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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 1973
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 1973
Volume 3, Issue 1_2 - Mar 1973
Selecting the target year
A Survey on Microbial Contamination of Currently-Sold Drugs (I) -Bacterial contamination of marketed liquid-
Park, Young-Ju ; Kim, Young-Il ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 3, issue 4, 1973, Pages 5~15
An investigation was carried out on a basis of the bacteriological examination with a view to detecting the degree of bacterial contamination for the 77 samples collected from the locally-sold liquid specialties. It's test period was 50 days from July 10 to August 30, 1971. Specially, the survey has put emphasis on the population of general bacteria and the identification of coli-form group, staphylococcus species, streptococcus species, bacillus species, fungi, and yeast species from liquid samples. The results obtained are summarized as follows; (1) For the 77 samples tested, the contamination of general bacteria was found out as minimun 0, i,e., maximum,
and the total average
per milliliter. (2) Although streptococcus species could not be detected with the samples, the contamination of the coli-form and staphylococcus species means the strong suggestion of the possibility of pathogenic bacterial contamination. (3) Specially, the products which stay in the neutral pH range and use suspending agents need to care for the microbial contamination in the manufacturing crocess. (4) It is thought necessary to perform the microbiological quality control in the liquid preparations only at least. (5) As the microbial contamination degree in the liquid decreases according to the elapse of time, the microbiological quality control will have to be carried out immediately after the completion of the manufacturing process in order to know the accurate degree. (6) The author thinks that the main reason of the microbial contamination in the liquid is the contamination during the manufacturing process. (7) For the purpose of prevention of the microbial contamination in liquid, therefore, it is more important to make efforts for the rationalization of manufacturing process, the improvement of equipment and environment, the specific training of workers for hygienic knowledges, etc. rather than the use of preservatives for the preparations.
A Survey on Microbial Contamination of Currently-Sold Drugs( II ) - Bacterial contamination of marketed liquid -
Park, Young-Ju ; Kim, Young-Il ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 3, issue 4, 1973, Pages 16~27
An investigation was carried out on a basis of the examination with a view to detecting the degree of microbial contamination for the 82 samples collected from the locally-sold liquid preparations. The results obtained are summarized as follows ; 1. Total viable Bacteria(TVB) per ml. in test sample shows min. 0 and Max.
. Among the test samples, 2 items of Herb medicines have shown the highest bacterial contamination degree. 2. The number of unsuitable products are 9(11.0%) of the 82 items tested. Comparing with the study of 1971 (18 or 23.4% of 77 items), this fact suggests that the more than 50% decreasing tendency has come from the technical preventive efforts on bacterial contamination. 3. E. coli, Staph. aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa could not be detected with the test sample. 4. The number of confirmable mycotic contamination in the test samples has been revealed as 17 items (20.7%). 5. Chiefly, the causative organisms of the contamination are proved to be bacilli and fungi broadly distributed in nature. 6. Generally, the neutrality of the pH had greatly increased the number of products unsuitable on the specification of TVB. pH >7.0 No. of unsuitable items 0/4 (0.0%) pH 6.0-7.0 No. of unsuitable items 4/9 (44.4%) pH 4.0-6.0 No. of unsuitable items 5/45(11.1%) pH <4.0 No. of unsuitable items 0/24(0.0%) 7. The viability of general bacteria has shown a rather decreasing tendency in time.
Stop-flow Analysis of Urinary Excretion of Sulfadiazine in the Dog
Ko, Suk-Tai ; Lee, Donn-Yil ; Kim, Sung-Oh ; Kim, Jae-Wan ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 3, issue 4, 1973, Pages 28~38
The mechanism of urinary excretion of sulfadiazine was investigated in the dogs by means of stop-flow technique Results of experiments were summarized as follows; 1. The ratios of U/P sulfadiazine to U/P creatinine
were always lower than 1 in all nephrons, showed a minimum in the proximal area. 2.
were not affected by Probenecid or 2.4-DNP, whereas increased significantly by administration of sodium bicarbonate. 3. Probenecid did not alter the stop-flow patterns in alkalotic dog too. 4.
(clearance of sulfadiazine ) was appreciably influenced by change in urinary PH, or flow rate. All evidences lead to the conclusion that sulfadiazine reabsorption is passively transported by proximal tubules. No clue for active process, either secretory or reabsorptive, was obtained.
Study on the Adsorption of Pharmaceuticals by Filter aids -Adsorption of caffeine, niacinamide, pyridoxine hydrochloride and thiamine hydrochloride by Celite 545 and Dawsonite-
Hyun, Yona-Woo ; Min, Shin-Hong ; Rhee, Shang-Hi ; Kim, Yong-Bae ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 3, issue 4, 1973, Pages 39~43