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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Korea Robotics Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Robotics Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 2, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
PID Gain Auto Tuning of ETB by Using RLS
Jeon, Chan-Sung ; Kim, Dae-Sang ; Lee, Jang-Myung ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~8
This paper presents a PID automatic gain-tuning algorithm for the electronic throttle valve which is driven by wire. Since the system characteristics of position control for electronic throttle valve are so complicated that both the real time robustness and the manufacturing cost must be considered for mass production. To resolve this paradox, a kind of algorithm called RLS (Recursive Least Square) is adopted for the control of the ETB (Electronic Throttle Body). Using this algorithm, the PID gains can be adjusted automatically with the estimated system parameters. Furthermore, a pre-filter is supplemented for the sake of the robustness against the friction and loads. From the industrial requests for the system, the design specifications are decided as follows: the settling time should be less than 1sec and the overshoot should be kept below 3%. The results of the experiments based on this approach show that the high robustness can be achieved while the system stability is satisfied steadily. A parameter estimation scheme and a gain-tuning algorithm have been properly combined and utilized in this research and the effectiveness is verified through the real experiments.
A Cognitive Mental Algorithm based on Psychoanalysis Theory: Theoretical study for design the mental model of a next intelligent robot
Park, Kyung-Sook ; Kwon, Dong-Soo ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 9~20
This paper presents a theoretical study for making intelligent robots with human-like mind. For the development of a cognitive mental model, we developed three algorithms based on the cognitive process for human psychoanalysis. Specifically, the concept of id, ego and superego from the theory of Sigmund Freud was adopted and the procedural algorithms were presented.
Multiple Object Tracking with Color-Based Particle Filter for Intelligent Space
Jin, Tae-Seok ; Hashimoto, Hideki ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 21~28
The Intelligent Space(ISpace) provides challenging research fields for surveillance, human-computer interfacing, networked camera conferencing, industrial monitoring or service and training applications. ISpace is the space where many intelligent devices, such as computers and sensors, are distributed. According to the cooperation of many intelligent devices, the environment, it is very important that the system knows the location information to offer the useful services. In order to achieve these goals, we present a method for representing, tracking and human following by fusing distributed multiple vision systems in ISpace, with application to pedestrian tracking in a crowd. And the article presents the integration of color distributions into particle filtering. Particle filters provide a robust tracking framework under ambiguity conditions. We propose to track the moving objects by generating hypotheses not in the image plan but on the top-view reconstruction of the scene. Comparative results on real video sequences show the advantage of our method for multi-object tracking. Also, the method is applied to the intelligent environment and its performance is verified by the experiments.
Implementation of Global Localization and Kidnap Recovery for Mobile Robot on Feature Map
Lee, Jung-Suk ; Lee, Kyoung-Min ; Ahn, Sungh-Wan ; Choi, Jin-Woo ; Chung, Wan-Kyun ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 29~39
We present an implementation of particle filter algorithm for global localization and kidnap recovery of mobile robot. Firstly, we propose an algorithm for efficient particle initialization using sonar line features. And then, the average likelihood and entropy of normalized weights are used as a quality measure of pose estimation. Finally, we propose an active kidnap recovery by adding new particle set. New and independent particle set can be initialized by monitoring two quality measures. Added particle set can re-estimate the pose of kidnapped robot. Experimental results demonstrate the capability of our global localization and kidnap recovery algorithm.
Precise Indoor Localization System for a Mobile Robot Using Auto Calibration Algorithm
Kim, Sung-Bu ; Lee, Jang-Myung ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 40~47
Recently, with the development of service robots and with the new concept of ubiquitous world, the position estimation of mobile objects has been raised to an important problem. As pre-liminary research results, some of the localization schemes are introduced, which provide the absolute location of the moving objects subjected to large errors. To implement a precise and convenient localization system, a new absolute position estimation method for a mobile robot in indoor environment is proposed in this paper. Design and implementation of the localization system comes from the usage of active beacon systems (based upon RFID technology). The active beacon system is composed of an RFID receiver and an ultra-sonic transmitter: 1. The RFID receiver gets the synchronization signal from the mobile robot and 2. The ultra-sonic transmitter sends out the traveling signal to be used for measuring the distance. Position of a mobile robot in a three dimensional space can be calculated basically from the distance information from three beacons and the absolute position information of the beacons themselves. Since it is not easy to install the beacons at a specific position precisely, there exists a large localization error and the installation time takes long. To overcome these problems, and provide a precise and convenient localization system, a new auto calibration algorithm is developed in this paper. Also the extended Kalman filter has been adopted for improving the localization accuracy during the mobile robot navigation. The localization accuracy improvement through the proposed auto calibration algorithm and the extended Kalman filter has been demonstrated by the real experiments.
Common Command-Scripting Language for network-based Robots (CCSLR) and Translator System Architecture
Lee, Il-Gu ; Nguyen, Dong To ; Kim, Do-Ik ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 48~54
A network-based robot  is a robot that explores service servers in the network environment for analyzing sensor data and making decision. Since network-based robot architecture was proposed, it's possible to reduce costs of robots. We hope robots would be all around at home environment. Therefore, normal users who are not experts need to be able to control those robots by using easy commands. We developed a scripting language, named CCSLR, to help users and developers who control various robots in ubiquitous environment. We focused on how to design the common language for various robots and how to translate a CCSLR script into a sequence of low-level commands of the target robot. In this paper, we propose scripting methods, with three layers. The CCSLR system reads the profile information from the knowledge representation database. Users don't have to know all about kinematical and mechanical details of a robot. Then again, the CCSLR system will use the profile information to translate the script into separated executable library commands. The CCSLR system manages robot's changing state every time a robot executes a command.
Step-Type Obstacle Traversal Algorithm for Six Legged Mobile Robot
Shim, Hyung-Won ; Lee, Ji-Hong ; Kim, Jung-Bae ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 55~63
Mobile robots traveling on rough terrain need several algorithms to overcome obstacles. In this paper, we propose the step-type obstacle traversal algorithm to adapt the mobile robot with six arms and wheels to travel on rough terrain. Obstacle traversal is composed of two different stages: planning and control. In planning stage, the required joint torque of each arm as well as the interference between the wheels and the arms are analyzed to guarantee traversing obstacles. Control stage includes such steps as checking distance to obstacle, determining the height and length of obstacle, performing arm motion according to sensed torque data, and evaluating safety at every instance. The proposed algorithm is designed and implemented for CALEB 1 six legged robot developed in the laboratory and verified by simulation and experiment in outdoor environment.
The Development of High Precision Manipulator and Micro Gripper
Lee, Jong-Bae ; Park, Chang-Woo ; Kim, Bong-Seok ; Park, Jun-Sik ; Sung, Ha-Gyeong ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 64~70
In this paper, a robotic system which consists of a precision manipulator and a micro gripper for a micro system assembly is presented. By the experiment, we proved that the developed the system gives acceptable performance when minute operations. Developed the micro-nano robot is actuated by newly proposed modular revolute and prismatic actuators. As an end-effector of this system, micro gripper is designed and fabricated with MEMS technology and the displacement of jaw is up to 142.8 micro meter. We think that new robot system will be appropriate for micro system assembly tasks and life science application.
Ubiquitous Home Security Robot System based on Sensor Network
Kim, Yoon-Gu ; Lee, Ki-Dong ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 71~79
We propose and develop Home Security robot system based on Sensor Network (HSSN) configured by sensor nodes including radio frequency (RF), ultrasonic, temperature, light and sound sensors. Our system can acknowledge security alarm events that are acquired by sensor nodes and relayed in the hop-by-hop transmission way. There are sensor network, Home Security Mobile Robot (HSMR) and Home Server(HS) in this system. In the experimental results of this system, we presented that our system has more enhanced performance of response to emergency context and more speedy and accurate path planning to target position for arriving an alarm zone with obstacle avoidance and acquiring the context-aware information.
Context Knowledge Modeling for Pervasive Systems
Cho, Joon-Myun ; Kim, Hyun ; Han, Soon-Hung ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 80~92
For the pervasive computing in ubiquitous environment, it is very important to manage the context model to provide pertinent context knowledge to context-aware applications. The context model should be able to support efficiently the context knowledge reusing and sharing as well as reasoning. Previous works focus mainly on the context knowledge representation scheme for reasoning. This paper proposes a context knowledge modeling scheme especially for reusing and sharing. This scheme provides well-established principles and guides for 1) context knowledge modularization and hierarchization, and for 2) context knowledge identification and organization. Once the context models are built according to the scheme, the structure of the context model and the meanings of the context knowledge elements become clear and consistent, so that context-aware applications can share and reuse the context knowledge in easy and error-reduced manner. This paper also discusses the implementation of a context model and an application for Presentation Helper scenario running on a software middleware system (CAMUS) for ubiquitous service robots which is being developed
Cooperative Multiple Robot Localization utilizing Correlation between GPS Data Errors
Jo, Kyoung-Hwan ; Lee, Ji-Hong ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 93~102
It is essential to estimating positions of multiple robots in order to perform cooperative task in common workspace. Accordingly, we propose a new approach of cooperative localization for multiple robots utilizing correlation among GPS errors in common workspace. Assuming that GPS data of individual robot are correlated strongly as the distance among robots are close, it is confirmed that the proposed method provides improved localization accuracy. In addition, we define two operational parameters to apply proposed method in multiple robot system. With mentioned two parameters, we present a practical solution to accumulated position error in traveling long distance.
R&D Trends of Intelligent Robotics on the Roadmap
Park, Hyun-Sub ; Koh, Kyoung-Chul ; Kim, Hong-Suck ; Lee, Ho-Gil ;
The Journal of Korea Robotics Society, volume 2, issue 1, 2007, Pages 103~108
Intelligent Robot is considered as one of the Next Generation Growth Engine in many countries. The application fields are expected to be widen from 80's robotics for manufacturing to many applications such as military, space, medical, personal, etc. To reduce the R&D investment risk Technical Roadmap is prepared by Japan, Europe and Korea. In this paper, the technical Roadmap of the countries was analysed to get the idea of future of Robotics. Robotics is considered as one of solutions of future aged society. Robot can assist and company with elderly people in the near future. On the other hand, Robot is considered as a core technology of manufacturing competitive power. Industrial competitiveness also would be dependent on robot technology. Special Service robot has many application areas and each country has different target based on the situation. With the comparison of technical roadmap, we have suggested some ideas to improve Korea's roadmap.