- Bourbaki and the HistorT of Mathematics
- Lee Seung On ; Kim Tae-Soo ;
- Journal for History of Mathematics, volume 18, issue 3, 2005, Pages 79~90
Abstract
Before the First World War, French mathematicians were leading mathematical community in the world but after the war, there was a vacuum compared with Germany and England. So it was necessary to make everything new in France. Young mathematicians from Ecole Normale Superieur came together to form the Bourbaki group. Bourbaki advanced the view that mathematics is a science dealing with structures, and that it attains its results through a systematic application of the modern axiomatic method. French culture movements, especially structuralism and potential literature, including the Bourbakist endeavor, emerged together, each strengthening the public appeal of the others through constant interaction. In this paper, we investigate Bourbaki's role and their achievements in the twentieth century mathematics, and the decline of Bourbaki.