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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Meteorological Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
Impacts of the High Resolution Land Cover Data on the 1989 East-Asian Summer Monsoon Circulation in a Regional Climate Model
Suh, Myoung-Seok ; Lee, Dong-Kyou ;
Atmosphere, volume 15, issue 2, 2005, Pages 75~90
This study examines the impacts of land cover changes on the East Asia summer monsoon with the National Center for Atmospheric Research Regional Climate Model (NCAR RegCM2), coupled with Biosphere Atmosphere Transfer Scheme (BATS). To assess the goals, two types of land cover maps were used in the simulation of summer climate. One type was NCAR land cover map (CTL) and the other was current land cover map derived from satellite data (land cover: LCV). Warm and cold surface temperature biases of
occurred over central China and Mongolia in CTL. The model produced excessive precipitation over northern land area but less over southern ocean of the model domain. Changes of biophysical parameters, such as albedo, minimum stomatal resistance and roughness length, due to the land cover changes resulted in the alteration of land-atmosphere interactions. Latent heat flux and wind speed in LCV increased noticeably over central China where deciduous broad leaf trees have been replaced by mixed farm and irrigated crop. As a result, the systematic warm biases over central China were greatly reduced in LCV. Strong cooling of central China decreased pressure gradient between East Asian continent and Pacific Ocean. The decreased pressure gradient suppressed the northward transport of moisture from south China and South China Sea. These changes reduced not only the excessive precipitation over north China and Mongolia but also less precipitation over south China. However, the land cover changes increased the precipitation over the Korean Peninsula and the Japan Islands, especially in July and August.
Intercomparison of the East-Asian Summer Monsoon on 11-18 July 2004, simulated by WRF, MM5, and RSM models
Ham, Su-Ryun ; Park, Seon-Joo ; Bang, Cheol-Han ; Jung, Byoung-Joo ; Hong, Song-You ;
Atmosphere, volume 15, issue 2, 2005, Pages 91~99
This study compares the summer monsoon circulations during a heavy rainfall period over the Korean peninsular from 11 to 18 July 2004, simulated by three widely used regional models; WRF, MM5, and RSM. An identical model setup is carried out for all the experiments, except for the physical option differences in the RSM. The three models with a nominal resolution of about 50 km over Korea are nested by NCEP-DOE reanalysis data. Another RSM experiment with the same cumulus parameterization scheme as in the WRF and MM5 is designed to investigate the importance of the representation of subgrid-scale parameterized convection in reproducing monsoonal circulations in East Asia. All thee models are found to be capable of reproducing the general distribution of monsoonal precipitation, extending northeastward from south China across the Korean peninsula, to northern Japan. The results from the WRF and MM5 are similar in terms of accumulated precipitation, but a slightly better performance in the WRF than in the MM5. The RSM improves the bias for precipitation as compared to those from the WRF and MM5, but the pattern correlation is degraded due to overestimation of precipitation in northern China. In the comparison of simulated synoptic scale features, the RSM is found to reproduce the large-scale features well compared to the results from the MM5 and WRF. On the other hand, the simulated precipitation from the RSM with the convection scheme used in the MM5 and WRF is closer to that from the WRF and MM5 simulations, indicating the significant dependency of simulated precipitation in East Asia on the cumulus parameterization scheme.
Updated Trends of Stratospheric Ozone over Seoul
Kim, Jhoon ; Cho, Hi-Ku ; Lee, Yun-Gon ; Oh, Sung Nam ; Baek, Seon-Kyun ;
Atmosphere, volume 15, issue 2, 2005, Pages 101~118
Atmospheric ozone changes temporally and spatially according to both anthropogenic and natural causes. It is essential to quantify the natural contributions to total ozone variations for the estimation of trend caused by anthropogenic processes. The aims of this study are to understand the intrinsic natural variability of long-term total ozone changes and to estimate more reliable ozone trend caused by anthropogenic ozone-depleting materials. For doing that, long-term time series for Seoul of monthly total ozone which were measured from both ground-based Dobson Spectrophotometer (Beck #124)(1985-2004) and satellite TOMS (1979-1984) are analyzed for selected period, after dividing the whole period (1979~2004) into two periods; the former period (1979~1991) and the latter period (1992~2004). In this study, ozone trends for the time series are calculated using multiple regression models with explanatory natural oscillations for the Arctic Oscillation(AO), North Atlantic Oscillation(NAO), North Pacific Oscillation(NPO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation(PDO), Quasi Biennial Oscillation(QBO), Southern Oscillation(SO), and Solar Cycle(SC) including tropopause pressure(TROPP). Using the developed models, more reliable anthropogenic ozone trend is estimated than previous studies that considered only QBO and SC as natural oscillations (eg; WMO, 1999). The quasi-anthropogenic ozone trend in Seoul is estimated to -0.12 %/decade during the whole period, -2.39 %/decade during the former period, and +0.10 %/decade during the latter period, respectively. Consequently, the net forcing mechanism of the natural oscillations on the ozone variability might be noticeably different in two time intervals with positive forcing for the former period (1979-1991) and negative forcing for the latter period (1992-2004). These results are also found to be consistent with those analyzed from the data observed at ground stations (Sapporo, Tateno) of Japan. In addition, the recent trend analyses for Seoul show positive change-in-trend estimates of +0.75 %/decade since 1997 relative to negative trend of -1.49 %/decade existing prior to 1997, showing -0.74 %/decade for the recent 8-year period since 1997. Also, additional supporting evidence for a slowdown in ozone depletion in the upper stratosphere has been obtained by Newchurch et al.(2003).
The Analysis of the Supercomputer Trends in Weather and Climate Research Areas
Joh, Minsu ; Park, Hyei-Sun ;
Atmosphere, volume 15, issue 2, 2005, Pages 119~127
It is challenging work to predict weather and climate conditions of the future in advance. Since ENIAC was developed, weather and climate research areas have been taking advantage of the improvements in computer hardware. High performance computers allows researchers to build high quality models that allow them to make good predictions of what might happen in the future. Statistics on the high performance computers are one of the major interest to not only manufacturers but also the users such as weather and climate researchers. For this reason, the Top500 Supercomputer Sites Report has been being released twice a year since 1993 to provide a reliable basis for tracking and detecting trends in high performance computing. Using the Top500 Report, a short review on the supercomputer trends in weather and climate research areas is provided in this article.
The Contents and the Backgrounds on the First Daily Weather Charts in Korea
Byun, Hi-Ryong ;
Atmosphere, volume 15, issue 2, 2005, Pages 129~139
The weather charts made at November 1, 1905 that were supposed to be the first daily weather chart in Korea were found and the contents of them were described and investigated. They were consisted of three sheets of paper. The first sheet consists of 2 kinds of weather charts. The second one does 6 kinds, and the third one is a table where 51 stations' records are in it. The diagnosing method and the historical background of the charts were explained. Although it is slim, the possibilities of the other earlier charts than these are explained also.
Observation Programs: Current Status and Future Visions
Park, Seon K. ;
Atmosphere, volume 15, issue 2, 2005, Pages 141~148
Currently several important observation programs are planned or being performed both domestically and internationally. In this paper, a brief introduction is provided on international programs such as THORPEX, ARGO and GEOSS as well as a domestic program KEOP. In addition, discussions on various issues related to observations and future visions are provided.