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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Meteorological Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Analyses of the Heavy Snowfall Event Occurred over the Middle Part of the Korean Peninsula on March 4, 2004 and Suggestions for the Future Forecast
Cho, Ik-Hyun ; Yoo, Hee-Dong ; Lee, Woo-Jin ; Shin, Kyung-Sup ;
Atmosphere, volume 14, issue 3, 2004, Pages 3~18
A heavy snowfall event occurred over the middle part of the Korean peninsula on March 4, 2004. The numerical models of KMA failed to forecast this heavy snowfall event because this event was due to small scale disturbance by low lever convergence and atmospheric instability. The analyses for this heavy snowfall have been performed to give forecasters useful suggestions for forecasting heavy snowfall events in the future. The analyses for the snowfall event were recounted by the Hourly Korean Peninsula Analysis Weather Chart (HKPAWC) presenting on the KMA intranet system. We confirmed that warm air flows of low level into south central Korea in conjunction with strong southwesterly winds played important role in the heavy snowfall event. We suggested several check points to improve the forecast of heavy snowfall events in the future through the results of the analyses.
Study on the guidance of the gust factor
Park, Hyo-Soon ;
Atmosphere, volume 14, issue 3, 2004, Pages 19~28
In this study, two years Automatic Weather Station (AWS) data observed near the coast and islands are used to evaluate gust factors only when time averaged wind speed is higher than 5 ms. The gust factors are quite different in spatial and temporal domain according to analysis method. As the averaged time is increased, the gust factors are also increased. But the gust factors are decreased when wind speed is increased. It is because each wind speed is averaged one and a maximum wind is the greatest one for each time interval. The result from t-test is shown that all data are included within the 99% significance level. A sample standard deviation of ten minutes and one minute are 0.137~0.197, 0.067~0.142, respectively. Recently, the gust factor provided at the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) Homepage is calculated with one-hour averaged method. All though this method is hard to use directly for forecasting the strong wind over sea and coast, the result will be a great help to express Ocean Storm Flash in the Regional Meteorological Offices and the Meteorological Stations.
The Role of Fronts on the Vertical Transport of Atmospheric Pollutants I: 2D frontal model experiment
Nam, Jae-Cheol ; Thorpe, Alan ;
Atmosphere, volume 14, issue 3, 2004, Pages 29~40
It is well known that convections and fronts are the most effective weather systems for the vertical transport of pollutants. I used a two dimensional front model in order to investigate the mechanism of the vertical transport of atmospheric pollutants between planetary boundary layer(PBL) and free atmosphere by fronts. The main dynamic processes which contribute the vertical transport of pollutants are advection and diffusion. The transported amount of pollutant from the boundary layer to the free atmosphere increases dramatically during the developing stage of the front. 46% of pollutants are transported vertically within 12 hour and 54% are transported within 24 hour. In the meantime, compared to the total amount of pollutants transported by both advection and diffusion, about 25% (30%) less pollutants are transported when only advection (diffusion) process in included in the model. The most important mechanism for the vertical transport is vertical advection, while the vertical diffusion process plays an important role in the redistribution of pollutants in the PBL.
The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment (THORPEX) and Potential Benefits for Korea and the East Asia
Park, Seon Ki ;
Atmosphere, volume 14, issue 3, 2004, Pages 41~54
In this study, a brief overview on a WMO/WWRP program - The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment (THORPEX) and discussions on perspectives and potential benefits of Asian countries are provided. THORPEX is aimed at accelerating improvements in the accuracy of 1 to 14-day high-impact weather forecasts with research objectives of: 1) predictability and dynamical processes; 2) observing systems; 3) data assimilation and observing strategies; and 4) societal and economic applications. Direct benefits of Asian countries from THORPEX include improvement of: 1) forecast skills in global models, which exerts positive impact on mesoscale forecasts; 2) typhoon forecasts through dropwindsonde observations; and 3) forecast skills for high-impact weather systems via increased observations in neighboring countries. Various indirect benefits for scientific researches are also discussed. Extensive adaptive observation studies are recommended for all high-impact weather systems coming into the Korean peninsula, and enhancement of observations in the highly sensitive regions for the forecast error growth is required to improve forecast skills in the peninsula, possibly through international collaborations with neighboring countries.