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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 1_4 - Mar 1977
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Studies on the Drug Development of Coicis Semen(I) -Aminoacid Contents in Coicis Semen-
Yong, Jae-Ick ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 7, issue 1_4, 1977, Pages 1~12
Free amino acid in ethanol extracts and total amino acid hydrolysates of Coicis semen were analyzed by amino acid autoanalyzer. The sample A (unpolished Coicis Semen) and sample B(polished Coicis Semen) are used in this experiments. The results obtained from this study are as follows: 1) 17 kinds of free amino acid (Asp, Thr, Ser, Glu, Pro, Gly, Ala, Val, Cys, Met, Ileu, Lew, Try, Phe, Lys, His, Arg,) including 7 kinds of essential amino acid (Val, Lew, Ileu, Thr, Lys, Met, Phe,) as human nutrition were identified and quantified but tryptophan. 2) Total free amino acids of sample A is more than about 3 folds that of sample B. 3) The distribution of free amino acids contained in sample A, threonine is the richiest and then comes Ala, Glu, Asp, and Pro, in that order. In sample B, glutamic acid is the richiest and then comes Thr, Asp, Ala, and Gly, in that order. 4) 17 kinds of total amino acid (Asp, Thr, Ser, Glu, Pro, Gly, Ala, Val, Cys, Met, Ileu, Lew, Tyr, Pher, Lys, including 7 kinds of essential amino acid (Val, Leu, Ileu, Thr, Lys, Met, Phe,) in human nutrition except tryptophan were identified and quanified. 5) Total amino acid content of sample A is more than about 1.06 folds that of sample B. 6) Total amino acid content of sample A in acid hydrolysates is more than about 1.06 folds that of sample B in acid hydrolysates. 7) Unknown chromatogram of ethanol extracts and acid hydrolysates of Coicis Semen were identified as Ornitine.
A Study on the Biliary Excretion of Sulfadiazine in the Rats
Ko, Suk-Tai ; Lim, Dong-Yoon ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 7, issue 1_4, 1977, Pages 13~21
This study on the biliary excretion of sulfadiazine has been established in the rats. 1. Sulfadiazine, administered intravenously to rats with ligated renal pedicles and a cannulated bile duct, rapidly appeared in the bile in high concentration. 2. Between 0-30min. and 30-60 min. after administration, the bile-to-plasma concentration ratios(B/P) of the sulfadiazine were 1. 02-2.67, 1.14-3.79 for 1mg/kg dose, 1.48-3.89, 1.30-3.81 for 10mg/kg, 1.97-4.27, 2.11-4.07 for 50mg/kg, and 1.70-4.21, 1.71-5.34 for 100mg/kg. Thus, B/P ratios at any doses of sulfadiazine greatly exceeded 1.0 at all experimental periods. 3. Furthermore, the biliary excretion of sulfadiazine was inhibited by probenecid significantly. 4. Hepatic clearance of sulfadiazine in the rats was increased from 0.515 to 1.780 ml/60 min. when the dose was raised from 1.0mg/kg to 50.0mg/kg of sulfadiazine, but at 100mg/kg, decreased to 1.250ml/60min. All these results indicate that sulfadiazine is excreted into the bile by active transport process in the rats with ligated renal pedicles and a cannulated bile duct.
The Studies on the Absorption and Excrection of Sulfisoxazole from Alloxan Diabetes States
Lee, Jin-Hwan ; Choi, Jun-Shik ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 7, issue 1_4, 1977, Pages 22~27
Absorption of sulfisoxazole after oral administration was significantly increased by small dose(60mg/kg) of alloxan but not increased significantly by large dose (160mg/kg) of alloxan from that of normal rabbits. Pretreatment with alloxan did not give any effect on clearance of sulfisoxazole. As the results, It could come to conclusion that in creased absorption of the sulfisoxazole administered small dose of the alloxan was influenced by transport of intestinal membrane or intestinal enzyme activation or increase of intestinal absorption function.
Pharmacological Studies of Plantaginis Semen
Ko, Suk-Tai ; Lim, Dong-Yoon ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 7, issue 1_4, 1977, Pages 28~37
The pharmacological actions to methanol extract(PME) obtained from Plantaginis semen were examined in the rabbit. 1) PME, when administered into the vein of rabbit, produced the fall of blood pressure and stimulation of respiration. The former action was inhibited by atropine but the latter not affected by atropine. 2) PME caused contraction in both isolated intestinal and uterus strips, atropine blocked the contraction of intestinal strips while did not the uterus contraction. 3) PME decreased the heart rate of rabbit anesthetized with urethane. 4) PME elicited antidiuresis with doses ranging from 10mg/kg. The antidiuresis appeared to be related to the hemodynamic changes decreases in the renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration rate. Urinary sodium and potassium decrease in the renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration rate. Urinary sodium and potassium decrease in relation to the diminished filtration.
A Study on the Mechanism of Urinary and Biliary Excretion of Chloramphenicol in the Dog
Kim, Sung-Won ;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation, volume 7, issue 1_4, 1977, Pages 38~50
A study on the mechanism of biliary and urinary excretion of chloramphenicol has been performed in the dog. 1) Chloramphenicol administered intravenously to dogs with ligated renal pedicle, readily appeared in bile greater than in plasma. 6.9% of a 50mg /kg i. v. dose of chloramphenicol were excreted into bile within 100 minutes. During the same periods of above experiment, the bile/plasma concentration ratios(B/P ratios) were 46 to 87. 2) Chloramphenicol injected into the vein of dog was rapidly excreted into urine. 18% of the administered dose were excreted into urine within 70 minutes. In the same periods of this experiment, Ccm/Ccr ratios were greater than 1.0 in most cases. 3) In experiment of simultaneous measurement of biliary and urinary excretion of chloramphenicol, Ccm/Ccr ratios were less than 1.0 and B/P ratios were 50 to 52. 4) In experiment measured simultaneously biliary and urinary excretion both Ccm/Ccr and
(hepatic clearance) were significantly declined by probenecid, but not affected by 2,4-DNP and aminophylline although 2,4-DNP increased only bile flow and aminophylline both bile and urine volume. 5) Ccm/Ccr and
were increased in proportion to increment of plasma concentration ranging from 3.3 to 30 mg% of chloramphenicol. But when plasma concentration were increased to 70mg %, Ccm/Ccr were not increased and
were reduced about 30% in comparison with values obtajned at 30mg% of chloramphenicol. 6) Free/Bound(free to bouid from) ratios ranging from 1.0 to 90.0mg% of chloramphenicol were 76.2+3.72%
Above results suggest that chloramphenicol is excreted into bile by a process of active trasport, that excretion of chloramphenicol into urine was made up with dual process, reabsorption and secretion, and that renal secretion was attained by active trasport process although renal reabsorption process could not understand.