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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Dec 1993
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
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Effect of Moisture Content of Biocatalyst on the Gas Phase Continuous Bioreaction
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 417~423
The effect of moisture content of biocatalyst on the performance of a gas phase continuous bioreactor was investigated along with study on the mass transfer limitation. The biocatalysts whose moisture contents are 46.2% and 37.2%, respectively were prepared by immobilization of alcohol oxidase on Amberlite IRA-400, following by slow dehydration method, and packed into a column. Relative production rate (RPR), acetaldehyde composition (
) and conversion (X) of biocatalysts (37.2%) are better than those of biocatalysls (46.2%), and it was considered that these are attributed to the mass transfer enhancement in the gas phase compared with the aqueous phase.
Anti-stress Effect by the Treatment of Vitamin C
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 424~430
The anti-stress effect by the treatment of vitamin C was investigated in this study. The treatment of ascorbic acid in the presence of
ion induced strong time- and dose-dependent degradation of hitamine, and also the addition of histamine accelerated time-dependent decomposition of ascorbic acid in vitro. The treatment of ascorbic acid in
rats, which cannot synthesize ascorbic acid, significantly decreased the urinary histamine. The protreatment of ascorbic acid, dexamethasone and promethazine inhibited the lethal effect induced by immobilization stress, but that of dimethylsulfoxide did not. The addition of ascorbic and to a culture of spleen cells of
rats significantly increased the Con A-dependent T lymphocyte proliferation.
Relationship among Physical & Chemical Properties of Supports and Performance of Methane Fermentation in Anaerobic Fluidized-Bed Reactor
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 431~437
Active carbon which has the smallest bulk and wet density was found as the best support media among 4 different kinds of materials(celite, natural zeolite, Pusuk stone, active carbon) to make a proper fluidized-bed with small energy consumption. Its minimum and optimum fluidization velocity were found as 0.03cm/sec and 0.25cm/sec, respectively. As organic loading rate for methane fermentation was increased, CODcr removal efficiencies of all the media were decreased. But, CODcr, removal efficiencies of active carbon was maintained more than 90% in this experimental range of the organic loading rate. Larger amount of microorganism was adsorbed on the active carbon which has very high specific surface area. At the organic loading rate of 16g CODcr,/l day, its adsorbed cell mass was 157mg/g. Comparing natural zeolite with roast celite, adsorbed cell mass did not increase in proportion to specific surface area of the media. Even though roast celite has the same specific surface area as the Pusuk stone, its organic removal ability was superior to that of the Pusuk stone, which explains that the relatively great surface roughness and the positive surface charge are important for cell adsorption. It was concluded that the support media for anaerobic fluidized reactor should have small wet density and small fuidization velocity, if possible, in order to increase cell adsorption by reducing the fluid shear stress.
Microbial Conversion of Organic Wastes for Production of Biogas and Algal Biomass
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 438~445
Raw cow manure was treated by a 4-step integrated system with phase separation anaerobic digestion and algal culture. When the first methane fermentation was performed by the effluent from the acid fermenter with retention time of 4 days, the elrerage blogas production rate was 977m1/1 culture/day Gas productivity compared to conventional single-stage anaerobic digestion increased up to 31.4%. As the 2nd methane fermenter was fed by the effluent from the first methane fermenter with 4 days of retention time, average amount of 428m1/1 culture/day of biogas was produced. The reduction rate of COD in the effluent from the acid fermenter, the 1st and the 2nd methane fermenter were 71.8%, 42.6% and 24.0% respectively. Finally, we examined algal treatment process for the effluent from the 2nd methane fermenter. A semi-continuous culture of Chlorella sp. PSH3 was conducted by feeding the effluent with retention time of 10days. In this process, the production rate of algal biomass and COD reduction rate were averaged 1.8g/1 culture/day(2.8
106 cells/ml) and 73%, respectively. Through the 4-setp treatments, the total chemical oxygen demand was reduced from 51,300ppm to 85ppm. Therefore, the reduction rate of total chemical oxygen demand reached about 99.8%. The results indicate that the integrated system could be applicable for treatment of organic wastes, concurrently producing biogas and algal biomass.
Effect of Environmental Factors on By-products Production in Ethanol Fermentation
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 446~451
In ethanol fermentation, by-products such as glycerol, acetic acid and lactic acid are produced along with ethanol. The effects of culture conditions on cell growth ethanol production and by-products biosynthesis were investigated in ethanol fermentation using S. cerevisiae. With increasing aeration rate or yeast extract concentration, ethanol and by-products biosynthesis decreased while final cell mass increased. With increasing glucose concentration or decreasing temperature, final cell mass, ethanol and by-products concentrations all increased. The optimal pH for the cell growth, ethanol and by-products productions was found to be pH 4.5. By-products biosynthesis was found, in general, to proceed with the ethanol biosynthesis. The results can be applied for the optimization of ethanol fermentation and for the recovery and purification of ethanol from the culture broth.
Determination of Optimum Conditions for Xylose Fermentation by Pichia stipitis
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 452~456
This study was carried out to optimize the fermentation conditions for direct alcohol fermentation of xylose by Pichia stipitis CBS 5776. The best cell growth and the ethanol production were obtained under 0.05 VVM aeration and 300rpm agitation at
using 100 g/l xylose medium of the initial pH 5.0. In the above condition, the maximum specific growth rate and maximum cell concentration were 0.14hr-1 and
cells/ml, respectively. Pichia stipitis CBS 5776 also produced 40.2g/l ethanol utilizing about 96% of 100g/l xylose after 72hr fermentation. At this point, the overall volumetric ethanol productivity was 0.56g/1-hr and the ethanol yield was 0.42 g-ethanol/g-xylose consumed, which corresponds to 82% of the theoretical yield.
Effects of Concentration of Glucose and By-product on the Growth of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 23350
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 457~464
In this study, an attempt was made to investigate optimum cell growth and products by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 23350 in batch culture by varing carbon soures. Maximum dry cell density increased with the increase of initial glucose concentration. Maximum dry cell density was obtained with the highest value of 5.2g/l at 30g/l of initial glucose concentration. By adding acetic acid at 20g/l of initial glucose concentration, the cell growth rate decreased with the increase of initial acetic acid concentration. Among the various carbon sources, maximum
-amylase production was obtained with 225unit/ml at 10g/1 of initial glucose concentration. Optimum production of
-amylase was obtained with 376unit/ml at 2g/l of initial acetic acid concentration and 20g/l of initial glucose concentration. By 10g/1 of initial glucose concentration, both good maximum specific cell growth rate and maximum
-amylase production rate were obtained. In view of the results studied optimum production and specific production rate of
-amylase, acetic acid was initially added 2~4g/l with 20g/1 of initial glucose concentration in batch culture.
The Cultivation of Anchorage-Dependent Animal Cell, Vero-6, on Macroporous Collagen Microcarrier
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 465~472
The comparison of the capabilities of cell growth of four different kinds of commercially available microcarriers was carried out by culturing anchorage-dependent animal cells, Vero-6, in a spinner flask. Using 3 g/l of Cytodex 3, the maximum final cell density was about
cells/ml and increased up to
cells/ml by increasing microcarrier concentration up to 5 g/l. The macroporous collagen microcarriers, VX-100, informatrix, and Cultispher-G showed the final cell concentration of
cells/ml, respectively at the microcarrier concentration of 5g/1. According to this result, VX-100 showed better cell growth than informatrix and cultispher-G and also showed about 2 fold increase in final cell density comparing to Cytodex 3 solid bead. When the intermittent bead-to-bead transfer technique was introduced in the culture using Cytodex 3 bead and cultispher-G, the result was very successful and the cells grew out very well. The recovered cells by dissolving collagen microcarrier using collagenase enzyme were mostly viable and grew out very well on the surface of the fresh microcarriers.
Low Serum Medium for CH07E02 Hybridoma
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 473~477
Up to now, 10% Fetal Bovine Serum(FBS(V/V)) was added to basal medium for the cultivation of hybridoma. For the cultivation of hybridoma cell line, CH07E02, against colon cancer, serum concentration was reduced to 3% FBS without influence on cell growth and maximum cell concentration. By the addition of cell growth promoting substances-insulin (I), pyruvate (P), oxaloacetate(O), Pluronic F-68(P) and 2-mercaptoethanol(2-ME)-to 1% FBS medium, a cell density higher than that with 1% FBS medium alone was achieved. FBS 3% medium was replaced by very cheap 2% Calf Serum (CS) medium without influence on cell growth rate and concentration. Cells grew vigorously in 0.5% CS＋IPOP medium. This composition was used during suspension culture and exhibited good viability and high specific growth rate.
High Density Culture of KA112 Hybridoma and Effect of Glucose Concentration on MAb Productivity
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 478~482
Perfusion culture was conducted in Celligen perfusion culture system using a self-constructed hybridoma cell and low serum medium. The culture system employed hollow fiber to separate cells from the culture broth. Maximum cell density of
ce11s/m1, 10 times higher than in batch culture, could be achieved. Concentration of monoclonal antibody (MAb) was 4 times higher and production rate at maximum feed rate was 9 times higher than in batch culture. Glucose concentration was very important for the cell growth and MAb production. When glucose concentration was below 1g/l, i. e. 0.5~0.9g/l, specific MAb production rate decreased but cell concentration still increased. As the glucose concentration goes above 1g/l, specific MAb production rate increased and remained at maximum value at more than 1.5g glucose/l. The maximum value of the specific Mab production rate was similar to that of batch culture.
Lipids Supply for Hybridoma Culture
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 483~487
BSA/acids component in serum free medium (SFM) developed for the culture of hybridoma cell line, KA112, was replaced by acids/Pluronic F-68 emulsion. Protein content of SFM was minimized, and increased maximum cell density was obtained in serum-free lipids supplemented medium (SFLSM). Cell growth promotion effect of the emulsion was not affected by filtration with 0.2
Precursor Feeding Effects of Alkaloid Production in Suspension Cultures of Eschscholtzia californica
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 488~494
The accumulation of benzophenanthridine alkaloids, sanguinarine, chelerythrine, chelirubine and macarpine occurred in suspension cultures of Eschscholtzia californica. To increase alkaloid production, feeding experiments with the biosynthetic precursors, tyrosine, tyramine, L-dopa, dopamine with and without elicitation were studied. In feeding experiments with various precursors, the total alkaloid production was slightly increased. The precursor feeding with elicitation, however, increased total alkaloid production several times.
Characteristics of Growth and Oil Production of Peppermint Cells in an Air-bubble Bioreactor
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 495~503
To investigate the characteristics of growth and oil production of peppermint cells during a batch culture, cells derived from peppermint callus was cultivated in an air bubble reactor. During the batch culture, effects of inoculum size, abiotic stress, yeast elicitor, and two stage culture on the cell growth, the productivity of oleolesin, and the formation of flavor components were determined and also the sugar concentrations and kinetics of cell growth were analyzed. Among the various sizes of inoculum, the culture with 2.0% packed cell volume inoculum showed the optimum condition for cell growth in the proposed bioreactor, and the cell yield and essential oil production reached to 5.7g/1 and 0.109g/1, respectively. When the abiotic stress of daily 8hr dark and
cold treatments were given to the culture cell growth decreased but essential oil production increased to 0.546g/l. In a modified Lin-Staba medium in which 100mg/l yeast extract as an elicitor was added to the culture, the cell growth and oil production increased, and menthol content was 22.5% of oil. In the two stage culture, in which the basic culture conditions of 27
, light, and without elicitor were employed during the first six days followed by the second stage with daily 8hr treatment of cold and dark condition, and also with yeast extract as an elicitor, cell growth decreased after eight days, essential oil production was not increased, and menthol was not detected. Dry cell yield was 0.38g dry cell/g sugar and specific growth rate was 0.25 day-1. The major terpenoid in the oil was not the menthol but pulegone and piperitone, precursors of menthol were accumulated. However, when yeast elicitor was added, menthol was produced to the level of 22.5% which was the highest value in the peppermint cell culture reported so far.
Effects of Extracellular Proteins on the Recovery of Embryogenic Potential in Long-term Cultures of Daucus carota
KSBB Journal, volume 8, issue 5, 1993, Pages 504~507
A declining tendency in embryogenic capability was seen during 6 months culture period during which embryo production decreased from 1000 embryos/ml to 500 embryos/ml. The presence of extracellular factors extracted from newly established embryo cultures restored the embryogenic capability and even enhanced the embryo production up to 5 times (2500 embryos/ml) for old carrot suspension cultures compared with that of control cultures. The stimulating effect on the embryo production indicates that the enhancing effect comes from extracellular compounds that are probably protein molecules.