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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1976
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1976
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1976
Selecting the target year
Study on Amino Acid Contents in Deer Horn
Yong, Jae-Ick ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 6, issue 3, 1976, Pages 4~9
Free amino acids in water extracts and total amino acids in hydrolystates of Deer Horn were analyzed by amino acid autoanalyzer (Technicon PNC-1 Type). The results obtained from this study are as follows ; 1) 17 kinds of amino acid, including 7 kinds of essential amino acid in human nutrition except tryptophan were identified and quantified. 2) Of all free amino acid contained in water extract, glutamic acid is the richest, and then comes Ala, Gly, Leu, Lys, valin in that order. Of all total amino acid which are closely related with nutritional valuation glycin is the richest, and then comes Glu, Lys, Ala, Leu, Ala, Pro, in that order. 3) Besides 17 kinds of amino acid, one kinds of unknown amino acid are found in water extracts and hydrolysates.
Study on Contents of Trace Elements in Deer Horn
Yong, Jae-Ick ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 6, issue 3, 1976, Pages 10~13
Trace Element in Deer Horn have been determined Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, Al, As, Co and as were detected by partition paper chromatography and spectroscopic method.
Effect of Deer Horn on Serum Cholesterol Level in Cholesterol fed Rabbits
Yong, Jae-Ick ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 6, issue 3, 1976, Pages 14~19
Influence of deer horn on serum cholesterol level as well as growth rate of experimental cholesterol-fed rabbit were observed. The cholesterol level rose progressively in all cholesterol-fed rabbit and only after 17th day of experiment, cholesterol-level in animal treated with deer horn significantly increased at much lower rate than control group. Above results suggested that deer horn might decrease the abnormally elevated serum cholesterol.
The Effect of Deer Horn on the Experimental Anemia of Rabbits
Yong, Jae-Ick ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 6, issue 3, 1976, Pages 20~25
Deer horn lowered the rate of anemia induction by phenylhydrazine and rapidly recovered from the anemia state.
The Effect of Deer Horn on the Liver and other Organs of Cholesterol Administered Rabbits
Yong, Jae-Ick ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 6, issue 3, 1976, Pages 26~42
The oral admistration of deer horn extract was proved to cause a considerable amelioration to the impairment of hepatic oxidative phosphorylation and to the decrease of ATP content in liver tissue induced by cholesterol ingestion. Deer horn extract was shown to accelerate considerably incorporation of
into cholesterol in liver tissue and it tends to restore a decrease of GOT activity of liver tissue, caused by cholesterol administration. Histological examination showed that deer horn extract had a remakable preventive effect aginst fatty infiltration of organgs such as liver, heart, spleen, and adrenal gland of cholesterol given rabbits.
Dissolution Characteristics of Hydrophobic Drug-Soluble Carrier Coprecipitate (I)-Enhanced Dissolution Rates of Furosemide from Furosemide Polymer Coprecipitates-
Shin, Sang-Chull ; Lee, Min-Hwa ; Woo, Jong-Hak ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 6, issue 3, 1976, Pages 48~57
An enhancement in the dissolution rate of the drug should facilitate its GI absorption if the absorption process is dissolution rate limited. One of the need for the techniques that can potentially enhance the dissolution rate and extent of absorption of hydrophobic drugs is the formation of coprecipitates with pharmacologically inert, polymeric materials. The physicochemical modification offers the advantage of possibly enabling one to administer the drug orally in a form from which it is most available for GI absorption. Several
demonstrated that the formation of solid dispersions or coprecipitates of relatively water-insoluble drugs with various pharmacologically inert carriers can increase singnificantly their in vitro dissolution rates. However, little information is available in the literature related to the dissolution rate patterns of furosemide, a water-insoluble diurectices, with respect to the sort of copolymer and the ratio of coprecipitates as a function of time, respectively. The purpose of the present investigation was to ascertain, the general applicability of the copolymers to use fore more fast, enhanced dissolution techniques of furosemide. To accomplish the need for enhancement in the dissolution rate of furosemide, varying ratio coprecipitates with different water-soluble polymers, such as polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), polyethylene glycol 4000(PEG 4000), and polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG 6000), were quantitatively studied by comparing their dissolution characteristics of furosemide. The dissolution patterns of pure furosemide, varying ratio furosemide-PVP coprecipitates, (1:2, 1:5, and 1:9(w/w)), furosemide-PEG 4000 coprecipitates (1:4, 1:9, and 1:19(w/w), furosemide-PEG 6000 coprecipitates(1:4, 1:9, and 1:19(w/w)), and the same ratio physical mixtures, respectively, were compared by the amount dissolved as a function of time.
Dissolution Characteristics of Hydrophobic Drug-Soluble Carrier Coprecipitates(III) -Dissolution Behaviour of Indomethacin from Several Fast Release Solid Dispersions of Indomethacin-
Jeon, In-Koo ; Lee, Min-Hwa ; Kim, Shin-Keun ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 6, issue 3, 1976, Pages 58~69
It is well established that dissolution is freruently the rate limiting step in the gastrointestinal absorpton of a drug from a solid dosage from. The relationship between the dissolution rate and absorption is particularly distinct when considering drugs of low solubility. Consequently, numerous attempts have been made to modify the dissolution characteristics of poorly water soluble drugs. Since dissolution rate is directly proportional to surface area, one may increase the rate by decreasing the particle size of the drug. Levy has considered a number of methods by which a drug may be presented to the GI fludids in finely divided from. The direct method is the utilization of microcrystalline or micronized particles. A second method involves the administration of solutions from which, upon dilution with gastric fluids, the dissolved drug will precipitate in the form of very fine particles. A more unique way of obtaining microcrystalline dispersions of a drug has been ercently suggested by Sekiguchi et al. They have first proposed the formation of a eutectic mixture of a poorly water soruble drug with a physiologically inert, easily soluble carrier. When such systems are exposed to water or GI fluids, the soluble carrier will dissolve rapidly and the finely dispersed drug particles will then be released. It has been suggested by Shefter and Higuchi that the formation of crystalline solvate could be a powerful tool in affecting rapid disslution of highly insoluble substances. Goldberg et al. have noted that the formation of solid solution could reduce the particle size to a minimum and increase the dissolution rate as well as the solubility of the durgs. It has also been shown that the rates of solution of drugs were appreciably increased by coprectipitating the drug with soluble polymers. The increase was found to be sensitive to the method of preparation, the molecular weight of polymer and the particular ratio of drugs to polymer. Although several investigations have demontrated that the solubility and/or dissolution rates of drugs can be increased in this manner, little information is available in the literature related to the in vivo absorption pattern of drugs orally administered as PVP coprecipitates. Recently, however, it was demonstrated that both the rate and extent of absorption of the insoluble drug could be markedly enhanced when orally administered to rats in the form of a coprecipitate with PVP. The purpose of the present investigation was to ascertain the general appility of soluble polymer coprectation technique as a method for enhancing the in vitro dissolution rate of hydrophobic indomethacin. To accomplish this aim, the dissolution characteristics of pure indomethacin, indomethcin-polymer physical mixtures and indomethacin-polymer coprecipitates were quantitatively studied by comparing their relative dissolution rates. The solubility and dissolution behavior of these systems were also examined.
Studies on the Components of Sambucus Species II -pharmacological studies on the extracts from the leaves of Sambucus latipinna var. coreana-
Lee, Soon-Chul ; Ahn, Young-Ran ; Kim, Hak-Seang ; Kim, Jae-Wan ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 6, issue 3, 1976, Pages 70~76
Pharmacological studies on the water extracts of Sambbcus latipnna var. coreana have confirmed that there are: 1) Remarkable sedative actions in preteated mice with C.N.B (caffeine and sodium benzoate) by the administration of intraperitoneal injection. 2) Antihypertensive actions in rabbits intraperitoneally injected with the extract, and as antihypertensive components, rutin, and crystal A (m.p.
, Liberman-Buchard's reaction, positive) were isolated from Sambucus latipinna var. coreana. 3) Marked diuretic actions in mice intramuscular injection with the dose of 600mg/kg.