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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Computers and Concrete
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Editor in Chief :
Chang-Koon Choi / Christian Meyer / Nenad Bi canic
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2016
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Aug 2016
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jul 2016
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 17, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
Predicting of compressive strength of recycled aggregate concrete by genetic programming
Abdollahzadeh, Gholamreza ; Jahani, Ehsan ; Kashir, Zahra ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 155~163
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.18.2.155
This paper, proposes 20 models for predicting compressive strength of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) containing silica fume by using gene expression programming (GEP). To construct the models, experimental data of 228 specimens produced from 61 different mixtures were collected from the literature. 80% of data sets were used in the training phase and the remained 20% in testing phase. Input variables were arranged in a format of seven input parameters including age of the specimen, cement content, water content, natural aggregates content, recycled aggregates content, silica fume content and amount of superplasticizer. The training and testing showed the models have good conformity with experimental results for predicting the compressive strength of recycled aggregate concrete containing silica fume.
Behaviour of RC Beams with non-bonded flexural reinforcement: A numerical experiment
Kotsovou, Gregoria M. ; Kotsovos, Gerasimos M. ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 165~178
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.18.2.165
The present work is concerned with a numerical investigation of the behaviour of reinforced-concrete beams with non-bonded flexural tension reinforcement. The numerically-established behaviour of such beams with and without transverse reinforcement is compared with its counterpart of similar beams with bonded reinforcement. From the comparison, it is found that the development of bond anywhere within the shear span inevitably leads to inclined cracking which is the cause of 'shear' failure. On the other hand, the lack of bond within the shear span of the beams is found, not only to prevent cracking within the shear span, but, also, to lead to a flexural type of failure preceded by the formation of horizontal splitting of concrete in the compressive zone. It is also found that delaying the extension of horizontal splitting through the provision of transverse reinforcement in the beam mid span can lead to flexural failure after yielding of the tension reinforcement. Yielding of the tension reinforcement before the horizontal splitting of the compressive zone may also be achieved by reducing the amount of the latter reinforcement.
Arrival direction effects of travelling waves on nonlinear seismic response of arch dams
Akkose, Mehmet ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 179~199
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.18.2.179
The aim of this study is to investigate arrival direction effects of travelling waves on non-linear seismic response of arch dams. It is evident that the seismic waves may reach on the dam site from any direction. Therefore, this study considers the seismic waves arrive to the dam site with different angles,
for non-linear analysis of arch dam-water-foundation interaction system. The N-S, E-W and vertical component of the Erzincan earthquake, on March 13, 1992, is used as the ground motion. Dam-water-foundation interaction is defined by Lagrangian approach in which a step-by-step integration technique is employed. The stress-strain behavior of the dam concrete is idealized using three-dimensional Drucker-Prager model based on associated flow rule assumption. The program NONSAP is employed in response calculations. The time-history of crest displacements and stresses of the dam are presented. The results obtained from non-linear analyses are compared with that of linear analyses.
The deformable multilaminate for predicting the Elasto-Plastic behavior of rocks
Haeri, Hadi ; Sarfarazi, V. ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 201~214
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.18.2.201
In this paper, a multilaminate based model have been developed and presented to predict the strain hardening behavior of rock. In this multilaminate model, the stress-strain behavior of a material is obtained by integrating the mechanical response of an infinite number of predefined oriented planes passing through a material point. Essential features such as the variable deformations hypothesis and multilaminate model are discussed. The methodology to be discussed here is modeling of strains on the 13 laminates passing through a point in each loading step. Upon the presented methodology, more attention has been given to hardening in non-linear behaviour of rock in going from the peak to residual strengths. The predictions of the derived stress-strain model are compared to experimental results for marble, sandstone and dense Cambria sand. The comparisons demonstrate the ability of this model to reproduce accurately the mechanical behavior of rocks.
Parametrical study of the behavior of exterior unreinforced concrete beam-column joints through numerical modeling
Silva, Matheus F.A. ; Haach, Vladimir G. ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 215~233
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.18.2.215
Exterior beam-column joints are structural elements that ensure connection between beams and columns. The joint strength is generally assumed to be governed by the structural element of lowest load capacity (beam or column), however, the joint may be the weakest link. The joint shear behavior is still not well understood due to the influence of several variables, such as geometry of the connection, stress level in the column, concrete strength and longitudinal beam reinforcement. A parametrical study based only on experiments would be impracticable and not necessarily exposes the failure mechanisms. This paper reports on a set of numerical simulations conducted in DIANA
software for the investigation of the shear strength of exterior joints. The geometry of the joints and stress level on the column are the variables evaluated. Results have led to empirical expressions that provide the shear strength of unreinforced exterior beam-column joints.
A review of experimental and numerical investigations about crack propagation
Sarfarazi, Vahab ; Haeri, Hadi ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 235~266
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.18.2.235
A rock mass containing non-persistent joints can only fail if the joints propagate and coalesce through an intact rock bridge. Shear strength of rock mass containing non-persistent joints is highly affected by the both, mechanical behavior and geometrical configuration of non-persistent joints located in a rock mass. Existence of rock joints and rock bridges are the most important factors complicating mechanical responses of a rock mass to stress loading. The joint-bridge interaction and bridge failure dominates mechanical behavior of jointed rock masses and the stability of rock excavations. The purpose of this review paper is to present techniques, progresses and the likely future development directions in experimental and numerical modelling of a non-persistent joint failure behaviour. Such investigation is essential to study the fundamental failures occurring in a rock bridge, for assessing anticipated and actual performances of the structures built on or in rock masses. This paper is divided into two sections. In the first part, experimental investigations have been represented followed by a summarized numerical modelling. Experimental results showed failure mechanism of a rock bridge under different loading conditions. Also effects of the number of non-persistent joints, angle between joint and a rock bridge, lengths of the rock bridge and the joint were investigated on the rock bridge failure behaviour. Numerical simulation results are used to validate experimental outputs.
Damage and fracture processes of concrete using acoustic emission parameters
Fan, Xiangqian ; Hu, Shaowei ; Lu, Jun ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 267~278
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.18.2.267
In order to observe the internal damage of concrete in real time, we introduced acoustic emission nondestructive detecting technology into a series of fracture tests; the test results revealed the whole process that concrete undergoes when it sustains damage that leads to failure, according to the change rules of the acoustic emission parameters. The results showed that both the initiation and unstable loads can be accurately determined using the abrupt change of the acoustic emission rate curves and the turning point of the acoustic emission parameters' accumulative curves. The whole process, from damage to failure, includes five phases, beginning with damage, such as cracking, a stable crack growth process, a critical unstable stage, and unstable propagation. The brittle fracture characteristics of concrete change when steel bars are joined, because the steel bars and the concrete structure bond, which causes an increase in the acoustic emission signals within the fracture process of the reinforced concrete. The unstable propagation stage is also extended. Our research results provide a valid methodology and technical explanations, which can help researchers to monitor the cracking process of concrete structures, in real time, during actual projects.
Development of fine grained concretes for textile reinforced cementitious composites
Daskiran, Esma Gizem ; Daskiran, Mehmet M. ; Gencoglu, Mustafa ;
Computers and Concrete, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 279~295
DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.18.2.279
A new innovative composite material is textile reinforced cementitious composite (TRCC). To achieve high flexural performance researchers suggest polymer modification of TRCC matrices. In this study, nine ready mix repair mortars commonly used in construction industry and the production of TRCC elements were examined. Mechanical properties such as compressive and flexural strength, drying shrinkage were studied. Being a significant durability concern, alkali silica reaction tests were performed according to related standards. Results showed that, some ready repair mortar mixes are potentially reactive due to the alkali silica reaction. Two of the ready mortar mixes labelled as non-shrinkage in their technical data sheets showed the highest shrinkage. In this experiment, researchers designed new matrices. These matrices were fine grained concretes modified with polymer additives; latexes and redispersible powders. Two latexes and six redispersible powder polymers were used in the study. Mechanical properties of fine grained concretes such as compressive and flexural strengths were determined. Results showed that some of the fine grained concretes cast with redispersible powders had higher flexural strength than ready mix repair mortars at 28 days. Matrix composition has to be designed for a suitable consistency for planned production processes of TRCC and mechanical properties for load-carrying capacity.