contents of phospholipid in walnut peach seed and apricot seed were contained 3.54%, 5.25%, and 7.27%, respectively. The contents of odd number fatty acid and even number fatty acid in neutralipid were walnut 37.07% and 36.72%, peach seed 5.4% and 94.60%, and apricot seed 6.85% and 93.92%, respectively. The contents of odd number fatty acid and even number fatty acid in glycolipid were walnut 5.37% and 46.21%, peach seed 6.97% and 89.42%, and apricot seed 10.50% and 89.42%, respectively. The contents of odd number fatty acid and even number fatty acid in phospholipld were walnut 3.57% and 96.43%, peach speed 6.51% and 93.49%, and apricot seed 15.00% and 84.20%, respectively. The contents of odd number fatty and even number fatty acid in total fatty acid were walnut 14.47% and 85.53%, peach seed 1.17% and 98.83%, and apricot seed 4.3% and 95.97%, respectively.
Effects of Nutrients and Culture Conditions on the Cell Growth and the Flavonol Glycosides Production in Cell Cultures of Ginkgo biloba
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 55~61
Cell lines of Ginkgo biloba were derived from different plant parts and from ten varieties spanning various geographic locations. They had various properties of growth and product formation. More than three flavonol glycosides were present in low concentration in callus and suspension cultures. Cell growth and biosynthesis of flavonol glycosides were found to be affected by medium composition. Culture conditions which influenced cell growth and product formation were also examined. Light stimulated the flavonol glycosides biosynthesis and ten times higher flavonol glycosides content was obtained as compared with the result without light.
Studies on the Induction of Transformation in Cereal Plants. III. Cultures and Regeneration of Rice Protoplasts Transferred Foreign Genes.
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 62~68
Transformed rice plantlet were recovered from protoplasts by electroporation with the plasmld pB 1121, which contain the plant expressible NPT-II and GUS genes. Embryonic cell suspension culture was established with embryonic callus induced from mature seeds of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Dong-jin) on the MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg/l 2,4-D, 0.5 mg/l kinetin, 3% sucrose. Protoplasts isolated from embryonic cell suspensions were electroplated and then poterltialty-transformed tissues were selected by growth on the medium containing 200 mg/l kanamycin sulfate. When subjected to GUS assay, they stained blue, indicating the expression of the inserted GUS genes. Plantlets were regenerated from electroplated protoplasts on the hormone free MS medium. Transferred foreign genes in the plants were confirmed by southern hybridization. These results support use of electroporation for transformation of these important cereal plants.
Structure Determination of Anti-plaque Agents for Prevention of Dental Caries from Cccao Bean Husk
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 69~74
For an anti-plaque agent, two flavan-3-ols isolated from Theobroma cacao bean husk showed positive reactions with
, and were identified as monomeric, dimeric flavan-3-ots in TLC. They were (-)-epicatechin and procyanidin B-2(epicatechin-(4
8)-epicatechin). The structures were established by spectroscopic and chemical methods. (-)-Epicatechin had moderate inhibitory activity on GTase at concentration of 1.0mM while procyanidin B-2 showed complete inhibition activity at the same concentration. The hydroxyl group of flavan-3-ol was supposed to be the essential element for inhibition on GTase.
Inhibitory Effect of Cacao Bean Husk Extract on Glucosyltransferase from Streptococus mutans B13
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 75~82
The inhibitory effect of cacao bean husk (CBH) extract on glucosyltransferase(GTasc) from Streptococcus mutans B13 was investigated. Water solube extract from CBH showeda sarong inhibitory effect (88-89%) on GTase from Streptococcus mutans Bl3. GTase inhibitors from sequential extraction by hot water or water-methanol had the strongest inhibition. Sources, fermentation, and types of solvents and fumigation processes did not influence the effect. These active compounds proved to be polyphones through acid hydrolytic analysis of the precipitates by ammonium sulfate or ethanol and proteinase K. It was also confirmed by additional column chromatography of Sephadex G-50, Sephadex LH-20 and DEAE-Sephdex A-50.
Separation of Lipase Using Reverse Micelles in Spray Column
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 83~88
Lipase was separated using reverse mlcelles in a spray column. The 50 mM AOT-Isooctane solution was used as reverse micellar solution for the extraction of lipase (crude containing 25% Protein). Ionic strength was controlled by KCl(0.1M KCl for extraction, 0.5M KCl for back exlractlon). Acetate buffer and phosphate buffer were used for control of pH. The efficiencies of extraction and stripping were 30% and 50%. An increase of circulation did not change the efficiency of extraction in forward extraction. The optimum flow rate was around 0.10ml/sec.
Stspension Culture of Betalain Producing Cell-Line and Characteristics of Hairy Root of Phytolacca esculenta V. Houtte
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 1, 1993, Pages 89~94
Thc effect of light and phylohormonc on the belalaln synthesis was tested using the suspension culture of a rod(bclalaln produulng) cell line from Phytolacca esculenta V. Houtte. Betalain synthesis of rod-cell 1ine was strongly dependent on the irradiation of blue light, but induced by hormone, IAA and/or kinetin, in dark conditions. In a light condition, however, 2 mg/l of IAA increased the betalain content about 30% (per gram fresh weight), whereas more than 0.5mg/l of kinetin remarkably decreased. The hairy root derived from the same plant was also observed for the blue light-dependent pigmentation in the root-tips. When the hairy root grown in dark was transferred to the light condition, the accumulation of betalain was initiated after 12hours. Such pigmentation was completely inhabited by addition of a protein synthesis inhibitor.