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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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Volume 60, Issue 2 - Oct 2016
Volume 60, Issue 1 - Oct 2016
Volume 59, Issue 6 - Sep 2016
Volume 59, Issue 5 - Sep 2016
Volume 59, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 59, Issue 3 - Aug 2016
Volume 59, Issue 2 - Jul 2016
Volume 59, Issue 1 - Jul 2016
Volume 58, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 58, Issue 5 - Jun 2016
Volume 58, Issue 4 - May 2016
Volume 58, Issue 3 - May 2016
Volume 58, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 58, Issue 1 - Apr 2016
Volume 57, Issue 6 - Mar 2016
Volume 57, Issue 5 - Mar 2016
Volume 57, Issue 4 - Feb 2016
Volume 57, Issue 3 - Feb 2016
Volume 57, Issue 2 - Jan 2016
Volume 57, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
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Retrofitting of steel pile-abutment connections of integral bridges using CFRP
Mirrezaei, Seyed Saeed ; Barghian, Majid ; Ghaffarzadeh, Hossein ; Farzam, Masood ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 59, issue 2, 2016, Pages 209~226
DOI : 10.12989/sem.2016.59.2.209
Integral bridges are typically designed with flexible foundations that include one row of piles. The construction of integral bridges solves difficulties due to the maintenance of expansion joints and bearings during serviceability. It causes integral bridges to become more economic comparing with conventional bridges. Research has been focused not only to enhance the seismic performance of newly designed bridges, but also to develop retrofit strategies for existing ones. The local performance of the pile to abutment connection will have a major effect on the performance of the structure and the embedment length of pile inside the abutment has a key role to provide shear and flexural resistance of pile-abutment connections. In this paper, a simple method was developed to estimate the initial value of embedment length of the pile for retrofitting of specimens. Four specimens of pile-abutment connections were constructed with different embedment lengths of pile inside the abutment to evaluate their performances. The results of the experimentation in conjunction with numerical and analytical studies showed that retrofitting pile-abutment connections with CFRP wraps increased the strength of the connection up to 86%. Also, designed connections with the proposed method had sufficient resistance against lateral load.
Axisymmetric bending of a circular plate with stiff edge on a soft FGM layer
Volkov, Sergey S. ; Litvinenko, Alexander N. ; Aizikovich, Sergey M. ; Wang, Yun-Che ; Vasiliev, Andrey S. ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 59, issue 2, 2016, Pages 227~241
DOI : 10.12989/sem.2016.59.2.227
A circular plate with constant thickness, finite radius and stiff edge lying on an elastic halfspace is considered. The half-space consists of a soft functionally graded (FGM) layer with arbitrary varying elastic properties and a homogeneous elastic substrate. The plate bends under the action of arbitrary axisymmetric distributed load and response from the elastic half-space. A semi-analytical solution for the problem effective in whole range of geometric (relative layer thickness) and mechanical (elastic properties of coating and substrate, stiffness of the plate) properties is constructed using the bilateral asymptotic method (Aizikovich et al. 2009). Approximated analytical expressions for the contact stresses and deflections of the plate are provided. Numerical results showing the qualitative dependence of the solution from the initial parameters of the problem are obtained with high precision.
Transient response analysis of tapered FRP poles with flexible joints by an efficient one-dimensional FE model
Saboori, Behnam ; Khalili, Seyed Mohammad Reza ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 59, issue 2, 2016, Pages 243~259
DOI : 10.12989/sem.2016.59.2.243
This research develops a finite element code for the transient dynamic analysis of tapered fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) poles with hollow circular cross-section and flexible joints used in power transmission lines. The FRP poles are modeled by tapered beam elements and their flexible joints by a rotational spring. To solve the time equations of transient dynamic analysis, precise time integration method is utilized. In order to verify the utilized formulations, a typical jointed FRP pole under step, triangular and sine pulses is analyzed by the developed finite element code and also ANSYS commercial finite element software for comparison. Thereafter, the effect of joint flexibility on its dynamic behavior is investigated. It is observed that by increasing the joint stiffness, the amplitude of the pole tip deflection history decreases, and the time of occurrence of the maximum deflection is earlier.
Fracture behavior of fly ash concrete containing silica fume
Zhang, Peng ; Gao, Ji-Xiang ; Dai, Xiao-Bing ; Zhang, Tian-Hang ; Wang, Juan ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 59, issue 2, 2016, Pages 261~275
DOI : 10.12989/sem.2016.59.2.261
Effect of silica fume on fresh properties, compressive strength at 28 days and fracture behavior of fly ash concrete composite were studied in this paper. Test results indicated that the fluidity and flowability of fly ash concrete composites decreased and fly ash concrete composite are more cohesive and appear to be sticky with the addition of silica fume. Addition of silica fume was very effective in improving the compressive strength at 28 days of fly ash concrete composite, and the compressive strength of fly ash concrete composite has a trend of increase with the increase of silica fume content. Results also indicated that all the fracture parameters of effective crack length, fracture toughness, fracture energy, the critical crack opening displacement and the maximum crack opening displacement of fly ash concrete composite decreased with the addition of silica fume. When the content of silica fume increased from 3% to 12%, these fracture parameters decreased gradually with the increase of silica fume content. Furthermore, silica fume had great effect on the relational curves of the three-point bending beam specimen. As the silica fume content increased from 3% to 12%, the areas surrounded by the three relational curves and the axes were becoming smaller and smaller, which indicated that the capability of concrete composite containing fly ash to resist crack propagation was becoming weaker and weaker.
Study of ground vibration induced by high-speed trains moving on multi-span bridges
Ju, S.H. ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 59, issue 2, 2016, Pages 277~290
DOI : 10.12989/sem.2016.59.2.277
This paper investigates the ground vibration induced by high-speed trains moving on multi-span continuous bridges. The dynamic impact factor of multi-span continuous bridges under trainloads was first determined in the parametric study, which shows that the dynamic impact factor will be large when the first bridge vertical natural frequency is equal to the trainload dominant frequencies, nV/D, where n is a positive integer, V is the train speed, and D is the train carriage interval. In addition, more continuous spans will produce smaller dynamic impact factors at this resonance condition. Based on the results of three-dimensional finite element analyses using the soil-structure interaction for realistic high-speed railway bridges, we suggest that the bridge span be set at 1.4 to 1.5 times the carriage interval for simply supported bridges. If not, the use of four or more-than-four-span continuous bridges is suggested to reduce the train-induced vibration. This study also indicates that the vibration in the train is major generated from the rail irregularities and that from the bridge deformation is not dominant.
Seismic performance evaluation of mid-rise shear walls: experiments and analysis
Parulekar, Y.M. ; Reddy, G.R. ; Singh, R.K. ; Gopalkrishnan, N. ; Ramarao, G.V. ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 59, issue 2, 2016, Pages 291~312
DOI : 10.12989/sem.2016.59.2.291
Seismic performance evaluation of shear wall is essential as it is the major lateral load resisting member of a structure. The ultimate load and ultimate drift of the shear wall are the two most important parameters which need to be assessed experimentally and verified analytically. This paper comprises the results of monotonic tests, quasi-static cyclic tests and shake-table tests carried out on a midrise shear wall. The shear wall considered for the study is 1:5 scaled model of the shear wall of the internal structure of a reactor building. The analytical simulation of these tests is carried out using micro and macro modeling of the shear wall. This paper mainly consists of modification in the hysteretic macro model, developed for RC structural walls by Lestuzzi and Badoux in 2003. This modification is made by considering the stiffness degradation effect observed from the tests carried out and this modified model is then used for nonlinear dynamic analysis of the shear wall. The outcome of the paper gives the variation of the capacity, the failure patterns and the performance levels of the shear walls in all three types of tests. The change in the stiffness and the damping of the wall due to increased damage and cracking when subjected to seismic excitation is also highlighted in the paper.
A new analytical approach for optimization design of adhesively bonded single-lap joint
Elhannani, M. ; Madani, K. ; Mokhtari, M. ; Touzain, S. ; Feaugas, X. ; Cohendoz, S. ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 59, issue 2, 2016, Pages 313~326
DOI : 10.12989/sem.2016.59.2.313
In this study the three-dimensional nonlinear finite element method was used to analyze the stresses distribution in the adhesive layer used to joint two Aluminum 2024-T3 adherends. We consider in this study the effect of different parameters witch directly affect the values of different stresses. The experimental design method is used to investigate the effects of geometrical parameters of the single lap joint in order to achieve an optimization of the assembly with simple lap joint. As a result, it can be said that both the geometrical modifications of the adhesive and adherends edge have presented a significant effect at the overlap edge thereby causing a decrease in peel and shear stresses. In addition, an analytical model is also given to predict in a simple but effective way the joint strength and its dependence on the geometrical parameters. This approach can help the designers to improve the quality and the durability of the structural adhesive joints.
Effect of pre-stressed cable on pre-stressed mega-braced steel frame
Tang, Baijian ; Zhang, Fuxing ; Wang, Yi ; Wang, Fei ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 59, issue 2, 2016, Pages 327~341
DOI : 10.12989/sem.2016.59.2.327
This study addresses the effect of pre-stressed cables on a pre-stressed mega-braced steel frame through employing static analysis and pushover analysis. The performances of a pre-stressed mega-braced steel frame and a pure steel frame without mega-braces are compared in terms of base shear, ductility, and failure mode. The influence of the cable parameters is also analyzed. Numerical results show that cable braces can effectively improve the lateral stiffness of a pure frame. However, it reduces structural ductility and degenerates structural pre-failure lateral stiffness greatly. Furthermore, it is found that 20% fluctuation in the cable pretension has little effect on structural ultimate bearing capacity and lateral stiffness. As comparison, 20% fluctuation in the cable diameter has much greater impact.
Thermo-mechanical vibration analysis of temperature-dependent porous FG beams based on Timoshenko beam theory
Ebrahimi, Farzad ; Jafari, Ali ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 59, issue 2, 2016, Pages 343~371
DOI : 10.12989/sem.2016.59.2.343
In this paper thermo-mechanical vibration analysis of a porous functionally graded (FG) Timoshenko beam in thermal environment with various boundary conditions are performed by employing a semi analytical differential transform method (DTM) and presenting a Navier type solution method for the first time. The temperature-dependent material properties of FG beam are supposed to vary through thickness direction of the constituents according to the power-law distribution which is modified to approximate the material properties with the porosity phases. Also the porous material properties vary through the thickness of the beam with even and uneven distribution. Two types of thermal loadings, namely, uniform and linear temperature rises through thickness direction are considered. Derivation of equations is based on the Timoshenko beam theory in order to consider the effect of both shear deformation and rotary inertia. Hamilton's principle is applied to obtain the governing differential equation of motion and boundary conditions. The detailed mathematical derivations are presented and numerical investigations are performed while the emphasis is placed on investigating the effect of several parameters such as porosity distributions, porosity volume fraction, thermal effect, boundary conditions and power-low exponent on the natural frequencies of the FG beams in detail. It is explicitly shown that the vibration behavior of porous FG beams is significantly influenced by these effects. Numerical results are presented to serve benchmarks for future analyses of FG beams with porosity phases.
Effect of recycled glass powder on asphalt concrete modification
Bilondi, M. Pourabbas ; Marandi, S.M. ; Ghasemi, F. ;
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, volume 59, issue 2, 2016, Pages 373~385
DOI : 10.12989/sem.2016.59.2.373
During recent years researchers performed large effort to increase the service life and asphalt stability of the roads against traffic loads and weather conditions. Investigations carried out in various aspects such as changes in gradation, addition of various additives, changes in asphalt textures and etc. The objective of this research is to evaluate the advantages of adding recycled glass powder (RGP), Crumb Rubber (CR), styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) and styrene butadiene styrene (SBS) to base bitumen with grade of 60/70 for modification of asphalt concrete. Initial studies conducted for determining the physical properties of bitumen and modifiers. A series of asphalt concrete samples made using various combinations of RGP, CR, SBR, SBS and base bitumen. All samples tested using Indirect Tensile Strength (ITS), Indirect Tensile Strength Modulus (ITSM) and Marshall Stability Tests. The new data compared with the results of control samples. The results showed that replacing RGP with known polymers improved ITS and ITSM results considerably. Also the Marshall Stability of modified mixtures using RGP is more than what is found for the base blend. Ultimately, the new RGP modifier had a huge impact on pavement performance and results in high flexibility which can be concluded as high service life for the new modified asphalt concrete.