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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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Volume 3, Issue 6 - Nov 1995
Volume 3, Issue 5 - Sep 1995
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Jul 1995
Volume 3, Issue 3 - May 1995
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Mar 1995
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jan 1995
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Analysis of the fracture of brittle elastic materials using a continuum damage model
Costa Mattos, Heraldo S. ; Sampaio, Rubens ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 3, issue 5, 1995, Pages 411~427
DOI : 10.12989/sem.1918.104.22.1681
The most known continuum damage theories for brittle structures are suitable to model the degradation of the material due to the deformation process and the consequent initiation of a macro-crack. Nevertheless, they are not able to describe the propagation of the crack that leads, eventually, to the breakage of the structure into parts that undergo rigid body motion. This paper presents a theory, formulated from formal arguments of Continuum Mechanics, that may describe not only the degradation but also the fracture of elastic structures. The modeling of such a discontinuous phenomenon through a continuous theory is possible by taking a cohesion variable, related with the links between material points, as an additional degree of kinematical freedom. The possibilities of the proposed theory are discussed through examples.
Mechanics of kinking and buckling of plastic board drains
Madhav, Madhira R. ; Park, Yeong Mog ; Miura, Norihiko ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 3, issue 5, 1995, Pages 429~443
DOI : 10.12989/sem.1922.214.171.1249
The deformational response of plastic board drains installed to accelerate consolidation of soft soils, is examined as a problem of downdrag. The drain is modelled as a beam-column in which the axial load increases nonlinearly with depth. The soil response is represented by the Winkler medium whose coefficient of subgrade modulus increases linearly with depth. The governing equations for the drain-soil system are derived and solved as an eigenvalue problem. The critical buckling loads and the shape of the drain are obtained as functions of the normalized subgrade modulus of the soil at the top, the parameters signifying the variation of axial load along the length of the drain and the increase of subgrade modulus with depth. The derived deformed shapes of the drain are consistent with the observed ones.
Yield mechanisms of stepped cantilevers subjected to a dynamically applied constant tip force
Wang, B. ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 3, issue 5, 1995, Pages 445~462
DOI : 10.12989/sem.19126.96.36.1995
Previous studies of a stepped cantilever with two straight segments under a suddenly applied constant force (a step load) applied at its tip have shown that the validity of deformation mechanisms is governed by certain geometrical restrictions. Single and double-hinge mechanisms have been proposed and it is shown in this paper that for a stepped cantilever with a stronger tip segment, i.e.
are the dynamic fully plastic bending moments of the tip and root segments, respectively, the family of possible yield mechanisms is expanded by introducing new double and triple-hinge mechanisms. With the aid of these mechanisms, it is shown that all initial deformations can be derived for a stepped cantilever regardless of its geometry and the magnitude of the dynamic force applied.
On the large plastic deformation of tubular beams under impact loading
Wang, B. ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 3, issue 5, 1995, Pages 463~474
DOI : 10.12989/sem.19188.8.131.523
When a tubular cantilever beam is loaded by a dynamic force applied transversely at its tip, the strain hardening of the material tends to increase the load carrying capacity and local buckling and cross-sectional overlization occurring in the tube section tends to reduce the moment carrying capacity and results in structural softening. A theoretical model is presented in this paper to analyze the deformation of a tubular beam in a dynamic response mode. Based on a large deflection analysis, the hardening/softening M-
relationship is introduced. The main interest is on the curvature development history and the deformed configuration of the beam.
Application of the compressive-force path concept in the design of reinforced concrete indeterminate structures: A pilot study
Seraj, Salek M. ; Kotsovos, Michael D. ; Pavlovic, Milija N. ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 3, issue 5, 1995, Pages 475~495
DOI : 10.12989/sem.19184.108.40.2065
In the past, physical models have been proposed, in compliance with the concept of the compressive-force path, for the realistic design of various statically determinate structural concrete members. The present work extends these models so as to encompass indeterminate RC structural forms. Pilot tests conducted on continuous beams and fixed-ended portal frames have revealed that designing such members to present-day concepts may lead to brittle types of failure. On the other hand, similar members designed on the basis of the proposed physical models attained very ductile failures. It appears that, unlike current design approaches, the compressive-force path concept is capable of identifying those areas where failure is most likely to be triggered, and ensures better load redistribution, thus improving ductility. The beneficial effect of proper detailing at the point of contraflexure in an indeterminate RC member is to be noted.
Dynamic characteristics of structures with multiple tuned mass dampers
Jangid, R.S. ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 3, issue 5, 1995, Pages 497~509
DOI : 10.12989/sem.19220.127.116.117
Effectiveness of multiple tuned mass dampers (MTMD) in suppressing the dynamic response of base excited structure for first mode vibration is investigated. The effectiveness of the MTMD is expressed by the ratio of the root mean square (RMS) displacement of the structure with MTMD to corresponding displacement without MTMD. The frequency content of base excitation is modelled as a broad-band stationary random process. The MTMD`s with uniformly distributed natural frequencies are considered for this purpose. A parametric study is conducted to investigate the fundamental characteristics of the MTMD`s and the effect of important parameters on the effectiveness of the MTMD`s. The parameters include: the fundamental characteristics of the MTMD system such as damping, mass ratio, total number of MTMD, tuning frequency ratio, frequency spacing of the dampers and frequency content of the base excitation. It has been shown that MTMD can be more effective and more robust than a single TMD with equal mass and damping ratio.
In-plane free vibrations of catenary arches with unsymmetric axes
Wilson, James F. ; Lee, Byoung Koo ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 3, issue 5, 1995, Pages 511~525
DOI : 10.12989/sem.1918.104.22.1681
The differential equations governing in-plane free vibrations of the elastic, catenary arch with rotatory inertia are derived in Cartesian coordinates. Frequencies and mode shapes are computed numerically for such arches with unsymmetric axes, for both clamped-clamped and hinged-hinged end constraints. The lowest four natural frequency parameters are reported, with and without rotatory inertia, as a function of three nondimensional system parameters; the span to cord length ratio e, the slenderness ratio s, and the rise to cord length ratio f. Experimental measures of frequencies and mode shapes for several laboratory-scale catenary models serve to validate the theoretical results.