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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Computers and Concrete
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2016
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Nov 2016
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2016
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Aug 2016
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jul 2016
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 17, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
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Deformation-based Strut-and-Tie Model for reinforced concrete columns subject to lateral loading
Hong, Sung-Gul ; Lee, Soo-Gon ; Hong, Seongwon ; Kang, Thomas H.K. ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 17, issue 2, 2016, Pages 157~172
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.2.157
This paper presents a Strut-and-Tie Model for reinforced concrete (RC) columns subject to lateral loading. The proposed model is based on the loading path for the post-yield state, and the geometries of struts and tie are determined by the stress field of post-yield state. The analysis procedure of the Strut-and-Tie Model is that 1) the shear force and displacement at the initial yield state are calculated and 2) the relationship between the additional shear force and the deformation is determined by modifying the geometry of the longitudinal strut until the ultimate limit state. To validate the developed model, the ultimate strength and associated deformation obtained by experimental results are compared with the values predicted by the model. Good agreements between the proposed model and the experimental data are observed.
Prediction of thermal stress in concrete structures with various restraints using thermal stress device
Cha, Sang Lyul ; Lee, Yun ; An, Gyeong Hee ; Kim, Jin Keun ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 17, issue 2, 2016, Pages 173~188
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.2.173
Generally, thermal stress induced by hydration heat causes cracking in mass concrete structures, requiring a thorough control during the construction. The prediction of the thermal stress is currently undertaken by means of numerical analysis despite its lack of reliability due to the properties of concrete varying over time. In this paper, a method for the prediction of thermal stress in concrete structures by adjusting thermal stress measured by a thermal stress device according to the degree of restraint is proposed to improve the prediction accuracy. The ratio of stress in concrete structures to stress under complete restraint is used as the degree of restraint. To consider the history of the degree of restraint, incremental stress is predicted by comparing the degree of restraint and the incremental stress obtained by the thermal stress device. Furthermore, the thermal stresses of wall and foundation predicted by the proposed method are compared to those obtained by numerical analysis. The thermal stresses obtained by the proposed method are similar to those obtained by the analysis for structures with internally as well as externally strong restraint. It is therefore concluded that the prediction of thermal stress for concrete structures with various boundary conditions using the proposed method is suggested to be accurate.
New experiment recipe for chloride penetration in concrete under water pressure
Yoon, In-Seok ; Nam, Jin-Won ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 17, issue 2, 2016, Pages 189~199
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.2.189
Chloride penetration is considered as a most crucial factor for the determination of the service life of concrete. A lot of experimental tools for the chloride penetration into concrete have been developed, however, the mechanism was based on only diffusion, although permeability is also main driving forces for the chloride penetration. Permeation reacts on submerged concrete impacting for short to long term durability while capillary suction occurs on only dried concrete for very early time. Furthermore, hydrostatic pressure increases in proportional to measured depth from the surface of water because of the increasing weight of water exerting downward force from above. It is thought, therefore, that the water pressure has a great influence on the chloride penetration and thereby on the service life of marine concrete. In this study, new experiment is designed to examine the effect of water pressure on chloride penetration in concrete quantitatively. As an experiment result, pressure leaded a quick chlorides penetration by a certain depth, while diffusion induced chlorides to penetrate inward slowly. Therefore, it was concluded that chloride should penetrates significantly by water pressure and the phenomena should be accelerated for concrete exposed to deep sea. The research is expected as a framework to define the service life of submerged concrete with water pressure and compute water permeability coefficient of cementitious materials.
Analytical study of failure damage to 270,000-kL LNG storage tank under blast loading
Lee, Sang Won ; Choi, Seung Jai ; Kim, Jang-Ho Jay ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 17, issue 2, 2016, Pages 201~214
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.2.201
The outer tank of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) storage tank is a longitudinally and meridianally pre-stressed concrete (PSC) wall structure. Because of the current trend of constructing larger LNG storage tanks, the pre-stressing forces required to increase wall strength must be significantly increased. Because of the increase in tank sizes and pre-stressing forces, an extreme loading scenario such as a bomb blast or an airplane crash needs to be investigated. Therefore, in this study, the blast resistance performance of LNG storage tanks was analyzed by conducting a blast simulation to investigate the safety of larger LNG storage tanks. Test data validation for a blast simulation of reinforced concrete panels was performed using a specific FEM code, LS-DYNA, prior to a full-scale blast simulation of the outer tank of a 270,000-kL LNG storage tank. Another objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and serviceability of an LNG storage tank with respect to varying amounts of explosive charge. The results of this study can be used as basic data for the design and safety evaluation of PSC LNG storage tanks.
Numerical evaluation of FRP composite retrofitted reinforced concrete wall subjected to blast load
Nam, Jin-Won ; Yoon, In-Seok ; Yi, Seong-Tae ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 17, issue 2, 2016, Pages 215~225
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.2.215
High performance materials such as Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP) are often used for retrofitting structures against blast loads due to its ductility and strength. The effectiveness of retrofit materials needs to be precisely evaluated for the retrofitting design based on the dynamic material responses under blast loads. In this study, the blast resistance of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) and Kevlar/Glass hybrid fabric (K/G) retrofitted reinforced concrete (RC) wall is analyzed by using the explicit analysis code LS-DYNA, which accommodates the high-strain rate dependent material models. Also, the retrofit effectiveness of FRP fabrics is evaluated by comparing the analysis results for non-retrofitted and retrofitted walls. The verification of the analysis is performed through comparisons with the previous experimental results.
Analytical performance evaluation of modified inclined studs for steel plate concrete wall subjected to cyclic loads
Lim, Jin-Sun ; Jeong, Young-Do ; Nam, Jin-Won ; Kim, Chun-Ho ; Yi, Seong-Tae ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 17, issue 2, 2016, Pages 227~240
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.2.227
An analytical study was conducted to investigate the effect of the shape and spacing of modified inclined studs used as shear connector between concrete and steel plate on the cyclic behavior of steel plate concrete (SC) shear wall. 9 different analysis cases were adopted to determine the optimized shape and spacing of stud. As the results, the skeleton curves were obtained from the load-displacement hysteresis curves, and the ultimate and yielding strengths were increased as the spacing of studs decrease. In addition, the strength of inclined studs is shown to be bigger compared to that of conventional studs. The damping ratios increased as the decrease of stiffness ratio. Finally, with decreasing the spacing distance of studs, the cumulative dissipated energy was increased and the seismic performance was improved.
Effect of prestressing on the natural frequency of PSC bridges
Shin, Soobong ; Kim, Yuhee ; Lee, Hokyoung ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 17, issue 2, 2016, Pages 241~253
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.2.241
Depending on the researcher, the effect of prestressing on the natural frequency of a PSC (prestressed concrete) structure appear to have been interpreted differently. Most laboratory tests on PSC beams available showed that the natural frequency is increased appreciably by prestressing. On the other hand, some other references based on field experience argued that the dynamic response of a PSC structure does not change regardless of the prestressing applied. Therefore, the deduced conclusions are inconsistent. Because an experiment with and without prestressing is a difficult task on a full size PSC bridge, the change in natural frequency of a PSC bridge due to prestressing may not be examined through field measurements. The study examined analytically the effects of prestressing on the natural frequency of PSC bridges. A finite element program for an undamped dynamic motion of a beam-tendon system was developed with additional geometric stiffness. The analytical results confirm that a key parameter in changing the natural frequency due to prestressing is the relative ratio of prestressing to the total weight of the structure rather than the prestressing itself.
Pozzolanic reaction of the waste glass sludge incorporating precipitation additives
You, Ilhwan ; Choi, Jisun ; Lange, David A. ; Zi, Goangseup ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 17, issue 2, 2016, Pages 255~269
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.2.255
The waste glass sludge is a waste produced in the glass industry. It is in a dust form and disposed with water. In the disposal process, various cohesive agents are incorporated in order to precipitate the glass particles efficiently. In this paper, we investigate the pozzolanic reaction of the waste glass sludge incorporating precipitation additives experimentally. The consumption of calcium hydroxide, the setting time and the compressive strength and the pore structure were tested for two different types of the waste glass sludge depending on whether precipitation additives were used. It was found that the waste glass sludge incorporating the precipitation additives had a higher pozzolanic potential than the reference waste glass sludge without precipitation additives.
Mechanical properties and adiabatic temperature rise of low heat concrete using ternary blended cement
Kim, Si-Jun ; Yang, Keun-Hyeok ; Lee, Kyung-Ho ; Yi, Seong-Tae ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 17, issue 2, 2016, Pages 271~280
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.2.271
This study examined the mechanical properties and adiabatic temperature rise of low-heat concrete developed based on ternary blended cement using ASTM type IV (LHC) cement, ground fly ash (GFA) and limestone powder (LSP). To enhance reactivity of fly ash, especially at an early age, the grassy membrane was scratched through the additional vibrator milling process. The targeted 28-day strength of concrete was selected to be 42 MPa for application to high-strength mass concrete including nuclear plant structures. The concrete mixes prepared were cured under the isothermal conditions of
. Most concrete specimens gained a relatively high strength exceeding 10 MPa at an early age, achieving the targeted 28-day strength. All concrete specimens had higher moduli of elasticity and rupture than the predictions using ACI 318-11 equations, regardless of the curing temperature. The peak temperature rise and the ascending rate of the adiabatic temperature curve measured from the prepared concrete mixes were lower by 12% and 32%, respectively, in average than those of the control specimen made using 80% ordinary Portland cement and 20% conventional fly ash.
Effect of fiber geometry on the electromagnetic shielding performance of mortar
Kim, Young Jun ; Yemam, Dinberu M. ; Kim, Baek-Joong ; Yi, Chongku ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 17, issue 2, 2016, Pages 281~294
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.2.281
The increased awareness of electromagnetic wave hazards has prompted studies on electromagnetic shielding using conductive materials in the construction industry. Previous studies have explored the effects of the types of conductive materials and their mix proportions on the electromagnetic shielding performance; however, there has been insufficient research on the effect of the geometry of the conductive materials on the electromagnetic shielding performance. Therefore, in this study, the dependence of the electromagnetic shielding performance on the cross-sectional geometry, diameter and length of fibers was investigated. The results showed that the electromagnetic shielding performance improved when the fiber length increased or the diameter decreased, but the effect of the cross-sectional geometry of the fibers was smaller than the effect of the fiber spacing factor.